Exercise 1 Write the verbs in the correct column in the third person singular according to the spelling rules.
Cook, study, clean, buy, teach, go, fry, like, discuss, watch, drink, help, copy, run, tidy, open, pay, catch, swim, ride, do, mix, listen, fly, wish, meet, marry, come.
-s -es-iesExercise 2 Rewrite the sentences in the third person singular using the words in brackets.
We always help our grandparents. (Mike)
They like to swim in the swimming-pool. (Andy)
I make the best pizza in our town. (Vicky)
We meet our friends every weekend. (Larry)
I know everything about cats. (Dolly)
We write wonderful poems. (Nelly)
You understand French well. (Garry)
I teach my little brother to ride a bike. (Sam)
Children often play with the ball in the yard. (Pam)
Birds sing merrily in the tree. (A bird)
You often fly to Prague. (My cousin)
They always watch TV in the evening. (His mother)
We sometimes see him in the library. (Alice)
I usually wash the car on Saturday. (My father)
You never tell lies. (Bill)
Exercise 3 Complete the sentences with the correct word in brackets.
1)... likes to watch shows on TV. (I/you/she) 2)... gather berries in the wood in summer, (he/we/it) 3) ... water the flowers three times a week. (I/she/he) 4)... usually drinks tea in the morning. (I/he/they) 5) ... prefers to stay at home in the evening. (I/my sister/my cousins) 6) ... works properly, (you/the workers/my watch) 7)... never wears a scarf in winter. (Rita/we/my friends) 8)... mend the roof of the house every summer, (his uncle/you/ my grandfather) 9) ... spend winter holidays in the mountains. (her cousins/she/Fred) 10) ... sometimes goes to the theatre. (my Granny/my parents/my sisters)
Exercise 4 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
1)Frank sometimes ... (to drink) milk for breakfast. 2) They ... (to like) to skate in winter. 3) My friends and me sometimes ... (to walk) in the park after school. 4) His parents ... (to spend) their vacations in the countryside. 5) Her brother ... (to work) as a security officer. 6) The lessons in our school ... (to start) at eight o’clock. 7) Monica ... (to walk) her dog twice a day. 8) We sometimes ... (to play) a game of chess in the evening. 9) My Granny usually ... (to buy) vegetables at the market. 10) This show always ... (to begin) at five o’clock. 11) My cousins often ... (to visit) me at weekends. 12) Susan usually ... (to have) a shower in the morning. 13) It often ... (to rain) in autumn. 14) This car ... (to cost) too much for us. 15) You sometimes ... (to take) your children to the theme park.
Exercise 5 Make up the sentences using the verbs in the correct form.
1)Amanda/fluently/English/speak. 2) Peter/go/and/skiing/ Robert/often. 3) never/in/snow/It/summer. 4) like/TV/ Children/cartoons/watch/to/on. 5) aunt/at/work/hospital/My/ the. 6) to/holidays/We/in/prefer/mountains/spend/ the/ winter. 7)home/sometimes/come/late/She. 8) do/together/Alice/ always/and/the shopping/Jane. 9) listen/ always/in/Colin/car/ music/the/to. 10) library/books/I/from/take/the/sometimes.
Exercise 6 Circle the correct item.
1)We don’t/doesn’t eat ice cream in winter. 2) Tony don’t/ doesn’t always go to the office by bus. 3) The Ostins don’t/ doesn't like to spend their weekends in the town. 4) Lions don't/doesn’t eat fruit. 5) His grandparents don't/doesn't live in a block of flats. 6) Vicky don't/doesn't grow roses in her garden. 7) Butchers don't/doesn't sell bread. 8) Mark’s cousin don't/doesn't play the guitar. 9) Betty’s friend don't/doesn't translate articles without a dictionary. 10) You don't/doesn't listen to news on the radio in the evening.
Exercise 7 Complete the sentences with don't or doesn't.
1)You ... understand my idea. 2) Your brother ... often wash his car. 3) My parents ... get up late on week-days. 4) I ... buy a lot of sweets for my children. 5) Kate ... know the rules of this game. 6) Carol and Pam ... eat much for breakfast. 7) Her uncle ... wear jeans. 8) My sister and me ... want to go skating. 9) I ... expect you to follow my advice. 10) Little Johnny ... like to play alone. 11) The car engine ... work properly. 12) My classmates ... take part in this competition. 13) This article ... contain any useful information. 14) These apples ... look fresh. 15) Some people ... like to travel by plane.
Exercise 8 Make the sentences negative.
1)Martin often goes fishing in summer. 2) You always buy fresh newspapers. 3) His mother bakes tasty pies. 4) This fruit salad tastes delicious. 5) Pineapples grow in trees. 6) My dog eats tomatoes and pears. 7) People know a lot about the life on other planets. 8) I always travel with my grandparents. 9) They plant flowers and trees every spring. 10) Girls always like to do the washing-up.
Exercise 9 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
1)The weather usually ... (to change) in the morning. 2) Roses always ... (to smell) nice. 3) These children ... (not to make) much noise. 4) Harry and Sue ... (not to know) how to use your camera. 5) Nick ... (to prefer) to spend this weekend with us. 6)Mary ... (not to listen) to folk music. 7) Gordon ... (not to like) strong coffee. 8) His nephew ... (to write) science fiction stories. 9)My watch ... (to show) the correct time. 10) Sportsmen ... (to train) a lot to win this championship. 11) You ... (not to put) things on their places. 12) This festival ... (to take) place in Edinburgh. 13) Most of the women ... (to enjoy) doing the shopping. 14) Whales ... (not to live) in rivers and lakes. 15) Mrs Davis always ... (to take care) of all the dogs and cats in the neighbourhood.
Exercise 10 Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form and learn the proverbs.
1)All roads ... (to lead) to Rome.
2)Dog ... (not to eat) dog.
3)The end ... (to crown) the work.
4)God ... (to help) those who ... (to help) themselves.
5)Many hands ... (to make) light work.
6)One swallow ... (not to make) a summer.
7)The last drop ... (to make) the cup run over.
8)The appetite ... (to come) with eating.
Exercise 11 Complete the sentences with do or does.
1)... the cats eat sweets? 2)... Dolly use the Internet? 3)... your car move fast? 4) ... these flowers cost much? 5) ... you always travel alone? 6) ... your niece go to university? 7) ... Garry and Ron attend the same sport club? 8) ... his dog like fish? 9)... Sandra often do the washing-up? 10) ... all her classmates wear uniform? 11) ... your parents watch sport programmes? 12)... her cousin understand the words of this song? 13) ... the Earth go around the Sun? 14) ... the postmen deliver the newspapers?
Exercise 12 Complete the questions with do or does and give short true answers to the questions.
1)... you like to travel?2)... your friend go in for sports?3)... your parents like to play computer games?4)... your father drive a car?5)... your mother watch the news on TV in the evening?6)... your classmates always come to school in time?7)... your grandparents live in the country?8)... your mother often meet her friends?9)... you have a dream?10)... you often visit your grandparents?Exercise 13 Make the sentences interrogative.
1)Liz and her sister often go skating to the skating-rink.
2)Our teacher always prepares us for tests.
3)Her dog likes to sleep on the sofa.
4)We usually make photos for the school newspaper.
5)Den often goes on a ride with his friends.
6)Ted and Victor prefer to travel by car.
7)It often rains in spring.
8)His sister runs a small café.
9)The Harrods usually visit their relatives in the country.
10)All children like sweets and ice cream.
Exercise 14 Put the words into correct order to make up sentences.
Exercise 15 Complete the joke with the verbs in brackets in the correct form.
A little child is reciting poems to the guests. Then one lady ... (to ask) the boy kindly, «... you ... (to Like) reciting poems, dear? » The boy ... (to look) at her and ... (to answer) politely, «Oh, no, I ... (to hate) it. But mummy ... (to make) me do it when she ... (to want) people to go».
2.Розвиток навичок читанняRead the text below. Match choices (А—Н) to (1—5). There are three choices you do not need to use.
WAYS OF TRAVELLING FOR FREEDon’t let your empty wallet stop you from taking the trip of a lifetime. Just remember: with the right attitude, the best things in life — even travelling — can come pretty cheap.
Budget airlines are virtually a religion in Europe, where few people pay full price for airline tickets. In fact, some airlines, especially those in the United Kingdom, offer international fares for little more than the taxes. You’ll be blown away by some of the sales on offer, check out some websites that offer happy hour rates for one hour a day. What advocates say: A $30 ticket to get across Europe? It makes the train seem expensive. What Granny would say: Sounds good. Do they offer a discount for seniors?
Once you’ve arrived at your destination, consider approaching a manager and negotiating a deal to exchange some work for your room — if they’re short of staff, you can barter your labour for a free place to stay. An alternative is to apply for a job before you even leave home, especially if you’ve had experience in the hospitality industry. A number of websites list such jobs. Other sites offer listings on a country-by-country basis. Some places may be apprehensive about hiring someone from abroad; depending on the place, some may require you to hold a working visa before your arrival.
What advocates say: As long as no money is exchanged, trading your labour for room and board is a good way to get around the visa issue of working in other countries. What Granny would say: It’s like slave labour! You should report them if they make you work too hard.
Most travel companies will offer a discount — or a free travel — to people who organize a tour for several people. They commonly refer to them as «group leaders». No, this does not mean that you are responsible for guiding your group of friends around Rome, but rather that you organize who will be going, where they will be going, and when. This one is a nobrainer for teachers and professors (ever wondered why your teacher in high school was happy to accompany 20 teenagers on a trip to Paris?) But it can work for other people too. Check out adventuresincorporated.com or adventures-abroad.com for examples, or enquire with any organization of interest to you.
Advocates would say: Great idea! Not only will you get to travel for free, but you can go with your friends. What Granny would say: You can start by organizing my trip to Florida this winter.
If you are the sort of person who would welcome the challenge of climbing to Everest Base Camp to raise money for a charity, this one could be for you. One of the newest trends in travel has seen companies springing up that will help you organize the challenge of your choice — or join an existing expedition — all in the name of charity. You do the climb (or other adventure), and raise the sponsors, they take care of the rest.
Advocates say: Where’s my ice axe? What Granny would say: Why go so far when you can do charity work at the nursing home across the street?
OK, this may sound like a long shot, but if you’re short on cash and long on time you’ll be absolutely amazed at how many travel competitions are there for the winning. Travel writing or photography may win you cash or a trip. Airlines, cruise lines, resorts, tourism boards and adventure travel companies all offer up prize trips every so often. If you’re not picky about where you go, a little time and energy invested might get you out of here sooner than you think.
Advocates say: I won something once.
What Granny would say: Want to take me to bingo on Tuesday?A Organize a Group Tour
B Get a Travel Scholarship
C Take a Hard-core Challenge
D Do Some Charity
E Fly Smart
F Trade Labour at a Hostel
G Transport Other People’s Vehicles
H Enter Contests
Task 2 Read the text below. For questions (6—10) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).
CREATING THE MODERN OLYMPIC GAMES
According to legend, the ancient Olympic Games were founded by Heracles (the Roman Hercules), a son of Zeus. Yet the first Olympic Games for which we still have written records were held in 776 BCE (though it is generally believed that the Games had been going on for many years already).
At this Olympic Games, a naked runner, Coroebus (a cook from Elis), won the sole event at the Olympics, the stade — a run of approximately 192 metres (210 yards). This made Coroebus the first Olympic champion in history.
The ancient Olympic Games grew and continued to be played every four years for nearly 1200 years. In 393 CE, the Roman emperor Theodosius I, a Christian, abolished the Games because of their pagan influences.
Approximately 1500 years later, a young Frenchmen named Pierre de Coubertin began their revival. Coubertin was a French aristocrat born on January 1, 1863. He was only seven years old when France was overrun by the Germans during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. Some believe that Coubertin attributed the defeat of France not to its military skills but rather to the French soldiers’ lack of vigour. After examining the education of the German, British, and American children, Coubertin decided that it was exercise, more specifically sports, that made a well-rounded and vigorous person.
Coubertin’s attempt to get France interested in sports was not met with enthusiasm. Still, Coubertin persisted. In 1890, he organized and founded a sports organization. Two years later, Coubertin first pitched his idea to revive the Olympic Games. At a meeting of the Union in Paris on November 25, 1892, Coubertin stated, «Let us export our oarsmen, our runners, our fencers into other lands. That is the true Free Trade of the future; and the day it is introduced into Europe the cause of Peace will have received a new and strong ally». His speech did not inspire action.
Though Coubertin was not the first to propose the revival of the Olympic Games, he was certainly the most well-connected and persistent of those to do so. Two years later, Coubertin organized a meeting with 79 delegates who represented nine countries. At this meeting, Coubertin eloquently spoke of the revival of the Olympic Games. This time, Coubertin aroused interest.
The delegates at the conference voted unanimously for the Olympic Games. The delegates also decided to have Coubertin construct an international committee to organize the Games. This committee became the International Olympic Committee and Demetrious Vikelas from Greece was selected to be its first president. Athens was chosen as the location for the revival of the Olympic Games and the planning was begun.
(By Jennifer Rosenberg)
6 The very first champion of the Olympic Games was
A a Roman emperor. B a Greek God. C a son of God. D an ordinary man.
7 The ancient Olympic Games were banned because of
A the religious influences. B the wars. C the political changes. D the cultural influences.
8 Pierre de Coubertin believed that French soldiers lacked
9 When Pierre de Coubertin first presented his idea of the revival of the Olympic Games
A it was accepted with interest. B it became popular. C didn’t arouse interest D it inspired action.
10 The Olympic Games were revived because of the
A people needed more exercise. B persistence and efforts of one man. C government proposal. D people voting.
Task 3 Read the text below. Choose from (A—H) the one that best fits each space (17—22). There are two choices you do not need to use.
While many infectious diseases were once all but eliminated from the United States, there’s an
evidence that climate change is a factor (17)_________ and make a comeback. Mosquitoes capable of carrying and transmitting diseases (18) _________, now live in at least 28 states. As temperatures increase and rainfall patterns change — and summers become longer — these insects can remain active for longer seasons and in wider areas, greatly increasing the risk for people who live there.
The same is true on a global scale: increases in heat, precipitation, and humidity can allow tropical and subtropical insects (19) _________ into new places. This, coupled with increased international travel to and from all 50 states, means that the US is increasingly at risk for becoming home to these new diseases.
Nearly 4,000 cases of imported and locally-transmitted dengue fever were reported in the US between 1995 and 2005, and that number rises to 10,000, (20) _________. In Florida, 28 locallytransmitted cases were reported in a 2009—2010 outbreak, the first there in more than 40 years. Dengue fever, also known as «Breakbone Fever», is characterized by high fever, headaches, bone and joint aches, and a rash. Recurrent infection can lead (21) _________.
Lyme disease — transmitted primarily through bites from certain tick species — could expand as temperatures warm, allowing ticks to move into new regions. West Nile virus, which first entered the US in 1999, expanded rapidly westward across the country. By 2005, (22) _________ . Warmer temperatures, heavy rainfall and high humidity have reportedly increased the rate of human infection.
A checking for information on recent disease outbreaks
B over 16,000 cases had been reportedC that can help them expand their range
D to bleeding, seizures, and death
E to move from regions where infectious diseases thrive
F like dengue fever, for example
G when traveling internationally
H when cases in the Texas-Mexico border region are included
3. USE OF ENGLISH
Task 5 Read the text below. For questions (23—32) choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D).
WHY NOT USE TECHNOLOGY IN THE CLASSROOM?As a home-schooling mum, I rely heavily on technology to get the job done. The children use curriculum that is delivered over the Internet that they can go through at their own (23) _________. We use technology in home-schooling to connect to maths experts who create awesome maths curriculum and deliver it free of (24) _________. We use technology to find education games that make learning fun. We even use technology to read classic books that are in the public (25) _________.
Schools use technology too, but not to its (26) _________ potential. Children for the most part use computers for limited remedial training and if they are lucky, they are given website (27) _________ so they can use educational technology from home. Considering the fact that there are no companies in existence that can survive without the use of technology, you would think that schools would be more purposeful in using it throughout the entire educational process. However, there is a strong debate that keeps schools from making the (28) _________ over to technology based classrooms.
Some of the debate points that prevent the use of technology in the classroom are as follows: While computers allow unlimited access to the online exploration of educational resources, this also encourages students to become (29) _________ with less educational games and distractions online. Teachers can integrate technology into the lessons helping students to be well informed in subjects like history and science. They can use virtual field trips and online dissections to make the subject matter more (30) _________ . However, finding the right resources can take up an inordinate amount of the instructor’s time, thereby increasing the teacher’s workload.
While donations and grants can be used to secure the monthly for technology, the perishable nature of technology would mean that this money would be needed year after year to continue buying and maintaining equipment. Tech training can be valuable for teachers in their professional and private lives. However, this training can be (31) _________and costly, making many teachers ignore its value. You could think of a thousand reasons to have technology in the classroom and a thousand arguments against it, with both sides having (32) _________ reasons to use technology or not. Still one has to realize that if the cost is not paid for technology today, the price will be paid tomorrowwith the lack of training and preparedness for the real world.
A B C D
23 time leap pace rhythm
24 money charge payment service
25 domain duties obligation responsibility
26 complete fullest total absolute
27 participations connections locations memberships
28 leap pass turn run
29 inattentive distracted embarrassed confused
30 attraction attractive attracting attracted
31 time-consuming time-spending time-wasting time-passing
32 valuable valid heavy significant
Task 5 Read the text below. For questions (33—42) choose the correct answer (A, B, C, or D).
Baby bottlenose dolphins are being washed up dead in record numbers on the shores of Alabama and Mississippi, alarming scientists and a federal agency (33) monitoring the health of the Gulf of Mexico. Moby Solangi, the executive director of the Institute for Marine Mammal Studies in Gulfport, Mississippi, said he’d never seen such high death numbers. «(34) with marine mammals for 30 years, and this is the first time we’ve seen such a high number of calves», he said. «(35) ». At least 24 baby dolphins have washed up on the shores of the two states (36) the beginning of the year, (37) ten times the normal rate. Also, six older dolphins died.
At least 877 dolphins and more than 1,500 birds, most of them brown pelicans and boobies, (38) since the government began tracking the deaths in February, the Environment Ministry said last week. The dolphins, many of (39) appeared to have decomposed in the ocean before being washed up ashore, (40) in the Piura and Lambayeque regions, not far from the border with Ecuador. The seabirds, which mostly seem (41) onshore, have been found from Lambayeque to Lima. In offshore seismic testing, ships tow arrays of air guns that release high-pressure air under water, producing sound waves that (42) to locate oil and gas deposits deep under the ocean floor.
A B C D
33 charged for charged with charged by charged of
34 I worked I’d worked I’ve worked I work
35 It’s alarming It’s alarm It’s alarmed It alarmed
36 from since for past
37 most more more than most of
38 die died have died will die
39 which who where how
40 found were found founded were founded
41 have died died to die to have died
42 can be analyzed can analyze can analyzing can have analyzed