Time Magazine — April 11, 2016


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APRIL 11, 2016
time.com
P RN
Why young
men who
grew up with
Internet porn
are becoming
advocates for
turning it o
By Belinda Luscombe
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VOL. 187, NO. 13  2016
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Conversation
For the Record
TheView
Ideas, opinion,
innovations
Why more
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MAGES
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and eating off the sweat of my brow.
I had confidence that my children
were safe. - ZIAD

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POLITICS
Back in TIME
April 5, 1976
THE PORNO PLAGUE
This weeks cover story recalls its fore-
bear of exactly 40 years ago. Read the
whole issue at
time.com/vault
THE NEWS
Court rulings made it harder
Hawke as jazz
icon Baker
HAWKE: IFC FILMS
SOURCES: MSNBC; NEW YORK TIMES; REUTERS
For the Record
Our values have been hijacked.
JENNIFER ROBERTS,
mayor of Charlotte, after North Carolina enacted a law that
blocks local LGBT antidiscrimination ordinances; Roberts argued that the law, one of several
similar proposals advancing across the country, will hurt the city nancially
THERE IS
NO BIDEN
RULE. IT
DOESNT
EXIST.
Republican claims that a speech he gave
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THE REV. IRA ACREE,
pastor, lamenting an 84%
increase in the citys homicide
ahead warily to the typically
Batmanv
ever
people have viewed
The movie was
widely panned by
theU.S.

Losing in
battle, ISIS
gains by
attacking the
gray zone of
the West
By Karl Vick
A Syrian soldier holds a captured ISIS ag after government troops retook the city of Palmyra
\n\n\n     \n
ISIS? That depends on which war you
have in mind. There are at least two.
The war being fought in Iraq and
Syria is the most visible and lately
the one going badly for ISIS. Newly
arrived U.S. Special Forces teams
are picking o the groups leaders
most recently its No.2 in an air strike
called in on March25. In addition to
commanders, the extremists are also
losing ground. The ancient city of
Palmyra fell on March27 to the forces
of Syrian President Bashar Assad
and Russia. Shaddadi, a strategic
town near the border with Iraq, fell
in February to U.S.-backed rebels.
ISIS lost the Iraqi provincial capitals
of Ramadi and Tikrit over the past
year, while Syrian Kurds took much
of the countrys north and are dug
innearthe ISIS capital of Raqqa.
land it held at its 2014 peak. Most of
it may be desert waste, but thats no
dierent than it was when ISIS was
on a roll and declared a new caliph-
ate ostensibly for the worlds 1.3bil-
lion Sunni Muslims. That declaration
proved a recruiting boon, drawing
tens of thousands of foreigners to live
ideology but a place. Now as the ter-
ritory of the Islamic State shrinks,
will its appeal diminish as well? That
remains to be seenas does the out-
come of the other war ISIS is waging,
one fought through terrorism.
PAGE 11
SPUTNIK/AP
PHOTOGRAPH BY MIKHAIL VOSKRESENSKIY
6\r
April 11, 2016
LABOR
victory for the
labor movement,
Court came to a
fees, leaving intact
a lower-court ruling
that nonmembers
can be asked to cover
SANCTIONS
been told to
brace
for possible famine
and economic
hardship,
according
U.N. voted for tougher
country, which has
been testing powerful
weapons.
CRIME
An EgyptAir ight from
was hijacked and
diverted to Cyprus
on March29. All
aboard were released
without harm after the
suspected hijacker
surrendered. He was
reportedly motivated by
TRENDING
TheBrief
after 32 people were killed inBrussels,
ISISs attacks remained the worlds top
news story; imagine if the plotters had
JORDAN
IRAQ
ISIS TERRITORY
January 2015 to March 14, 2016
Mosul
Med.
Sea
GainsLosses
Deir
SANCTIONS, LABOR: AP; CRIME: REUTERS; POSTMORTEM, DIGITS: GETTY IMA
GES (5)
Serbian ultranationalists protest the E.U. and NATO at a rally in Belgrade on March24,
the 17thanniversary of the military alliances bombing of Serbia. Far-right leader Vojislav Seselj addressed the crowd to
praise Radovan Karadzic, the former Bosnian Serb leader sentenced that day to 40 years in prison by a U.N. war-crimes
court for atrocities committed during Bosnias 199295 war.
POSTMORTEM
Burgled body parts
Alas, poor William: researchers in the U.K. who analyzed Shakespeares grave with
radar imaging said March 23 his skull was likely stolen more than 200 years ago.
The playwright joins other noted victims of graveyard robbery.
Julia Zorthian
ST.NICHOLAS
Sailors stole
St.Nicholas
Turkey and took
them to Bari, Italy,
where they are
today. The bones
JOSEPH HAYDN
After the
in 1809, two
admirers bribed
a grave digger
skull so they
cranium was only
GALILEO GALILEI
Supporters took
three ngers and
astronomers
grave in 1737,
some 95 years
The ngers went
ways until 2010,
when they were
display in a
ALBERT
EINSTEIN
The physicist
instructions to
cremate his body,
gave his eyeballs
to Einsteins
who saved them
in a jar thats now
kept in a safe-
12,000
paramedics performed
rst aid during a March27
marathon run by 20,000
people in Qingyuan, China;
long-distance running has
become a fad in China, but
DIGITS
WATER OF THE
WORLD
A report from
WaterAid shows
countries have
water sources.
Heres a sample:
DATA
8\r
April 11, 2016
TheBrief
Politics
\r  \r   ,
Donald Trump regards women as a mea-
sure of success. Hes married to a former
model, frequently recounts his history
of romantic conquests and turned a re-
cent presidential forum into a referen-
dum on penis size. But whatever prow-
ess he may have elsewhere, Trump has
problems with women in the polls.
So much so that female voters are be-
White House. Trumps divisive appeal
has won over disaected white male
voters, who have carried him to plurali-
ties in the crowded GOP primaries. But
his swaggering style and oddball, of-
fensive remarks have made him toxic
to the women who swing general elec-
tions. Nearly three-quarters of women
in a March24 CNN poll said they had an
unfavorable view of Trump. In a recent
NBC/
Why Trump is
losing Americas
largest voting bloc
HOW DO YOU
KNOW THOSE
BRUISES
WERENT THERE
BEFORE?
ON THE RECORD
Trumps past statements about women offer plenty of fodder
for Democratic opposition researchers
SHES NOT
GIVING ME 100%.
SHES GIVING ME
84%, AND 16% IS
GOING TOWARD
TAKING CARE OF
CHILDREN.
If [she]
werent my
daughter,
perhaps Id
be dating
her.
IT DOESNT
REALLY MATTER
WHAT [THE MEDIA]
WRITE AS LONG AS
YOUVE GOT A YOUNG
AND BEAUTIFUL
PIECE OF ASS.
LOOK AT
THAT FACE.
WOULD
ANYONEVOTE
FOR THAT?
ON IVANKA TRUMP,
IN 2006
ON HIS PUBLIC PERCEPTION,
IN 1991
ON HIRING
WORKING MOMS,
IN 2011
ON CARLY FIORINA,
IN 2015
ON JOURNALIST
MICHELE FIELDS,
WHO CLAIMS
SHE WAS
ASSAULTED BY
HIS CAMPAIGN
MANAGER AT
A RALLY,
IN 2016
against his own campaign manager.
Over the course of the campaign, he has
called former GOP rival Carly Fiorina
ugly and repeatedly attacked Fox News
anchor Megyn Kelly. On March30 he
said women who have illegal abortions
should face some form of punishment.
If Trump wins the Republican nomina-
tion, hell become a poster child for mi-
sogyny, predicts Katie Packer, a former
Romney strategist.
To recover, Trump will argue that
he has hired thousands of women in
his businesses, and he could opt to dis-
patch his daughter Ivanka to more public
events. Expect to see him deploy more
female surrogates to make his case with
women voters, says Michele Swers, a
political-science professor at George-
town University. Otherwise, says Jen-
nifer Lawless of American Universitys
Women & Politics Institute, its virtu-
ally impossible to envision any scenario
whereby 50% of female voters would cast
their ballots for him.
  \r \n
\n   \n \n-\r 
alternative
Cruz speaks
March19 in
Provo, Utah
HOT
ON THE
TRAIL
CAMPAIGN 2016
Will the GOP try
to lose with Cruz?
Mitt Romney criticized him as way
over the line, Jeb Bush blasted him
for ip-opping on immigration,
and Carly Fiorina smeared him for
saying whatever he needs to say to
No, for now
John Kasich, who has no viable
theres a contested
convention, swears
hes not interested in
being anyone elses
All over but the shouting
Clinton and Sanders
struck a tentative deal
the April19 NewYork
primary. Trump says
hes sick of debates.
Cruz wants a one-on-one
with Trump, and Kasich just wants
you to remember hes running.
Dems eye Trump card
and the partys
narrow, four-seat
majorityonthin
in on Illinois, New
Lets get a show of hands
Bernie Sanders won big out West
in March, but Hillary
theall-important
woosuperdelegatesa
strategy his team once
With the parties conventions just
3 months away, the race for the
White House is all about threats,
TheBrief
Debunking Trumps
foreign policy
By Ian Bremmer
# "\n     , \n
Ill be very cognizant of that, but at the same
time, our country is disintegrating. So says
Donald Trump, who wants to make America
great again by refocusing U.S. foreign policy
to rebuild American strength from within.
This idea comes not from a civil libertarians
respect for the Constitution but from his
trademark exhibitionist belligerence. Trump
is less Thomas Jeerson than George Jeer-
son, moving on up to win his partys presi-
Hes not an isolationist. Trump has oated
the use of U.S. troops in Syria and pledged to
torture suspected terrorists and knock the
hell out of ISIS, maybe with nuclear weap-
ons. Trump sees most U.S. allies as weak at
best and freeriders at worst. He doesnt want
to scrapNATOhe just thinks allies should
pay more of its bills. His go-it-alone approach
is in some ways an extension of Bush-era neo-
conservatism and the Obama Administrations
extensive use of drones and sanctions.
For all his bluster, Trump has raised ques-
HEALTH
according to new
industry data, with
11th straight year.
POLITICS
coalition government,
leaving President
Dilma Rousseff and
Movement Partys
harder for Rousseff to
proceedings.
ENVIRONMENT
Surveys new
earthquake-hazard
parts
as seismic as parts
of California,
man-made quakes are
saw 907 temblors of
over 3.0 magnitude
last year, thanks mostly
to oil and gas drilling.
TRENDING
An America
rst
approach
wont make
America
greatagain
POLITICS, HEALTH, ENVIRONMENT: GETTY IMAGES; TRUMP: YURI CORTEZA
FP/GETTY IMAGES; SHANDLING: ALAN SINGERNBC/GETTY IMAGES; HARR
ISON: POLARIS
An effigy of Trump is
Milestones
Garry Shandling
Sensei of true comedy
By Jerey Tambor
\r \n"\n       .
Hewould urge me to keep it simple. So here goes:
DIED
PERFORMED
rst successful kidney
at Johns Hopkins followed
CONVICTED
former Bosnian
Serb leader Radovan
war crimes and crimes
Srebrenica and Sarajevo in
the 1990s. Karadzic, 70,
was sentenced to 40 years
REACHED
make California the rst
a $15 hourly
minimum wage.
increase would take
effect over six years and
mark a turning point in
minimum wage across
thecountry.
AWARDED
The 2016 Library of
American Fiction, to
whose novel
DENIED
Court,
former Illinois
governor Rod
Blagojevichs appeal
his 2011 conviction for
trying to sell the U.S.
Senate seat vacated by
DIED
Legends of the Fall
author
By Mario Batali
\r \n \n \r
bible. I had read almost every-
12\r
April 11, 2016
Win
3
4
7
8
9
12
13
14
17
18
19
22
23
24
27
28
29
32
33
34
37
38
39
42
43
44
47
48
49
52
53
54
57
58
59
62
63
64
67
68
69
72
73
74
77
78
79
81
SEASON START
WARRIORS
WARRIORS
Longest
Longest
BOGUT, center
REBOUNDS
DRAYMOND
GREEN, forward
BARNES, forward
4.8 REBOUNDS/GAME
KLAY
THOMPSON, guard
LONGLEY, center
5.1 REBOUNDS/GAME
RODMAN, forward
14.9 REBOUNDS/GAME
RON HARPER, guard
SCOTTIE
PIPPEN, forward
Warriors
Chicago
Bulls
W
10
L
30.4
(LEAGUE LEADER)
JORDAN, guard
30.0
(LEAGUE LEADER)
CURRY, guard
W
7
L
%
FIELD-GOAL PCT.
%
OPPONENTS EFFECTIVE
FIELD-GOAL PCT.
EFFECTIVE FIELD-GOAL PERCENTAGE
GIVES MOREWEIGHTTO 3-POINT SHOTS
%
OPPONENTS EFFECTIVE
FIELD-GOAL PCT.
%
FIELD-GOAL PCT.
LEAGUE
105
ALLOWED
115
104
ALLOWED
+11
+12
LEAGUE
LEAGUE
LEAGUE
TheBrief
Sports
pure silk at a
special introductory price
or
new customer offer. limit four sweaters. imported. shipping extra. not combinable with other offers. free exchanges.
Versatile and comfortable any season. Perfect for travel.
T,XXLT
16\r
April 11, 2016
LightBox
For more of our best photography,
visit
lightbox.time.com
On March 28, women try to comfort a
mother who lost her son in the bomb
attack in Lahore, Pakistan
PHOTOGRAPH BY K.M. CHAUDARYAP
LAHORE
A bloody Easter
Sunday brings
Pakistans terror
threat home
   \n\r\r\n \n
Pakistans second largest city,Lahore,
Easter Sunday was supposed to be
special. After attending church ser-
vices, families gathered in the vast
Gulshan-e-Iqbal park. Then the sui-
cide bomber struck, having made his
The bandana that covered her headThe family that stood by her side
The sport that
kept her active
The show that made her a star
The razor that took her hair
The letters that gave her hope
PICK UP A COPY IN STORES OR SUBSCRIBE AT PEOPLE.COM
Since mobilizing against an Indiana law last year, businesses have increasingly defended LGBT rights
    , *
advocacy groups geared up to ght
a religious-freedom bill in Georgia,
some of the nations mostpowerful
executives were rallying behind the
scenes. By late March, after the mea-
sure passed Georgias legislature,
Coca-Cola, Delta Airlines, Disney and
nearly 500 other companies big and
smallas well as major sports orga-
nizations like the NFL and NCAA
were warning of consequences should
Republican Governor Nathan Deal
sign the measure. There was such
a swelling of voices and breadth of
industry, says Atlanta city-council
member Alex Wan. It became impos-
sible to ignore.
PAGE 20
Why more
companies
are coming
out of the
political
ILLUSTRATION BY MARTIN GEE FOR TIME
20\r
April 11, 2016
TheView
That traditionally has not been part of business,
says Salesforce CEO Mark Benio, who heads a
cloud computing company with 20,000 employees.
But, he adds, it is part of the new reality.
In this new reality, Facebook CEO Mark
Zuckerberg not only forms an advocacy group
to change immigration laws but also announces
Abridged classics
VERBATIM
Thats whats
beautiful
about
Game of
Thrones
its
depiction of
women in so
many dierent
stages of
development.
actor, dismissing critics
who say the hit HBO
many prominent female
characters, including
hersis antifeminist
because it portrays
\r \n  # * \r.
Even in frugal Germany, the average
person owns 10,000 objects, and as a
whole, our trash has clogged the oceans
surfaces with 18,000 pieces of plastic
The real cost of our
obsession with stu
JOHN ATKINSON, WRONG HANDS
BIG IDEA
The invisible train
Most new technology aims to stand out. Not so with these Japanese train cars, designed by
architect Kazuyo Sejima to blend seamlessly into their surroundings as they zoom from Tokyo
to mountainous Chichibu, among other destinations. The key: a reective aluminum coating
meant to help them express a gentleness and softness rather than the usual sharpness of
industrial machinery, per an announcement from Seibu Railway. The company plans to debut the
new cars on trains in 2018, in honor of its 100th anniversary.
PARENT
LIKE A
DIPLOMAT
HOW TO
Donna Gorman, a
Am I Going to Starve
to Death?:A Survival
Guide for the Foreign
Service Spouse,
moves
to a new country
every few years for
her husbands job
with the Department
of State. Heres what
she has learned about
parenting.
GET OFF YOUR
PEDESTAL
As a diplomat,
learning the ways of a
new place, youll look
like a fool on a regular
basis. Your children will
know you seldom have
the right answers. Im
hoping that watching
me struggle will teach
them that its O.K.
not to have all the
answers in lifeits the
for answers that
counts.
LEARN TO FLY SOLO
When my husband
was given a yearlong
I stayed in Jordan
tried to work full time,
homework. Now a
weeklong business trip
than a few cheat meals
and less laundry.
RECALIBRATE RISK
The more risks we
take as a family, the
were going to have.
For more on these ideas, visit
time.com/ideas
\n   \r \r \n
institutional cage matches in the past few
years, Apple vs. the FBI, ended inanticlimax
March28. The FBI had been asking for Ap-
ples help in accessing data on an iPhone be-
longing to one of the San Bernardino terror-
ists. Apple had been asking the FBI to kindly
back the hell up, because it felt (with some
justication) that developing a tool to get
into one iPhone would compromise the se-
curity of all iPhones. The situation was sup-
posed to come to a boil in court March22 but
didnt because the FBI announced that it was
working with an outside rm to get into the
phone without Apples help. The agency an-
nixed the suit.
Its hard to call this one for either side. The
FBI got its data, whatever it waswe still dont
know. Apple got to stick to itsprinciples
outlined by CEO Tim Cook in a recent TIME
cover story. Apple wouldve liked to take the
issue to Congress to clarify the legal land-
they feel a little less safe, so at least we can
agree on who lost.
QUICK TAKE
Apple vs. the FBI: Heres who really lost
By Lev Grossman
CLARKE: AP; TRAIN: SEIBU GROUP
22\r
April 11, 2016
TheView
American Genius
ROBOT
REVOLUTION
affected by robotics
SHIPPING
Amazons Kiva robots
help the rm ll
orders by bringing
workers
MILITARY
The U.S. Army has
used robots like
iRobots PackBot to
MEDICINE
HOSPITALITY
A new novelty hotel
almost entirely by
Grappling with the right
role for robots at work
By Alex Fitzpatrick
       -
garding the coming impact of robots on workers:
there are those who warn they will destroy jobs
and those who hope new technology will boost the
productivity of workers without replacing them.
Melonee Wise is one of the optimists. The
34-year-old CEO of San Jose, Calif.based Fetch
Robotics is working on collaborative robotics,
Once we start seeing more service robots like
we make, people will be like, These things are
really improving my life, she says.
high bar. But you should have at least
enough to cover xed costs.
For most people, Social Security will
be the primary source of guaranteed
TheView
Personal Finance
24\r
April 11, 2016
\r\n  \r  \n  *  -
By Dan Kadlec
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consider opening a reverse-
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CARPE DIEM.
PHOTOGRAPH BY MELISSA GOLDEN
Comey, at a press
conference in
June 2014, has
tackled terrorism,
encryption and
Apple since taking
over the FBI
Nation
What FBI Director
James Comeys
investigation
reveals about
Hillary Clintons
change the course
of the election
By Massimo
Calabresi
GMAN,
EMAILS
HILLARY
28\r
April 11, 2016
    \r\r ,   
the Federal Bureau of Investigation,
1995
Comey,
far left,
Whitewater
investigation
A CAREER FIGHTING CRIME
Comey planned to be a doctor, but a religion
course at William and Mary steered him to
the University of Chicago Law School and an
eventual career as a federal prosecutor, in
which he tried and oversaw high-prole cases.
serves as a reminder that the FBI has
Comey once said
prosecutors who
had perfect records
because they took
only easy cases
were part of the
chickensh-t club
Comey worked
as deputy to
Attorney General
John Ashcroft
Administration
PREVIOUS PAGES: REDUX; THESE PAGES: AP (4); GETTY IMAGES (4); ZUMA
30\r
April 11, 2016
He won a conviction on all counts thanks
to the testimony of one witness, but it was
a close call. Comey later said he had al-
most not taken the case but chose to risk
was due to Stewarts being rich and fa-
mous, and [that] it shouldntbe that way.
Clearing Clinton in the pardons case
didnt hurt Comey with Bush. In 2003,
Bush promoted him to be Attorney Gen-
eral John Ashcrofts No.2. GOP hard-liners
would quickly come to rue the pick. Fill-
ing in for Ashcroft, who recused himself
from the case, Comey appointed his old
partner in New York Mobprosecutions,
Patrick Fitzgerald, to look into the leak of
theidentityofCIAocerValeriePlame,
a case that would ultimately snare Vice
President Dick Cheneys chief of sta
Scooter Libby and damage the White
House in the aftermath of the Iraq War.
Comeys most dramatic moment came
in a 2004 confrontation with Bushs
White House counsel, Alberto Gonzales.
that part of the National Security Agen-
cys Stellar Wind program of blanket
Clinton testied about her private
email arrangement before the
House Select Committee on
Benghazi last October
EVAN VUCCIAP
AbuMuhammad al-Adnani, posted an
English-language call to arms for follow-
ers to attack Americans around the world.
Within months, FBI agents reported a
spike in the number of possible ISIS fol-
lowers in the U.S.
Comey responded with more agents
and an increased emphasis on intelligence
collection. In 2015, the bureau saw only a
slight increase in the overall number of ar-
restsofthosesupportingterroristsinthe
U.S. but a vefold increase in the number
of those arrested who followed ISIS. This
ISIL threat is not your parents al-Qaeda,
Comey told House members on Feb.25.
He says terrorists no longer hatch plots in
faraway places but rather crowdsource
terrorismbyinspiringandmotivatingdo-
mestic supporters like the couple behind
the San Bernardino attack.
That event merged with the second
big challenge of his tenure: the danger of
criminalsandterroristsgoingdarkas
encryption becomes more widely used.
Comey says the use of encrypted smart-
phones means his agents cant collect ev-
idence to prosecute and prevent crimes
and terrorist attacks, even when they
have a court warrant. Comey, who uses a
government-issuedphonefor workand
has an iPhone for personal use, told the
House in February, These phones are
wonderful. I love them. But he argued
two days earlier that there are increasing
situations where we cannot, with lawful
court orders, read the communications of
terrorists, gangbangers, pedophilesall
dierent kinds of bad people.
This concern drove Comeys highest-
prole moment so far in his job atop the
FBI.WithinhoursoftheSanBernardino
attack, agents recovered the government-
issued iPhone5c of shooter Syed Farook.
32\r
April 11, 2016
Conversations about trade used to be so
simple as to not need verbs: free trade
good, taris bad. But the fallout from the
nancial crisis as well as the campaigns of
Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump have
reopened the debate around how trade
and globalization shape our economy. Is
it good, or bad, for America?
The answer depends on where youre
standing. Theres no doubt that global-
ization and free trade have increased
wealth at both global and national lev-
els. According to the U.S. Council of Eco-
nomic Advisers, the reduction of trade
barriers during the postWorld War II
period raised U.S. GDP alone by 7.3%. But
free trade can also increase the wealth di-
vide within countries, in part by creating
concentrated groups of economic losers.
Free trade has made goods and services
cheaper for Americans, but it hasnt al-
ways helped labor markets, as advocates
often claim. Indeed, from 1990 to 2008,
free trade
contested by
the right.
What every
voter needs
to know
ISSUES
2016
By Rana Foroohar
Has free
trade
made us
Everyone does not play by the same
rules. Countries such as the U.S. and
France have squabbled for years over
agricultural subsidies to farmers that
distort free trade. More recently, as
nations like China and Brazil that
practice diering versions of state
capitalism have entered the global
trading system, the playing eld has
gotten more uneven. The Chinese
economy, for example, has a number
of industries, like green energy, that
are protected by the state. National
playersare explicitly supported over
Yes.
726
billion
trade surplus
of advanced
countries for goods such as cars,
chemicals, pharmaceuticals
and machinery in 2010
Is the global playing
eld unfair?
Not always.
2010
2014
%
25
%
32
%
Textiles
clothing
Footwear
%
%
%
%
LOW-COST
COUNTRIES
%
Leather
%
32
%
13
%
16
%
Doesnt
trade
improve
labor
34\r
April 11, 2016
In fact, many lost U.S. jobs arent going
directly to China to the extent that most
Americans think. China has its own
economic and political goals, which are
centered around creating as many jobs
as possible to avoid the social unrest
communist system.
According to the McKinsey Global
Institute (MGI), only around 700,000
of the 6million manufacturing jobs
Is China stealing
U.S. jobs?
Do we need
a new way
of thinking
about fair
trade?
Yes.
Not exactly.
billion
trade decit
of advanced
countries for labor-intensive
goods such as textiles, furniture,
toys and apparel in 2010
hurt by free
U.S.
imports
from China as
a percentage
15%
19909520000510141990952000051014
U.S.
manufacturing
as a percentage
of total
employment
LABOR STATISTICS;
WORLD BANK
2.7
0.3
16.3
There are several valid reasons to hope
the future of trade may be more bal-
anced and more local. For one, politi-
cians are talking about the issue. Yes,
during a campaign season that talk may
be oversimplied or worse. But around
the world, policymakers are taking a
look at the past few decades of ortho-
More pressingly, the prots and
growth of businesses may be at stake.
Disasters like the 2013 Rana Plaza
factory collapse in Bangladesh have
made big companies more wary of out-
Yes.
Is there
any
good
news?
digital tools play a role in
nearly every cross-border
SOURCE: MCKINSEY & COMPANY
Used cross-border bandwidth,
terabits per second
PROJECTED
06070809111213
2014
1617181920
10
1521
211
1,914
CHINAS
CHAIRMAN
While growth in the economy slows, Xi Jinping builds
a personality cult with echoes of Maoand some
members of the Communist Party arent happy
By Hannah Beech/Beijing
ILLUSTRATION BY TIM OBRIEN FOR TIME
\r\n\r\r \r �   
bear his portrait, a Mona Lisa smile leav-
ened by the benign air of Winnie the
World
38\r
April 11, 2016
 \n     
economic reforms in the late 1970s to
restore sanity after the Cultural Revolu-
to ideology but to improving Chinese live-
lihoods. Hundreds of millions of people
were lifted out of poverty, and by one es-
now claims the worlds largest middle
class. But Chinas growth has slowed
last year Beijing failed to reach its own 7%
some of Maos
strategies to unite
the masses and
of thousands of cadres have been forced
while Xis government rails against hos-
tile foreign forces it believes are intent
on weakening a resurgent China. Like
Mao, Xi thinks if China succumbs to
Western values, these forces will destroy
not only Chinas exceptionalism but also
Party, says Roderick MacFarquhar, a
Harvard expert on Chinese politics.
Xis personality cult is discomting
some party skeptics, who credit Chinas
economic success to the collective, deper-
sonalized leadership style that prevailed
aftertheendoftheMaoera.InMarch,
an online article in a newspaper aliated
with the Central Commission for Disci-
pline Inspection, which roots out ocial
corruption, appeared to disparage Xis
accumulation of power and his notori-
not for China but for the nations ruling
communists. In March, during the annual
The rst generation of men
who grew up with unlimited
online porn sound the alarm
By Belinda Luscombe
THREAT TO
VIRILITY
PHOTO-ILLUSTRATION BY BEN ALPER FOR TIME
42\r
April 11, 2016
Noah Church is a 26-year-old
part-time wildland reghter
in Portland, Ore. When he was
9, he found naked pictures on
After a while, he says, those videos did not arouse him
as much, so he moved on to dierent congurations, some-
was a software engineer in Pennsylvania, and he had
been encouraged to play with computers since he was
a 3-year-old. For as long as there had been an Inter-
The reboot
movement started
for one reason,
says Deem. Young
guys wanting to
have functioning
penises. Nothing to
do with morals.
PHOTOGRAPH BY NANCY NEWBERRY FOR TIME
44\r
April 11, 2016
media studies at New York University, says nearly half of the
487 men she surveyed in one study had been exposed to porn
before theyd turned 13.A study in the
Journal of Sex Research
puts rst exposure at, on average, 12 years old for young men.
A massive social shift involving the health of young people
usually prompts a robust round of research to assess whats
really going on. But in this case, not so much. Its hard even to
THE RISE
OF PORN
increase in the viewing and
s popularity
in 1975, the magazine had a
circulation of 5.6million. Today
more than 100million people in
the U.S. visit adult sites monthly.
Pornhub founded;
YouTube
YouPorn
58million
Monthly U.S. visitors to
adult sites (Feb. 2006)
167million
men in three European countries and found only a very slight
ropsychiatrist Valerie Voon, says many of her heavy-
porn-using subjects report having erectile issues. But
she and Khn both note thatnone of this is proof that
porn shrinks brains; it could be that people who have
smaller reward centers have to watch more porn to
78.9billion
63.2billion
51.7billion
38.9billion
33.6billion
views, on
Pornhub, the
22.3billion
$
I fantasized
about porn while
having sex, says
to depersonalize
[partners] to
achieve sexual
satisfaction.
a single imaging study to imply that there has been
damage to the brain, says Voon. We just need more
studies.
13% of web searches
U.S. smartphone
ownership
Pornhub
launches virtual-
of
Playboy
with nudity
published
Porn-recovery
site NoFap
107million
Monthly U.S. visitors to
259million
=
revenge-porn
laws are
Your Brain
on Porns
Gary Wilson
Tedxtalk
PHOTOGRAPH BY ANDREW SPEAR FOR TIME; ILLUSTRATIONS BY MARTIN GEE FOR TIME
46\r
April 11, 2016
computer-heavy, there are reminders of porn every-
where. There probably comes a point in time, he
says, where you open up your browser and you just
start thinking about porn. (And thats before virtual-
reality tech takes things to a whole new level.)
Since the teenagers guzzling all that porn are di-
gesting it in a brain that is still developing, its pos-
siblethey are particularly susceptible.PhilipZim-
bardo, emeritus professor of psychology at Stanford
University (and the guy who did the famous Stanford
prison experiment), notes that porn often goes hand
in hand with video games and is similarly nely tuned
to be as habit-forming as possible.
Porn embeds you in what I call present hedo-
nistic time zone, he says. You seek pleasure and
novelty and live for the moment. While not chemi-
cally addictive, he says, porn has the same eect on
behavior as a drug addiction does: some people stop
doingmuchelseinfavorofpursuingit.Andthenthe
problem is, as you do this more and more, the reward
centers of your brain lose the capacity for arousal, he
says.Atatimewhenyoungmen areattheirphysical
peak, he says, all the inactivity may be contributing
to the unexpected sexual dysfunction.
 \r  \n
about 20 hours a week to
trying to help others eliminate porn from their lives,
or at least to cut out the habit known as PMO (porn,
masturbation, orgasm). He has written a free book
Wack,
runs addictedtoporn.com and coun-
selspeoplevia Skype fora +100fee. Rhodes, mean-
watching
entertainment
controversial
ages 18to39
intentionally view
pornography in
any given week
average age of
rst porn viewing
by boys
hours a day are
spent viewing
porn globally on
site Pornhub
of women believe
that pornography
for everyone
SOURCES: REGENERUS,
GORDON & PRICE, 2015
(PERCENTAGES); JOURNAL OF
SEX RESEARCH AND OTHER
STUDIES (AVERAGE AGE);
putting reasonable restrictions in place, says Weiler. Hed like
places like McDonalds andStarbucksand evenlibraries
to lter their wi- so that they would be porn-free.
    \r  
for teens about the
porntheyll inevitably encounter, despite whatever lters
are put in place, is a key goal of the young activists. Thirteen-
and 14-year-olds have access to unrestricted and endlessly
 \n \n  -"\n   \n \n
insex that is consensual, pleasurable and realistic may
not beharmfulheck, it might be a good ideabut that
is generally not what the +97billion global porn indus-
try is shilling. Its producers have one goal: to get men
o hard and fast for prot. That means eroticizing the
degradation of women. In a study of behaviors in popu-
lar porn, nearly 90% of 304 random scenes contained
physical aggression toward women, who nearly always
responded neutrally or with pleasure. More insidiously,
How porn is changing a
generation of girls
By Peggy Orenstein
For expert advice on talking to kids about porn, visit
time.com/ideas
SHE MUST FIRST ENSURE THAT HER GIRLFRIEND EXPERIENCES
DONT COME TO BE PERCEIVED
AS GIRLFRIEND REALITIES.
PAGE 52
Everybody
Wants Some!!
deserves
a third
exclamation
mark
By Stephanie Zacharek
The pack of swaggering rogues includes, from left, Jenner, Powell, Baker and Forrest Vickery
     \n"  
brash and buoyant comedy
Everybody
Wants Some!!
borrowed from the
Van Halen song of the same name
is one of those hungry, declarative
built in. Of course everybody wants
some_ But what, exactlythe obvious
asideis
? Where can you nd
it? And howre you gonna get it?
Writer-director Linklater knows
a few of the answers, and he weaves
them invisibly into this wonderful,
TimeO
Reviews
Jake has the ballsand the skillto
beathim in a match.
story of male one-upmanship and
knuckleheaded camaraderie in his
usual low-key fashion. One scene
ows into the next like the free-form
globules in a lava lamp, but by the
time you see the lms nal shot,
youll understand that Linklater had
a clear map forward all along. Part of
SOUNDTRACK
Sounding o
on Linklaters
hit parade
of newcomers Richard Linklater
compiled by the director with
music supervisors Meghan
Currier and Randall Poster.
Spanning everything from hard
rock to new wave to country,
funk and disco, its available on
  \r  * "      \n \n  \n
skin that every outside sound rings wrong in your head? To
walk into a room and see a nervously unasked question on
every face, as if youd just awakened from a long, terrible
trance under which youd done things you cant remember?
With his debut feature,
Krisha
shot in nine days, on a
given Fairchild,
after years of
minor roles
MOVIES
Krisha,
a prodigal
FAMILY AFFAIR
aunt, Shults, above,
grandmother. He based
an addicted aunt, Nica,
who was in recovery
familyreunion.
PICKS
MOVIES
In Karyn Kusamas
TheInvitation
(April8), a dinner party
is overshadowed by a
BOOKS
Journalist Louisa
Thomas biography
Extraordinary Life of
Mrs. Adams
(April5),
of theU.S.s sixth
FirstLady.
TELEVISION
The HBO documentary
MUSIC
Mayer
Hawthorne
plays nearly
every instrument on
the disco-inected love
songs of his fourth
Man About Town
(April8).
MCCONAUGHEY: EVERETT; KRISHA: A24; SHULTS, HAWTHORNE: GETTY IMAGE
TimeO
Television
Playing a fantasy object for men, Keough embodies our fascination with surveillance
� \n *  2009 \r
The Girlfriend Experience
hasnt aged
particularly well. Its chilly cynicism
months into President Obamas rst
term, the movie is a reection of its
time, but one thats drudgery to revisit.
Which makes it a strange choice
to reboot now. (Who remembers the
lm, or cares?) But its also a perfect
one. Starzs Soderbergh-produced
TheGirlfriend Experience,
whose 13episodes will be released to
subscribers on April10, may in seven
years look as dated as its precursor, but
thats a worry for another day. This is
ashow for our moment.
Our protagonist is Christine Reade
(Riley Keough), a second-year law stu-
dent in Chicago who grows increasingly
one thats perfect for someone more
comfortable with ambition than propri-
REVIEW
The Girlfriend
Experience
is dark
home theater
By Daniel DAddario
I just dont like sharing
my time with anyone
THE GIRLFRIEND EXPERIENCE: STARZ; QUICK TALK: GETTY IMAGES; CATASTR
OPHE: AMAZON STUDIOS
ON MY
RADAR
AS YOU ARE
I saw this
cool little
lmby Miles
Joris-Peyratte
at Sundance,
about three
teenagers, told
through a police
investigation.
Hell be big.
QUICK TALK
Riley Keough
The granddaughter of Elvis Presley has
appeared in
Magic Mike
and
Mad Max:
Fury Road.
Now shes starring as a law
student by day, call girl by night, in
Starzs
The Girlfriend Experience
Why did you decide to take this role?
I worked with Steven Soderbergh on
Magic Mike,
and he had me in mind for
this role. Hes a genius, so I dont ques-
tion him. I knew if he was producing the
show it was going to be about some-
thing more profound than just sex. Its
also hard as a woman to nd characters
REVIEW
Across the pond, a
Catastrophe
 \n
an intriguing premise: A one-night stand on vaca-
tion results in both a pregnancy
a transatlantic
relocation. Rob (Rob Delaney), a robustly built
avatar of average American maledom, is forced to
negotiate his new life as a prospective dad in Lon-
don with Irish-born baby mama Sharon (Sharon
Horgan). It made for a satisfying culture clash.
The new season, which aired last year in the
U.K. and is available April8 on Amazon, moves
the story forward. We open on Rob and Sharon,
expecting a second child, arguing in bed before
graphically making up. Their coupling is toxically
but entertainingly fueled by this sense that every
story the couple can tell must be a melodrama.
As the season goes on, minor-key notes emerge.
Stage and screen viewers
saw it as
The Wars of the
Roses
(1963, 1965)
Cole Porter made it sing
Kiss Me, Kate
(1948)
Benjamin Victor adapted it as
Two Gentlemen of Verona
(1762)
Franz Schubert composed music for a song in it
(1826)
Julie Taymor turned it into
Titus
(1999)
Punk band Titus
Andronicus took its name
(2005)
The Boys From Syracuse
brought it to Broadway
(1938)
The Bomb-itty of Errors
made it hip-hop
(2000)
Thomas Mann referenced it in
Doctor Faustus
(1947)
Doctor Who
episode featured a performance
(2007
John Steinbeck used it to title his
The Winter of Our
Discontent
(1961)
Robin Hood: Men in Tights
quoted its
dialogue
(1993)
Laurence Olivier made it into a movie
(1955)
Felix Mendelssohn wrote an overture and incidental music for
(1826, 1843)
Neil Gaiman featured it in his comic
The Sandman
(1990)
Henry Purcell loosely adapted it as
The Fairy Queen
(1692)
The Beatles spoofed it in a
Pyramus and Thisbe
skit
(1964)
Three of
Uranus moons, Oberon, Titania and Puck, got their names from it
Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country
referenced it
(1991)
Said to have introduced the name Jessica
Ruth Bader Ginsburg will preside over a mock trial of
Shylock, to accompany a performance
(2016)
Inspired a Shakespeare fan to introduce starlings to New York
(1890)
; there are now 200 million in North America
Orson Welles adapted it in
Chimes at Midnight
(1965)
Gus Van Sant took inspiration for
My Own Private Idaho
(1991
Sergey Prokoev adapted it
as a ballet
(1935)
DiCaprio and Claire Danes
starred in Baz Luhrmanns
(1996)
Dreamy
vampire Edward Cullen quoted it
New Moon
(2009)
Cited as the source of the phrase puppy dog
Anne Tyler will adapt it as
Vinegar
Girl
(2016)
10 Things I Hate About
You
took it to teens
(1999)
Wills testament,
400 years on
On the anniversary of Shakespeares
death, we measure (for measure)
97 times his plays inspired us
By Sarah Begley and Merrill Fabry
PARODY
PLAY OR
BOOK OR
OR DANCE
TRAGEDIES
COMEDIESHISTORIES
William Shakespeare began writing plays by 1592. They appeared roughly in th
is order
Adidas sold
shoes with the
song Too Darn
Hot
(2003)
Meryl Streep played Katherine in
Shakespeare in the Park
(1978)
... as
seen in the
documentary
Kiss Me,
Petruchio
(1981)
... which was spoofed on
Blackadder
(1983)
West Side Story
set
it in New York City
(1957)
Selena covered the song
A Boy Like That
(1996)
Lin-Manuel Mirandas
In the
Heights
was inuenced by it
(2008)
... paving the
way for his own
history play,
Hamilton
(2015)
The Two Gentlemen
of Verona
The Taming of the Shrew
Henry VI, Parts I-III
Titus Andronicus
Richard III
The Comedy of Errors
Loves Labours Lost
Richard II
Romeo and Juliet
A Midsummer
Nights Dream
King John
The Merchant of Venice
Henry IV, Parts I-II
TimeO
*WELL, SORT OF: SCHOLARS CONSIDER
SOMEOF THESE PROBLEMPLAYS THAT
DONT FIT NEATLY INTO GENRES
Giuseppe Verdi adapted it in
Falstaff
(1893)
Hector Berlioz adapted it as
Batrice et Bndict
(1862)
Karl Marx quoted
it in
Capital
(1867)
The Simpsons
spoofed it, with the bakery Much Ado About
Mufns!
(1997)
Mumford & Sons named an album
Sigh No More
(2009)
Ted Cruz and his colleagues read the St.
Crispins Day speech while working on George
W. Bushs election case
(2000)
The Dogs of War
got a title from
its dialogue
(1980)
... as did
The
Ides of March
(2011)
... and John
Greens
The Fault in Our Stars
(2012)
Laurence Olivier made it his rst Shakespearean movie role
(1936)
Salvador Dal designed costumes for
a theatrical production
(1948)
Disney alluded to it with the plot of
The Lion King
(1994)
David Foster Wallace used it to title
Innite Jest
(1996)
Gillian Flynn has announced plans to adapt it
(BY 2021)
W. Somerset Maugham borrowed a line for his title
Cakes and
(1930)
Dame Judi Dench (as Elizabeth I) commissions it in
Shakespeare in Love
(1998)
Shes the Man
used its plot
(2006)
Sir William Davenant adapted it as
The Rivals
(1664)
Alexander Pushkin found inspiration for Angelo
(1833)
As did Richard Wagner for
DasLiebesverbot
(1836)
Green Day said
Good Riddance (Time
of Your Life)
(1997)
The phrase good
riddance supposedly
got its start here
Ira Aldridge is thought to have been the rst black actor to play
Othello
(1833)
Disney used it as the source of a name
for the parrot Iago in
Aladdin
(1992)
Toni Morrison
adapted it as
Desdemona
(2011)
Jane Austen used the name Bertram for her hero
Manseld Park
(1814)
Vladimir Nabokov referenced it in the title of
Pale Fire
(1962)
The phrase
full circle
shows up here
William Faulkner sourced a title from it:
The Sound and the Fury
(1929)
Ray Bradbury did too, in
(1962)
Winston Churchill quoted it (They might easily be induced to throw
in their lot with us and make assurance double sure)
(1938)
The creators of
House of Cards
took inspiration from it
(1990, 2013)
... which is sung every
December in Santa Claus Is
Coming to Town
(1934)
Virginia Woolf referenced it in
Mrs. Dalloway
(1925)
George Bernard Shaw adapted it as
Cymbeline
Renished
(1937)
Aldous Huxley quoted it in the title of
Brave New World
(1932)
Often seen as a precursor to Fred M. Wilcoxs
(1956)
Aim Csaire reimagined it in his postcolonial play,
Une Tempte
(1969)
IKEA quoted itWe are such stuff
as dreams are made on ...to sell beds
(2014)
E.K. Johnston used that stage
direction for the new YA novel
Exit, Pursued by a Bear
(2016)
Orange Is the New Black
sCrazy Eyes delivered
an epic monologue from it
(2013)
Probable co-writer George Wilkins also
wrote a prose version
(1608)
Julian Slade and
Dorothy Reynolds used
the phrase to title
Salad Days
(1954)
Stephen E. Ambrose got a
title for
Band of Brothers
(1992)
... which became the
HBO miniseries
Band of
Brothers
(2001)
Akira Kurosawa adapted it as
(1985)
Sarah Bernhardt played Cordelia at the Odon
(1868)
... and as the title
of Loretta Lynns new
album
(2016)
J.K. Rowling found a
name for Hermione in
Harry Potter
(1997)
... which led to
a spike in children
named Hermione
The Merry Wives
of Windsor
Much Ado About Nothing
Henry V
Julius Caesar
As You Like It
Twelfth Night
Troilus and Cressida
Measure for Measure
Othello
Timon of Athens
King Lear
Alls Well that
Ends Well
Pericles
Coriolanus
The Winters Tale
Cymbeline
The Tempest
Henry VIII
The Two Noble Kinsmen
It gets credit for
the phrase for
goodness sake
Jeanette Winterson adapted it as
The Gap of Time
(2015)
...which was parodied in the
Monty Pythons Flying Circus
sketch Sam Peckinpahs
SaladDays
(1972)
T.S. Eliot referenced
it in The Love Song
of J. Alfred Prufrock
(1915)
... which Bob Dylan referenced
in Desolation Row
(1965)
... and Woody Allen, in
Love and Death
(1975)
... and the
tear-jerker of a
movie version
too
(2014)
... which Franco
Zefrelli further
adapted
(1986)
Giuseppe
Verdi adapted it
Otello
(1887)
He died on April 23, 1616, at the age of 52
GRAPHIC BY HEATHER JONES FOR TIME; SOURCE FOR CHRONOLOGY OF WORKS:
THE OXFORD SHAKESPEARE: THE COMPLETE WORKS
SCHUBERT, STREEP, MIRANDA, ALDRIDGE, GINSBURG: GETTY IMAGES; EVE
RETT: (10)
TimeO
Appreciation
\n   1960,    \n
actress playing identical cousinsas
Patty Duke did in
The Patty Duke Show,
which ran from 1963 to 1966was a nov-
elty any way you looked at it. Patty, the
supremely American teenager who, as
the shows theme song told us, has only
seen the sights a girl can see from Brook-
lyn Heights, was the spice to the sugar of
her more rened Scottish cousin Cathy.
Cathy would tackle her homework with
soldier-like eciency; Patty would pout
before slogging through it. These were
highly stylized and occasionally ridicu-
lous characters, largely images of what
we wanted to
believe
teenage life was
Duke, circa 1964, playing one
of two identical cousins
By Stephanie Zacharek
of feral fury. Her family doesnt know
what to do with her, and we dont
either. The power of the performance
lies in the way Duke plays on our
discomfort, and on our pity. We can feel
Helensscornfor us,a by-product ofher
intelligence and frustrated rageand
we get this sense from an actress who
hasnt uttered a single line. Its all there
in Dukes unnervingly closed-o eyes
and in the way her hands, before they
nd their freedom in language, grab at
the air, reaching toward everything and
nothing. Dukes mastery of the actors
58\r
April 11, 2016
WHAT POPPED IN CULTURE
LOVE IT
LEAVE IT
$273million satellite
Braves stadium
sandwiched
They live to
break down
my self-
esteem.
As part of a
rest of Disneys
Jungle Book
they voice
movie.
A video showed Hugh
beach in Sydney.
S WEEKLY TAKE ON
TimeO
PopChart
Microsoft had to disable Tay, its articial-intelligence
chatbot, after
\n \n \n \r  . \n *     
afraid of me but because I dont attend biker rallies, eat at that
hot-dog stand in Chicago where they scream at customers or
run for President of the United States. Also because people
are afraid of my wife. So I have no idea of exactly how my wife
would be insulted. Would it be for not being as famous as I am?
As modest as I am? As grammatically correct as I am?
But now I know the two things she might be denigrated
for. Because right before the Utah caucus, an anti-Trump
superPAC called Make America Awesome (which is not ali-
ated with this column or, I have to believe, America) bought
online ads that implied that Trumps wife was not respectable
By Joel Stein
Essay
The Awesome Column
ILLUSTRATION BY MARTIN GEE FOR TIME
60\r
April 11, 2016
Hope Jahren
The triple-Fulbright-winning
geobiologist and author of a
new memoir,
Lab Girl,
talks
STEM sexism, manicures
and mental health
10 Questions

PLANT
BASED
MATTER
Jahren weaves
The choice is yours, and its simple.
Why enjoy just one cookie when theres a whole stack in front of you?
The same goes for car insurance. Why go with a company that offers just a low price when GEICO could
save you hundreds and give you so much more? You could enjoy satisfying professional service, 24/7, from
a company thats made it their business to help people since 1936. This winning combination has helped
Some discounts, coverages, payment plans and features are not available in all states or all GEICO companies. Customer satisfaction based on an independent study conducted by Alan Newman Research, 201
5.
The other guy.
WHATS NEXT

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