Unit III Alexeeva 33


Unit III. Jury service
Vocabulary notes
Trial by jury –
Judge trial –
To serve on a jury –
A panel –
At trial –
To listen to evidence –
To present evidence –
A juror –
To be selected at random –
The electoral register –
To be eligible for jury
service –
To be ineligible for jury service–
To meet the requirements –
To be disqualified from jury service –
To be excused from serving on a jury –
To hear a case –
To decide the facts –
To decide matters of law – рассмотрение дела с участием суда присяжных
судебный процесс без участия присяжных
исполнять обязанности присяжного
группа, жюри, члены комиссии
во время судебного процесса (разбирательства)
заслушивать доказательства
представлять доказательства
присяжный
отбираться произвольно, наугад
список избирателей
иметь право исполнять обязанности присяжного
не иметь права исполнять обязанности присяжного
соответствовать требованиям
быть лишенным права исполнять обязанности присяжного
быть освобожденным от обязанностей присяжного
заслушивать, разбирать дело
выносить решение по фактам
решать вопросы права
To decide matters of fact
Judge's directions (instructions) –
To leave the courtroom –
To retire to the jury room –
To elect a foreman –
To consider the verdict –
To find the defendant guilty –
To find the defendant not guilty–
To return a verdict –
To announce a verdict –
To return a verdict of guilty –
A verdict of conviction –
To return a verdict of
acquittal(of non-guilty) – решать вопросы факта
напутствие присяжным
покинуть зал судебных заседаний
удалиться в комнату присяжных
избирать старшину присяжных
обсудить вердикт
признать подсудимого виновным
признать подсудимого невиновным
выносить вердикт
объявить решение присяжных
вынести обвинительный вердикт
обвинительный вердикт
вынести оправдательный вердикт
Task 1. Read the following text to learn about the jury system.
The Jury
A jury is a group of men and women legally chosen to hear a case and to decide the facts from the evidence presented. Juries are used in civil and criminal cases. Trial by jury in civil cases is not common.
In criminal cases juries of 12 persons are used in all trials in the Crown Court. It is the duty of the judge to decide all matters of law, while the duty of the jury is to decide matters of facts. For centuries the jury has been regarded as extremely important, particularly in criminal cases.
Jurors are selected at random from the electoral register. Most people aged 18 to 70 are eligible to serve on a jury. To be eligible, a person:
must be on the electoral register, which means aged 18 or older;
have been resident in the United Kingdom for the last 5 years or more;
must be able to communicate in the English language.
Certain persons are disqualified from jury service. A person will be disqualified:
if, at any time in the last 10 years he has served any part of a prison sentence, youth custody or detention, or has been given a suspended sentence of imprisonment.
if, at any time in the last five years he has been placed on probation.
The following persons are ineligible for jury service: judges, persons concerned with the administration of justice, the clergy and persons who have, or are still suffering from a mental illness.
Certain classes of persons may be excused from jury service. They are people with important business, doctors and dentists, Members of Parliament. They are “excused as of right”.
Other persons may be excused from jury service on request if they show good reason. These include students sitting for examinations, mothers with young children, people with a poor knowledge of the English language, and people with certain physical disabilities [1].

The Jury Service
The job of a juror is to listen to all evidence presented at trial and “to decide the facts” – that is to decide what really happened. The jury is required to sit quietly during the trial and to listen carefully to the speeches of the counsels, to concentrate on the evidence being presented. They listen to the cross-examination of witnesses making notes when necessary. They are often given documents, photographs and other pieces of evidence to examine.
In order to do their job, jurors do not need any special knowledge or ability. They are instructed by the judge on legal norms. It is important for jurors to listen attentively to the judge’s instructions. The jury will then retire to the jury room to reach a verdict. They elect one of their members as a foreman. Once a verdict has been arrived at, the jury will re-enter the courtroom and announce the verdict without any explanation or justification [1].
Vocabulary Focus
Task I. Make up possible word-combinations.
Jury (рассмотрение дела с участием суда присяжных, выполнять обязанности присяжного, иметь право исполнять обязанности присяжного, быть лишенным права исполнять обязанности присяжного, быть освобожденным от обязанностей присяжного, отбирать присяжных).
Verdict (обсудить, вынести, объявить, обвинительный, оправдательный).
Trial (судебный процесс с участием присяжных, судебный процесс без участия присяжных, во время судебного процесса, отдавать в руки правосудия, уголовное судопроизводство).
Task II. Translate the following words into English and make up the word-combinations.
обвинительный
обсуждать



verdict
выносить


оправдательный
объявлять

Task III. Match the words on the left with their Russian equivalents on the right.
To hear a case
To serve on a jury
To be instructed by a judge
To leave the courtroom
To find the defendant guilty
To elect a foreman
To return a verdict
To be eligible for jury service
To be disqualified from jury service
To be excused from jury service
A verdict of conviction
A verdict of acquittal
Trial by jury
Judge trial
To present evidence представлять доказательства
покинуть зал судебных заседаний
исполнять обязанности присяжного
заслушивать дело
получить указания от судьи
признать подсудимого виновным
иметь право исполнять обязанности присяжного
быть лишенным права исполнять обязанности присяжного
выносить решение присяжных
избирать старшину присяжных
обвинительный вердикт
оправдательный вердикт
получить освобождение от обязанностей присяжного
судебное разбирательство без суда присяжных
судебное разбирательство с участием суда присяжных
Task IV. Complete the following sentences using the words in the box.
A Crown Court jury consists of 12__________.
Unless a person is disqualified, ineligible or ________ from jury service, he/she must attend the trial or risk a penalty, usually a fine.
It is the duty of the judge to decide all__________ where the duty of the jury is to decide all __________.
A person sentenced to prison for five years or more is __________ from jury service for life.
The jury is required to sit quietly during the trial and to listen carefully to the presentation of __________.
The jurors may find the __________ guilty or not guilty.
If the jury returns a __________ the defendant is free to go.
If the jury returns a __________ the judge will pass a sentence.
jurors
matters of fact
verdict of acquittal d) excused
e) disqualified
f) defendant g) matters of law
h) evidence
j) verdict of conviction
Comprehension
Task I. Answer the following questions on the text.
What is a jury?
How many people does a jury consist of?
Is the trial by jury common for civil cases?
How is the jury selected?
What requirements must a potential juror meet?
Who is not eligible for jury service?
Who is disqualified from jury service?
What classes of persons may be excused from duty?
Do the jurors have any special legal training?
What is the duty of the jury during the trial?
What is the job of the judge?
What is the job of the jury?
What does the judge do before letting the jury retire?
What kinds of verdicts may the jury return?
Who announces the verdict?
What does the judge do after the verdict has been announced?
Task II. Complete the following sentences translating the components in brackets.
1. A jury is a panel of twelve people legally chosen to hear a case and decide the facts (на основании представленных доказательств).
2. (Рассмотрение дела с участием присяжных) in civil cases is not common.
3. Jurors are elected (произвольно из списка избирателей).
4. People who have at any time been sentenced to imprisonment (лишаются права работать в составе суда присяжных).
5. People with a poor command of the English language (могут быть освобождены) from jury service on request.
6. Most people aged 18 to 70 (имеют право исполнять обязанности присяжного).
7. There are people who (не имеют права исполнять обязанности присяжного): lawyers, judges, clergymen and the mentally ill.
8. (Для того, чтобы исполнять свои обязанности), jurors do not need any special knowledge or ability.
9. It is important for jurors to listen attentively to (разъяснения судьи) before leaving the courtroom.
10. After they reach the verdict, the jurors (избирают одного из присяжных старшиной суда присяжных).
11. Once the verdict has been arrived at, the jury (возвращается в зал судебных заседаний и оглашает вердикт).
Task III. Complete the following sentences.
A jury is a panel of twelve people, legally chosen to _____________.
Trial by jury is not common for civil cases, but it is mostly common for __________.
Jurors are selected at random from ______________.
To be eligible for jury service you must be __________.
Most people aged 18 to 70 are eligible _____________.
People with a criminal record ____________________.
Lawyers, judges and mentally ill people are ___________.
People with a poor grasp of the English language _________.
The main duty of the jury is to ______________.
It is the task of the judge to decide all ___________while the task of the jury is to _________________.
Before leaving the courtroom the jurors are _____________.
Once the judge's instructions have been given, the jury _________.
They elect one of the members as a _______________.
Once the verdict has been arrived at, the jury ___________.
The jury can return one of two possible verdicts, either _________ or ________________.
If the jury returns the verdict of acquittal the defendant __________, if the jury returns the verdict of conviction the judge will ___________.
The jury system has been regarded as extremely important for the English ________________.

Приложенные файлы

  • docx 23996387
    Размер файла: 29 kB Загрузок: 0

Добавить комментарий