Exercise 1. Comment upon the meaning of modal verbs. Translate into Russian (can, may).
1. "Can't you sleep, Signor Tenente?" he asked. "No." "I can't sleep, either." (Hemingway) 2. Alice: I'll come too if I may. (Gow and D’Usseau) 3. I said, "I am Martin Lynchgibbon. We have met before, though you may have forgotten. Palmer asked me to meet you. May I carry something?" (Murdoch) 4. "She cannot have heard of her father's death," said Braybrooke. "But she had! For I expressed my sympathy and she thanked me." (Hichens) 5. It was not many hours ere he, Esmond, was in London, of that you may be sure, and received with open arms by the old Dowager of Chesley... (Thackeray) 6. Darling, I'm sorry I was so drunk yesterday... I may have seemed churlish, but don't think I'm not deeply grateful for your concern. I may yet need your help... (Murdoch) 7. Julia: Why is she coming home? Maude: I don't know... I suppose she got fed up with Paris after five years. She couldn't have had much fun. (Taylor) 8. Howard: Lieutenant, may I ask a question? (Gow and D’Usseau) 9. "Can I possibly have made a mistake?" she thought. (Forster) JO- Oh. this house, this house! I come back to it after twenty-three years and it is just the same... really. Hesione might at least have been here: some preparation might have been made for me. (Shaw) 11. "He may not even know I'm here." (Forster) 12. They can't understand the English language, anyway. (Hemingway)
Exercise 2. Insert may (might), can (could) or the contracted forms of may not, might not, cannot, could not (mayn't, mightn't; can't, couldn't). Translate into Russian.
1. "There is a man I know," I said; "you __ have met him, a man named Longrush." (Jerome K. Jerome) 2. He noticed at once that her manner was as natural almost as a frank, manly schoolboy's,... there __ never (he thought] have been a grain of affectation in her. (Hichens) 3. I _ - neither lie comfortably in bed nor find anything to do with myself if I got up. (Murdoch) 4. She jumped up when she saw me and said, "Really, I think she __ have waited a bit before dismantling the house!" (Murdoch) 5. I beg the Magistrate's pardon, but __ I request a few minutes private conversation with him on a matter of deep importance to himself? (Dickens) 6. "You are a sworn constable?" "I be, sir." "Then pursue the criminal at once, with assistance, and bring him back here. He — have gone far." (contracted) (Hardy) 7. I said, " __ I help you?" (Murdoch) 8. "Perhaps," said the Captain, "you __ have heard your head governor mention my name?" (Dickens) 9. "She's gone, she's gone! Your Heathcliff's run off with her!" gasped the girl. "That is not true!" exclaimed Linton, rising in agitation. "It — not be: how has the idea entered your head? Ellen Dean, go and seek her. It is incredible: it __ not be." (E. Bronte) 10. "I didn't say he wasn't a colonel," he said, "he __ have been once for all I know. After all, he's almost forty." (Benson) II. Catherine's cup was never filled: she __ neither eat nor drink (E. Bronte) 12. Oh, welf, you __ be right. I don't know. I'm not going to try to explain or adjust myself now. (Dreiser) 13. "Old Callendar wants to see me at his bungalow", he said not rising. "He — have the politeness to say why." (Forster)