Vocabulary and questions EU Pre-intermediate (II)
classical music, Cuban music, reggae, salsa, rumba, hip hop, rap, r’n’b, rock, indie, folk, pop
Talking about music
I learned how to play… when…, I would love to be able to…, I was brought up to…, Nowadays I play…We have a local music, We have our own instruments called…, this music is similar to…
to go to a concert, to book tickets, to look for tickets online, to get a group together
Sports and exercise
PLAY hockey, tennis, volleyball, basketball, chess
DO aerobics, yoga, karate, boxing
GO swimming, skiing, running / jogging
Talking about your interest
It started when…, I really got into…, I really wanted to…, The great thing about it is…, I’m not interested in…, For me,…
Do you listen to music a lot?
What types of music do you like?
Can you play any instruments?
What is the music of your country? Do you have any special instruments?
Would you like to learn something?
Have you been to a concert or a festival? Would you like to go? Which?
What are the most popular performers or genres among young people in your country?
What are the least popular performers or genres among young people in your country?
What activities do you do? What do you watch?
What did you do when you were younger?
Do you have any other interests? What?
When and how did it start?
How much time does it take?
When do you do it? Where?
Work and studies
to do a doctorate / a degree / exams / courses in
to write a thesis or a long essay, to take / pass exams, to apply to a college, to get into the school of, to get a degree, to sign up for
Talking about work
to work for a big / small company, to be self-employed, to have a full-time / part-time job, to work in an office, to work outdoors, to work at home, to have a well-paid / interesting job, to have a job that helps people, to look for a job, to start working
a nice atmosphere, friendly people, flexible working hours, management
the pay's good / enough, to go on business trips
to spend a lot of time surfing the Internet, to have long / short lunch breaks
interesting, stressful, benefits, free health care, 4 weeks' holiday
Talking about yourself
experience, qualifications, strengths and weaknesses, skills
I'm good at / not very good at, I've got a certificate in, I've always wanted to, I really enjoy
What subjects have you always enjoyed?
What subjects have you always been good at?
Have you ever done a course in your free time?
Have you done a lot of exams in your life?
What are you present studies like?
What would be your ideal job?
What working experience have you got?
When are you going to start working?
What qualifications will you need for your job?
What languages can you speak?
What are your strengths and weaknesses?
How’s your food?
Types of shops
convenience store, supermarket, street market, corner shop, shopping mall, hypermarket
shop owner, make money, customers, convenient, crowded, noisy, friendly, relaxing, quiet, quick service, personal serviceExpressing opinionI think, I find, If you ask me, they should, I don’t think, I guess
to eat together, to sit around the table, to have breakfast / lunch / dinner, to have a snack, to wash hands before meals, to say bon appétit, to have a quick meal
How often do you shop?
In your home, who does the food shopping?
Which shops do you prefer and why?
What are the advantages of supermarkets?
Do you think supermarkets will replace small corner shops?
Do you have a favourite kind of food, dish, or meal of the day?
What dishes can you cook? What ingredients do you use a lot?
What are the eating habits in Russia?
What time do you usually have meals? Are they quick or long?
Do you say anything before or after a meal?
What is the main meal within Russian families? What is it like?
Where you live, are there any good places to buy food from other countries?
How often do you eat out? Where do you go?
Are there any good places to eat near your home?
What do you order when eating out?
to go by air / sea / plane / car / bus / tram / train / underground / bike / motorbike
to go ON foot
to get on / off (a bus), get in / out of (a car / a taxi), to pay the fare, to give a tip, to change trains, to miss your connection, to catch a bus, to hail a taxi, a taxi rank, to give / get a lift, to hitchhike, to use public transport, to take the underground, to buy a single / return ticket, to drive, to ride, to fasten / put on your seatbelt
Telling a story
when, during, after, then, later, as
What types of transport do you usually use?
How do you commute to university?
What’s the bus fare in your own city?
How long does it take you to get to university?
How do you travel to other cities? How long does it take?
How often do you use taxis in your own city? What do you use them for?
What about when you’re travelling?
What was your last trip by taxi? Where did you go?
Tell about the most unusual or exciting journey you have ever been on:
Where did you go?
Who did you go with?
How did you travel?
What did you see and what happened during the journey?
What was special about it?
Think of a time in your life when you met someone interesting. Answer these questions:
Where were you? When was it?
What were you doing?
What was the person like?
What did you talk about?
Did you spend much time together?
Are you in contact now?
can’t afford, to save, to borrow from, to lend, to pay back, to lose, to earn / make money, to spend on, to waste money, to win, to invest in, to owe, to bet on, to steal, to be worth smth.
I find it easy / difficult to save money
salary, savings, millionaires, will, investment, to play roulette, roulette table, to accept bets, gambling, to change the money into, to pay BY credit card / IN cash, to accept cash, to ask for change, to leave a tip,
Is there somewhere I can change some money? What is the exchange rate for dollars? one dollar to 34 rubles, Have you got the change for 5 pounds?
in total, coins, a 50 pence coin, bank notes, dollar bills
a bargain, sum of money, wallet, purse, piggy bank, virtual economy
How many different coins and notes are there in your country? What pictures do they have on them?
How often do you use a cash machine or go into a bank?
When you go shopping, how do you prefer to pay? (in cash, by credit card, another way?)
How do you usually pay bills? Do you ever use the Internet for paying bills, banking or shopping?
Why do people borrow money from banks?
What kind of things do you spend most money on?
What do people waste money on? Have you ever spent money stupidly?
Does anyone borrow money from you? Is money always paid back?
Do you earn money?
Do you like gambling? Have you ever won money?
Do you find it easy / difficult / impossible to save money?
What would you like to buy but you can’t afford it?
What is a good idea to invest money in?
Have you got a credit card? What is more comfortable: to pay in cash or by a credit card?
What does it mean "Money is only money"?
Will money ever be a thing of the past?
cleaning the windows, doing the cooking, doing the dusting, doing the ironing, making the bed, doing the vacuuming, watering the flowers, washing the floors, sweeping
Habits / Routines
generally, normally, every morning / week, once or twice a week, three hours a dayI tend to, I start each day with
a live wire (живчик), a coach poato (лежебока, телевизионный болельщик)
to keep fit, facilities, gym, swimming pool, sauna, playground (e.g. for basketball, voleyball, etc.), private / shared showers, man / women-only classes, changing rooms
… could be bigger, … could be better, I’d prefer, I don’t mind… I’d much rather have… I’d rather have… than…
Are you a live wire or a coach potato?
How energetic are you?
What are your daily routines?
What do you usually do in the morning / after studies / in the evening?
Who does the different chores in your home?
What chores do you like most? Which don’t you like? Why?
How often do you do smth. about the house?
What do you do to keep fit?
Do you do any exercises or go in for sports?
How often do you do it?
How long do you spend in a gym or a sports club?
What things would you like to improve in your sports club?
population, to double, megacities, countryside, clean, green areas, to move to, traffic, expensive, to provide with, local, can / can’t afford, oil, electricity, gas
pollution / polluted / to pollute, flooding, change in the climate, ozone layer, garbage, greenhouse effect
What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in a city?
What are the reasons to live in the countryside? What are the drawbacks (minuses)?
What is urbanisation?
Why do you think so many people around the world are going to live in cities?
What changes will happen to the cities in the future? Are they good or bad?
Which places in your country or city:
have the worst traffic?
sometimes have problems with flooding?
have the most popular green areas?
are the most polluted?
might have problems if the sea levels go up?
What changes have happened to the climate?
What problems do we face in the area of environment?
How can we solve these problems?
Why do many people prefer travelling to some cities more than travelling to the seaside?
What are popular tourist destinations in the world?
Write recommendations for visitors to your country / city.
Unit 8Things around you
bargain, stall, market, to look for, antiques, second-hand, brand-new
stall holder, shop assistant, to fit / suit, to look nice, changing rooms
change, receipt, refund, trolley, basket, till, pay BY credit card / IN cash
a wide choice / selection of goods, tastes differ
Do you like shopping in markets? Why / Why not?
Do you usually pay the full price at market stalls, or do you bargain?
What do markets in your town sell? (food, antiques, second-hand clothes…)
Are there any markets in your country? Have you ever visited them?
If you had a chance to visit one of these markets in London, which would you choose? Why? (Portobello, Camden, Maltby)
What is it ‘to look cool’? What kind of clothes are popular with your fellow students?
What kind of clothes do you wear every day and on special occasions?
What is your favourite brand? What is your best colour?
Do you buy things apart from clothes? What are they?
What is your best-ever present? Who gave it to you? What does it look like?
What do you usually take with you when you go on holiday?
Think of your favourite possession:
what it looks like
how long you’ve had it
how you got it
how you feel about it
any other details
angry, cold, pleased, hot, hungry, frightened, sure, surprised, tired
furious, freezing, delighted, boiling, starving, terrified, positive, amazed, exhausted
interesting / ed, confusing / ed, satisfying / ed, disappointing / ed, embarassing / ed, boring / ed, exciting / ed, depressing / ed, relaxing / ed, nervous
feel like smth. / doing smth., I don’t feel like…, feel cold / wet
Are you an introvert or an extrovet? (Do you keep feelings and emotions in secret or are you more open?)
Can you say you’re an emotional person?
Do you take things easy or do you tend to think a lot?
Is it good to speak about your emotions in relationships with people?
What things can make you feel happy? How often do you laugh?
What things worry you?
Do you usually have a busy week? How do you feel on Monday? How do you feel at the end of a week?
Do you feel nervous before some important exams? How do you cope with it?
When do you feel excited?
How often do you see your family and friends, what do you usually feel when you meet up with them?
What can surprise you? When was the last time you were amazed? What happened?
What do you you do when you get depressed or when the weather is depressing?
When you feel bored, what can make you feel interested?
What is the happiest time for you?
What is your advice for people who want to become happier and less worried?
single / double / twin-bedded room, air conditioning, parking on site, buffet breakfast, health club, laundry, business centre and conference room, an en-suite bathroom / shower, wireless internet access, extra charge / free of charge, a swimming pool, to reserve / book, to check in / out, to fill in a form, reception, receptionist, bellboy
your plane is delayed, the place you visit is lively and full of people, the water is too polluted to swim in, the hotel staff are rude and unhelpful, the food in the hotel is disgusting, there are views of the city from your hotel room, there’s no entertainment or nightlife, the atmosphere is peaceful and relaxing, the weather’s wet and windy, the weather’s really hot, the hotel has views of a building site, there are lots of shops
When do you usually have vacation from university? How long for?
How do you usually spend your weeks off?
Do you like travelling? Where do you go most often?
Are there places you would like to visit most of all, what are they?
Have you ever stayed in any hotels? Which were the best? Which were the worst? Why?
What do you do when you first arrive at a hotel?
Are there any hotels near where you live? Which one would you recommend to a visitor? Why?
Why are hostels so popular nowadays? In what way are they different from hotels? Does your city have any?
What is improtant for you in accommodation when you’re travelling?
What other aspects are importnant and why? (the food, the weather, shops, sightseeing, culture, the scenery, the nightlife, who you go with)
What is an ideal holiday for you?
Have you ever had an awful holiday? What was it like?
to move home / house, apartment, flat, apartment block / block of flats, private house, estate agent’s, a three-storey house / building
in the countryside, in a small village, close to the city centre, at the end of a quiet street, in the suburbs
comfortable, modern, traditional, spacious, attractive, simple but elegant, charming, a wonderful view of, faces the park / lake / east, perfect for people who love peace and quiet
there’s lots of light, old-fashioned, rather dark
living-room, kitchen, bathroom, bedroom, study, swimming pool, private garden, a sunny courtyard, balcony, furniture, wooden floors, colourful rugs, air conditioning,
within 10 minutes drive / walk, at the back, nearby, next to, by (the window)
Pros and cons
the bad / worst thing about… is,…, the good / best thing about… is,…, the thing is,… the trouble / problem is,…
How many times have you moved in your life?
What are the reasons why you or people you know have moved?
How do you feel about moving home?
Do you live in a flat or a house? Where is it?
Which floor is it on? / How many storeys does your house have?
How many bedrooms / bathrooms are there?
Does it have a nice view / garden / balcony?
What other important features does it have?
Do many people live in tower blocks where you live?
What do you think are the good and bad points about living in a tower block?
What are the pros and cons of living in a private house?
What would your ideal home be like? Think about: location, size, rooms, indoor features, outdoor features, climate
People and places
it’s in (Italy / Moscow region / Russia), in the north / south / east / west of… it’s an island in the Pacific / Atlantic, etc.., it’s a group of islands in… it’s an island nation in…, south-west of…to the south of… it’s between… and…, on the coast, it borders…
Describing a country
the capital is…, the population is about…, the official languages are…, it’s a member of…, it has elections every…, it makes its money from…, it’s famous for its…, in the past it was governed by…, it became independent in…
a lake, a forest; a city famous for its canals, a desert, a lot of historical monuments, beautiful scenery, rivers, cathedrals, churches, a hot climate, volcanoes, art galleries, a square, a market, a park
Talking about a place in your country
you probably know, I know that, I don’t know much about, I don’t know what, I don’t really know for sure, but I think…, as far as I know,…
a popular destination for tourists
What stereotypes do you know about the UK? Russia?
Are they 100% wrong? What are things actually like?
Speak about your country. Where is it situated?
What is the capital, political form? What is the population?
What are the people like in your country? What is the food like?
What type of scenery and climate does your country have?
What are the popular destinations for tourists?
Speak about your favourite place.
Why do you think it is important or interesting?
Where is it exactly?
What do you know about its history?
Have you been there? What is it like?
What other countries would you like to visit and why?
Now and then
a digital camera, a webcam, a laptop, a music player, a printer, a mobile phone
I need to have it with me, I use it all the time, I use it for my job / studies. I don’t know how to use them, makes life easier, I hardly ever use, I don’t even have one, I don’t bother with it, I would die without it, I couldn’t live without my…
to use the Internet, to watch TV online, open an email account, to talk / chat online, buy something online
to arrange, to meet up by the Internet, to call friends / them up on the phone, the latest news, to check TV / Internet news, to click on the news story, there’s more choice, people decide what to watch / read, it’s so easy to shop
What are the most common gadgets today? Which do you have?
What gadget wouldn’t you live without? Why? How often do you use it? Do you use it for work / studies or your personal life?
Are there any gadgets you’re not interested in having? Why not?
Which do you wish to have one day?
What is important for you in a phone? Is the brand important? How often do you make phone calls? Is it expensive?
What games did you use to play as a child? Is today’s kids’ life different?
Do you think life has greatly changed in the past 30-50 years? In what way?
What technology do you use at home and at work? What about other people you know?
How have these things changed your life? What did you use to do without them?
How has technology changed life around the world / globally?
What latest inventions do you know?
Do you think progress is always for good? Why / Why not?
What areas of technology should be developed first of all?
What do you think will soon become a thing of the past?
A matter of opinion
Expressing opinion: I think…, I find it…, We all know that…, I really feel that…, The thing is…, Another thing is…,
The environment, carbon dioxide, carbon footprint, to reduce, the amount of, to improve, to waste, to last longer, to save (fuel), solar heaters
Problems: vehicles, factories, oil tankers, aerosol sprays, landfill sites, pesticides, poisonous chemicals, harmful, to pollute the water / soil / air
Solutions: to introduce stricter laws / fines, recycling, less use of packaging, natural pest control, use of alterntive fuels, use of ozone-friendly sprays
Is the topic of ecology acute nowadays?
What are the most common diseases today?
How can the way of life and ecological situation affect your health?
Do you think you don’t really need to worry about your health until you are 30?
How can you improve your health?
What are the most urgent environmental problems?
What do people do to solve the problems?
What does your local communtiy (city) do to help the environment?
What is global warming? What are the causes and what could be the effects?
What can you personally do to improve the situation? Think about these areas:
at home (heating, air-conditioning, waste),
travelling (long-distance, fuel, public or private transport),
shopping (local products, packaging, second-hand),
free-time activities (cycling, walking),
at work (machines, recycling, working from home)