Brush up your grammar


Министерство образования и науки РФ
АМУРСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ
Факультет международных отношений
Т.А. Гудкина, А.А. Литвинская, Е.П. Нестерова
BRUSH UP YOUR GRAMMAR
Практикум
Благовещенск
2011
2
ББК 81.2 Англ-923
Г93
Печатается по решению
редакционно-издательского совета
факультета международных отношений
Амурского государственного университета
Гудкина Т. А., Литвинская А. А., Нестерова Е.П.
Brush Up Your Grammar. Практикум по развитию грамматических
навыков на английском языке. – Благовещенск: Амурский гос. ун-т, 2011.
Практикум предназначен для подготовки студентов 2 курса по разделу
“Практическая грамматика” курса “Основной иностранный язык (английский)”
и может быть использован в учебном процессе для работы со студентами
языковых и неязыковых специальностей.
Рецензенты: С.В. Деркач, канд. филол. наук, доцент кафедры иностранных
языков Амурского государственного университета;
Н.С. Иванова, канд.филол. наук, доцент кафедры иностранных
языков НОУ ВПО Московской академии предпринимательства,
Благовещенский филиал.
©Амурский государственный университет, 2011
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INTRODUCTION
Brush Up Your Grammar is a grammar textbook designed to ensure students’
success in learning English grammar. The textbook features a clear, easy-tounderstand
format that integrates practice of the rules of essential grammar (form)
with information about when to apply them and what they mean. Form is the structure of
a grammar point and what it looks like. Practice of the form builds students’ accuracy
and helps them recognize the grammar point in authentic situations, so they are better
prepared to understand what they are reading or what other people are saying. Function is
when and how we use a grammar point. Practice of the function builds students fluency
and helps them apply the grammar point in real lives. Abundant practice in both form
and function is a key to students’ success.
Brush Up Your Grammar contains 2 units of varying that proceed through grammar
points from basic to complex. The textbook starts with Modals, which express
ability, probability, obligation and necessity, prohibition, advice, and different degrees of
certainty. The book also includes passive structures with ‘have’ and ‘get’..
For each grammar point Brush Up Your Grammar follows a consistent format
 Each unit starts with a grammar chart where the form of grammar point is
clearly illustrated along with examples for students to clearly see the model.
 The chart also explains the function of grammar point, or how it is used, along
with additional examples.
 It provides exercised to practice the form and function together. Practice
moves logically from more controlled to less controlled. Section Your Turn
requires students to apply the grammar points in communicative activities.
Review provides a set of exercises that brings key grammar points together
and allow for more reinforcement.
Numerous grammar exercises provide intensive work on various grammatical
structures. They can serve both as a means for practicing structures and as a basis for
developing students’ compositional skills. Communicative activities encourage students
to use their grammar knowledge to gain skills, experience, and confidence to
use English outside of class and to continue learning on their own.
The authors hope you will enjoy working with Brush Up Your Grammar and
using the exercises and activities in it. They have confidence that this textbook will
be interesting, innovative and useful for both teachers and students.
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UNIT 1 MODALS
1. ABILITY
can / could
Present ability Past ability
Tom is strong. He can lift that really
heavy box.
When I was young I could ride a bike.
I can walk to school. It’s not far.
BE ABLE
Is used in combination with other auxiliaries.
Ann will be able to lift that box.
He may be able to lift that box.
He should be able to…
He used to be able to…
could was able
Ability doesn’t exist now
General ability
Ability at one particular time in the past
When I was young I could ride a bike.
He was able to run two miles yesterday
without stopping or slowing down.
2. PERMISSION
can / may / might
You can have a party.
You may leave earlier.
informal
formal
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3. ADVISABILITY
should / ought to / had better
You should see a doctor.
You ought to see a doctor.
This is a good idea.
You had better cheсk the brakes. Warning
4. MORAL OBLIGATION
should / ought to
Every society should / ought to take care
of senior citizens.
This is an important responsibility.
5. NECESSITY
must / have to / have got to / need to
All applicants must take entrance exams.
All applicants have to take entrance exams.
It is necessary. Exam is required.
There is no other choice.
I have to talk to her about our lunch date tomorrow.
In everyday statements – more
common: I need to do this / that.
I have to go
I’ve got to go
formal
informal
6. PROHIBITION
must not / can not / may not
You mustn’t tell anyone my secret.
I forbid. It’s prohibited.
You can’t wear jeans at work.
You may not talk during the test. (formal)
You aren’t allowed to.
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7. LACK OF NECESSITY
do not have to / do not need to
Tomorrow is holiday. We don’t need / have to go to class.
It’s not necessary.
8. EXPECTATIONS
Should / be to / be supposed to
Lee doesn’t live far away. He should be here
soon.
The game is supposed to begin at 11.
The game is to begin at 11.
Scheduled event
Arranged officially
I’m supposed to go to the meeting. My boss
told me that she wants me to attend.
Someone expects this behavior.
9. DEGREES OF CERTAINTY / positive
must / can / could / may / might
He must be sick.
He can be sick.
100% (or almost 100%) sure
90% sure
He may be sick.
He might be sick.
He could be sick.
less than 50% sure
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10. DEGREES OF CERTAINTY / negative
Sam couldn’t be hungry.
Sam can’t be hungry.
That can’t be Rebecca.
She isn’t tall.
99% sure
Sam mustn’t be hungry.
95% sure
Sam may not be hungry.
Sam might not be hungry.
less than
50% sure
11. REQUESTS
can / could / may / will / would
Can I….? Can you….?
May I borrow your pen?
Could I borrow your pen?
Can I I borrow your pen?
Would / will you lend me your pen?
Could you lend me your pen
Can you lend me your pen?
13. OFFERS
can / shall / will
Can / Shall I help you?
I will hel you.
14. SUGGESTIONS
can / could / shall / may / might
Shall we go on a picnic?
We could / may / might go on a picnic.
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EXERCISES
Ex. 1. Complete the sentences with can / can’t, could / couldn’t or be /
was / were able to. (English Grammar in Use, Unit 31)
1. George has travelled a lot. He _______________ speak four languages.
2. “You look tired.” “Yes, I _______________ sleep last night.”
3. A girl fell into the river but fortunately we _______________ rescue her.
4. Ask Catherine about your problem. She might _______________ help you.
5. When Tim was 16, he was a fast runner. He _______________ run 100 metres
in 11 seconds.
6. “Are you in a hurry?” “No, I’ve got plenty of time. I _______________ wait.”
7. I can’t see you on Friday but I _______________ meet you on Saturday morning.
8. I can’t understand Martin. I’ve never _______________ understand him.
9. Ann had given us good directions and we _______________ find her house easily.
10. I had forgotten to bring my camera so I _______________ take any photos.
11. My grandmother loved music. She _______________ play the piano very well.
12. I haven’t _______________ sleep very well recently.
13. I looked everywhere for the book but I _______________ find it.
14. Can you speak up a bit? I _______________ hear you very well.
15. I looked very carefully and I _______________ see a figure in the distance.
16. I used to _______________ stand on my head but I can’t do it now.
17. They didn’t want to come with us at first but we _______________ persuade them.
18. I wanted to but some tomatoes. The first store I went to didn’t have any but I
_______________ get some in the next store.
19. I was feeling sick yesterday. I _______________ eat anything.
20. Although the fire spread quickly, everybody _______________ escape.
21. I’m afraid I _______________ come to your party next week.
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22. Laura had hurt her leg and _______________ walk very well.
23. My grandfather was a very clever man. He _______________ speak five languages.
24. No one realized what was happening and the thief _______________ get away.
25. Sandra _______________ drive but she hasn’t got a car.
26. Sue wasn’t at home when I called but I _______________ contact her at her office.
27. There was nobody to disturb me, so I _____________ finish my work this afternoon.
Ex. 2. Complete these sentences using the correct form of can, could, or
be able to. Where two answers are possible, write them both. (GP4IS, Ex. 90)
1. I _______________ see you tomorrow.
I'll be able to see you tomorrow.
I can see you tomorrow.
2. It was too expensive – I _______________ buy it.
3. _______________ I have a word with you, please?
4. I generally leave work at six, but I_______________ leave earlier on Fridays.
5. _______________ you help me carry this downstairs?
6. _______________ she _______________ come to the office tomorrow?
7. I tried to see her, but I _______________.
8. It was so heavy that I _______________ lift it.
9. I _______________ come tomorrow, I'm afraid. I'm too busy.
10. _______________ you _______________ contact your parents yesterday?
11. He _______________ (not) work since his illness.
12. After I had tried for a few hours, I _______________ open the door and get out.
13. I _______________ see you next Monday at ten.
14. They didn't come to the restaurant – they _______________ (not) afford it.
15. When they came back from Paris they _______________ speak perfect French.
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Ex. 3. Read the situations and write sentences with I think / I don’t
think … should … . (English Grammar in Use, Unit 33)
1. Peter and Judy are planning to get married. You think it’s a bad idea. (get married)
2. You don’t like smoking, especially in restaurants. (be banned)
3. It very difficult to find a free table in a restaurant on Saturday night. (reserve)
4. I have a very bad cold but I plan to go out this evening. You don’t think this is a
good idea. (go out)
5. You are fed up with the government. You think they have made too many mistakes.
(resign)
6. Look! You are walking into a wall. (be careful)
7. It’s very important to sound polite while talking on the phone. (interrupt the caller)
Ex. 4. Put in had better or should. Sometimes either is possible. (English
Grammar in Use, Unit 35)
1. I have an appointment in ten minutes. I _______________ go now or I’ll be late.
2. It’s a great movie. You _______________ go and see it. You’ll really like it.
3. I _______________ get up early tomorrow. I’ve got a lot to do.
4. When people are driving, they _______________ keep their eyes on the road.
5. Thank you for coming to see us. You _______________ come more often.
6. She’ll be upset if we don’t invite her to the wedding, so we _____________ invite her.
7. These cakes are delicious. You _______________ try one.
8. I think everybody _______________ learn a foreign language.
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Ex. 5. Give advice to the people in the following situations. Use should,
ought to, or had better. (Black Azar, WB, p 49)
1. Ann would like to make some new friends. I think she should join some clubs so
she can meet people who have similar interests.
2. Ellen is having a lot of trouble in her chemistry class. She's failed the last two tests.
3. Sam and Tim, both teenagers, have messed up the house, and their parents are
coming home soon.
4. Pierre is feeling really homesick these days.
5. Ron is wearing jeans. He is expected at a formal reception this evening.
6. Alice is planning to drive across country by herself this summer, but she's never
changed a flat tire or even pumped her own gas.
7. Mike can't understand what's going on in his English class.
8. William's parents expect him to work in the family business, a shoe store, but he
wants to be an architect.
9. Pam's younger brother, who is 18, is using illegal drugs. How can she help him?
10. Richard's roommate stays up very late studying. While his roommate is studying,
he listens to loud music, and Richard can't get to sleep.
11. The Taylors' daughter is very excited about going to Denmark to live and study
for four months. You've been an international student, haven't you? Could yougive her some advice?
12. Virginia doesn't really have enough money saved for a vacation, but she wants to
go someplace. Do you know of any inexpensive but wonderful place she could go?
13. Mr. Rice is behind schedule in the history class he's teaching. Should he skip
some less important historical events, or should he give the students longer assignments?
14. Maria is expecting George to meet her when she arrives at the airport in an hour,
but George's car won't start. What should George do?
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Ex. 6. Put in must or have to (in the correct form). Sometimes either is
possible. (English Grammar in Use, Unit 31)
1. It’s later than I thought. I _______________ go now.
2. Jack left before the end of the meeting. He _______________ go home early.
3. In Britain many kids _______________ wear uniform when they go to school.
4. When you come to London again, you _______________ come and see us.
5. Last night Don became sick suddenly. We _______________ call a doctor.
6. You really _______________ work harder if you want to pass the exam.
7. I’m afraid I can’t come tomorrow. I _______________ work late.
8. I’m sorry I couldn’t come yesterday. I _______________ work late.
9. Paul doesn’t like his new job. Sometimes he _______________ work at weekends.
10. Caroline may _______________ go away next week.
11. We couldn’t fix the car ourselves. We _______________ take it to a garage.
12. Julia wears glasses. She _______________ wear glasses since she was very young.
Ex. 7. Choose the correct answer. (http://www.english-zone.com/verbs/haveto1.html)
7.1. Pizza!
1. When you make pizza, you _____ have some pizza sauce.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
2. You also _____ have some cheese on top of the pizza.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
3. You _____ have peppers on your pizza, but you can if you want to.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
4. A good pizza _____ taste good.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
5. So, you _____ choose the pizza toppings that you like best.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
6. Personally, I love tomatoes, so I always _____ have tomatoes on my pizza!
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
7. You _____ make your own pizza, you can buy a pizza from a pizza shop if you want to.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
8. Pizza tastes best when it's hot, but you _____ eat hot pizza. You can eat it cold too.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
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7.2. On Health...
9. People _____ eat food to stay alive.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
10. People _____ eat pizza and candy to stay alive. They can choose healthy food.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
11. A person _____ drink water to stay alive.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
12. A person _____ smoke cigarettes to stay alive.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
7.3. Help Wanted: Secretary. No experience necessary. Must type 50 words per
minute. Work Monday - Friday, weekends off. Answer phones, use computer,
file reports.
13. The secretary _____ know how to type.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
14. A secretary _____ be a woman. The secretary can be a man.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
15. _____ the secretary _____ work Saturdays?
A. Do / have to B. Does / have to C. Do / has to D. Does / has to
16. No, he/she _____ go to work on Saturdays.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
17. The secretary also _____ answer the company's phones....
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
18. ...and he/she _____ file reports every week.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
19. _____ the secretary _____ use a computer?
A. Do / have to B. Does / have to C. Do / has to D. Does / has to
20. Yes, He or she _____ use a computer.
A. have to B. has to C. don't have to D. doesn't have to
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Ex. 8. Fill in the blanks with don’t have to / doesn’t have to or must not.
(http://www.better-english.com/grammar/mustnt.htm)
1. It is forbidden. You __________ do that.
2. You __________ ask my permission. You can do what you want.
3. You __________ speak to the driver when the bus is moving. It's dangerous.
4. Help yourself to anything you want. You __________ ask.
5. You __________ park here. There is a double yellow line.
6. Pay me back when you can. You __________ do it immediately.
7. It's optional. We __________ to go if you don't want to.
8. I'll tell you a secret. You __________ tell anybody else. Promise?
9. Whatever you do, you __________ click with the right mouse button or the program
will crash.
10. Be on time. You __________ be late or we will leave without you.
11. He's a millionaire. He __________ work but he does because he enjoys it.
12. I like Saturdays because I __________ go to work.
13. This is very important. You __________ forget what I said.
14. It's very informal here. You __________ wear a tie unless you want to.
15. The train is direct. You __________ change trains.
16. In boxing, you __________ hit your opponent below the belt.
17. I __________ wear a suit at work on Fridays. It's 'dressing down day".
18. In athletics, you __________ start before the gun is fired.
19. In bridge, you __________ look at other people's cards.
20. You __________ be mad to work here but it helps.
Ex. 9. Fill in the blanks with needn’t or mustn’t. (http://www.betterenglish.
com/)
1. I don't mind at all. You __________ apologize.
2. It's a secret. You __________ tell anybody.
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3. It's not urgent. You __________ do it now.
4. You can type those letters later. You __________ do it now.
5. I can find my own way there. You __________ wait for me.
6. If I show you my new hat, you __________ laugh.
7. You __________ come if you don't want to but we will be very pleased if you do.
8. Keep quiet. You __________ talk so loudly in here. People are trying to work.
9. I'm not deaf. You __________ shout.
10. I want a new house. It __________ have a swimming pool but it must have a
nice garden.
11. There's plenty of money in our account so we __________ take those cheques to
the bank today.
12. You __________ drive at more than 70 mph in the UK.
13. I'll do everything. You __________ do anything unless you really want to.
14. You __________ touch that switch, whatever you do.
15. If you want an explanation of this grammar point, you __________ do a thing.
I'll send you one automatically.
Ex. 10. Put in mustn’t or don’t / doesn’t have to. (English Grammar in Use, Unit 31)
1. I don’t want anyone to know. You _______________ tell anyone.
2. He _______________ wear a suit to work but he usually does.
3. I can stay in bed tomorrow morning because I _______________ go to work.
4. Whatever you do, you _______________ touch that switch. It’s very dangerous.
5. There’s a lift in the building, so we _______________ climb the stairs.
6. You _______________ forget what I told you. It’s very important.
7. Sue _______________ get up early. She gets up early because she wants to.
8. Don’t make so much noise. We _______________ wake the baby.
9. I _______________ eat too much. I’m supposed to be on a diet.
10. You _______________ be a good player to enjoy a game of tennis.
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Ex. 11. Put the correct form of must or have to in these sentences. Use
the negative or question if necessary and put have to in the correct
tense. In some sentences, two answers are possible. (GP4IS, Ex. 92)
1. I _______________ leave the party early last night – I wasn't very well.
I had to leave the party early last night – I wasn't very well.
2. I'm sorry, you _______________ smoke in here.
I'm sorry, you mustn't smoke in here.
3. The children are happy because they ______________ do any homework today.
4. You _______________ get up early tomorrow if you want to catch the bus.
5. _______________ (you) have a visa to come here?
6. It was a very bad accident. You _______________ be more careful in future.
7. He's been ill. He _______________ stay in bed since last month.
8. I've told the kids that they _____________ come home before 10 on Saturday nights.
9. _____________ (you) do military service in your country when you were young?
10. It was a lovely holiday. We _______________ do anything.
11. They were very rude. They_______________ apologize the next day.
12. The teacher told us that we _______________ work harder.
13. You _______________ get a passport before you go abroad next month.
14. We _______________ come back by boat because the airport was closed by fog.
15. You _______________ borrow my books without asking.
Ex. 12. Fill the gaps with mustn’t or needn’t / don’t have to. (Grammarway – 3, p. 57)
1. A: Shall I help you with your shopping?
B: No, you needn’t / don’t have to. I can manage by myself.
2. A: You _______________ play football inside the house.
B: I’m sorry. I’ll go outside.
3. A: Do you want anything from the supermarket?
B: No, you _______________ get me anything today, thank you. I’m going out
myself later.
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4. A: You _______________ be late for work tomorrow morning.
B: I know. I’ll try to arrive early.
5. A: You _______________ take these books out of the library.
B: I know. It’s forbidden.
6. A: Shall I make an appointment for you at the dentist’s?
B: No, you _______________ I’ll do it myself next week.
Ex. 13. Rewrite the sentences using the word in brackets. (Grammarway – 3, p. 58)
1. It isn’t necessary for Mark to buy new clothes for the reception. (need)
Mark doesn’t need to / needn’t buy new clothes for the reception.
2. You aren’t allowed to pick these flowers. (must)
3. Sarah is obliged to type her compositions at university. (has)
4. It isn’t necessary for Paula to make the beds. (need)
5. It’s your duty to obey the law. (must)
6. It isn’t necessary for Bob to wait for me. (need)
7. It’s forbidden to throw litter in the beach. (must)
8. It isn’t necessary for Alice to bake a cake for the party. (need)
9. It wasn’t necessary for George to stay at work late last night. (have)
Ex. 14. Rephrase the following sentences using must, mustn’t, needn’t,
has to or doesn’t have to. (Grammarway – 3, p. 58)
1. You aren’t allowed to park your car in the college car park.
You mustn’t park your car in the college car park.
2. I strongly advise you to speak to your parents about your decision.
3. It isn’t necessary for Emma to attend tomorrow’s staff meeting.
4. Jack is obliged to wear a suit and a tie at work because the manager says so.
5. It’s necessary for Roger to find a job soon.
6. It’s forbidden to use mobile phones inside the hospital.
7. Susan is obliged to work overtime because her boss says so.
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Ex. 15. Choose the best answer. (Black Azar, WB, p 47)
1. Soldiers _______________ disobey a superior officer.
A. must / have to B. must not С. don't have to
2. To stay alive, people _______________ breathe oxygen.
A. must / have to B. must not С. don't have to
3. You ______________ finish your work on this project before you go on vacation.
You'll probably lose your job if you don't.
A. must / have to B. must not С. don't have to
4. If you have an aquarium, you _______________ give your tropical fish too much
food or they'll die.
A. must / have to B. must not С. don't have to
5. To be a good mountain climber, you _______________ have a great deal of stamina.
A. must / have to B. must not С. don't have to
6. Thank goodness we ______________ eat fish again tonight. Dad didn't catch any today.
A. must / have to B. must not С. don't have to
7. You ______________ exert yourself. You're still not fully recovered from your surgery.
A. must / have to B. must not С. don't have to
8. My room is a mess, but I _______________ clean it before I go out tonight.
I can do it in the morning.
A. must / have to B. must not С. don't have to
9. We really _______________ help Marge move to her new apartment over the
weekend. Not only is it too difficult for one person, but she still has her arm in a
sling from her shoulder sprain a week ago.
A. must / have to B. must not С. don't have to
10. Bill is in the darkroom developing the negatives of the photos he took on his last
trip to Peru. You _______________ open the door while he's there because the
light will ruin the pictures.
A. must / have to B. must not С. don't have to
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Ex. 16. Complete the sentences with must, mustn’t or needn’t. (English
Grammar in Use, Unit 32)
1. We haven’t got much time. We _______________ hurry.
2. We’ve got plenty of time. We _______________ hurry.
3. We have enough food at home so we _______________ go shopping today.
4. The weather is fine. You _______________ your umbrella with – there is no rain.
5. Jim gave me a letter to post. I _______________ remember to post it.
6. Jim gave me a letter to post. I _______________ forget to post it.
7. You _______________ stay at a hotel. You can stay with us – we have free
rooms galore.
8. There’s plenty of time for you to make up your mind. You _______________
decide now.
9. This is a valuable book. You _______________ look after it carefully and you
_______________ lose it.
10. You _______________ wash those tomatoes. They’ve already been washed.
11. He is very busy and asked not to disturb him. You _______________ come in.
12. ‘I’m going shopping. Do we need some eggs?’ ‘No, I’ve already bought some so
you _______________ buy any.’
13. You _______________ walk home. We can take a taxi.
14. ‘What sort of house do you want to buy? Something big?’ ‘Well, it
_______________ be big – that’s not important. But it _______________ have
a nice garden – that’s essential.’
Ex. 17. Put should, must or have to in the sentences below, using negatives
or questions if necessary. Sometimes more than one answer is
possible, but you should write one only. (GP4IS, Ex. 94)
1. They _______________ be arriving in a few hours.
They should be arriving in a few hours.
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2. We _______________ go home at twelve because my mother wants the car.
3. They insisted that we _______________ have a meal.
4. There are no trains today, so we _______________ to go by car.
5. I think you _______________ tell your parents you're going to be late. They'll
be worried.
6. You _______________ never do that again!
7. The manager suggested that we _______________ try to find another hotel.
8. You _______________ see that movie if you get the chance.
9. According to our information, the President _______________ be re-elected.
10. Do you think we _______________ ask before we borrow the car?
11. You _______________ come if you don't want to.
12. You _______________ be smoking at your age.
13. He asked me anxiously what he _______________ do next.
14. Do you think I _______________ tell the teacher what happened?
15. My boss told me that I _______________ be late.
Ex. 18. Choose the best answer. (Black Azar, WB, p 54-55)
1. "Do you know where Mary is?"
"She __________ be at home. She was going either there or to Barbara's after work."
A. must B. could
2. "Look al all the children waiting for the bus. What time is ii?"
"It __________ be after 3:00. That's when school is out."
A. must B. might
3. "I heard that Jose has received a scholarship and will be able to attend the university."
"Wonderful! He __________ be very happy to have the matter finally settled."
A. must B. may
4. "Excuse me. Could you tell me which bus I should take to get to City Hall?"
"Bus number 63 __________ go there. But maybe you'd better ask the driver."
A. must B. might
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5. "George says that we're going to have a very high inflation rate next year."
"He __________ be right. I think his view is as good as anybody's. I've heard
strong opinions on all sides of that issue."
A. must B. could
6. "Do you suppose Carl is sick?"
"He __________ be. Nothing else would have kept him from coming to this meeting."
A. must B. may
7. "Have you heard anything from Ed? Is he still in Africa?"
"He __________ be, or he __________ already be on his way home. I'm just not sure."
A. must / must B. could / could
8. "Is that a famous person over there in the middle of that crowd?"
"It __________ be. Everyone's trying to get her autograph."
A. must B. might
9. "Isn't Peter Reeves a banker?"
"Yes. Why don't you talk to him? He __________ be able to help you with your loan."
A. must B. may
10. "Isn't Margaret's daughter over sixteen?"
"She __________ be. I saw her driving a car, and you have to be at least sixteen to
get a driver's license."
A. must B. might
11. "Is that Bob's brother standing with him in the cafeteria line?"
"It __________ be, I suppose. It does look a little like him."
A. must B. could
12. "Don't you think the possibility of world peace is greater now than ever before?"
"It __________ be. I don't know. Political relationships can be fragile."
A. must B. may
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Ex. 19. Choose the best answer. (Black Azar, WB, p 55-56)
l. "Is Jeff a good student?"
"He __________. Although he seems to study very little, I heard he was offered a
scholarship for next year."
A. must be B. could be С. is
2. "The speedometer on my car is broken."
"Do you think you're driving over the speed limit?"
"I don't know. I__________."
A. must be B. might be С. am
3. "You've been on the go all day. Aren't you exhausted?"
"Yes, I __________. I can't remember when I've ever been this worn out.''
A. must be B. may be С. am
4. "Do you think the grocery store is still open?"
"It __________ I can't ever remember what their hours are."
A. must be B. could be С. is
5. "Have you seen the new movie playing at the Bijou?"
"No, but it _________ sad. Many people leaving the theater seem to have been crying."
A. must be B. might be С. is
6. "Where's the chicken we had left over from dinner last night?"
"I just saw it when I got some ice cubes. It __________ in the freezer."
A. must be B. might be С. is
7. "It's supposed to rain tomorrow."
"I know, but the forecasts __________ wrong. They are far from 100% accurate."
A. must be B. could be С. are
8. "Do you hear that squeak? What is it?"
"I don't know. It __________ a mouse. Isn't that what a mouse sounds like?"
A. must be B. may be С. is
9. "How old do you think Roger is?"
"I just looked at his driver's license. He __________ 33."
A. must be B. could be С. is
10. "Is China the largest country in the world, or is it Brazil?"
"Neither. It _________ Russia. It has nearly 2 times the area of either China or Brazil."
A. must be B. might be С. is
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Ex. 20. Put in must or can’t. (English Grammar in Use, Unit 28)
1. You’ve been travelling all day. You must be very tired.
2. That restaurant _______________ be very good. It’s always full of people.
3. That restaurant _______________ be very good. It’s always empty.
4. You’re going on holiday next week. You _______________ be looking forward to it.
5. “Have you heard about Johnsons?” “Yeah, they are on holiday. But it’s raining
every day, so they _______________ have a very nice time.”
6. Congratulations on passing your exam. You _______________ be very pleased.
7. “He will be here in no time at all.” “He _______________ be walking very fast.”
8. Bill and Sue go away on holiday very often, so they _______________ be short of
money.
Ex. 21. Rephrase the following sentences in as many ways as possible.
(Grammarway – 3, p. 64)
1. Perhaps he is waiting outside.
2. Surgeons are obliged to scrub their hands before operating on patients.
3. It’s likely he will be leaving tomorrow.
4. Do you mind if I open the window?
5. It’s not necessary for Peter to wash the dog, so he doesn’t.
6. It’s possible she will work late tonight.
7. It’s forbidden to copy files without the manager’s permission.
8. Why don’t we spend this evening at home?
9. It’s likely he will stay here.
10. Perhaps they are at work.
11. It’s likely he is driving too fast.
12. It’s possible he is studying in the library.
24
Ex. 22. Choose the correct answer. (Grammarway – 3, p. 69)
1. “You __________ be late for work!” “I know. I’m leaving now.”
A. need B. couldn’t С. mustn’t
2. “Jim __________ lose some weight. His doctor said so.” “He must go on a diet.”
A. ought B. needs С. has to
3. “I _________ go to the bank today. I have enough money.” “Well, I’ll go alone then.”
A. needn’t B. mustn’t С. couldn’t
4. “Did you deliver that parcel for me?” “No, I __________ find the house, so I’ve
come back to get a map.”
A. may not B. shouldn’t С. couldn’t
5. “I __________ clean the apartment today. It’s so messy.” “I’ll help you.”
A. needn’t B. must С. have got
6. “I __________ feed the dog at lunchtime. My brother did it in the morning.”
“You can do it this evening, then.”
A. didn’t need to B. mustn’t С. wasn’t able to
7. “Do you need any help?” “Yes. I __________ open the window. It’s stuck.”
A. may not B. don’t have to С. can’t
8. “I __________ swim until I was ten.” “Well, I didn’t learn until I was eleven.”
A. have to B. should С. could
9. “Can I talk to you, please?” “Sorry, I __________ go now. I’m late for a meeting.”
A. can B. have to С. might
10. “The test was too difficult for me.” “Really? I __________ do it quite easily.”
A. was able to B. were to С. can
11. “Is Tom good at languages?” “Yes, he __________ already speak French, German
and Italian.”
A. can B. had better С. could
12. “Where is Tom?” “He’s not at work, so he __________ be at the library.”
A. ought B. might С. needs
13. “__________ we go shopping today?” “No. I’d prefer to go tomorrow.”
A. Shall B. Will С. May
14. “Sorry Mum. I’ve broken a plate.” “You __________ be more careful.”
A. can B. should С. might
15. “Where’s your father?” “He __________ be in the garage. I’m not sure.”
A. might B. must С. can’t
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Ex. 23. Rewrite these sentences using may or might. Where two answers
are possible, write them both. (GP4IS, Ex. 95)
1. Maybe he'll get a new job.
He might get a new job. / He may get a new job.
2. Do you think I could have one of these cakes?
3. Maybe there's some tea in the pot.
4. Would you mind if I asked you how old you are?
5. Visitors are not allowed to stay in the hospital after ten p.m.
6. Do you think I could have one of these sandwiches?
7. I think the car is in the station car park.
8. Is it alright if I use your phone?
9. Guests are allowed to wear casual dress.
10. Maybe she'll move to London.
11. There's a possibility that the show will be cancelled.
12. Maybe she'll be elected.
13. I think that Andrew will collect the money.
14. Maybe Peter won't come to the cinema tomorrow.
15. Maybe it'll rain this afternoon.
Ex. 24. Make requests of various degrees of politeness. (Business Contacts, p. 59)
help me with the shopping
order a taxi
come again tomorrow
help me with the luggage
put these flowers in water
switch off the radio
translate this e-mail for me
give me your address
buy some bread
carry my suitcase
lay the table
lend me some money
keep a seat for me
leave me alone
get another chair
pay in advance
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Ex. 25. What would you say in these situations? Pay attention to the
level of formality. (English Grammar in Use, Unit 36)
1. You want to borrow your friends camera.
2. You are at a friend’s place and you want to use his / her phone.
3. You’ve written an e-mail in English. Before you send it you want your Englishspeaking
friend to check it.
4. You want to leave work early because you have some things to do.
5. The woman in the next room is playing music. It’s very loud. You want her to
turn it down.
6. You are calling the owner of the apartment that was advertised in the newspaper.
You are interested in this apartment and you want to come by and see it today.
7. You are on a train. The woman next to you has finished reading her newspaper.
Now you want to have a look at it.
8. You’re the passenger in a car. Your friend is driving very fast. You ask him / her
to slow down.
9. You’ve finished your meal in a restaurant and now you want the check. You ask
the waiter.
Ex. 26. For the given situation, make up a short dialogue between two
speakers. The dialogue should contain a polite request and a response
to that request. (Black Azar, WB, p. 46)
Example: You don't have enough money to go to a movie tonight.
You want to borrow some from your roommate.
Possible Dialogue:
You: There's a movie I really want to see tonight, but I'm running a little low on
money right now. Could I borrow a few dollars? I'll pay you back Friday.
Roommate: Sure. No problem. How much do you need?
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1. Your roommate is making a sandwich and it looks delicious. You'd like to have
one, but you don't feel like going to the trouble of making one yourself.
2. You are in a fast-food restaurant and want to sit down to eat your lunch. The only
empty seat you can see is at a table where three people are eating and are having a
lively conversation.
3. You can't get your car started and you will soon be late for work. Your neighbor is
backing out of his driveway. You shout at him to stop and ask him for help.
4. Paul just arrived at work and remembered that he left the stove burner on under the
coffee pot back in his apartment. His neighbor Jack has a key to the front door, and
Paul knows that Jack hasn't left for work yet. Anxiously, he telephones Jack for help.
5. A man and a woman are having dinner in a restaurant and discussing business.
The man gets up and bumps the table, spilling a plate of food onto the woman's
lap. He needs help from the waiter standing nearby.
6. You have to write a research paper for your biology class. You have never used
the library and don't know how to find the books you need. You need assistance
from the librarian.
7. Carol and Larry are going out for the evening. They are in a hurry and don't have
time to give the children baths and get them ready for bed. They would like the
babysitter to do this.
8. You had been driving along the highway when suddenly you had a flat tire, so you
pulled over to the shoulder and stopped the car. You opened the trunk and discovered
that you had no jack and couldn't change the tire. A car pulled up behind you,
and a man got out and asked if you needed help.
9. You need help in understanding some of the problems in your physics class, and
your friend is the best student in the class. Likewise, she needs help in preparing
for her German exam, and you are the best student in the German class. You need
to work out an arrangement together.
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Ex. 27. Fill in shall or will.
1. _______________ I help you with the washing-up?
2. _______________ we have pizza for dinner tonight?
3. _______________ you carry this for me, please?
4. What _______________ we buy for Bob’s birthday?
5. _______________ you answer the phone, please?
6. Where _______________ we sit in the classroom?
7. _______________ you take the rubbish out for me, please?
8. _______________ we have a barbecue next week?
Ex. 28. Underline the correct word.
1. You may / mustn’t run in the corridors. It’s dangerous.
2. Can / Should I ask you a question?
3. Will / Shall we go out for a lunch today?
4. You must / shouldn’t stay at home if you are ill.
5. Tommy can’t / couldn’t tell the time when he was a baby.
6. My book can’t / mustn’t be in the house. I’ve looked everywhere.
7. You might / needn’t clean the windows. I’ve already done them.
8. Will / Shall I help you?
9. You needn’t / mustn’t do the shopping. I’ll do it later.
Ex. 29. Answer these questions with suggestion. Use could.
1. Where shall we go for our holiday?
2. What shall we have for dinner tonight?
3. What shall I give Ann for her birthday?
4. When shall I phone Angela?
5. When shall we go and see Tom?
6. Where shall we hang this picture?
7. What shall we do this evening?
8. Where shall we meet tomorrow?
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Ex. 30. Put in can or could. Sometimes either word is possible. (English
Grammar in Use, Unit 27)
1. “The phone is ringing. Who do you think it is?” “It _______________ Tim.”
2. I’m really hungry. I _______________ eat a horse!
3. If you’re very hungry, we _______________ have dinner now.
4. It’s so nice here. I _____________ stay here all day but unfortunately I have to go.
5. “I can’t find my bag. Have you seen it?” “No, but it ____________ be in the car.”
6. Joe is a keen musician. He plays the flute and he ____________ also play the piano.
7. “What shall we do?” “There’s a movie on TV. We _______________ watch that.”
8. The weather is nice now but it _______________ change later.
Ex. 31. Fill in the gaps with an appropriate modal verb. Then say what
they express in each sentence. (Grammarway – 3, p. 60)
1. A: May / Can / Could I borrow your pen, please?
The speaker is asking for permission.
B: No, you _______________ I’m using it.
2. A: I’m bored. What shall we do?
B: We _______________ go for a walk.
A: No, we _______________ because it’s raining.
B: Let’s watch a video, then.
3. A: My parents told me I _______________ go to the party tonight.
B: Never mind, I _______________ go either. We _______________ stay at
home together, though.
4. A: Sir, _______________ I speak to you for a moment, please?
B: Certainly, but later today. I’m busy now.
5. A: Excuse me?
B: Yes?
A: _______________ you tell me where the post office is, please?
B: Certainly. It’s on the main road, next to the school.
6. A: Is anyone sitting on that chair?
B: No, you _______________ take it if you want to.
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Ex. 32. Choose the correct answer. (http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/528.html)
1. You've been working hard all day – you _______________ be tired.
A. must B. may not C. have to D. can't
2. The restaurant is always empty – it _______________ be much good.
A. can't B. couldn't C. shouldn't D. needn’t
3. Do you think you _______________ open the door for me?
A. can B. may C. shall D. must
4. I haven't made up my mind about my holiday yet, but I _______________ go to Laos.
A. must B. might C. have to D. ought to
5. _______________ you both be happy.
A. May B. Might C. Must D. Should
6. I don't believe you – you _______________ be joking.
A. should B. must C. need to D. may not
7. That _______________ be true- she would never say something like that.
A. mightn't B. can't C. mustn't D. doesn’t have to
Ex. 33. Fill in can, can’t, must, mustn’t, needn’t or have to. (Grammarway – 3,
p. 69)
1. A: Is Matthew very rich?
B: He must be. He drives a Ferrari.
2. A: Would you like to come shopping with me?
B: Yes, but I _______________. I _______________ do my home work.
3. A: Is Tom interested in music?
B: Oh yes. He _______________ play the guitar and the saxophone.
4. A: Is Katie at home?
B: No, she _______________ be. Her car is not here.
5. A: Can I go to the cinema tonight?
B: Yes, but you _______________ be late home.
6. A: Hurry up. You’ll be late for school!
B: I don’t _______________ go to school today. It’s Saturday.
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7. A: I will buy you this present.
B: Oh, you _______________. It’s not my birthday!
8. A: Excuse me, I’m looking for Barkwest Bank.
B: I’m afraid I _______________ help you. I don’t live here.
Ex. 34 Rephrase the following sentences in as many ways as possible.
(Grammarway – 3, p. 66)
1. You had better book your flight early.
You ought to / should / must book your flight early.
2. Would you like me to draw the curtains for you?
________________________________________________________________
3. Why don’t we go to a Japanese restaurant for a change?
________________________________________________________________
4. I strongly advise you to see a doctor as soon as possible.
________________________________________________________________
5. Can you call Greg for me, please?
________________________________________________________________
6. You ought to check the tap: it’s leaking.
________________________________________________________________
7. Everybody is obliged to pay taxes.
________________________________________________________________
8. You don’t need to go to the supermarket today.
________________________________________________________________
9. Betty, it’s not necessary to call the taxi. I’ll give you a lift.
________________________________________________________________
10. They managed to get to the theatre in time, despite the heavy traffic.
________________________________________________________________
11. You aren’t allowed to keep pets in a dorm.
________________________________________________________________
12. Do you mind if I take the rest of the day off?
________________________________________________________________
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Ex. 35. Match the items in column A to their synonyms in column B.
(Grammarway – 3, p. 68)
1) You should _____ (f) a) You aren’t allowed to…
2) You must _____ b) It wasn’t necessary for us … (but we did).
3) Shall we _____? c) Why don’t we …?
4) You needn’t _____ d) He managed to …
5) We needn’t have _____ e) It wasn’t necessary for us to …
6) We didn’t need to _____ f) You had better …
7) You mustn’t _____ g) I’m sure she is …
8) He was able to _____ h) Do you mind if I …?
9) She must be _____ i) You are obliged to …
10) He can’t be _____ j) It isn’t necessary for you to …
11) Could I _____? k) I’m sure he isn’t …
12) He may be _____ l) Perhaps he’s …
Ex. 36. Complete each sentence with two to five words, including the
word in bold. (Grammarway – 3, p. 71)
1. I advise you to take a course in literature.
should You should take a course in literature.
2. It is possible that the police are questioning him.
may The police ___ him.
3. I’m sure he’s lying about his age.
must He ___ about his age.
4. Let’s have a break in five minutes.
can We ___ in five minutes.
5. It isn’t necessary for her to give me a lift.
have She ___ me a lift.
6. You aren’t allowed to throw the litter in the park.
mustn’t You ___litter in the park.
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7. It isn’t necessary for Mother to cook tonight.
need Mother ___ tonight.
8. Perhaps Dan is in hospital.
may Dan ___ hospital.
9. I advise you to have a rest.
should You ___ a rest.
10. It isn’t necessary for her to call.
have She ___ call.
Ex. 37. Rephrase the following sentences in as many ways as possible.
(Grammarway – 3, p. 68)
1. I advise you to buy this book.
You should buy this book
2. It isn’t necessary for him to take the exam again.
________________________________________________________________
3. I’m sure Terry isn’t at the office.
________________________________________________________________
4. It’s possible that Janet will call me this evening.
________________________________________________________________
5. You aren’t allowed to eat and drink in the classrooms.
________________________________________________________________
6. We are obliged to clock in and out every day.
________________________________________________________________
7. I’m sure the boys aren’t upset with the result.
________________________________________________________________
8. Would you like me to do anything to help?
________________________________________________________________
9. Perhaps we will go for a picnic on Sunday afternoon.
________________________________________________________________
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10. Sam managed to reach the top of the mountain after climbing for several hours.
________________________________________________________________
11. How about throwing a party on your birthday?
________________________________________________________________
12. It wasn’t necessary for John to attend the seminar.
________________________________________________________________
13. They are obliged to go to a meeting every week.
________________________________________________________________
14. How about visiting some friends on Saturday?
________________________________________________________________
Ex. 38. Choose the correct answer. (Grammarway – 3, p. 70)
1. A letter arrives at your house. You are sure it’s from Sean.
A. It might be from Sean.
B. It must be from Sean.
C. It may be from Sean.
2. You have toothache. Your mother gives you some advice.
A. You may go to the dentist.
B. You should go to the dentist.
C. You might go to the dentist.
3. You are looking for your scarf. You think it’s upstairs.
A. It can’t be upstairs.
B. It should be upstairs.
C. It could be upstairs.
4. Your father told you to do your homework. You tell your friends.
A. I will do my homework.
B. I have to do my homework.
C. I might do my homework.
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5. You want your neighbour to babysit for you tonight.
A. Would you babysit for me tonight?
B. Shall you babysit for me tonight?
C. Must you babysit for me tonight?
6. You are doing the washing-up for your mother, but she didn’t expect you to.
A. You mustn’t do the washing-up.
B. You might not do the washing-up.
C. You needn’t do the washing-up.
7. You want to have a pet in your flat, but your landlord tells you it isn’t allowed.
A. You mustn’t keep pets in the flat.
B. You needn’t keep pets in the flat.
C. You will not keep pets in the flat.
8. An old lady is trying to open the door. You offer to do it for her.
A. Couldn’t I open the door for you?
B. Must I open the door for you?
C. Shall I open the door for you?
9. You offer to do the shopping, but your mother says it isn’t necessary.
A. You must do the shopping.
B. You needn’t do the shopping.
C. You could do the shopping.
Ex. 39. Choose the correct answer. (Grammarway – 3, p. 70)
1. You _______________ do your homework before you watch TV.
A. can’t B. should С. shall
2. _______________ I come in? It’s rather cold out here.
A. Should B. May С. Must
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3. You _______________ water the plants this weekend, they look dry.
A. are able to B. needn’t С. ought to
4. _______________ you collect the children from school, please?
A. Must B. Will С. May
5. _______________ you play the piano?
A. Can B. Must С. Should
6. I _______________ buy some milk. There isn’t any left.
A. mustn’t B. may С. must
7. When _______________ I call you?
A. shall B. must С. needn’t
8. I _______________ swim before I was able to walk.
A. might B. could С. can
9. You _______________ walk to work. I’ll give you a lift.
A. must B. needn’t С. may
10. Tim _______________ be out. There are no lights on.
A. shall B. should С. must
Ex. 40. Rewrite these sentences using the words in brackets. (Grammarway
– 3, p. 61)
1. Do you mind if I leave the door open for a while? (can)
Can I leave the door open for a while?
2. You’re obliged to take notes during the lecture. (have)
3. I’m sorry, but you aren’t allowed to enter this room. (must)
4. Jack managed to unlock the door. (able)
5. It isn’t necessary for Ann to cook dinner. (need)
6. Let’s play a game of chess. (could)
7. I’m certain Sarah is bored with her work. (must)
8. I strongly advise you to take up sport. (must)
9. I’m certain Liz isn’t interested in your ideas. (can)
10. You may take the car tonight if you want. (can)
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REVISION
Ex. 41. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. (Grammar F&F – 3,
TB, p. 162)
1. The dog _____ up and roll over.
A. can to sit B. is able sit C. able sit D. can sit
2. Teenagers _____ a driver’s license at age 16.
A. is able to get B. are able to get C. can to get D. are can get
3. When Chelsea was younger, she _____ a horse very day.
A. was able to ride B. could to ride C. could riding D. able to riding
4. For acceptance to a university, you _____ a high TOEFL score.
A. had have B. had to have C. must have D. must to have
5. Marlon _____ to acting school before he got a job.
A. had go B. had to go C. must go D. must to go
6. My favorite band is coming to town. I _____ tickets for that concert!
A. must got B. must to get C. had got to get D. have got to get
7. _____ we _____ now? It’s still early.
A. Must / to go B. Have / to go C. Do / have to go D. Are / must go
8. Tell the painter he _____ today.
A. doesn’t have to
finish
B. don’t have to
finish
C. mustn’t to finish D. mustn’t finishing
9. People _____ over 70 on the Interstate.
A. must drive B. mustn’t drive C. don’t have drive D. didn’t have drive
10. Children _____ their rooms neat and clean.
A. have keep B. must to keep C. ought to keep D. ought keep
11. There is a hole in this shirt. That store _____ me my money back.
A. had better give B. better give C. had given D. had better gave
12. Are you sick? I think you _____ home and rest.
A. shouldn’t go B. should go C. should to go D. should go
13. Maybe Carla _____ college before getting married.
A. ought finish B. ought finished C. ought to finish D. ought have finished
14. The microwave is really dirty. Who _____ it this week?
A. is supposed to
clean
B. supposed to
clean
C. suppose to
clean
D. is suppose
clean
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Ex. 42. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. (Grammar F&F – 2,
TB, p. 184-185)
1. Could you _____ me with my homework?
A. to help B. helping C. help D. helped
2. The teacher _____ speak several languages.
A. able to B. is able to C. ables to D. able
3. _____ I give you my essay next week, Prof. Jones?
A. Why don't B. Can C. Might D. May
4. The sky is cloudy. It _____ rain today.
A. would rather B. ought to C. could D. can
5. I _____ go to Venezuela or Mexico. I'm not sure yet.
A. can B. am able to C. should D. may
6. I haven't seen her today. _____ she's in the library.
A. May be B. Maybe C. Might D. Must
7. I lost my passport. What _____ I do?
A. ought B. may C. might D. should
8. You _____ go to the consulate and ask.
A. should to B. ought to C. might to D. must to
9. I _____ Ping-Pong _____ , especially in winter.
A. like / better B. would / rather C. prefer / to D. had / better
10. He _____ start his assignments earlier.
A. have got to B. was got to C. is got to D. has got to
11. What score _____ they _____ get in the TOEFL exam?
A. are / have to B. must / have to C. do / have to D. should / have to
12. The game has started. _____ the TV so we can watch it.
A. You turn on B. Turn on C. Turning on D. Turns on
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Ex. 43. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. (Grammar F&F – 1,
WB, p. 198)
1. I _____ write with my left and my right hand when I was young, but now I can't.
A. could B. should C. have to D. must
2. They _____ meet us tomorrow. They don't have other plans.
A. could B. didn't have to C. had to D. can
3. Rose is still working, and it's 12:00. She _____ go to bed.
A. should B. didn't have to C. had to D. was able to
4. _____ help you?
A. Couldn't B. Didn't have to C. May I D. Must
5. When you were a child, what _____ you do?
A. could B. didn't have to C. had to D. can
6. We _____ eat or drink in the library.
A. could I B. mustn't C. am able to D. can I
7. Steven _____ wear a suit to work. He has to wear a tie, too.
A. must B. could C. had to D. can
8. _____ borrow your bicycle?
A. Can B. May C. Should D. Could I
9. She _____ work. Her family has a lot of money.
A. could B. doesn't have to C. can D. must
10. You _____ stay in bed. You don't feel well.
A. should B. didn't have to C. could D. will be able to
Ex. 44. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. (Grammar F&F – 1,
TB, p. 169)
1. Amanda _____ run very fast when she was a child.
A. can B. mustn’t C. could D. needs to
2. I _____ clean the apartment before the party.
A. has to B. must to C. could to D. have to
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3. What _____ you do when you meet people for the first time?
A. could B. should C. can D. may
4. Last week, Christopher _____ do any journal writing. He had a broken finger!
A. didn’t has to B. mustn’t C. couldn’t to D. couldn’t
5. When Joe drives, he _____ obey the traffic laws.
A. must B. can C. can’t D. could
6. Allison _____ put away her toys when she is finished.
A. haves to B. has to C. could to D. must to
7. You _____ stay out too late if you are sick.
A. can B. has to C. shouldn’t D. couldn’t
8. We _____ do any homework. It was a holiday.
A. could B. can’t C. shouldn’t to D. didn’t have to
9. Michelle _____ sing extremely well. It is her profession.
A. could B. can C. shouldn’t D. must to
10. Carlo _____ get plenty of sleep before the race last week.
A. has to B. could to C. had to D. should
Ex. 45. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. (Grammar F&F – 1,
SB, p. 297)
1. When you were two years old, you _____ ride a bicycle.
A. couldn't B. can't C. must not D. have to
2. _____ answer the door, please?
A. May you B. Could you C. Have I D. You could
3. _____ to go there?
A. Have we to B. Had we C. Do we D. Do we have
4. He _____ to his parents.
A. should listens B. should listen C. have to listens D. must to listen
5. You _____ eat in class. Eat outside!
A. haven't to B. must not to C. mustn't D. don't have
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6. Kathy _____ speak Japanese.
A. is able B. able to C. is able to D. can able to
7. I _____ to study tonight. There's no school tomorrow.
A. haven't B. don't have C. don't has D. must not
8. I _____ study hard for my test yesterday.
A. have to B. had to C. must to D. should
Ex. 46. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. (Grammar F&F – 2,
WB, p. 155)
1. Mr. Reynolds _____ work anymore. He won the lottery last week!
A. must B. had to C. has to D. doesn’t have to
2. I _____ vanilla to chocolate.
A. ’d rather have B. prefer C. like D. would rather
3. Jesse can’t run fast now, but he _____ when he was younger.
A. could B. must not C. might D. should
4. _____ you get me some soda, please?
A. Let’s B. Might C. Could D. May
5. _____ she’s home now.
A. May B. Maybe C. Might D. Could
6. Yesterday, Mr. Fields _____ go to the hospital.
A. had to B. must C. has got to D. might
7. Customers _____ smoke in the restaurant. It’s illegal.
A. have to B. must C. don’t have to D. mustn’t
8. _____ drink and drive.
A. Mustn’t B. Can’t C. Don’t D. Why don’t
9. I _____ finish the work. Sorry.
A. couldn’t to B. must to C. can’t to D. wasn’t able to
10. Nikki went to bed at 4:00 and got up at 6:00. she _____ exhausted!
A. doesn’t have to be B. must be C. mustn’t be D. can be
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Ex. 47. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. (Grammar F&F – 2,
SB, p. 233)
1. You _____ put that blouse in the washing machine. It says dry clean only.
A. must B. mustn’t C. don’t have to D. have to
2. I _____ read until I was six.
A. can’t B. shouldn’t C. couldn’t D. mustn’t
3. _____ I borrow your pen, please?
A. May B. Would C. Should D. Will
4. I _____ go to the market. I need some eggs for this cake.
A. might B. could C. must D. mustn’t
5. We _____ leave now. It’s getting late.
A. could B. should C. might D. are able to
6. “What should we have for lunch?” “_____ pizza?”
A. Why don’t we have B. I’d rather have C. We’d better have D. We have to have
7. _____ you open the door for me, please?
A. May B. Could C. Should D. Might
8. I’m sorry, I _____ to play football with you next week. I’m going out of town.
A. can’t B. don’t have C. won’t be able D. must to
9. I don’t know her. She _____ a student.
A. maybe B. may be C. ’d rather be D. should
10. _____ You are going to fall.
A. You may be careful. B. You could be careful. C. You are careful! D. Be careful!
Ex. 48. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. (Grammar F&F-3,
SB, p. 171)
1. You _____ be late for your interview tomorrow. It will not look good.
A. had better not B. better not C. had no better D. 'd better
2. He _____ to call yesterday, but didn't.
A. is supposed B. was supposed C. supposed D. supposing
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3. You _____ drive without a seat belt. It's the law.
A. have to B. are supposed to C. must not D. don't have to
4. I have a bad sunburn. I _____ sat in the sun too long.
A. should have B. shouldn't have C. mustn't have D. mustn't
5. Tim _____ to wash the dishes. There are no more clean ones.
A. must B. have got C. got D. has
6. You _____ to clean your room today. You can do it tomorrow.
A. have B. don't have C. mustn't D. can't
7. “_____ go now?” “Yes, that's a good idea.”
A. Had I better B. Had better I C. Had I D. Better had I
8. You _____ tell lies.
A. shouldn't B. ought to C. ought better not D. had not better
Ex. 49. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence.
1. Would you mind _____ me tomorrow?
A. meet B. to meet C. meeting D. if you meet
2. _____ go home. It's getting late.
A. Why don't B. Let's C. Can D. How about
3. May I _____ my dictionary during the test?
A. use B. using C. to use D. rather use
4. There's someone at the door. Who _____ it be?
A. must B. may C. will D. could
5. Не _____ arrived home by now. It only takes 20 minutes to get here from the airport.
A. might B. should have C. should D. ought to
6. People wait six months for an appointment with him. He _____ a very good doctor.
A. must be B. may be C. should have been D. would rather be
7. It's midnight and John's light is still on. _____ studying?
A. Could he B. Should be C. Could he be D. Must he be
8. “Was that Franco in that car?” “It _____ him. He left town for his vacation yesterday.”
A. could have been B. couldn't C. couldn't have been D. shouldn't have
9. “Will the flight be delayed this evening?” “It _____. The snowstorm is still very bad.”
A. can't be B. won't C. may be D. maybe
44
Ex. 50. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. (Grammar F&F – 3,
WB, p. 103)
1. The Browns _____ go camping with us.
A. might could B. may be able to C. can to D. didn't could
2. Jake _____ move the sofa. He found his keys on the bed.
A. didn't must to B. must to C. have to D. didn't have to
3. The firm _____ better sign the contract tomorrow, or they'll miss the opportunity.
A. had B. have C. ought to D. should
4. The new law says that drivers _____ block the sidewalk.
A. must not B. don't must C. should to D. ought to
5. Theresa _____ returned the phone call, but she didn't get the message until this morning.
A. had to B. should C. should have D. was able to
6. The women _____ to meet their trainer at 6:30 a.m.
A. must B. are supposed C. should D. had better
7. You _____ told her your opinion. She didn't ask you for it.
A. didn't have to B. should C. could D. shouldn't have
8. I think we _____ better compare prices before we decide which DVD player to get.
A. should B. could C. had D. must
9. Helen _____ email me back, but she did.
A. mustn't B. didn't have to C. had to D. supposed to
Ex. 51. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. (Grammar F&F – 3,
WB, p. 127)
1. _____ we meet at the theater? We can go out to eat after the movie.
A. Let's B. Why don't C. How about it D. Let's not
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2. We _____ stop by the ATM before we get to the restaurant.
A. let's B. why don't C. how about D. could
3. Bill prefers seeing movies on a big screen _____.
A. than rent them B. to rent them C. or rent them D. to renting them
4. Our management team _____ keep as many people as possible than let them go.
A. prefers B. would prefer C. would rather D. rather
5. “Could we park here for just a minute?” “_____.”
A. Yes, you could B. No, you couldn't C. No, you mayn't D. Yes, you can
6. _____ not smoking here? I'm allergic to cigarette smoke.
A. Could you B. Can you C. Would you mind D. Would you
7. Luckily, no one was home when the tree fell on the house. Someone _____ hurt.
A. could have been B. should have been C. may have been D. must have been
8. Toru _____ have paid for dinner. He left his wallet at home!
A. shouldn't B. can't C. may not D. could
9. _____ I borrow your car? I'll be very careful, I promise.
A. Would B. Will C. Shall D. Could
10. _____ he'll get the computer to work before we leave.
A. Maybe B. May be C. Might be D. Would be
Ex. 52. Choose the best answer to complete each sentence. (Grammar F&F – 3,
TB, p. 165-166)
1. I'm thirsty. _____ get a soda from the machine.
A. Shall B. May C. Let's D. Why not
2. Lawrence hasn't come yet. _____ he got delayed in traffic.
A. Must be B. Should be C. Might be D. Maybe
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3. Merry _____ drink hot tea _____ iced tea, even in summer.
A. would rather / than B. would rather / to C. prefers / than D. prefers / to
4. Ms. Killian isn't here. _____ I take a message?
A. Maybe B. Must C. May D. Might
5. I forgot my dictionary. _____ I borrow yours?
A. Can't B. Could C. Couldn't D. Mayn't
6. _____ you mind if I look at your newspaper?
A. Do B. Can C. Must D. May
7. _____ not. Here you are.
A. Sure B. Go ahead C. Of course D. No problem
8. “Can you drive me home?” “_____ happy to.”
A. I B. I've be C. I'm be D. I'd be
9. Would you mind _____ a package for me?
A. mail B. mailing C. mailed D. having mailed
10. “Where is Samantha?” “She _____ at the diner.”
A. may be B. isn't be C. could never be D. shouldn't be
11. They finally rescued the lost skiers. They _____ for days.
A. could have lost B. could have been lost C. could be lost D. could been lost
12. I haven't seen Harry for a week. He _____ a vacation.
A. could taken B. could take C. could taking D. could be taking
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UNIT 2 HAVE SMTH DONE
I. We use have / get something done to say that we arrange for somebody
else to do something for us. Compare:
Jill repaired the roof (= she repaired it herself)
Jill had the roof repaired (= arranged for somebody else to repair
it)
Jill got the roof repaired.
Study these sentences:
 Did Ann make the dress herself or did she have it made?
 “Are you going to repair the car yourself?” “No, I’m going to get it
repaired.”
Be careful with word order. The Past Participle (repaired / cut etc.) is after
the object (the roof / your hair etc.):
have + object + Past Participle
Jill
Where
Your hair looks
nice.
Julia
had
did you have
Have you had
has just had
are having
the roof
your hair
it
central heating
the house
repaired
cut?
cut?
installed
painted
yesterday.
in her house.
at the mo48
We
How often
I think you should
I don’t like
do you have
have
having
your car
that coat
my photograph
serviced?
cleaned
taken.
ment.
soon.
Compare:
 We had the car delivered to the airport. (Someone else delivered the
car)
 We had delivered the car to the airport. (= Past Perfect; we delivered
the car)
You can also say ‘get something done’ instead of ‘have something done’
(mainly in informal spoken English):
 When are you going to get the roof repaired? (= have the roof repaired)
 I think you should get your hair cut.
II. Also we use have something done to say that smth happens to somebody
or their belongings. Usually what happens is not nice:
 George had his nose broken in a fight.
 Have you ever had your passport stolen?
III. If you want to mention the exact person you arrange to do something,
you say:
I had Mike repair my car.
BUT I got Mike to repair my car .
49
EXERCISES
Ex. 1. Check the answer that best completes each sentence. (http://www.betterenglish.
com/grammar/havedone.htm)
1. The film in my camera is finished. I need to get it _____.
A. cut B. cleaned C. serviced D. tested E. developed
2. My beard is too long. Do you know where I can get it _____?
A. made B. repaired C. done D. trimmed E. cut
3. I need to relax. I'm going to visit a beauty salon and have my nails _____.
A. made B. exchanged C. taken D. fixed E. manicured
4. I'll contact my office straight away and have the contract _____ through to you.
A. faxed B. repaired C. done D. signed E. removed
5. I'm having my offices _____ by a famous architect.
A. washed B. tested C. printed D. burnt E. designed
6. I don't think my eyes are as good as they used to be. I need to have them _____.
A. cut B. cleaned C. serviced D. tested E. polished
7. I'm going to the dentist to have a tooth _____ out.
A. washed B. seen C. rebuilt D. taken E. tested
8. I think we can agree on that wording. If you wait a few moments, I'll have the new
version _____ up.
A. used B. typed C. ordered D. been E. discovered
9. Don't worry, Mr. Jones. I'll have a replacement printer _____ to you immediately.
A. seen B. printed C. sent D. set up E. replaced
10. I need some photocopies. Do you know where I can get that _____ around here?
A. made B. repaired C. done D. tested E. developed
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11. I'm going to the dentists to have my teeth _____.
A. bought B. drawn C. sent D. checked E. punched
12. I need a new suit but I don't like 'off the peg' suits. I'm going to go to a tailor and
have one _____.
A. made B. cleaned C. cut D. mended E. hurt
13. I'm going to the photographer to have my photo _____ for the company newsletter.
A. torn B. stuck C. scratched D. checked E. taken
14. My car is making strange noises. I need to have it _____.
A. used B. cleaned C. serviced D. painted E. tuned
15. My car's filthy. Do you know where I can get it _____?
A. washed B. dented C. smacked D. watered E. fixed
16. There's something wrong with this photocopier. I'm going to have it _____ to.
A. cleaned B. seen C. sent D. helped E. printed
17. The sole has come off my shoe. I need to get it _____.
A. sewed B. repaired C. serviced D. tested E. cracked
18. My hair is very untidy. I need to get it _____.
A. cut B. seen C. rebuilt D. taken E. blown
19. Is there a dry cleaning service in this hotel? I need to get my suit _____.
A. trimmed B. cleaned C. dyed D. tested E. printed
20. The old factory is falling to pieces. We need to have it _____.
A. washed B. seen C. rebuilt D. taken E. reviewed
Ex. 2. Circle the correct answer to complete the sentence. (English Grammar in
Use, CD-ROM)
1. Every week Amy _____ by Rachel at the beauty salon.
A. paints her nails B. has her nails painted C. has painted her nails
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2. I don't know much German, so I can't understand this report very well. I must _____.
A. get it translated B. translate it C. get translated it
3. These shoes look awful. I'll have to _____.
A. have repaired them B. get them to repair C. get them repaired
4. We're planning to send out the invitations to the conference on Monday. _____ by
a local company this week.
A. We're printing them B. We have them printed C. We're getting them printed
5. Tom usually washes his car himself but last week he _____ at the garage.
A. washed it B. had washed it C. had it washed
6. My teeth are in good condition because I _____ by my dentist every year.
A. have them checked B. am getting them checked C. check them
7. Do you think we should _____ by the same company that did them last year?
A. get the carpets cleaned B. clean the carpets C. have the carpets clean
8. “Are you going to make your wedding cake?” “No. I haven't got time. _____ by
the lady who made my cousin's cake.”
A. I'm making it B. I'm getting it made C. I'm having made it
9. Our flat is very empty. We _____ yet.
A. haven't had delivered
the furniture
B. haven't gotten the
furniture to deliver
C. haven't had the furniture
delivered
10. Jodie was getting a lot of headaches so she _____ at the optician's last week.
A. had tested her eyes B. had her eyes tested C. tested her eyes
11. “I like the sign above your shop. Did you make it yourself?” “No. I _____ by a
specialist company.”
A. made it B. had made it C. had it made
12. “Are you free this afternoon?” “No, sorry. I'm going to the hairdresser's. _____ .”
A. I get my hair coloring B. I'm having my hair colored C. I'm having colored my hair
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Ex. 3. Write sentences in the way shown. (English Grammar in Use, p. 91)
1. Jill didn't repair the roof herself. She had it repaired.
2. I didn't cut my hair myself. I __________________________________________.
3. Mrs. Jenkins didn’t fix her car herself. She _______________________________.
4. They didn't paint the house themselves. They _____________________________.
5. Sue didn't make the curtains herself. She ________________________________.
6. Mike didn’t clean his jacket himself. He _________________________________.
7. Mr. Brown didn’t repair his watch himself. He ____________________________.
8. Sharon didn’t deliver the flowers herself. She ____________________________.
9. The Klausners didn’t build that wall themselves. They _____________________.
10. We didn’t organize our last party. We __________________________________.
Ex. 4. Complete these sentences using had / got smth done.
delivered mended rebuilt
dry-cleaned photocopied redecorated
framed put down serviced
1. Peter bought a new bed, but couldn’t fit it in his car so ____________________.
2. Our poor cat was old and very ill so ____________________.
3. Janet spilt coffee on her dress. It couldn’t be washed by hand, so ________________.
4. Karen’s car wasn’t starting well and seemed to be using too much petrol so she
____________________.
5. In the storm the roof was blown off our shed and a wall fell down so
____________________.
6. I needed a copy of my driving license for my insurance company so
____________________.
7. When Bill’s watch broke he decided he couldn’t afford to buy a new one, so
____________________.
8. Our bedroom was in a mess, with the wallpaper and paint peeling off, so
____________________.
9. The poster Sue had brought back from Brazil was getting damaged so
____________________.
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Ex. 5. Make sentences using have + object + the past participles in the box.
changed cleaned cut put in redecorated repaired
reproofed re-strung serviced sharpened valued
1. When did you last (your hair)?
When did you last have your hair cut?
2. We (our knives) once a year.
_________________________________________________________________
3. We're going to (the roof) next summer.
_________________________________________________________________
4. I must (my jacket). And I'd better (my raincoat).
_________________________________________________________________
5. 'Do we need to (the car)?' 'Well, we ought to (the oil).'
_________________________________________________________________
6. When she (her jewellery), she found it wasn't actually worth much.
_________________________________________________________________
7. You need to (your tennis racket).
_________________________________________________________________
8. Shall we (the kitchen), or shall we do it ourselves?
_________________________________________________________________
9. It would be nice to (some more electric sockets).
_________________________________________________________________
Ex. 6. The Andersons have just bought their first house. What will
they have done before they move in? (Grammar F&F – 2, WB, p. 214)
build a garage insulate the attic repair the leaks
check the electricity paint the rooms put in new windows
clean out the basement put in a garden fix the roof
cut the grass remove the carpeting replace the old stove
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Ex. 7. Complete the sentences. (English Grammar in Use, p. 91)
1. We are having the house painted (the house / paint) at the moment.
2. I lost my key. I'll have to ____________________________ (another key / make).
3. When was the last time you _____________________________ (your hair / cut)?
4. You look different. ______________________________ (you / your hair / cut)?
5. ______________________________ (you / a newspaper / deliver) to your house
or do you go to the shop to buy one?
6. ‘What are those workmen doing in your garden?’ ‘Oh, we
______________________________ (a swimming pool / build).’
7. This coat is dirty. I must ______________________________ (it / clean).
8. If you want to wear earrings, why don't you ______________________________
(your ears / pierce)?
Ex. 8. Complete the sentences with get / have smth done. (A Practical English Grammar,
p. 36)
1. Your ankle is very swollen. You'd better _______________ (it / x-ray).
2. Your roof is leaking, you should _______________ (it / repair).
3. The trousers are too long; I must _______________ (it / shorten).
4. “No one will be able to read your notes.” “I know. I _______________ (they / type)”
5. That's a good piano but you should _______________ (it / tune).
6. Why don't you _______________? (the document / photocopy)
7. He went to a garage to _______________ (the puncture / mend).
8. His arm was broken so he had to go to hospital to _______________ (it / set).
9. The battery is all right now. I _______________ (just / it / recharge).
10. It's a beautiful photo. I'm going to _______________ (it / enlarge).
11. Be careful of those knives. I _______________ (just / they / sharpen).
55
Ex. 9. Complete the following conversation using have / get something done.
A: I ’m having an extension built (an extension / build) on my house this week.
B: That's nice. When it's finished, ________________________ (it / decorate)?
A: No, I'm going to do that myself. First, though, I _______________________
(double glazing / fit).
B: _______________________ (carpets / lay)?
A: I'm not sure yet. How about you? _______________________ (you / your
curtains / deliver) last week?
B: Yes. They're really nice. I also _______________________ (the carpets /
clean), so everything looks lovely now.
Ex. 10. Replace the phrase underlined with the structure have / get
something done. (English Grammar in Use, p. 91)
1. I didn't recognize Sheila. The hairdresser's dyed her hair. She's had her hair dyed.
2. I've been getting a lot of annoying phone calls, so the telephone company is going
to change my number. _______________________________________________
3. Gabrielle broke her leg six weeks ago but she's much better now. In fact the doctors
should be taking the cast off tomorrow. ____________________________
4. Since Rowland made a lot of money, he's not content with his little cottage, so an
architect's designed him a fine new house. ________________________________
5. This room gets too hot when the sun shines so I'm getting someone to fit blinds on
the windows. _______________________________________________________
6. I heard that Mrs. Green didn't trust her husband so she hired a detective to follow
him! _____________________________________________________________
7. We don't really know what Shakespeare looked like. I wish he had asked someone
to paint his portrait before he died. ______________________________________
8. My sister had always been self-conscious about her nose so she decided to go to a
clinic for an operation which will straighten it. ____________________________
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Ex. 11. Rewrite the sentences using have / get something done
1. His teeth are checked twice a year.
He has his teeth checked twice в year.
2. Her skirt is being cleaned at the moment.
_______________________________________________________________
3. My hair is trimmed once a month.
_______________________________________________________________
4. Central heating is going to be installed in our house next month.
_______________________________________________________________
5. Sam's burglar alarm was fitted last week.
_______________________________________________________________
6. My car is being repaired at the moment.
_______________________________________________________________
7. The band's new single has just been recorded.
_______________________________________________________________
8. Our new furniture is going to be delivered tomorrow.
_______________________________________________________________
9. Their new house is being decorated at the moment.
_______________________________________________________________
10. The windows will be cleaned.
_______________________________________________________________
11. A new jumper has been knitted for me.
_______________________________________________________________
12. The lock has to be fixed.
_______________________________________________________________
13. A new pair of glasses is going to be made for him.
_______________________________________________________________
14. A nurse bandaged Daniel’s arm at the hospital.
_______________________________________________________________
15. Sandra is going to the dentist to fill her tooth.
_______________________________________________________________
16. I was walking around the town while my photos were being developed.
_______________________________________________________________
57
Ex. 12. This is a busy week for Helen. Write sentences with have something
done and the words in parentheses. Use the correct tense. (Grammar
F&F – 2, SB, p. 312)
1. Yesterday, she (her checks / deposit) to her bank account.
Yesterday, she had her checks deposited to her bank account.
2. Right now, she (her oil / change).
_______________________________________________________________
3. Yesterday, she (her suit / dry clean).
_______________________________________________________________
4. Tomorrow, she (her teeth / clean).
_______________________________________________________________
5. The day after tomorrow, she (her washing machine / fix).
_______________________________________________________________
6. Yesterday, she (her eyes / test) for new glasses.
_______________________________________________________________
7. Tomorrow, she (her new sofa / deliver).
_______________________________________________________________
8. In two days, she (a tree / cut) down in the back yard.
_______________________________________________________________
9. Yesterday, she (some photos / take) for a passport.
_______________________________________________________________
10. Tomorrow, she (some new business cards / make).
_______________________________________________________________
58
Ex. 13. Gloria and her new roommate, Alison, disagree about what
they should have done to the apartment. Rewrite the causative sentences
using have, make, or get and the words in parentheses. More
than one answer may be possible. (Grammar F&F – 3, WB, p. 140)
Alison: W hite walls are depressing. My brother is a painter. I think we should (my
brother, paint) have my brother paint (OR) get my brother to paint them
purple and blue. I (him, paint) _______________________ my last apartment
and it looked great. He would be happy to do it for us.
Gloria: The landlord won't let us paint the walls. We'll never (him, agree)
_______________________ to it. I'm sure he would (us, repaint)
_______________________ the walls white.
Alison: D id these curtains come with the apartment? I have a friend who's an interior
designer. I'd like to (her, replace) _______________________ them
with newer ones.
Gloria: My mother made those curtains for me. I like them. I can't (her, take)
_______________________ them down.
Alison: D o you think we can (the neighbors, move) _______________________
those bicycles off of their balcony? They aren't very nice to look at.
Gloria: I don't think so. Their bikes were stolen last year. They (the landlord, give)
_______________________ them permission to keep their bikes there.
Alison: I don't like cleaning. I think we should (a housekeeper, clean)
_______________________ the apartment once a week.
Gloria: I can't afford it. I've never (anyone, clean) _______________________ my
apartment for me.
Alison: I 'll pay for it. I'll (you, see) _______________________ how much nicer it
is to (someone else, do) _______________________ the work!
59
Ex. 14. Angelina Johnson is a famous movie star. Read the questions
and write Angelina’s answers. (Grammar F&F – 2, SB, p. 312)
1. Do you style your hair yourself? (Lorenzo)
No, I have Lorenzo style my hair. or No, I get Lorenzo to style my hair.
2. Do you drive your car yourself? (my chauffeur)
_______________________________________________________________
3. Will you design your next dress yourself? (Alfani)
_______________________________________________________________
4. Do you cook your food yourself? (my chef)
_______________________________________________________________
5. Do you make your appointments yourself? (my assistant)
_______________________________________________________________
6. Do you clean your house yourself? (my housekeeper)
_______________________________________________________________
7. Did you plant these flowers yourself? (my gardener)
_______________________________________________________________
8. Do you fly your plane yourself? (my pilot)
_______________________________________________________________
9. Do you arrange for your interviews yourself? (my assistant)
_______________________________________________________________
10. Do you buy your groceries yourself? (my housekeeper)
_______________________________________________________________
Ex. 15. What happened to the following people? (English Grammar in Use, p. 91)
1. Matthew’s car was stolen yesterday.
_________________________________________________________________
2. Bill’s leg was broken in a fight.
_________________________________________________________________
3. Fred’s hat was blown off in the wind.
_________________________________________________________________
60
4. Diane’s passport was taken away from her by the police.
_________________________________________________________________
5. Sarah’s bag was stolen on a train.
_________________________________________________________________
6. Mr. Parker’s rent was increased.
_________________________________________________________________
Ex. 16. Complete the sentences with get / have smth done. (English Grammar in Use,
CD-ROM; Oxford Practice Grammar, p. 139)
1. There was an awful fight in the street last night. Several shops had their windows
broken (their windows / break).
2. “Have you heard from the bank about your application for a loan?” “Yes. I've
_______________ (it / refuse).” “I'm sorry. That must be really disappointing.”
3. You should put better locks on your doors. You don't want to _______________
(house / burgle) while you're out.
4. Adam is walking to work at the moment because he _______________ (his bike
/ steal) a few days ago.
5. If you own a restaurant you have to keep it clean. If you don't, you could
_______________ (it / close) by the health inspectors.
6. Have you ever _____________ (anything / damage) when you've moved house?
7. Clare _____________ (her party / ruin) last night by a fight between two of her guests.
8. Steven was attacked by two men last week. He _______________ (his face / cut)
quite badly and had to go to hospital.
9. I don't want a new airport near here. I don't want to _______________ (the village
/ spoil) by traffic and planes.
10. Craig _______________ (his leg / crush) by a machine at work last year.
11. Every year in this region some farmers ___________ (their crops / destroy) by storms.
12. I don't like _______________ (my work / criticize) but I've got used to it now.
13. Rita _______________ (her rent / increase) by ten percent last month.
14. “Did you hear about Claire?” “No, what happened?” “She _______________ (luggage
/ search) at the Customs. They thought she was trying to smuggle something.”
61
Ex. 17. Complete the sentences with get / have smth done. (A Practical English Grammar,
p. 35)
1. I _______________ (my house / paint). That is why there is all this mess.
2. My hair looks dreadful; I think I _______________ (it / set) tomorrow.
3. The attic was dark so last year we _______________ (skylight / put in).
4. That dead tree is dangerous. I _______________ (it / cut down) tomorrow.
5. We just _______________ (central heating / install). The house is warm!
6. I can't read Greek so I _______________ (the documents / translate). My nephew
is helping with the translation.
7. _______________ (you / the film / develop) or did you develop it yourself?
8. Why _______________ (he / all his shoes / specially / make)? He says that he
has to because his feet are different sizes.
9. If you hate cleaning fish why _______________ (you / they / clean) at the fishmonger's?
(negative)
10. How often _______________ (you / your brakes / test)?
11. I'm afraid it's rather draughty here but I _______________ (that broken pane /
replace) tomorrow.
Ex. 18. Read the situations, then write sentences using have / get something
done. (Grammarway – 4, p. 92)
1. John's suit is dirty. It has to be dry-cleaned. What should he do?
He should have his suit dry-cleaned.
2. All Linda's clothes are made specially for her. What does she do?
_______________________________________________________________
3. They arranged for their house to be painted last week. Now it has been done.
What have they done?
_______________________________________________________________
62
4. Malcolm's car was broken into last night. What happened to him?
_______________________________________________________________
5. Her bag was stolen yesterday. What happened to her?
_______________________________________________________________
6. A printer has printed party invitations for Emma. What has Emma done?
_______________________________________________________________
7. Diana is at the hairdresser's. The hairdresser is cutting her hair. What is Diana doing?
_______________________________________________________________
8. Robert is taking his car to the garage for a service tomorrow. What's he going to do?
_______________________________________________________________
9. Their roof has a hole in it. What should they do?
_______________________________________________________________
10. Tracey's bicycle has got a puncture. What should she do?
_______________________________________________________________
Ex. 19. A famous film director, Kevin Smith, is traveling to NYC. His
personal assistant is giving the hotel instructions. Rewrite the sentences
using have smb do smth / get smb to do smth. (Grammar F&F – 3, SB, p. 233)
Assistant: Mr. Smith will be arriving at your hotel tomorrow, and I want to make sure
that everything is arranged for him.
Hotel Receptionist: Yes, of course. What can I do for you?
1. He likes to wake up punctually at 6:00 am. (the front desk / call him)
Please have the front desk call him at 6:00 am.
2. He likes to read 3 daily newspapers first thing in the morning. (bellhop / deliver)
_______________________________________________________________
3. He likes to have fresh fruit and coffee for breakfast at 7:00 am. (room service / bring)
_______________________________________________________________
4. He likes fresh flowers in his room. (the florist / put)
_______________________________________________________________
63
5. He needs 3 shirts to be washed every day. (the laundry / wash)
_______________________________________________________________
6. He needs a computer, an Internet connection, a fax machine, and a flat-screen
TV installed in his room as soon as he checks in. (the technical staff / install)
_______________________________________________________________
7. He wants his shoes polished and left outside his door every morning. (the bellhop
/ polish)
_______________________________________________________________
8. He needs a limo waiting for him in front of the hotel each day at 9:00 am. (a
chauffeur / bring)
_______________________________________________________________
Ex. 20. Connie moved to a new town last week. Look at the ads below
and say what Connie can do in those places. Use have smb do smth or
get smb to do smth. (Grammarway – 4, p. 92)
1. Gardener “No garden is too big or small” (garden / tidy)
_______________________________________________________________
2. Interior design “Redesign your home or your office” (living room / design)
_______________________________________________________________
3. Cleaners “Fast cleaning service” (my dresses / clean)
_______________________________________________________________
4. Beauty parlor “Top stylists. Low prices” (hair / cut)
_______________________________________________________________
5. Locksmith “Locks and keys are our specialty” (new locks for the house / make)
_______________________________________________________________
6. Tailor “Clothing repairs and alterations” (clothes / mend)
_______________________________________________________________
64
Ex. 21. Whose services do these people need? (Interchange – 3, WB, p. 49)
Astrologer Genealogist Interior designer
Car detailer Headhunter Party planner
Fortune-teller hypnotherapist Personal shopper
1. I would like to find someone who could predict my future.
_______________________________________________________________
2. I need to find someone who could help me to stop biting my nails all the time.
Maybe I should use hypnosis to treat me.
_______________________________________________________________
3. I’d really like to know more about my family. I don’t even know who my greatgrandparents
were!
_______________________________________________________________
4. I’d like to ask someone to read my horoscope.
_______________________________________________________________
5. I haven’t been able to find a job for about nine months. I think I’d better find
someone to help me.
_______________________________________________________________
6. I want to have all my friends over for the party, but I don’t know how to put it together.
_______________________________________________________________
7. I don’t know what to get for my parents wedding anniversary, and I hate shopping!
_______________________________________________________________
8. Look at my car! It’s filthy. I just never have time to clean it myself.
_______________________________________________________________
9. My apartment looks awful. I want to buy new furnishings, but I don’t know what
it will look good. I need help!
_______________________________________________________________
65
Ex. 22. Write questions. Use the phrases Do you know where I can have /
get smth done? or Do you know where I can have someone…? or Do you
know where I can get someone to …? Then write responses using your
own ideas. (Interchange – 3, WB, pp. 50-54)
1. check my fitness level
_______________________________________________________________
2. decorate my home
_______________________________________________________________
3. fix a computer
_______________________________________________________________
4. tell my fortune
_______________________________________________________________
5. trace my family history
_______________________________________________________________
6. train my dog
_______________________________________________________________
7. shampoo my carpets
_______________________________________________________________
8. repair my shoes
_______________________________________________________________
9. organize a wedding reception
_______________________________________________________________
10. repair a bicycle
_______________________________________________________________
11. lengthen pants
_______________________________________________________________
12. replace a watch battery
_______________________________________________________________
13. enlarge my gold ring
_______________________________________________________________
66
Ex. 23. Your best friend has lost a bet with you. Now he / she will do
whatever you ask him/her to do for one day. What are you going to
have him / her do for you? (Grammar F&F – 2, WB, p. 216)
1. I'm going to have him / her do my homework.
2. ____________________________________________________________.
3. ____________________________________________________________.
4. ____________________________________________________________.
5. ____________________________________________________________.
Ex. 24. What things would you get someone to do for you, or have
done for you, if you were in these situations? What would you NOT
have done for you? Write two sentences for each of the following situations,
one positive and one negative. (Grammar F&F – 3, WB, p. 142)
Example: If I were very wealthy, I would get someone else to do my hair and makeup
for me. I wouldn't have bodyguards follow me around.
1. if you were very wealthy
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
2. if you were 100 years old
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
3. if you were a famous movie star
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
4. if you were a parent of quintuplets (five babies at once)
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
5. if you were the teacher of this class
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
67
Ex. 25. Rewrite the sentences using have / get something done and have
smb do smth / get smb to do smth. (A Practical English Grammar, p. 36)
Example: I employed a plumber to examine my boiler.
I had my boiler examined. or I had a plumber examine my boiler.
1. I pay a garage to service my car.
_______________________________________________________________
2. The tap keeps dripping so I must send for a plumber to see to it.
_______________________________________________________________
3. I paid a watchmaker to clean my watch.
_______________________________________________________________
4. An artist is painting her portrait.
_______________________________________________________________
5. They arranged for the police to arrest the man.
_______________________________________________________________
6. He paid a lorry driver to tow the car to a garage.
_______________________________________________________________
7. They are employing builders to build a garage.
_______________________________________________________________
8. I pay a window cleaner to clean my windows every month.
_______________________________________________________________
9. I went to an oculist and he tested my eyes for me.
_______________________________________________________________
10. The old gypsy is telling Tom's fortune.
_______________________________________________________________
11. I asked the fishmonger to open the oysters for me.
_______________________________________________________________
12. I went to a jeweler and he pierced my ears for me.
_______________________________________________________________
68
Ex. 26. Rewrite the sentences using have / get something done or have
smb do smth / get smb to do smth. (Grammarway – 4, p. 93; Oxford Practice Grammar, p. 139)
1. Their windows need to be cleaned.
They need to have their windows cleaned.
2. The hairdresser was styling Mrs. Brown's hair.
_______________________________________________________________
3. She told her son to carry the shopping to the house.
_______________________________________________________________
4. Dad is going to arrange for someone to cut the grass.
_______________________________________________________________
5. They used to employ a cleaner who cleaned the house.
_______________________________________________________________
6. Did the mechanic repair Paul's motorbike?
_______________________________________________________________
7. The boss asked his assistant to type the letter.
_______________________________________________________________
8. A plumber fixed the dripping tap for Joe.
_______________________________________________________________
9. Have you told the secretary to make some photocopies?
_______________________________________________________________
10. The chef was cooking Tom's lunch.
_______________________________________________________________
11. Did you tell the shop to deliver the sofa to you?
_______________________________________________________________
12. My purse was stolen last Friday.
_______________________________________________________________
69
13. Did you employ a painter to decorate your house?
_______________________________________________________________
14. The builders are putting a new roof on Adam's house at the moment.
_______________________________________________________________
15. She asked the maid to polish the silver.
_______________________________________________________________
16. The man had asked the porter to take his luggage to his room.
_______________________________________________________________
17. Did you ask Jenny to arrange the flowers for you?
_______________________________________________________________
18. When will your glasses be made?
_______________________________________________________________
19. I hired a professional to cater for my party.
_______________________________________________________________
20. Did you ask anyone to sweep the chimney?
_______________________________________________________________
21. She asked him to do the shopping.
_______________________________________________________________
22. Their house was burgled last night.
_______________________________________________________________
23. He employed a carpenter to build the fence.
_______________________________________________________________
24. Julie's housekeeper irons all her clothes.
_______________________________________________________________
25. His shop's windows were smashed in the riot.
_______________________________________________________________
70
NEED TO BE DONE / NEED DOING
Ex. 27. Match each problem with the repair needed. Then write a sentence
describing each problem and the repair needed to fix it. (Interchange - 3,
WB, p. 36)
1. dishwasher doesn’t work _____ a. tighten and glue the legs
2. VCR tape is stuck _____ b. clean and polish the wood
3. speakers wood covers are damaged _____ c. remove the tape
4. TV screen is cracked _____ d. repaint the door
5. stove metal door is scratched _____ e. replace the screen
6. table table legs are loose _____ f. check the motor
1. _________________________________________________________________
2. _________________________________________________________________
3. _________________________________________________________________
4. _________________________________________________________________
5. _________________________________________________________________
6. _________________________________________________________________
Ex. 28. Choose suitable verbs to complete the sentences. Use passive infinitives
or gerunds. (Interchange – 3, WB, p. 33)
lengthen sharpen straighten widen loosen tighten
1. This jacket is too short.
_______________________________________________________________
2. The screws on these glasses are too loose.
_______________________________________________________________
71
3. The blades on these scissors are too dull.
_______________________________________________________________
4. The faucet is too tight.
_______________________________________________________________
5. This road has too many dangerous turns.
_______________________________________________________________
6. This street is too narrow.
_______________________________________________________________
Ex. 29. Complete the conversation. Use need or needs with passive infinitives
or gerunds of the verbs given. (Interchange – 3, WB, p. 34)
Tim: Guess what? Someone broke into my car last night!
Jan: Oh, no. What did they take?
Tim: Nothing! But they did a lot of damage. The lock ____________________
(repair). And the windows ____________________ (replace).
Jan: What about your car radio?
Tim: They broke off the switch. I found the broken piece on the floor. It just
____________________ (glue).
Jan: It was probably some young kids having "fun."
Tim: Yeah, some fun. The seats ____________________ (refurnish). I think they
had a party in my car!
Jan: How annoying. Does the car drive OK?
Tim: No, it feels strange. The gears aren't shifting right, so they _______________
(fix). And the brakes ________________ (check) right away.
Jan: Well, I guess you're lucky they didn't steal it!
Tim: Yeah, lucky me.
72
Ex. 30. What needs to be done / needs doing to solve the following
problems. Who are you going to have it done?
1. Car came to a standstill.
2. The keyboard is stained.
3. The vase has a crack.
4. There is a tear on the collar.
5. The photo frame is scratched.
6. The water pitcher has a leak.
7. The tablecloth in a restaurant has stains.
8. The carpet is worn.
9. The food processor blades are dull.
10. The washing machine went on a blink.
11. The CD is cracked.
Ex. 31. Complete the crossword puzzle. (Interchange – 3, WB, p. 35)
Across:
1. Do you have another _____ for these flowers? This one is cracked.
4. You can't wear this _____ to your job interview, Dave. Two buttons have come off
the front, and the lining is torn.
9. This is a great new food _____. It really helps me chop vegetables more quickly.
11. The buttons on this shirt are _____. They'll come off if they aren't fixed soon.
12. I spilled coffee on this dress. Now it's badly _____.
13. These socks have a hole in them. I'd like to _____ them for another pair, please.
14. The glass in that window is _____. It needs replacing.
73
Down:
2. This carpet is really dirty. It needs to be _____.
3. The _____ beside your desk needs to be emptied. It's full of paper.
5. There's a _____ in your jeans. Look, the left leg is badly torn.
6. I prefer to cook on a gas _____ than to cook on an electric one.
7. The back of my car is slightly _____. Someone drove into the back of it.
8. Look! There's a stain on the _____ of the jacket you're wearing – just below your
right ear.
10. The paint on my car door is _____, and it needs repainting. It looks like someone
damaged it with a sharp knife.
74
Ex. 32. Write about something you have bought that had something
wrong with it. In the first paragraph, describe the problem. In the
second paragraph, explain what you did about it. (Interchange - 3, WB, p. 34)
Recently I bought a coffee maker. While I was unpacking it, I could see it was
damaged. The glass carafe was chipped and needed to be replaced. And to make matters
worse, the machine leaked!
I took it back to the store. I was nervous because I had lost my receipt. Luckily,
the clerk didn't ask me for it. She said a lot of customers had recently had similar
problems, and she gave me a full refund.
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
75
REFERENCES
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INTERNET RECOURSES:
1. As and Like Exercise at Auto-English. URL: http://perso.wanadoo.eS/ autoenglish/
gr.as.p.htm (24.05.2010)
2. Can 1. URL: http://www.better-english.com/grammar/can1.htm (15.06.2010)
3. Can 2. URL: http://www.better-english.com/grammar/can2.htm (15.06.2010)
4. Can 3. URL: http://www.better-english.com/grammar/can3.htm (15.06.2010)
5. Forming the Simple Present Tense. URL: http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/
elc/studyzone/ 330/grammar/pres2.htm (30.05.2010)
6. Have – Possessive. URL: http://www.meleklermekani.com/ingilizce-genel/
145272-have-fiilinin-butun-kullanilislari-alistirmalar.html (16.02.2010)
7. Have done. URL: http://www.better-english.com/grammar/havedone.htm
(24.01.2010)
8. Have to. URL: http://www.english-zone.com/verbs/haveto1.html (18.03.2010)
9. Modal verbs. URL: http://www.ringpercek.hu/pdf/af090824.pdf (13.04.2010)
10. Mustn't / don't have to. URL: http://www.better-english.com/grammar/
mustnt.htm (14.02.2010)
11. Needn't Have or Didn't Need To Worksheet. URL: http://www.esl-lounge.com/
student/grammar/3g7-neednt-have-exercise.php (02.04.2010)
78
12. Past Perfect Continuous. URL: http://esl.about.com/od/grammarstructures/a/
pastperfc.htm (13.03.2010)
13. Present Perfect 1. URL: http://www.better-english.com/grammar/present
perfect1.htm (09.03.2010)
14. Quiz: Mixed Modals 2. URL: http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/528.html
(11.03.2010)
15. Simple Present 1. URL: http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/
pres1.htm (04.05.2010)
16. SLEAM e-LEARNING ELEMENTARY. Grammar Exercises. URL:
http://issuu.com/jjonestemp/docs/sleam_e-learning_elementary_grammar_exercises
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79
CONTENT
INTRODUCTION 3
UNIT 1 4
UNIT 2 47
REFERENCES 75
80
Татьяна Анатольевна Гудкина,
доцент кафедры иностранных языков № 2 АмГУ;
Алёна Александровна Литвинская,
старший преподаватель кафедры иностранных языков № 2 АмГУ;
Екатерина Петровна Нестерова
старший преподаватель кафедры иностранных языков № 2 АмГУ.
Brush Up Your Grammar. Практикум
Изд-во АмГУ. Подписано к печати __________ Формат ________. Усл. печ. л. ______, уч.-изд ______
Тираж 100. Заказ _________.

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