Classroom English


Classroom English
1. Following the Lesson
I’m sorry, I didn’t understand. Извините, я не понял(а).
You’re speaking too quickly. Вы говорите слишком быстро.
I didn’t get that down. Could you say it again? Я не успел записать. Не могли бы вы сказать это снова?
Could you repeat the last bit? Не могли бы вы повторить это в последний раз?
I missed the beginning of what you said. Я пропустил начало того, что вы сказали.
Could you explain again, please? Не могли бы вы объяснить снова?
Shall we do the exercise in our work books? Выполнять упражнение в рабочих тетрадях?
Are we supposed to finish this off at home? Мы должны закончить это дома?
What do we have to do next? Что мы должны делать дальше?
Could you write it up on the board, please? Не могли бы вы подробно записать это на доске?
Is it my turn? (Am I next? Shall I start?) Моя очередь? (Я следующий? Мне начинать?)
2. Language Questions
How do you spell …? Are there two ‘l’s or only one? Как вы пишите? Здесь две буквы «л» или одна?
How do you pronounce the next word? Как произнести следующее слово?
I’m not sure how to say the next word. Я не знаю, как сказать это слово.
Could you use the future (passive) here? Вы использовали здесь будущее время?
Can we leave this out (miss this out)? Мы можем это пропустить?
Is there a shorter (better) way of saying this? Как короче (лучше) это сказать?
3. Politeness
I’m sorry I’m late; I’ve been to … Извините за опоздание; Я был в …
I’m afraid I’ve left my book at home. Боюсь, что я оставил мою книгу дома.
Could I leave ten minutes earlier? Могу я уйти на 10 минут раньше?
Could I have another copy? Можно мне делать другой вариант?
Have you got an extra sheet? У вас есть еще один лист бумаги?
Shall I turn the lights out? Можно выключить свет?
May I come in (ask a question/go out)? Можно войти (задать вопрос/выйти)?
Yes, you may. Да, можно.
Come here. Идите сюда.
4. Beginning of Lesson
Let me introduce myself, I’ll be teaching you English this year. Позвольте представиться, в этом году я буду учить вас английскому языку.
It’s time to start now. / We can get down to (some) work. Пора начинать. / Теперь мы можем  приступить к работе.
I’ll just mark the register. Who is missing (away, not here today)? Сейчас я заполню журнал. Кто отсутствует (кого сегодня нет)?
Try not to be late next time. Постарайтесь не опаздывать в следующий раз.
I’m waiting to start. Я подожду, прежде чем начать урок.
Get ready for the lesson. Приготовьтесь к уроку!
Tidy your desk, will you. Наведите порядок на партах.
Is everybody present now? Сегодня все в классе?
Will you get the register, please? Принесите журнал.
Let’s begin our lesson. Начнем наш урок.
Where shall we begin (start)? С чего начнем (на чем мы остановились)?
Are you ready to begin? Вы готовы, чтобы начать?
What was your homework? Что было задано на дом?
Have you done your homework? Вы сделали домашнюю работу?
5. End of Lesson
There’s the buzzer (bell). / We’ll have to stop here. Звонок. Остановимся здесь.
Right. You can put your things away and go. Хорошо. Вы можете сложить свои вещи и идти.
That is all for today. На сегодня все.
We have done enough. Мы достаточно поработали (сделали).
Today I’m not going to set you any homework. Сегодня я вам ничего не задаю.
Don’t forget there is a test on Thursday. Не забудьте, что в четверг контрольная работа.
How are we doing for time? Как мы уложись во время?
There are still three minutes to go. Осталось 3 минуты до конца урока.
We still have a couple of minutes left. У нас еще есть пара минут.
Hang on a moment / just hold on a minute. Потерпите минутку / Подождите еще минутку.
One more thing before you go. Еще один момент, прежде чем вы уйдете.
Revise what you did today and then try exercise 5. Просмотрите все, что мы сегодня делали и попробуйте выполнить упражнение 5.
Do the rest of the exercise as your homework for tomorrow. Доделайте упражнение, которое было задано вам на завтра.
There will be a test on this next Tuesday (in the near future). В следующий вторник (скоро, в ближайшем будущем) у вас будет контрольная работа.
I want you to write down your homework. Запишите домашнее задание.
The bell has gone. Collect your things. Звонок уже прозвенел. Соберите свои вещи.
6. Blackboard Activity
Come out to the board, please (when the teacher is at the front of the class). Выйдите к доске, пожалуйста (когда учитель находиться перед классом).
Go to the board (when the teacher is standing at the back of the class). Идите к доске (когда учитель стоит спиной к классу).
Move out of the way (step aside) so that everyone can see. Отойдите, чтобы всем было видно.
Is there anything to correct (that needs correcting)? Здесь все верно?
What letter is missing? There’s a ‘k’ missing (‘k’ is missing). Какая буква пропущена? Пропущена буква ‘k’.
Cross the ‘t’s and dot the ‘i’s. Расставьте все точки над ‘и’, уточните детали.
Write it with a capital ‘j’ (it begins with a ‘j’). Напишите это с заглавной буквы ‘J’.
Write it as one word (two words). Напишите это одним словом.
These two letters are the wrong way round. Эти две буквы пишутся наоборот.
Put a comma (question mark, exclamation mark, colon, semi-colon, full stop) after the word (sentence), please. Поставьте запятую (вопросительный знак, восклицательный знак, двоеточие, точку с запятой, точку) после слова (предложения).
Enclose the words in quotation marks (inverted commas), please. Возьмите эти слова в кавычки, пожалуйста.
Let’s all read the sentences from the board. Давайте все вместе прочитаем предложения с доски.
Use the duster (sponge). Пользуйтесь тряпкой для пыли (губка).
Put (take, get, write, copy) that down in your notebooks. Запишите это в записную книжку (тетрадь).
Make notes on what I say in your exercise books. Пометьте (сделайте заметки) у себя в тетради то, что я скажу.
Write it in block (big) letters (in block capitals). Напишите это печатными (большими) буквами.
Write (rewrite) it neatly. Напишите (перепишите) это аккуратнее.
Do the exercise in writing. Сделайте упражнение письменно.
Will you, please, go to your seat? (Don’t say ‘Sit down’ if a pupil is not standing at his seat.) Пожалуйста, вы можете идти на свое место. (Не говорите «садитесь», если ученик не стоит около своего места.)
Hand in your papers as you leave (go out) and make sure your names are on them. Передайте свои работы, как закончите и не забудьте подписать их.
7. Textbook Activity
Collect in the papers (sheets, texts, word lists, handouts, tests), please. Соберите, пожалуйста, письменные работы (листы, тексты, списки слов, раздаточный материал, тесты).
Fetch the dictionaries from the teacher’s room (staffroom). Принесите словари из учительской.
You will have to share (your book) with Nick. Ты должен поделиться книгой с Ником.
Take out your books and open them at page 27. Достаньте (выньте) книги и откройте их на странице 27.
You’ll find the exercise on page 38. Упражнение вы найдете на странице 38.
Let’s move on to the next page. Давайте перейдем к следующей странице. (Переверните страничку.)
Refer back to the grammar notes on page 25. Вернитесь к грамматическому правилу на стр. 25.
All books closed, please (shut your books). Закройте, пожалуйста, все книги.
The picture at the top (bottom) of the page (at the very top). Картинка на верху (внизу) страницы (на самом верху).
(The) tenth line from the top (bottom) = (down/up). Десятая строка сверху (снизу) = (вниз / вверх).
If there any words you don’t know, please ask. Если вы не знаете некоторые слова, пожалуйста, спрашивайте.
Read one sentence each. Каждый читает по одному предложению.
Ann, you read the part of Mrs. White this time. Анна, в этот раз вы читаете за миссис Уайт.
Now let’s act out this dialogue. Давайте обыграем этот диалог.
Try and act like a teacher (a dentist, etc.). Попробуйте сыграть как учитель (зубной врач).
The rest of you are the audience. Остальные - зрители.
Give a synonym for ‘rushed’. (What is a synonym for ‘huge’?) Подберите синоним к слову. (Какой синоним можно подобрать к слову «огромный»?)
Try to put it in other words. Попробуйте вставить другие слова.
(That was almost right)- just one little slip. (Было почти правильно) – за исключением небольшой ошибки (описки).
There was a small (slight) mistake (error) in what you said. Вы допустили незначительную ошибку в речи.
Let’s go on the reading of the text. Перейдем к чтению текста.
Let’s read the text aloud. Почитаем текст вслух.
Now I’ll read the passage by sentence, and I want you to repeat each sentence after me. Теперь я буду читать каждое предложение, а вы повторяете за мной.
Have you lost the place? Ты знаешь, где мы читаем?
Show her where we are, please. Покажи ей, пожалуйста, где мы читаем.
Have you all found the place? Все нашли, где мы читаем?
You are reading too quietly. I’ can’t hear you. Ты читаешь слишком тихо. Я не слышу.
Speak up. Говорите громче.
There’s no need to hurry. Не торопитесь, пожалуйста.
Speed up a bit. Читайте быстрее.
Don’t pause for breath in the wrong places. Не делайте паузы там, где это не нужно.
Read more clearly/carefully/distinctly. Have a go. Читайте более отчетливо. Попробуйте.
Keep the sense of the sentence in the mind /
Get the idea. Не забывайте о смысле предложения.
Put some expression in your voice. /Read it with a bit of feeling. Читайте выразительнее.
You mispronounced the word. Вы неправильно произнесли слово.
Be careful with the sound…/intonation. Обратите внимание на звук…/интонацию.
Your intonation was wrong (wasn’t quite right). У вас неправильная интонация.
You’ve got the stress wrong. У вас неправильное ударение.
Now I’d like to hear you read aloud. Теперь читайте вслух.
All together, please. Хором, пожалуйста.
Now let’s take turns reading. Теперь давайте читать по очереди.
I’d like you to read round the class. Читайте в том порядке, в котором сидите.
Take 3 sentences each. Читайте по 3 предложения.
Who’s left? You all have? Кто еще не читал? Все читали?
Ask 10 questions on the text. Задайте 10 вопросов к тексту.
Write answers to the questions. Напишите ответы на вопросы.
Write out the new words. Выпишите незнакомые слова.
Try and do your homework by yourself. Постарайтесь сделать это задание самостоятельно.
8. Class Control
Could I have your attention, please? Прошу внимания!
Look this way. / Look up for a moment. Посмотрите сюда.
Be quiet! Everyone listen. Успокойтесь! Все слушают.
Don’t all shout. / Don’t talk at once. Не кричите хором. / Не разговаривайте одновременно (все вместе).
Get on with your work quietly. Продолжайте спокойно работать.
Stop fidgeting. / Don’t keep turning round. Прекратите ёрзать. / Перестаньте вертеться.
Sit up (straight). Выпрямитесь (сидите прямо).
Work in twos (pairs). Работайте вдвоем (в парах).
I want you to form groups. Three pupils in each group. Объединитесь в группы. По три ученика в каждую группу.
Work on your own. / Work by yourselves. Продолжайте работать самостоятельно.
Look! I’ve just about had enough from you. Посмотрите! Я уже почти достаточно сделала в отличие от вас.
Don’t you talk, you two girls. Эй, вы двое не разговаривайте!
Don’t sit there day-dreaming, Maria. Маша, хватит сидеть и мечтать!
Don’t muck about! Не кривляйся!
9. Right / Wrong
Good. Right. Fine. Right you are. Quite right. Хорошо. Правильно. Отлично. Верно. Совершенно верно.
That’s the way. That’s right. That’s it. That’s correct. Отлично (здорово). Правильно.
Yes, you’ve got it. You’ve got the idea. Вы поняли. У вас появились мысли.
What you said was perfectly all right. Все, что вы сказали, было действительно правильно.
You didn’t make a single mistake. Вы не сделали ни единой ошибки.
That’s exactly the point. Это и есть как раз суть дела.
That’s just what I was looking for. Это почти то, что я искал.
No, that’s wrong. Not really. Unfortunately not. Неправильно. Однако. К сожалению нет.
You can’t use that word here. Вы неправильно употребили здесь это слово.
You missed the verb out. Вы пропустили глагол.
You forgot the preposition. Mind the preposition. Вы забыли поставить предлог. Будьте внимательнее с предлогами.
You used the wrong tense. Вы употребили неправильное время.
You misunderstood the instructions. Вы не поняли указания.
Once again, but remember the word order. Попробуйте снова, но помните о порядке слов в предложении.
Try not to mix these two words up. Старайтесь не путать  два этих слова.
They’re spelt the same, but pronounced differently. Они пишутся одинаково, а произносятся по-разному.
Perhaps you had better say … Возможно, вы лучше бы сказали …
It wasn’t pronounced correctly. The word is
accented on the second syllable. Это было не самое лучшее произношение.
Слово произносится с ударением на второй слог.
Be careful with the ‘sh’-sound. Будьте внимательнее со звуком «ш».
Notice how my tongue touches my teeth. See how my mouth hardly moves. Обратите внимание, как мой язычок касается зубов. Смотрите, как мой язычок шевелиться.
Again please, but watch your pronunciation. Попробуйте снова, но следите за своим произношением.
Listen to the way my voice goes up. Послушайте, как поднимается мой голос.
You must let your voice fall at the end of the sentence. Вы должны понижать свой голос в конце предложения.
Let’s see if you’ve spelt it right / correctly. Давайте посмотрим, правильно ли вы написали.
You need an extra letter here. Здесь надо писать с большой буквы.
Rub out the wrong word. Wipe out / off the last letter. Сотрите неправильное слово. Сотрите (зачеркните) последнюю букву.
Always check the punctuation. Всегда проверяйте пунктуацию.
Don’t translate word for word. Не переводите дословно (слово в слово).
Think about the meaning of the whole sentence. Подумайте о значении целого предложения.
You find it difficult to read aloud. Вам трудно читать вслух.
You’ll have to spend more time practicing this. Вам потребуется время, чтобы практиковаться в этом.
Speak more clearly. Not so quickly, I can’t follow. Говорите более ясно. Не так быстро, я не могу понять вас.
There was a mistake in that sentence. Go back and see if you can find / spot it. В этом предложении вы допустили ошибку. Вы можете найти ее, если вернетесь и просмотрите предложение.
Don’t whisper the answer. Don’t help him. Don’t keep prompting. Не шепчите ответ. Не помогайте ему. Не подсказывайте.
I’m sure she can manage on her own. Я уверена, что она может справиться сама.
It seems to me you don’t know this rule. Думаю, ты не знаешь правило.
You have said it without thinking. Ты сказал это наугад.
You worked well during the lesson. Ты работал хорошо весь урок.
That’s not correct. Неправильно.
Cheer up! Соберись! Не отчаивайся!
Think before you speak. Сначала подумай, прежде чем говорить.
Try hard to think of an answer. Хорошо подумай, прежде чем отвечать.
10. Assessment
Very good. Well done. That’s nice. You made a very good job of that. Хорошо. Молодец. Здорово. Вы хорошо поработали.
That’s much (a lot) better. You’ve improved a little. Это значительно лучше.
You can’t say that, I’m afraid. Я боюсь, что вы не сможете сказать это.
You still have some trouble with your spelling (sounds, etc.). У вас еще есть небольшие проблемы с орфографией (звуками и т.д.).
You need some more practice with … Вам необходимо больше тренироваться в …
I wasn’t very satisfied with that. You can do better than that. Я не доволен этим. Вы можете делать это гораздо лучше.
That was rather disappointing. Это слишком меня разочаровало.
Try harder. A bit more effort. I hope you do better next time. Старайтесь. Приложите максимум усилий. Я надеюсь, в следующий раз вы сделайте это лучше.
The following comments are often used on written work:
Excellent work. Very well done. Good stuff. Keep it up. Adequate. Отличная работа. Очень хорошо. Отлично. Так держать. Хорошо.
Much better. Shows some improvement. Great improvement. Намного лучше. Немного лучше. Значительно лучше.
Satisfactory. Could do better. Too many careless slips. Careless. Удовлетворительно. Могли бы сделать лучше. Слишком много (глупых) ошибок из-за невнимательности. Невнимательный.
Needs to show more effort. Not up to your usual standard. Необходимо прилагать больше усилий. Вы улучшили свой результат.
Disappointing. See me about this. Печально. Подумайте над этим. (Вам стоит задуматься над своим результатом).
You made some bad/serious mistakes. The test was done badly. Вы допустили несколько серьезных ошибок. Вы плохо написали тест.
Give out/hand out exercise-books. Open them, please. I gave you lower marks. Let’s go over your mistakes. Раздайте тетради. Откройте их. Я снизила оценки некоторым ученикам. Давайте проанализируем ваши ошибки.
11. Conversation
These phrases help to keep the conversation moving:
Why? (In what way? Why do you think so?) Почему? (В каком смысле? Почему ты так думаешь?)
Don’t you think, though, that … Хотя вы и не думаете, что …
I’m not sure what you mean. Я не совсем понимаю, что вы имеете в виду.
Have you got anything to add (to what Nick said)? Вы можете что-нибудь добавить (к тому, что сказал Ник)?
Does anybody share Nick’s opinion (views)? Кто согласен с мнением Ника?
Could someone sum up what has been said? Кто-нибудь может обобщить все, что было сказано?
Let’s just run through the arguments for and against. Давайте рассмотрим аргументы за и против.
Ask your partner what she (he) thinks. Спросите свою партнершу, что она (он) думает?
Who can help? Кто может помочь?
Do you agree with her (him)? Вы согласны с ней?
12. The subject of the lesson
This afternoon I want to deal with … Сегодня я хочу остановиться …
Last time we were talking about … В прошлый раз мы беседовали о …
Today we shall be talking about … Сегодня мы будем говорить о …
We’ll spend today’s lesson preparing for a test. Сегодняшний урок мы посвятим подготовке к контрольной работе.
Let’s go over the material we discussed at the last time. Начнем с повторения пройденного материала.
We’ll spend/begin our lesson going over your mistakes. Сегодняшний урок мы начнем с анализа ошибок.
13. Going over homework
Perhaps we could begin by going over homework. Давайте проверим домашнее задание.
Get your homework out, please. Достаньте, пожалуйста, свои тетради.
I don’t want to go through your homework today in class. Сегодня устной проверки домашнего задания не будет.
I want to mark your homework. Please, give your exercise-books in at the end of the lesson. Я хочу проверить ваши тетради в конце урока. Сдайте, пожалуйста, тетради в конце урока.
I’ll mark your exercise-books and give them back next time (lesson). Я проверю ваши тетради и верну их в следующий раз.
You made some bad/serious mistakes. The test was done badly. Вы допустили несколько серьезных ошибок. Вы плохо написали тест.
Give out/hand out exercise-books. Open them, please. I gave you lower marks. Let’s go over your mistakes. Раздайте тетради. Откройте их. Я снизила оценки некоторым ученикам. Давайте проанализируем ваши ошибки.
 
 Conducting a Lesson of English
1.Greeting the group
Good morning (Good afternoon), students!
Repeat after me: Good morning!
Let’s repeat it: Good morning!
(Let’s) repeat/say it all together.
Now, everyone: / All together…
That was good! Thank you!
You may sit down.
Will you sit down,please.
2 .Bringing the group to order
Stand (sit) still / straight!
Will you sit still, everybody!
Will you, please, stand straight, N.!
(Will you stop) talking / laughing.
Do stop talking, please!
Don’t turn around.
Behave yourself (yourselves).
No whispering/helping/fidgeting.
We haven’t finished yet.
It’s not the end of the lesson yet.
3. Student on duty; lateness; absentees
I’m sorry I’m late.
Why are you late?
I was detained by Galina Petrovna/by the Head Master/at the library/at the doctors.
I didn’t hear the bell. / I overslept. / I’ve no excuse. / It’s not through my fault.
I see. /All right. / Very well, (go and) sit down.
That’s too bad.
That’s no excuse/a poor excuse/not a very good excuse.
You mustn’t be late for your lessons. / You must learn to be on time.
Don’t let it happen again.
Who is on duty today? / Who’s absent/away today?
How many people are absent/away today?
N., why were you absent last time?
4. Requests and orders
Come (out)/go (up) to the board, please.
I’d like you / I want you to come (out) to the board.
Would you/Will you come out to the board, please.
Come out (go up) to the front, please.
Face the group/the board, please.Open/close the window/the door.
Switch on/off the light.
Stand up/ Sit down/Go (back to you place) and sit down.
Clean the board/the chalkboard. /Fetch some chalk/the book. /Get down to work.
Put up your hands/Put your hands up.
Get your books/note-books ready. Get your books out/Get out your books.
Hand in your exercise-books. Collect the exercise-books. Give out the books.
Lend me your pen/biro/ball-point/pencil.
5. Response to students’ requests
May I go out? /sit in another place/sit next to N., please?
Can I borrow a book/N’s book?
May I pick up my biro? (I’ve dropped it.)
Yes, N.?/What is it? /What is it you want, N.?/ What’s up?
Do, please. /Yes, you may. /You may, only a little later. /No, you can’t.
1.6 The end of the lesson
That’s all for today/ That’ll be all for today.
The lesson is over, you may go. You are dismissed.
Good-morning / afternoon/Good-bye.
Oral Speech Activity
1. Arresting the student’s attention
Attention! /Be attentive now. / Listen to me (carefully).
Can/may I have your attention,please.
Will/would you listen to me/to N.,please. / Please, listen carefully.
Now I want to listen to your stories/dialogues.
Now for the text /the dialogues / the story.
Turn round and listen to what I’m saying. / N. is going to tell you a story.
2. Requests and orders
Will you begin speaking, Nick! / Will you start speaking, please!
Tell us your story.
Tell the group what you remember about…
Retell the text/the story, please…
Tell us the story as if you were…
You say it, Nick.
Come on, quickly. Say something.
Continue speaking/your story.
Let’s continue with the story.
Go on speaking, please.
What else can you say?
Next one, please.
Stop.( Your) time’s up.
That’ll do. That’s enough. You’ve done enough. Thank you.
3. Asking the students to repeat something
Repeat it/all together/with me.
Now everyone. Everybody/the whole group, please. Once more, please.
Say the word after me. Let’s (all) repeat it. Please, repeat what you said.
Would/will you say it again, please. Will you repeat it, please.
Pardon/I beg your pardon, I didn’t get what you said.
Sorry, I didn’t get you first time. Say it again, will you?
4. Urging the students to ask and answer questions
Ask N. questions about… You, Nick, ask a question.
Ask each other/one another questions. Ask questions on/about the text.
Have you any questions to ask? Answer the questions on/about the text.
You, Ann, answer the question/my question/your friend’s question.
Answer it, somebody. Nina, you do it. It is your turn to answer, N.
Can anyone (else) answer the question? Who knows the answer?
I want you to answer in turn/round the group.
5. Corrections
Article! / Tense! Watch the/your grammar/article, etc.
The/your article/tense is wrong. Use the definite article, please.
Use the right preposition.
You’ve mispronounced the word. It’s a bad/serious mistake.
What was wrong here/with the word? Will you correct your mistake?
What is the correct answer?
You’ve made a mistake. Will you correct it?
You must use the past tense here, I’m afraid. Pronounce the sound / / correctly.
Be careful. Use the right article. Explain what is wrong here.
Explain the mistake/it, please.
6. Talking about a word
What is the English/Russian for…? What does the word “student” mean?
How do you spell the word?
Now I’d like to see whether you remember (you’ve learned) the new words.
Do you know any synonym for this word?
7. Asking the students to act out dialogues
Make up a dialogue, please. Act out the dialogue/Act it out.
Now for the dialogues (you’ve prepared at home).
I want to listen to your dialogues. You are to work in groups of 2 or 3.
Use it/the words in dialogues of your own.
8. Speaking about a picture
Hang up the picture…
Will you hang up the picture (over there), please…
Look at the picture. Now look up, please.
Who do/can you see in the picture? What’s there in the picture?
Ask and answer questions about/on the picture.
Describe the picture. Point to…in the picture.
9. Commenting on the answers
Excellent! That’s great! Great! Right! That’s just right.
Fine! That’s excellent work.
Well done. You’re doing very well. Good for you.
Not too bad/That’s better, N./You’re doing rather well.
You are making good progress. That’s a good start, go ahead.
Not very good, I’m afraid. You’re too careless. You can do better than this.
You haven’t answered the question fully. You must speak clearly.
Speak up/louder, please. Don’t hurry. Not so fast.
It’s still not right/ correct. Try again.
10. Assessment
Your mark is “five”. It’s very good (good, satisfactory etc.)
I give/put you a five (a four, a three etc.)
Good. Good for you! You really know it. Excellent! Quite good! Very poor/weak.
11. Asking (for) permission to speak, to ask questions etc.
Shall I begin/continue? Shall I repeat it? Shall I/we learn it by heart?
May I ask questions on the text/describe the picture?
May I speak from my place, please?
Reading
1. Getting ready for reading
Get/take your books out. Where is your book, N.? Share with N.
M., let N. share with you/share your book.
N., pass the books round/one to each pupil/one between two/one to every 3 pupils.
Pass the books along the rows. Give out/hand out the books.
Put a (paper-)cover on your book.
Don’t make notes in the margin/in the book. Don’t dog-ear the pages.
2. Requests and orders
Let’s/I’d like you to read a/the text/exercise/sentence. The text/exercise is on p.20.
Open your books at p.20. Turn to p.20. Let’s start work on the text.
First I’ll read the whole passage/text/sentence myself. Listen to my reading.
Listen to the logical stress/the intonation/the pronunciation/the melody/the rhythm.
Repeat (it)/read (it) after me.
Read it to yourselves/in silence/silently/aloud/all together/in chorus/in unison/in turn/round the group/a paragraph each/one by one/one after another.
Read up to p.10/as far as p.10. Will you start/begin reading/to read.
N.,take/read the part of the author. Read Kate’s part. Read for Mr. Brown.
Turn over the page.Turn to the next page/to page 11. Keep your books open.
Go on/carry on/continue reading/with the work on the text.
Read on to the end of the story/till I tell you to stop. Whose turn is it to read?
Stop reading, please. You’ve done enough, thank you. Thank you,that will do.
You’ve got 10 minutes to go/another 10 minutes. (You must) finish off now.
Close/put away your text-books. N., collect the text-books, will you.
Will you put the books on my desk? Thank you.
3. Corrections
Read clearly/more clearly/carefully/distinctly.
Will you read louder/more loudly/slower/more slowly quicker/more quickly.
Read with more expression/put more expression into it.
Don’t be so fast/Don’t hurry/Not so fast.
Raise/drop your voice at the beginning/end of the sentence/the sentence-group.
Be careful with/watch the intonation/rhythm/logical stress/melody/pronunciation.
You need some more practice in reading.
You must practice reading (aloud) at home. Read it properly/correctly again.
Don’t stress form-words: articles, prepositions, conjunctions etc.
Pronounce the words distinctly/correctly.
Will you/could you/can you/would/you correct the mistake(s).
Don’t devoice (palatalize) the consonant(s).
Pronounce short/long vowels correctly. Make the vowel “^ “ shorter.
The letter “t” is mute in the word “listen”. The letter “t” is not pronounced in this word.
What’s wrong here/with the pronunciation/intonation/stress?
What’s the correct pronunciation/stress? etc. Where is the (logical) stress?
How many syllables are there in the word? Which is syllable is stressed?
Did you notice any mistake? Can anyone tell me/explain what was wrong?
You, N., do it, please.
4. Praise and criticism
You’ve mispronounced some/a lot of/many words.
You are hesitating at every word. You are groping for words.
Your intonation/pronunciation/melody/logical stress/rhythm isn’t proper/ correct.
I’m not satisfied with your reading. That wasn’t very good, I’m afraid.
Rather poor/weak. Careless reading. You can do better than this.
A good effort. (Much) better now/ today. You read quite/fairly/rather well.
Good, clear reading, N. You don’t read badly.
Your reading was quite/very/rather good. Good for you.
Writing
1. Getting ready for writing
Now let’s go over/pass over to writing. Put aside your books, please.
Get ready for a dictation/test/test dictation/examination dictation.
Get out your exercise-books/vocabulary books/dictation books.
Open your exercise-books.
We are going to do a dictation/a test dictation/a dictation test/an examination dictation/ a reproduction/ a composition.
Whose duty is to keep the board clean? Clean the board.
Use the duster, don’t use the fingers.
Fetch some chalk/a duster/an eraser, please.
Wet the duster/the eraser, please.
2. Requests and orders to write on the board
Look at the board. Will you come out to the board, please.
Get everything ready for writing on the board, please.
Write down/put down the date.
Divide the board into two parts/columns and do exercises 2 and 7.
Will you draw a line in the middle of the board.
Begin to write at the very top. Don’t scribble.
Write carefully/neatly/in large letters/in small letters.
3. Writing in vocabulary books and exercise books
Today we’ll do some work on the vocabulary/we’ll write some new words.
Write down/put down the title/the heading of the dictation in the middle of the page. Underline the heading.
All the words in the title should be written with a capital letter/a big initial except for articles, particles, conjunctions and prepositions.
Copy the words from the board.
Write these words in columns/each on a new line/with capital letters/against the margin.
Write in the left-hand/right-hand corner/on the left-hand/right-hand side of the page.
Write the word in brackets. Write at the top/at the bottom/in the middle.
Will you write the word in brackets/in inverted commas.
Indent each new paragraph. Indention/a new line. Leave/miss a line.
See that there is enough room for the exercise.
Write ink/ in pencil/in coloured crayons. Observe the margins, please.
Draw a margin with a ruler. A margin is drawn on the left.
The margin should be 2-3 cm wide. Don’t write in the margin, please.
Remember/don’t forget to put full stops/commas.
Try not to make blots/to dog-ear the pages.
You may write numbers in words/the dates in figures/in words.
Please, don’t write so close together. No copying. Don’t copy from N.
Don’t help/tell him/her. Will you work on your own.
Stop writing. Time is up. Put your pens down, please.
You’ve got 5 minutes /plenty of time/no time left/to go.
It is a rough copy.
Make a fair copy of your translation/composition.
Translate the paragraph literally/word for word. Make a literal translation.
Look through your work/what you’ve written.
Hand in/ give in your reproductions/essays. I’ll mark them.
Make/put a cover on your exercise-book.
4. Corrections
Now, stand aside, please. Face the group, will you.
Has A. made a mistake? Put up your hand if you see a mistake.
A., can you see where you’ve made a mistake?/ what you’ve written wrong?
Correct the mistakes. There is a mistake in the word “ “.
There must be “o” instead of “e”.
A letter is missing in the word. Insert the letter “k”.
You have left out the letter “n” in this word. The letter “l” is doubled in the word.
Double the letter to preserve the short vowel.
The word is written/spelt through a hyphen. The word is hyphenated/hyphened.
The word begins with a capital/small letter. Write proper names with big initials.
The word can be abbreviated. Rub the word/the letter out.
Rub off that word and write the correct one instead.
Cross out this letter/the extra letter/he letter “c’/cross it out.
5. Praise and criticism
I’ve marked/corrected your exercise-books. Your work is rather/very poor/good.
You’ve made many/a lot of/some/few mistakes.
Will you do your corrections at home/on time.
Write out the misspelt word three times.
Write out the whole sentence once, if it’s wrong.
Your writing is too small/too large/too untidy.
Form the letters clearly. Improve your writing. Your writing is neat/careful.
Correct spelling mistakes. Keep your exercise-books tidy/neat/clean.
Homework
1. Setting Homework
Take out your record-books, please.
Take down/write down/put down your homework, please.
Now, I’m going to give you your homework. Your homework for tomorrow is…
Will you (please) do exercise 1 on page 9 and read text 8 on page 12.
For your homework I’d like you to …
For your homework you are:
to revise/look through all the new words and phrases/all we’ve done on this tense;
to learn the story/dialogue by heart;
to make up/to compose/to create/a situation; sentences to illustrate the use of the new words;
a (funny) story about yourself/your friend/your last trip (not too short and not too long); questions about the text; a dialogue similar to the one you’ve heard/read; an outline for the story;
to describe…;
to read the text/a passage aloud/on page/up to the end/as far as…;
to prepare the text/a passage for retelling /good reading;
to retell the text according to the outline;
to do exercise 7 on page 29 in writing/ orally;
to get ready/prepare for a test dictation/dictation test/examination dictation.
Ann, will you repeat what you are to do for homework?
Does anyone know what you are to do for homework?
2. Going over homework
What did I give you (to do) for homework? What were you to do for homework?
What have you done for homework? Have you written/read the exercise/text?
Let’s go through/over your homework.

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