Sp 9 Сборник ГИА keys


Сборник упражнений в формате ГИА Spotlight 9
MODULE 1
ReadingRead the texts. Match the titles to the descriptions of unusual festivals. One title is extra.
1 Baby Jumping D 2 The Most Colourful Event C 3 The Messy Festival E 4 The Lego Competition 0 5 Feathers Fly High B 6 Delicious Food A
If you are a fan of warm fried rings of dough that we lovingly call donuts, join in celebration of the National Donut Day! This American 'holiday' is celebrated on the first Friday of June; it is a tradition that dates all the way back to 1917, when Salvation Army volunteers were sent to take care of US soldiers fighting in World War One. Seeing how homesick and miserable the soldiers were, the women decided to do something special. Sure enough, the hot tempting smell of fresh donuts worked like a charm in lifting their spirits! Since then, it has become a US tradition. What's even better is that many stores have joined in this fun tradition by handing out free donuts to customers during the entire day.
On Saturday April 6th, thousands of adults and children all over the world got together in their respective cities with one purpose in mind - to have a good old-fashioned pillow fight with total strangers! Now in its sixth year, the hour-long event is the invention of an organization called Urban Playground. The organizers think that the pillow fights are a harmless way for people to free from stress and have some fun. The rules? No hitting anyone with a camera or anyone without a pillow! This year, over 100 cities from Washington D.C. (USA) to London, (England) and even Istanbul (Turkey) and Sao Paolo (Brazil), participated in this fun celebration. Judging from the videos, they were all a great success!
Indians love festivals! The most popular is Holi, the festival of colour, held annually at the beginning of spring. As with all Hindu festivals, this one also has a number of different folk tales associated with it. The majority center around the triumph of good over evil. What's so great about this day? There are some fun processions, folk song and dance performances, but the best part is the ritual of splashing friends and even total strangers, young and old, with dry colors, water guns and using even buckets of colored water. At about midday, the friendly chaos comes to an end and people living close to oceans or rivers, usually take a dip in the water to clean themselves, before going home to a homemade feast and a well-deserved siesta.
Every July, the people of Spain celebrate the Catholic Festival of Corpus Christi with parades, mystery plays and various other fun celebrations. However, the town of Castrillo de Murcia adds an event called El Colacho. While the origins of the tradition which dates back to 1620 are unknown, the event is held to keep away evil spirits. The El Colacho, a man dressed in a bright yellow and red outfit, represents the devil who runs from the entrance of a church and jumps over mattresses upon which lie all the babies who have been born during the year. Besides having that magical ability of sending away evil spirits, the El Colacho also has to be a very good jumper! No wonder, it is sometimes called the world's most dangerous festival event.
The Boryeong Mud Festival started as fun beach event in 1998. Today, it attracts over 1.5 million visitors who come to Boryeong, South Korea, every July, for the nine-day event that promises 'well-being through mud'. If you like the idea of mud-slides, mud massages, mud football etc., this is the festival you will definitely not want to miss! The mud is considered rich in minerals and is used to manufacture cosmetics. In fact, the event was created to promote Boryeong mud cosmetics, but has become a popular festival. Nowhere else can you throw on a swimsuit, cover yourself in five different shades of mud and parade the streets with 50,000 of your closest friends. Festival-goers have their pick of activities like the Mr. Mud contest, mud wrestling and mud races.
Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
Thailand Ushers In New Year With The World's Largest Water Fight!
Asian cultures generally celebrate their symbolic New Year with prayers, colouгful processions, good food and sometimes even fireworks. The people of Thailand have added one more tradition - having the world's largest water fight!
Celebrated annually from April 13th to 15th, the Songkran Festival marks the beginning of the solar year and is considered to be the most important festival for the 60 million residents of Thailand. It is so significant that until 1888, this was also the beginning of a new calendar year for the country. Though the dates were originally based on the Astrological calculations they are now fixed  - 13th marks the end of the previous year, 14th is a gap day and 15th marks the beginning of the New Year.
The water festival began accidently. One of the religious rituals performed during this festival is praying to Lord Buddha and it is followed up with a bathing ceremony for the statue. The blessed water from the bathing is then poured gently onto elders and family members to give them good fortune. Over the years, this gentle pouring has turned into a free-for-all water fight which many believe, was an idea inspired by the Indian festival of Holi.
After the religious ceremonies are completed, groups of residents move around on scooters, trucks and even elephants, carrying water guns and buckets filled with water. Those not fortunate enough or too young to have a mode of transport, simply gather by the roadside with large ice-boxes of water. To make the fights a little more exciting, ice patrols go along the streets, handing out the giant pieces of ice so that the water can be nice and chilled when it hits the bodies! Fortunately, the festival dates coincide with Thailand's hottest months so the cold water is actually welcomed.
When it first began, the water fights were held from midday to sunset on April 13th. Now, they sometimes extend out to all days and all times!  So if you happen to be in Thailand during these dates next year, be sure to watch out, for nobody is safe from getting wet at this wild festival!
A new calendar year and Asian solar year coincide. F
The symbolic Asian year begins in summer. F
The celebration of the solar year is accompanied by religious ceremonies. NS
Astrology used to play an important role in marking the beginning of the year. T
Astrology helped to introduce the water festival. NS
The water ceremony is very old and of religious origin. T
The water festival means bathing all the statues by ordinary people. F
People pour icy water on passers-by and try to turn them into statues for a moment. F
Read the text and choose the right option.
Friday the 13th
Today is Friday the 13th. While to most of us it signifies the start of another carefree weekend, there are some people that consider this day to be extremely unlucky. As you probably know, number 13 has a bad reputation to begin with. This is the reason many office and residential towers often skip the 13th floor altogether. However, when that date falls on a Friday, the fear factor seems to escalate to a whole new level.
So how bad is it? About 20 million Americans and probably scores more worldwide, are believed to suffer from an irrational fear of this day. Their symptoms range from mild anxiety to fears that something bad is about to happen, to full-blown panic attacks.
Many that suffer from this phobia happen to be employed in professions like construction or ship building, which are fraught with injury risk. That may explain the reason they get nervous and fear that their chances of getting hurt increase when the 13th happens to fall on a Friday.
While nobody is sure why the combination of this date and day causes such fear, there a few theories. Some believe that it begins with the irrational fear of the number 13 regardless of what day it falls on. Again, the reason behind that totally puzzles researchers. According to Thomas Fernsler, an associate policy scientist at the University of Delaware, it could be because people think 12 to be a complete number - there are 12 months in a year, 12 zodiac signs, 12 tribes of Israel, 12 apostles of Jesus . . . so on and so forth. Hence, the number right after that seems incomplete and therefore, considered unlucky.
Folklore historian Donald Dorsey, traces the fear all the way back to ancient times, when the Vikings inhabited Scandinavia. 12 gods were having a dinner party at Valhalla, the Viking's mythological heaven. Suddenly, an uninvited '13th' guest, the mischievous god Loki walked in and provoked Hoder, the blind god of darkness to shoot Balder, the god of joy and gladness.
As for Friday? That happens to be rooted in ancient mythology and religion. According to the Bible, Jesus was crucified on a Friday. Though the date is not believed to be the 13th, it was following the Last Supper, which happened to be attended by 13 men that included Judas, the apostle that betrayed Jesus. Other biblical scholars maintain that this was the day when Eve tempted Adam with the forbidden fruit. Again, the date is not clearly remembered. The one bad event that is believed to have happened on Friday the 13th, was the killing of Abel by his brother Cain (The sons of Adam and Eve).
Experts estimate that businesses lose between $800-$900mm USD on this day because people avoid travelling, going to work and even, shopping!
Unfortunately since there is no logical reason behind this fear, not much can be done to help it. However, Dr. Donald Dossey at North Carolina's Stress Management Center/Phobia institute believes she may have found a solution.
She recommends people living with this fear to learn how to pronounce the word paraskevidekatriaphobia, the other term for the ailment. In her expert opinion, they will be cured the minute they are able to say it out loud, correctly. So go ahead, give it a try and let us know if it works.
Number 13 is thought to … .
a. bring luck b. be frightening c. call misfortune d. mean a new start
The fear of number 13 is typical of people who … .
a. often worry b. suffer from phobias c. are mentally ill d. are irritable
The majority of people prefer never to … .
a. be born on the 13th b. have 13 friends c. buy 13 flowers d. live on the 13th floor
Usually people who suffer from the fear of this number … .
a. are very old b. are builders c. have a risky job c. are not educated
The fear of the date 13th … .
a. has a scientific foundation b. appeared due to some accidents
c. cannot be explained at all d. is an inborn quality
The opinion that number 13 is unlucky is supported by … .
a. astrology b. folklore c. medicine d. psychology
People believe that Friday is also unlucky because … .
a. of some dramatic happenings in the past b. it is mentioned in the Bible c. scientists prove it d. it often coincides with number 13
Some doctors think they can cure the phobia by making the person … .
a. recite poems b. perform risky actions on Friday, 13th
c. say the difficult medical term for this fear
d. say aloud difficult tongue twisters
Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
Happy Hanukkah
On Thursday, Jewish families residing in the US are in for a double holiday - Thanksgiving and the first full day of Hanukkah, which begins today (on November 27th, 1913) at sundown. It is also known as the Festival of Lights. The last time these two special celebrations coincided was in 1888. Thanksgiving, which by law is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November, is a little late this year, while the 25th day of Kislev, (the evening the holiday officially begins), which is determined by the lunar calendar, is the earliest it can be.
Hanukkah is almost like an extended eight-day version of Thanksgiving in terms of the delicious food that families eat. Kids are especially thrilled because believe it or not, one of the rituals of this fun festival is receiving gifts every single day, for eight days!
The folklore behind this important Jewish holiday dates back 2,200 years, when a Greek king tried to introduce his culture and make the people accept it though most of them were Jewish. The residents fought for three years before taking back the temple on Jerusalem's Mount Moriah. Inside, they discovered a small amount of oil, which they were sure, would keep the temple light burning for one day. To their surprise, the oil lasted for eight days, which is why Hanukkah is celebrated for that length of time.
Thanks to the legend, the most important ritual of the holiday is the lighting of the Menorah, a holder with nine candles. Eight candles are lit one at a time, to mark each day of the festival. The ninth, known as the Shamash (servant), is used to light the others. Over the years, Menorahs have become increasingly elegant and unique. While in the past some of them were carved out of chocolate, this year they have taken on a thanksgiving theme, like traditional candleholders including turkeys and even the Mayflower!
As with most fun festivals, food is a big part of Hanukkah. While most years it includes favorites like Sufganiyot, a jelly donut cooked in oil, this year there may have to be some compromises – the menu includes mashed potatoes, bread shaped like a turkey, donuts filled with jelly and cranberries. No matter what is on the dinner table, it is to be delicious!
The holiday Hanukkah symbolizes stars. F/NS
Thanksgiving holiday is celebrated on the fixed date. F
The date of Hanukkah is not based on the usual calendar. T
The presents children get during Hanukkah are usually sweets and toys. NS
The legend about the magic oil on Mount Moriah explains the origin of Hanukkah. T
The legend tells us how many candles must be lighted and what candleholders must be used. NS
Menorah is the most important candle. F
People use Menorahs of different shapes. T
a) Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs. One title is extra.
1 Irish Folklore E 2 The Origin of the Traditions D 3 The Symbol of Ireland 0 4 Introducing St Patrick’s Day A 5 A British Missionary B
6 The Birth of the Holiday C
Happy Saint Patrick's Day!
A Happy St. Patrick's Day! Unfortunately it is a Sunday, which means that you cannot pinch (ущипнуть) your school friends (not wearing green) and get away with it, but there are always unsuspecting family members and neighbors that you can have fun with. Also, be sure to go on an extensive search for those lucky four-leaf clovers and look for leprechauns (гномы) that will hopefully lead you to the pot of gold. But before you do all that, be sure to read about the man whose death anniversary we celebrate and how all these unusual customs began.
B Though this day accounts for some of Ireland’s biggest celebrations, St. Patrick was not Irish! Born somewhere along the west coast of Britain in 385AD, he was kidnapped and sold to an Irish sheep farmer when he was 16 years old. He ran away at the age of 22 and returned to Britain, spending the next 12 years in a monastery. In his early 30's he went back to Ireland, this time as a missionary to turn the pagan Irish people to Christianity and remained there, until his death on March 17th, 461 AD. According to historians, he was forgotten for hundreds of years and it was not until the 7th Century that he was honored as a Revered Patron Saint of Ireland.
C While St. Patrick's Day is now a national holiday in Ireland with the festivities lasting for four days, the first celebration was not held there, but in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1732 to help Irish soldiers serving in American colonies reconnect with their country. Over the years, the holiday has become popular with people even if they are not of Irish descent. The biggest parade outside Dublin, takes place in New York City.
D Oddly enough, green was not the original color associated with St. Patrick - it was blue! Green was adopted in the 19th century because it represents spring, life and most importantly, the shamrock. As for the 'pinching' tradition, nobody really knows how it began. Some believe it was started because pinching gives a green bruise, while others think that wearing green made one invisible to leprechauns. The Irish also think that finding a four-leaf clover brings luck. The Irish believe that each leaf means something. The first represents hope, the second faith, the third love and the fourth, happiness.
E According to Irish mythology, the leprechaun, (whose name comes from the mixture of 'small person' and 'one shoemaker') is a small fairy that knows the location of a pot of gold. But to get to that, you not only have to find and catch him, but also, threaten him. Apparently, the best way to find this stealthy little guy is to catch him while he is repairing shoes. But even after that be careful, for he is clever enough to escape!
b)Read the text again and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
Some traditions connected with St. Patrick's Day are not pleasant. T
If you find a leprechaun on St. Patrick's Day you’ll be lucky all your life. NS
St. Patrick was born in Ireland but spent his life in England. F
St. Patrick became the saint of Ireland much later after his death. T
St. Patrick was a Christian monk. T
The holiday started in America because there lived very many Irish people. NS
All the traditions connected with this holiday were born in America in the 20th century. F
On St. Patrick's Day crowds of people hunt for the leprechaun to find gold. F/NS
Grammar and Vocabulary
Read the text and choose the right option.
'Playing' With Food Has Never Looked So Good!
A mosaic of a tea picker, a wild flower meadow and a working camera all made 1.from sugar, were just some of the extraordinary 2. sights in store for the 3. thousands of people fortunate enough to attend the 4. annual Experimental Food Society Spectacular. The event is the 5. brainchild of Alexa Perrin who is trying to change 6. people's perception of food from something they just swallow to something they admire as an art form. Each year, she invites some of England's finest food artists ranging from butter 7. sculptors to experimental confectioners to demonstrate their artistic skills 8. by 'playing' with their food. The results are magical like the Glow in the Dark ice cream. Created by food 9. inventor Charlie Harry Francis, its secret 10. ingredient is calcium-activated luminescence jellyfish protein that lights up when someone licks it!
a of b. by c. with d. from
a. views b. sights c. photos d. seeing
a. thousand b. thousand’s c. thousands d. thousands’
a. annual b. annually c. yearly d. year
a. brainstorm b. brainchild c. brainwave d. brainpower
a. person b. person’s c. people d. people’s
a. paintings b. painters c. sculptures d. sculptors
a. with b. by c. of d. like
a. invention b. inventor c. discovery d. discoveror
a. thing b. material c. ingredient d. half
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Get Ready To Celebrate Diwali
In November Hindus all over the world will celebrate Diwali, which
means row of lights. The ancient celebration is the biggest of all Indian CELEBRATE/INDIA festivals. The day begins with a visit to the temple. Then it is quite FESTIVE/VISIT
typical for families and friends to get together and celebrate by exchanging TYPE
gifts and ethnic sweets. Buying gold jewelry is considered good luck, so JEWEL
many women dressed in their finest clothes go to the jewelers in the JEWEL
afternoon .When the sun sets, most households are illuminated with
diyas (small oil lamps) and with colourful fireworks. What makes the COLOUR
celebration fun is that it is not a professional display. Everyone gets CELEBRATE/PROFESSION
to create his/her own show with their favourite firecrackers. The young FAVOUR
ones like sparklers, the teens and adults prefer the louder, more powerful POWER
versions. The reason why the day is celebrated is different in different DIFFER2
Indian states. For some it's to celebrate the return of Hindu king Rama,
wife and brother To the ancient kingdom after spending 14 years in the KING
forest. Others believe it symbolizes the triumph of good over evil! SYMBOL
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
Happy Valentine's Day!
There are many legends about the origin of Valentine's Day. The most popular POPULAR
one dates all the way back to 270 AD, the days of the Roman Empire.
Emperor Claudius II believed that single men made better soldiers. GOOD
However, Bishop Valentine performed many secret marriage ceremonies. PERFORM
When the Emperor discovered this, he sentenced the Bishop to death.
While in prison, he fell in love with the jailor's daughter and just before FALL
he was executed on February 14th, sent her a note signed – EXECUTE/SEND
'From Your Valentine' - A phrase that is still widely used today! Over one USE
billion cards are sold and exchanged on Valentine's Day worldwide SELL/EXCHANGE
making it one of the biggest days for greeting card companies. BIG
Surprisingly though, a majority of the cards are bought for teachers SURPRISE/BUY
and children! CHILD
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Christmas is Coming
With Christmas fast approaching, beautiful trees and strings of decorative BEAUTY/DECORATE
lights can be seen in neighborhoods all across the world. However, NEIGHBOUR
David Richards, the Guinness World Record winner of 2011, surprised WIN
everybody by displaying half a million lights. In October he began the
process of building this amazing502,165 light display. His neighbors’ BUILD/AMAZE
reaction was difficult to predict. Some were even furious. But REACT/FURY
since the lights go across David's property, fortunately or unfortunately, FORTUNATE2
there is not much they can do. And while David's primary reason
for creating this rather unusual and colourful display has USUAL/ COLOUR
a selfish motive, there is a 'bright' side to it too. Thousands of SELF
people that visited his house helped raise $72,000 USD for
various children's charities. VARY
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
A Celebration Dedicated to Internet Cat Videos! CELEBRATE
Cat lovers gathered in downtown Oakland for the first Internet Cat Video LOVE
Festival. The colourful party which began at 3.00pm centered around FESTIVE/COLOUR
local bands dressed up as cats, comedians telling cat jokes. However, DRESS/COMEDY
the highlight of the event began after the sun set, when the enthusiastic ENTHUSIASM
crowd settled down to watch a 70- minute movie on the wall of a 10-storied building in the city's historic downtown area. The entire blockbuster BUILD/HISTORY
included clips of the funniest cat videos on the Internet. The event was FUN
so successful that we have a feeling it is going to take place annually. SUCCESS/FEEL
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
La Tomatina Festival
If you are not a big fan of tomatoes it will be best to keep away from B2
the charming town of Bunol on the last Wednesday of August.
The normally sleepy Spanish town becomes the stage for the world's NORMAL/WORLD
largest food fight - the La Tomatina. The roots of the festival can LARGE
be traced back to some disobedient youngsters who decided to TRACE/DECIDE
stop the parade they were not allowed to participate in, by attacking
everyone with tomatoes. The kids had so much fun that they kept returning HAVE/RETURN
every year and soon other bystanders joined in and a fun festival was born! JOIN
Over the years, the town has transformed this food fight into a weekTRANSFORM
long fiesta that includes colorful parades, dancing and even fireworks. INCLUDE/DANCE
Tourists and locals alike, gather to enjoy the good food and drinks. ENJOY
No wonder that the La Tomatina has become one of Spain's most popular BECOME/POPULAR
festivals, second only to Pamplona's Bull Run. TWO
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Laughing Helps
This Sunday, May 6th is World Laughter Day, a special day that LAUGH
can be celebrated by anyone, anywhere - All they have to do, is laugh
aloud and heartily. Celebrated annually on the first Sunday of May, HEART
the fun event was started by the Indian physician, Dr. Madan Kataria. INDIA His wish to make the world a happier place began in 1995, with the
introduction of Laughter Yoga. Though the first class was attended by INTRODUCE/LAUGH
only 5 students, in a short time, unusual yoga classes began to be held USUAL
all over the world. It is a combination of breathing exercises and COMBINE/BREATHE
uncontrolled laughter that makes you feel optimistic and LAUGH/OPTIMISM
comfortable. Today, there are over 6,000 fitness clubs that offer this COMFORT/FIT
option in countries ranging from Australia to Kenya in East Africa.
Members get together every day to 'exercise' by simply laughing out loud,
waving their hands and making funny faces at each other. FUN
Writing
Your English pen-friend is interested in customs and traditions of your country. Write her/him an e-mail about your favourite holiday and traditions as well as superstitions connected with it. Write 60-70 words.
You’ve got a letter from your friend. Write her/him a letter and answer her/his four questions. Write 100-120 words.
1. What interesting festival of your country can you tell me about? 2. What preparations do you make for it? 3. What happens during the event? 4. What do you do and how do you feel?
MODULE 2
Readinga) Read the text. Match the titles to the paragraphs A-H. One title is extra.
Sweden's ICEHOTEL Opens for the 24th Year
Only the Rich are Invited –
Construction of Magic C
3. Have a Holiday to your Choice! F
4. An Accidental Start B
5. The First is the Best H
6. Modernized Every Year A
7. Enjoy a Cool Night! E
8. Ice Rooms to any Taste and Budget D
9. Environmentally Friendly G
A Modernized Every Year
Sweden's ICEHOTEL is known for many things: its 'out of this world' location, great architecture and even freezing comfort, but not for longevity (долговечность)! The hotel is located in the village of Jukkasjarvi. It has to be rebuilt every year because it is carved entirely from ice blocks. They melt when the summer comes along. Each time the building gets increasingly better!
B An Accidental Start
23 years ago, a local company looking for the ways how to attract tourists to Jukkasjarvi during the freezing winter months, decided to host an art exhibition inside an igloo built on the frozen Torne River. The 5,6 square meters structure was a huge success attracting many day visitors. One day a group of brave people arrived with sleeping bags and announced their intention to spend the night inside the igloo. After that the idea of constructing the ICEHOTEL was born.
C Construction of Magic
The hotel has come a long way since its beginnings. Constructed from 1000 tons of ice and 30,000 tons of 'snice' (a mixture of ice and snow), it now covers 5,500 square meters. The construction process begins in March and April, when about 5,000 tons of ice is harvested from the river and transferred to a cold storage where it sits till the beginning of winter. Building the hotel begins in November when about 100 workers, half of them artists invited to design special sections, come to the region. By December, it is ready and open for business.
D Ice Rooms to any Taste and Budget
Each version of the hotel is unique, more a work of art than a structure made from frozen water. Its 47 rooms built to accommodate visitors on all kinds of budgets vary from luxurious suites to rooms that are furnished with just an icy bed and a reindeer skin.
E Enjoy a Cool Night!
But no matter what room the guests are in, the temperature is the same - -5°C! Guests are advised to use thermal sleeping bags and keep their gloves and winter hats on all night. No wonder that most end up spending just one night in this freezing environment before moving to more conventional warmer cabins nearby. But the guests all agree that it is an experience like none other.
F 3. Have a Holiday to your Choice!
Like at any hotel, guests can choose to walk around all day or pick from a number of activities like dog sledding, snowmobile safaris and overnight wilderness camping. Though dining choices are pretty much limited to the restaurants in the hotel, guests have very little to complain about.
G 9. Environmentally Friendly
The best part about this semi-permanent structure is that ecologically it is the ultimate green building. It houses and entertains guests all winter and then as summer approaches and the temperatures rise, simply melts into one giant puddle, leaving behind no trace of its existence.
H 5. The First is the Best
Over the years, many other ice hotels have emerged and similar destinations can now also be found in Canada, Norway, Finland and Romania. However, the original one remains the biggest and the grandest of all.
b) Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
1. The ICEHOTEL is situated in the world famous place. F
2. The idea of the ICEHOTEL belonged to the local architect. NS
3. You can book a room with the temperature up to your choice. F
4. Special warm clothes for the night are offered by the hotel. NS
5. Most guests prefer to stay at the hotel just for a night. T
6. The range of winter activities is great. T
7. The ICEHOTEL was awarded a special prize by the Green Peace authorities. NS
8. Today ICEHOTEL is an internationally popular project. T
2. Read the text and choose the right option.
The Little Match Girl (after Hans Christian Andersen)
Most terribly cold it was; it snowed, and was nearly quite dark. It was the last evening of the year. A poor little girl, bareheaded, and with naked feet was walking along the street. She carried some matches in an old apron, and she held a bundle of them in her hand. Nobody had bought anything of her the whole day; no one had given her a single coin. She was trembling with cold and hunger - a very picture of sorrow, the poor little thing!
From all the windows the candles were gleaming, and it smelt so deliciously of roast goose, for you know it was New Year's Eve.
At the corner of the street she seated herself down. She grew colder and colder, and she couldn’t go home, for she had not sold any matches and could not bring a penny of money. She would certainly get blows from her father, and at home it was cold too.
Her little hands were icy cold. Oh! A match might give her a world of comfort, if she only dared take a single one out of the bundle, and warm her fingers by it. She drew one out. It was a warm, bright flame, like a candle, as she held her hands over it: it was a wonderful light. It seemed really to the little maiden as though she were sitting in front of a large iron stove. But in a moment the small flame went out and the stove vanished.
She rubbed another one against the wall: it burned brightly, and where the light fell on the wall, there the wall became transparent, and she could see into the room. On the table a snow-white tablecloth was spread; upon it the roast goose was steaming famously with its stuffing of apple and dried plums. And the goose hopped down from the dish with knife and fork in its breast and came up to the poor little girl. She lighted another match. Now there she was sitting under the most magnificent Christmas tree: it was still larger, and more decorated than the one which she had seen through the glass door in the rich merchant's house.
The lights of the Christmas tree rose higher and higher, she saw them now as stars in heaven; one fell down and formed a long trail of fire.
"Someone is just dead!" said the little girl; for her old grandmother, the only person who had loved her, and who was now no more, had told her, that when a star falls, a soul goes to God.
She drew another match against the wall: it was again light, and in the light there stood her old grandmother, so bright and mild, and with such an expression of love. "Grandmother!" cried the little one. "Oh, take me with you! You go away when the match burns out!" And she rubbed the whole bundle of matches quickly against the wall, for she wanted to be quite sure of keeping her grandmother near her. The grandmother took the little girl on her arm, and both flew in brightness and in joy so high, and there was neither cold, nor hunger, nor anxiety - they were with God.
But on the corner, at the cold hour of dawn, sat the poor girl, with rosy cheeks and with a smiling mouth, leaning against the wall - frozen to death on the last evening of the old year. "She wanted to warm herself," people said. No one had the slightest suspicion of what beautiful things she had seen.
The action of the tale takes place ... .
on the New Year Day
on the 31st of December
at Christmas night
on the girl’s birthday
She carried some matches ... .
to light the candles on the Christmas tree
that she had bought at the next door greengrocer’s
to burn them for heat
to sell them in the street
She couldn’t go home because … .
it was very far away
she was too tired to walk
she was afraid of her father
she had lost the way
She felt a bit warmer when … .
she lit the first match
some people invited her for tea in front of a large iron stove
she found a candle and lit it
she saw a wonderful light behind the wall
She could see behind the walls because … .
a) the matches worked magic
b) the walls in that street were all transparent
c) they were made of glass
d) she was a fairy
The girl’s grandmother … .
was going to visit her on the New Year night
was cooking a goose for Christmas dinner
wanted to help her to sell the matches
had loved her most of all in the family, but she was not alive
The girl and her grandmother … .
were glad to see each other
were so beautiful and so tall
were happy to fly together to the sky
were both cold and hungry
The people in the street could see … .
the girl warming herself with matches
the girl dead from cold
the beautiful things the girl had seen
the girl and her grandmother flying to the sky
Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
American National No Housework Day
No Housework Day is one of those days you see on calendars on the Internet but don’t know where it came from. It is always on April 7th. It is one day of the year when it is OK to do nothing in the house. Everybody has the day off from doing the household chores. It’s OK to let the dishes and washing pile up; it’s no problem to let another layer of dust settle on top of the TV; and it’s absolutely fine to leave the vacuum cleaner in its corner for the day. The laundry will be just fine in the basket until tomorrow. And as for cooking, make sure you have a home-delivery phone number handy. Or even better, get yourself off to a restaurant. This is also a good day for those who never do anything around the house, who never lift a finger, to appreciate those who do the housework.
You could celebrate it a little differently; if you’re not the person who normally does the housework, why not take over just for today? Or if you have an elderly neighbour, how about offering to help out with chores this No Housework Day?
What is housework, exactly? If you never do it, you probably never think about this. It is a lot of hard work and someone does it every single day. It starts while the rest of the house is still asleep. Next time you wake up, listen to see if you can hear the washing machine working or smell the coffee machine. It happens while you are still trying to open your eyes at the breakfast table. Then while you are at school, the breakfast dishes are magically cleaned, the tables wiped and the dishes all put in their place. You come home from school and the bath is clean, again. Your shirts are washed, ironed, and hanging in your closet, again. The toothpaste tube in the bathroom is never empty. Who does all this invisible housework?
A recent study conducted at the University of Michigan found that the average married American woman does 17 hours of housework per week! After a long day at school or work, housework is the last thing anyone wants to come home to do.
Doctors say that it is essential for people with busy lifestyles to relax. Relaxation can lower heart rate and blood pressure, reduce headaches, and improve concentration.
Celebrate National No Housework Day by ignoring the dirty dishes in the sink and the piles of laundry that need to be done and just relax. You deserve it!
National No Housework Day was founded by American doctors. NS
April 7th is the day off in the USA. Т
Home-delivery from restaurants is free on No Housework Day. NS
Some people who don’t usually do any household chores prefer to do them on this day. T
Those who do housework get up earlier than the rest of the family. T
Special robots are available to do all the household chores. NS
Housework is a popular hobby for American teens. F
Regular relaxation is necessary for health. T
Read the text. Match the titles to the paragraphs A-F. One title is extra.
International Space Station Celebrates 15 Years in Orbit
1. Moving a Space House B
2. Scientific Centre D
3. Birthday Greetings -
4. A Good Beginning Makes a Good Ending A
5. Space for Privacy F
6. International Home C
7. Work Out at the Space Gym! E
A A Good Beginning Makes a Good Ending
On November 20th, 1998, a Russian rocket launched off with an unusual piece of cargo - Zarya ('sunrise' in Russian), the module that became the first piece of the largest manmade structure ever built in airless space - The International Space Station (ISS). Designed to be the power source for the ISS, it orbited earth for two weeks, before being joined by Unity.
B Moving a Space House
Launched by the US Space Shuttle Endeavour on December 6th, 1998, Unity arrived with a crew of six American and Russian astronauts. A few days later, the American module was successfully attached to the Russian module. On December 11, 1998, at 2.54 pm, the astronauts made history by becoming the first humans to board the newly established International Space Station.
C International House
Over the years, the ISS has grown to the size of a football pitch with about the same amount of livable space as a normal six-bedroom house. So it’s big enough for hosting teams of astronauts from around the world, for as long as six months at a time. What's even cooler is that this large construction project is a never before seen international cooperation. Five different space agencies - NASA, Roscosmos, ESA, JAXA and CSA, representing 15 countries have come together to make the ISS a reality.
D Scientific Centre
Over the last 15 years, astronauts have made174 spacewalks and spent 1,100 hours or nearly 46 days on different missions in open space. With over 1,500 experiments done in the five research modules, the station has been responsible for many important scientific discoveries and breakthroughs.
E Work Out at the Space Gym!
Besides performing ing experiments, all astronauts that reside at the ISS are living experiments themselves. That's because they allow scientists to monitor the effects of zero gravity on the human body and seek out solutions to fight them. For example, one of the biggest illnesses suffered by astronauts used to be weakened bones and muscles. Today, the effects have been reduced by changing their diets and adding a gym to the ISS.
F Space for Privacy
Psychological health which is as important as physical well-being, has also been improved by providing the astronauts with tiny cabins that allow for some time to be alone and the opportunity to talk to their loved ones in private. These improvements are very important for the scientists that visit the ISS for short or longer periods of time.
Grammar and Vocabulary
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
History of skyscrapers
Two (1) discoveries in the middle of the 1800s made it possible to DISCOVER
build modern skyscrapers. Before the (2) Industrial Revolution brick INDUSTRY
and stone walls carried the (3) weight of buildings. Because each floor WEIGH
was very heavy it was (4) impossible to build very high houses. POSSIBLE
In the middle of the 19th century steel became an important (5) building BUILD
material. This metal was strong and light. Architects could now construct
a steel skeleton to support very tall (6) buildings. Chicago’s Home BUILD
Insurance Company Building was ten stories tall and the first skyscraper
to use such a steel (7) construction. CONSTRUCT
Skyscrapers would have been (8) useless if people had to walk up and USE
down many flights of stairs. In 1853 an (9) elevator safe enough ELEVATE
to carry passengers was invented by Elisha Graves Otis.
(to be continued)
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
History of skyscrapers (continued)
During the early 20th century the construction of tall buildings(1) became BECOME
very popular in big cities. Cities grew (2) bigger as (3) more people BIG/MANY
could live and work there. Tall buildings (4) were also seen as a symbol SEE
of power and greatness. Major cities, especially in America, (5) fought for FIGHT
the (6) tallest buildings in the world. For four decades the Empire State TALL
Building in New York was the world’s (7) highest structure. The 381 metre HIGH
high landmark has 102 stories and (8) was completed in 1932. COMPLETE
The World Trade Centre, (9) finished in 1973, became a symbol of FINISH
the (10) city’s economic strength. The destruction of the World Trade CITY
Centre in the terrorist attacks of 2001 (11) hit the heart of the city. HIT
Today the world’s tallest buildings no (12) longer stand in America. LONG
Other countries, mainly in the (13) growing regions of Asia, GROW
(14) have entered the prestigious race for the tallest structures in ENTER
the world.
Some experts say (15) building a 1000-metre high structure BUILD
(16) is no problem with today’s technology; others think that we BE
need (17) lighter, (18) stronger materials as well as LIGHT/STRONG
(19) faster elevators to make this possible. FAST
Read the text and choose the right option.
What Does an Architect Do?
Architects (1) design all kinds of buildings: schools and skyscrapers, hospitals and hotels, churches, train stations and houses.
Any building that is used by people (2) was designed by some architect.
A design is simply a plan. Before (3) constructing a building, an architect needs to draw a plan of the building. Sometimes architects (4) make a cardboard or plastic model of the building.
The building is then built by a construction company (5) which follows the directions of the plan. The architect closely controls the construction company (6) to make sure that the building (7) is being built according to the plan.
Architects have to think of many things before they draw up the plan for a building. First they have to think about (8) what the building will be used for, how many people (9) are going to use the building at the same time and what types of activities these people will do in the building. So, they think about the "function" of the building.
Besides (10) thinking about the function and safety of a building, architects also spend time creatively thinking about what they want the building to look (11) like.
Architects have to be good (12) artists and good scientists when they design a building. The building must be pleasant to look (13) at, pleasant to work in and strong (14) enough to be safe from most natural disasters.
a. construct b. design c. invent d. create
a. designed b. is designed c. is designing d. was designed
a. constructing b. construction c. constructed d. being constructed
a. do b. make c. have d. design
a. who b. where c. which d. what
a. making b. made c. to make d. make
a. make b. making c. made d. to make
a. how b. what c. which d. that
a. are going b. going c. were going d. will be going
a. thought b. think c. thinking d. to think
a. like b. as c. such as d. –
a. painters b. artists c. arts d. creators
a. to b. in c. at d. for
a. too b. very c. also d. enough

8.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
Spend Time with Family and Loved Ones
When was the last time you (1) told your family and close personal friends TELL
that you (2) loved them? Whatever your answer, do it today. A few days LOVE
ago my grandfather (3) was taken to hospital, just days after his TAKE
(4) 80th birthday, for heart problems. He (5)’s had already heart surgery, EIGHTY/HAVE
and this time, just as in the past, he managed. But any day can be
his day, the day when it (6) will be too late to tell him how much BE
he (7) ’s meant to me over the years. MEAN
(8) Don’t let that day (9) come for your loved ones without NOT LET/COME
(10) telling them what they mean to you. I know that for many of us, TELL
(11) expressing those kinds of feelings isn’t easy. That’s true for me, EXPRESS
but I (12)’ve been trying to overcome those barriers since I understood it. TRY
But even if that’s too difficult for you, I recommend you(13) to spend SPEND
more time with your family or (14) treasured friends. TREASURE
Talk to them. Listen to them. Understand them. Just (15)spending SPEND
a little time with someone (16) shows that you care. It’s our actions, SHOW
not just our words, that really speak what our hearts (17) feel. FEEL
9.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Houses and Homes: Culture and Lifestyle
Home styles around the world are (1) different because of culture DIFFER
and tradition. Western-style houses and (2) buildings are found all BUILD
over the world. With their simple design they are (3) slowly replacing SLOW
(4) traditional houses in the Middle East and Asia. TRADITION
In big cities where there is not enough space people often live in apartments.
They appear in (5) various sizes and forms - from one-room apartments VARY
to apartments with balconies or terraces or even penthouses . Town houses
in cities have separate street (6) entrances. ENTER
Many (7) suburban residents live in single-family houses with their own SUBURB
yards and gardens. In rural areas farmhouses (8) usually stand alone in USUAL
the (9) surrounding of fields, barns and huts. SURROUND

Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
A Gingerbread House Even Hansel and Gretel Would Approve Of
While the rest of us (1) are struggling to piece together our miniature STRUGGLE
gingerbread houses, the people at Traditions Club in Bryan, Texas
(2) have built one that is (3) larger than many homes and hard BUILD/LARGE
enough for people (4) to walk in! WALK
Not surprisingly the 1,110 cubic metres delightful structure
(5) has managed to get a Guinness World Record, (6) beating MANAGE/BEAT
out the previous titleholder - a 1,019 cubic metres model
(7) constructed at Minnesota's Mall of America in 2012. CONSTRUCT
The bakers began the construction of this house by (8) preparing PREPARE
delicious gingerbread panels (9) using 1,800 pounds of butter, 7,200 eggs, USE
7,200 pounds flour, 1,080 ounces of ground ginger and 2,925 pounds
of brown sugar, some of which (10) was used for the icing. Then they USE
(11) began the sweet process BEGIN
of (12) decorating it with 22,304 pieces of candy! DECORATE
11.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
What makes (1) American teens and young people happy these AMERICA
days? You might call money and music as (2) primary PRIME
 sources of (3) happiness. You would be wrong. Among HAPPY
13-24 year olds, according to a survey asked of 1280 people, spending
time with family came in at top.
Seventy three per cent indicated that a good (4) relationship RELATE
with their parents made them happy. In (5) addition, when looking ADD
towards a role model, (6) nearly half of the respondents NEAR
 mentioned one of their parents.
Other results can cause some (7) embarrassment. Most of EMBARRASS
the people (8) generally felt happy with the GENERAL
(9) direction of their lives, but the survey discovered DIRECT
a (10) racial divide. Whites tended to be happier across all RACE
(11) economic categories than blacks or Hispanics. As for having ECONOMY
(12) stressful times, kids noted a 10% higher rate than adults. STRESS
For those in the 18-24 range, jobs and (13) financial matters caused worry. FINANCE
Respondents in the 18-24 year old range were more (14) optimistic. OPTIMIST
Writing
12. You’ve got a letter from your English-speaking friend about his/her neighbourhood and neighbours. Write him/her a letter and answer him/her four questions. Write 80-100 words.
… What do you like about your neighbourhood? … What are your next-door neighbours like? … Do you sometimes help your neighbours?...
13. You have received a letter from your English speaking pen-friend Peter.
...Hope you had a great holiday. I liked the historical palace in the picture you sent me. When was it built? Who lived there at that time? What is it like inside?
Write him a letter and answer his questions. Write 100-120 words.
MODULE 3
ReadingRead the texts. Match the names of painting styles to their description.
One name is extra.
1. Abstract Art C 2. Pop Art D 3. Minimalism E 4. Cubism 0 5. Realism B 6. Impressionism A
It is one of the earliest modern painting styles that originated in Paris, France. It is characterized by thin brushstrokes and an emphasis on the depiction of light. The artists often painted outdoors to capture sunlight and colour of their subjects. The style got its name from the title of Claude Monet’s work “Impression”. In the 1870s such paintings were considered radical because they did not paint according to the rules.
It is the art style that most people regard as "real art", where the subject of the painting looks very much like it appears in real life. It is an attempt to represent subject matter truthfully without supernatural elements. The term originated in the 19th century to describe the work of artists who focused on everyday life. The artist uses perspective to create an illusion of reality, setting the composition and lighting to make the most of the subject.
It refers to a style of painting that shows the essence (суть) of a subject rather than the detail. It uses a visual language of form, color and line to create a composition which may be far from reality. The emphasis is on spontaneous or subconscious creation. Colours and shapes are used to portray emotions and the landscape of one’s inner world. The paintings are emotionally intense and spontaneously created by the artist.
It occurred as a reaction to abstract expressionism, which mid-1950s British artists believed was art that was far-removed from daily life. It revolved around ordinary subjects like comic books, advertising, news, celebrities, and other objects found in the everyday life. It was a return to realism and representation in art. Prominent artists in this field include Andy Warhol and Jasper Johns.
It is chiefly American movement in the visual arts and music that is, as expected, characterized by simplicity. It focuses on the most essential and elemental aspects of an object. Instead of energy-filled self-expression as is the hallmark of abstract expressionism, this style paints only what the artist believes is necessary. Some of the more famous painters are Kazimir Malevich and Frank Stellas.
Read the text again and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
Haunted Castles in BritainThe idea of real haunted castles is familiar to us through film and literature. But it is not only in fiction that castles have ghosts. It is not really surprising that this should be so considering the bloody history of many of them. Torture and murder were common things and many dungeons had special places into which prisoners were thrown without food or water and simply forgotten. Although many haunted castles may now welcome visitors in order to pay the bills, this has done very little to wipe out the psychic memory of the injustices (несправедливости) committed within their walls. The Castle of Mey was built in the 16th century by George Sinclair, the 4th Earl of Caithness. It is his granddaughter who haunts the castle. The story goes that Elizabeth Sinclair fell in love with a ploughman who worked on a local farm. Her father was horrified that she should mix with a 'commoner'. So he imprisoned her in a room at the top of the castle tower to prevent her from seeing him. Some people say that one day she leaned too far out of a window to try and catch a glimpse of her beloved working in the fields and that she fell to her death. Others say that she was so unhappy that she threw herself from the tower window. Whatever the truth is, today the so-called 'Green Lady' can sometimes be seen sadly moving around the castle. She is most often observed in the tower room where she was imprisoned.
Leeds Castle in Kent must be one of the most beautiful haunted castles in Britain. The ghost that is said to haunt the castle is a black dog, a curly-haired retriever which appears and disappears within moments, sometimes fading into a wall or passing through a closed door. The dog is associated with death or other misfortune befalling a member of the castle owner's family. This is strange because many years ago a woman was sitting by a window when she saw the dog disappearing into a wall. The woman went to investigate the creature and the window by which she had been sitting collapsed landing on the spot where she had been sitting just moments before. The ghost saved her!
There are ghosts in some castles due to evil events of the past. T
Castle owners invite visitors to help them the ghosts away. F
The more bloody the history of the castle is the more haunted it is. NS
Elizabeth haunts the Castle of Mey because she was very unhappy there. T
Elizabeth wanted to marry the farmer without her parents’ consent. NS
Elizabeth died because her beloved was beheaded. F
Ghosts can sometimes warn people of the coming danger. NS
The ghost dog pushed the woman out of the window. F
Read the text again and choose the right option.
Who is a Monster: Dr. Jekyll or Mr. Hyde?
Mr. Utterson is a London lawyer who is a friend of Dr. Jekyll. Doctor Jekyll is a kind, prominent and educated man, a medical doctor and scientist. Jekyll gave up his regular practice to experiment with non-traditional medicine. Utterson is worried because Jekyll has written a will that leaves all his money to his new partner Mr. Hyde. Utterson has heard bad things of Hyde and disliked him at first sight when they met. The lawyer thinks his friend is being blackmailed.
One day, the lawyer is asked to identify the body of a murdered man, Sir Danvers Carew. Hyde is suspected of the murder, but he has disappeared. Jekyll swears that he has not seen Hyde and has broken with him forever. The case remains unsolved.
Suddenly, though, Jekyll locks himself into his laboratory, yelling to the servants through the door, directing them to gather chemicals for him. The servants recognize a change in his voice and think that their master has been murdered and another man has taken his place in the lab. They call Utterson who breaks down the door. On the floor lies Hyde, who has killed himself with poison. Sadly, Utterson understands Hyde returned and killed Jekyll, but the doctor’s body is nowhere to be found.
He does find, however, a letter in which Jekyll explains his relationship to Hyde. Doctor Jekyll believed that there are two parts to each person: the Good Self which is civilized and tries to be the best all the time; and the Bad Self which we try to oppress at all times. He decides to find a way to separate his two beings. He succeeds in his experiments with chemicals and transforms into Hyde to commit horrifying crimes. For a while Jekyll enjoys his two bodies as he can do whatever he likes without fear of discovery. He is shocked when Hyde kills Sir Danvers Carew and threatens his bride. He decides never to take the chemicals again. However, Hyde is now strong and appears whether Jekyll will have him or not. Indeed, Jekyll must use the poison to get rid of him. Jekyll understands that it is only by killing his body that Hyde’s body, too, will die.
Dr. Jekyll is an outstanding … .
a. non-traditional healer b. physicist c. physician d. chemist
Mr. Utterson disliked Mr. Hyde because he thought the latter was …
a. insincere b. dangerous c. nervous d. too good
The police couldn’t arrest Mr. Hyde for murder because … .
a. they couldn’t prove it b. Dr. Jekyll hid him c. they couldn’t catch him d. he left the country
The servants called Mr. Utterson because they were sure … .
a. they had caught Mr. Hyde b. the thief was in the house c. the laboratory had been ruined d. Dr. Jekyll had been killed
Dr. Jekyll who believed in human duplicity (двойственность) had managed to … .
a. clone himself b. turn his friend into Mr. Hyde c. divide himself into two persons d. multiply a number of selves
When Dr. Jekyll turned into Mr. Hyde he … .
a. started drinking b. wanted to marry two ladies c. cheated people d. became a criminal
Dr. Jekyll got really frightened because … .
a. Hyde threatened to kill him b. the servants were ready to open his secret c. he couldn’t control Hyde any more d. Sir Danvers Carew wanted to send him to prison
Dr. Jekyll poisoned himself … .
a. not to go prison b. to destroy Hyde c. to escape Hyde’s control d. to prove his theory
Read the texts. Match the titles to the interpretation of dreams. One title is extra.
1. Comfortable Life 0 2. Work Shows the Workman E 3. Change the Course D 4. Emotions Matter A 5. Promising Joy B 6. High Status in Store C
To see a baboon (a large monkey) in your dream suggests that you need to be more expressive in your feelings. You need to be more direct in telling others how you feel. On the hand, it could be saying that you are expressing yourself in an inappropriate manner. In particular, dreaming of a white baboon means that you are completely devoid of emotions.
To see a baby in your dream means warmth and new beginnings.  Babies symbolize something in your own inner nature that is pure, helpless. If you dream that the baby is smiling at you, then it suggests that you are experiencing pure joy. If you find a baby in your dream, then it suggests that you have understood your hidden potential.
To see or dream that you are on a balcony refers to your desire to be seen and noticed.  You are searching for prestige and higher status. It may also mean that you are on your way up the social ladder. If the balcony is clean, then it indicates that you are looked up to by others. If the balcony is old, then it suggests that your public image is in need of repair. 
To see a ghost in your dream represents something that is no longer within reach. It indicates that you are feeling dissatisfied. Try to understand what the ghost wants or what it is looking for. The dream may also be a calling for you to move on and change your modes of thinking and behavior. To see your own ghost in your dream symbolizes aspects of yourself that you fear.
To see a vegetable or fruit garden in your dream means that your hard work will pay off in the end.  It also symbolizes stability, potential, and inner growth. You need to develop a new skill, pay attention to your spiritual and personal growth. To see a flower garden in your dream represents comfort, love and domestic bliss.
Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
Art Today, Sand Tomorrow!
California resident Jim Denevan, is an amazing artist whose work is admired by all, but owned by none - that's because all of Jim's art is created on an unusual canvas - the soft sand. He sometimes spends days working on a piece, only to see it washed away by the sea or a storm and that is just the way he likes it.
Denevan, who is also a well-regarded chef, discovered his artistic talents about ten years ago, when he was walking along the beach with a stick. He ended up drawing a 12feet long (3 meters 66 centimeters) fish. Since then, Jim has walked over 1,800 miles while creating over 600 pieces of sand art. 
Over the years, his drawings have become bigger and more sophisticated, but the tools he uses haven't changed. All he needs is a stick, a garden rake and most importantly, his vivid imagination!
Just like any good artist, Jim is quite particular about the 'quality' of his canvas, sometimes walking for miles, in search for that perfect patch of sand.
His latest piece of work, which is also the world's largest freelance drawing, was created in the desert sands of Nevada. It took Jim three trips, eight days and over 100 miles of walking to create this 3-mile circular marvel. It took the storm just one night to destroy it! However, Jim says he actually enjoys watching the waves or rain, wash his paintings away.
Jim's art has become very popular over the years and was even the topic of a documentary called 'Sandman' in 2005.
Jim Denevan is not only a sand artist - he is also a skillful chef. Accordingly, group dining events are held outdoors on farms, with the diners being treated to a gourmet meal and talks by local farmers and winemakers. The events, which are held on different farms throughout America, are so popular, that most are sold out the minute the schedule is announced.
Unfortunately nobody can have Jim’s pictures at home. T
Jim needs hard solid materials instead of a canvas for his drawings. F
Jim’s friends take pictures of his works to show them to people. NS
Jim has made more than half a thousand sand drawings that made him popular. T
As his drawings are really big Jim needs assistants. F
Jim thinks that the desert sand of Nevada is the best canvas for his works. NS
He is so talented that he was asked to make scenery for the film “Sandman”. F
As a talented chef Jim is invited by famous restaurants. NS
Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
Frankenstein
At the beginning of the novel the explorer Robert Walton is looking for a new passage from Russia to the Pacific Ocean via the Arctic Ocean. After weeks at sea, the crew of Walton's ship finds a man, Victor Frankenstein, floating on ice almost dead. In Walton's series of letters to his sister in England, he retells Victor's tragic story.
Victor grew up in Geneva, Switzerland. He was a talented child, quick to learn all new subjects. Victor was good at the sciences and wanted to study science. At the university Victor was involved with his studies for two years. He invented a plan to re-create and reanimate a dead body. He used a combination of chemistry, alchemy, and electricity to make his ambition a reality.
However, even Frankenstein was frightened when he saw the fruit of his insane fantasy. The monster ran away from the laboratory and appeared some time later in the Alps, where all the men he saw didn’t want to communicate with him, not so much for his ugliness as for his clearly non-human features. Soon Victor got a letter telling him to come home immediately since an unknown person had murdered his youngest brother, William. Victor knew who the killer was but could not tell his family or the police. One day he saw the monster. He had come to discuss with his maker an interesting proposition — he wanted Victor to make him a friend. Victor refused, and the monster asked to hear his part of the story.
The monster had taught himself to read and understand the language so that he could follow the lives of his "adopted" family, the De Laceys. While the monster wandered the woods, he came upon a jacket with a notebook and letters that had been lost by Victor. From the notes, the monster learnt of his creation. He decided to take revenge on his creator's family for the injury and sorrow he had suffered from others. The monster promised Victor that he would leave Europe and move to South America if he made another monster. Victor agreed to begin work on a second creation and made plans to go to Scotland, with his only friend Henry Clerval, to begin his secret work. Before he left Geneva, Victor agreed to marry Elizabeth, the girl who had been adopted by his family, immediately upon his return from the British Isles. Victor decided to destroy his project and went out to sea to throw the remains. The monster promised to take revenge on Victor. While at sea, Victor's boat was blown off the course by a sudden storm, and he ended up in Ireland. Henry Clerval died during the storm. Victor was miserable knowing he had caused the deaths of so many. Some time later he recovered and started preparations for his marriage to Elizabeth.
The wedding date was set and Victor was afraid of the monster's threat to be with him on his wedding night. The wedding went off as planned. While Victor made sure he covered all possible entrances that the monster could use to get into the wedding chamber, the monster crawled into Elizabeth's room and strangled (задушил) her.
Victor wanted revenge and chased the monster through Europe and Russia. Victor nearly caught the monster near the Arctic Circle when Robert Walton discovered him. Victor was taken aboard Walton's ship to recover from exhaustion.
The monster appeared out of the mist and ice to visit his enemy for the last time. The monster entered the cabin of the ship and told Walton his story. Victor died, and the monster disappeared in the waves and darkness, never to be seen again.
When Victor Frankenstein was found in the Arctic he wasn’t alive. F
His story was so fantastic that nobody believed it. NS
Victor was a talented scientist who invented a method of returning life to the dead. T
All the scientists and common people appreciated Victor’s work. F
Victor’s creation had his features of character. F
The monster wanted to become a member of Victor’s family. NS
As Victor refused to create a partner for the monster the monster started his revenge. T
In the end the monster killed Victor and himself. NS
Grammar and Vocabulary
Read the text and choose the right option
How to Interpret our Dreams
Dream interpretation is more 1. meaningful when you have a clear picture of your dreams. Remembering your dreams clearly is 2. much easier when you get a good night's sleep and take measures 3. to remember as much as possible. Write down everything you remember 4. of your dreams on waking. Make this a 5. daily morning ritual 6. before doing anything else. Avoid 7. using dream interpretation aids. Your dreams are reflections of 8. yourself and belong to you. Decide 9. if the dream reflects a 10. real life situation. Dreams are a means by which you can solve problems that have been worrying you.
a. meaning b. mean c. meaningful d. meaningless
a. more easy b. more easier c. much more easier d. much easier
a. remind b. recall c. memorize d. remember
a. for b. of c. by d. around
a. day b. day’s c. days d. daily
a. before b. until c. till d. after
a. use b. to use c. using d. used
a. yourself b. yourselves c. you d. oneself
a. that b. what c. which d. if
a. true b. normal c. real d. realistic
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Welcome to Dream Moods!
You are entering the (1) mysterious and (2)fascinating world of dreams, MYSTERY/FASCINATE
where the rules of (3)reality do not work. We hope that Dream Moods REAL
will help you to make sense of your dreams and achieve a better (4)understanding UNDERSTAND
of them. We are to help you to find the key to unlocking and (5)interpreting INTERPRET
the (6)meanings to your dreams. When you understand your dreams, MEAN
you will have a clearer view on your (7)personal (8)relationships, your PERSON/RELATION
real (9)feelings and a better perspective on life issues.  You will get FEEL
a (10)discovery of your true self.  DISCOVER
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
Create Art While Riding Your Bike
If you love (1)riding your bike and (2)drawing then, of course, you RIDE/DRAW
(3)are going to (4) be thrilled with this new invention, that allows you GO/THRILL
(5)to do both - simultaneously! Called Chalktrail, it is the brainchild of DO
Mr. Baumann. The idea (6) came to his mind about five years ago, when COME
he (7)saw his kids and their friends constantly (8)getting off their bikes to SEE/GET
create chalk drawings. (9)Thinking there had to be an (10)easier way to do THINK/EASY
both, he created his first prototype by cutting a hula hoop into half.
He tied one end to the seat post of his(11) daughter's bike and left DAUGHTER
the other hanging, with a piece of sidewalk chalk on it. Sure enough,
it worked like a charm and soon every kid in the neighborhood (12)was asking ASK
to get one. Convinced he (13)had created something that kids (14)would love, CREATE/LOVE
Mr. Baumann (15)began working on a more practical and (16)better design. BEGIN/GOOD
Mr. Baumann (17)is currently in talks with a toy company to help him BE
to manufacture millions of them that he believes (18)will be needed by kids. NEED
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
(1) Amazing Pen Portraits AMAZE
Drawing any portrait is difficult enough. Imagine how hard it is to draw
an exact replica of the picture as (2)famous as The Mona Lisa especially FAME
without lifting the tip of your pen. Singapore-base art (3)director and (4)designer DIRECT/DESIGN
Chan Chong drew it (5)beautifully, with such ease that it almost seems BEAUTY
like magic!  (6)Oddly enough, the whole attempt was not to show his (7)unusual ODD/USUAL
talent, but an (8)advertisement for Faber-Castell's PITT Artists Pens. ADVERTISE
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Street Art Illusions
While there are a lot of (1)talented street (2)artists in the world, Edgar TALENT/ART
Muller is unique with his 3-dimensional (3)creations that transform CREATE
ordinary streets into (4)dramatic landscapes. Mueller's most (5)famous DRAMA/FAME
street art includes 'The Crevasse' which he created in Ireland.
The 3-D image, showing a huge (6)dangerous opening in the ground DANGER
from the Ice Age, looked so real that people were afraid of falling into
it. However, once they realized it was just a chalk (7)painting, they had PAINT
lots of fun with it. The giant waterfall on the streets of Moosejaw, Canadacaused a similar (8)reaction, with cars turning different (9)directions REACT/DIRECT
to avoid it. In China, he created a(10) realistic-looking cave, complete REAL
with (11)natural springs. He believes it is his best piece. However, NATURE
his fans (12)disagree, for they still think his most (13)impressive work AGREE/IMPRESS
is a (14)horrifying volcano scene with red-hot lava flowing all around HORROR
that he painted in Germany.
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
The Winner of the Chimpanzee Art Contest
If humans can participate in art contests why (1)can't chimpanzees? After CAN
all they do share over 90% of our DNA and are likely to do as good a job,
if not (2)better! In order to show their art talent the folks at the US Humane GOOD
Society (3)decided to hold a competition. Painting is one of the many DECIDE
activities the centers offer, this was not a very difficult task. What was
tough however was(4) choosing one from the many masterpieces that the CHOOSE
chimpanzees (5)have created over the years. In (6)keeping with the current trend, CREATE/KEEP
the society (7)asked members of the general public to vote for their favourite ASK
on its website. The results (8)were announced on August 29th, 2013. And ANNOUNCE
the winner is  Grandma Brent! The happy chimp who loves (9) laughing LAUGH
and (10)playing has a very unique painting style. She uses her tongue instead PLAY
of a paintbrush! In second place was Save the Chimps by Cheetah. Born
in the 1970's Cheetah (11)spent 19 years of his life (12)living alone in a laboratory, SPEND/LIVE
where he (13)was made to undergo over 400 biopsies. Since he (14)was rescued, MAKE/RESCUE
he (15)has discovered his passion in life - painting! DISCOVER
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Decide what the Dream Means to You.
Dreams that are clear with (1)recognizable objects and events are RECOGNIZE
very (2)useful. Dreams about real life issues can help you find an USE
(3)explanation and solution. History is filled with the (4)inventions EXPLAIN/INVENT
begun in dreams, from (5)scientists to fashion (6)creators. Dreams SCIENCE/CREATE
often come to us as a metaphor, like a puzzle awaiting us to piece
it together. It's harder to understand the (7)meaning of an abstract MEAN
dream than to interpret one with real (8)connections to your waking life. CONNECT
Pay attention to the (9)feelings the dream awakens. There's no one way FEEL
to interpret them. Figure out what makes sense in terms of your
present (10)emotional state. EMOTION
Writing
You have got an e-mail from your English–speaking pen friend about his/her dream which he/she liked very much. Write him/her a letter and answer his/her three questions. Write 80-100 words.
Do you believe in dreams? Can you remember your dreams? Do you think dreams have meaning and can be realized in real life?
You’ve got a letter from your English speaking pen-friend.
… In Scotland I most of all liked our excursion to Loch Ness. Unfortunately I wasn’t lucky to see the monster and I was disappointed as I had read so much about it. Do you believe in mythical creatures? What books have you read or films have you seen about mysterious creatures? Do you think they exist now?
Write her/him a letter and answer her/his questions. Write 100-120 words.
MODULE 4
Readinga) Read the text. Match the titles to the paragraphs A-G. One title is extra.
New Computer School Makes French Students Teach Themselves
In Search of New Talents C
School Founder’s Basic Views E
3. Admission Rules B
4. State Support -
5. All are Equal G
6. Why the number in the name? A
7. Education and Employment D
8. The Innovative System F
A
A newly opened computer school in Paris is called 42. Why 42? In “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy,” the science-fiction novel by Douglas Adams, which is a favourite of technology types in France, the number 42 is proclaimed the “Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe and Everything.” The school was founded by a telecom magnate who says the French education system is failing young people.
B
This year 800 students out of 20000 applicants are going to be accepted to the new school. The process of selection is very intensive. The first stage is cognitive skill tests online. Those who pass them are invited to the month-long camp in Paris where the potential students are challenged with computer problems for 15 hours a day.
C
The only criteria for applying is to be between the ages of 18 and 30. You don't need money and you don't need a particular level of academic achievement. A third of the applicants don't even have high school diplomas. The school authorities are not looking for how much students know but how they think. One of the schools main goals is to unearth talents in poor areas where children don't fit into the traditional French academic education.
D
Today youth unemployment in France is at a 14-year high. At the same time, French companies cannot find enough IT specialists and thousands of young computer enthusiasts can't get training. That prompted 42's founder Xavier Niel to invest $90 million of his own money in the computer school.
E
Niel, the creator of France's third largest telecommunications company, explained the current situation and his position: “If you're the son of a blue collar worker, you're going to be a blue collar worker. Children of elites stay elite. We have 200,000 kids a year who drop out of the French school system and have no hope. They become a drag on society. We want to help these young people to take control of their lives.”
F
The new school’s strategy is to make students learn by solving problems, not to teach them stuff because nobody knows the problems in the future. There are no lectures or traditional teachers, only group projects and “friendly organizers” wearing T-shirts. So, they are creating students able to learn by themselves. They will build their talents and learn from each other.
G
There's no social or national discrimination at this school, because getting in isn't based on one’s education level or social status. It's a true melting pot. Even though 42 doesn't yet offer a recognized diploma, potential students feel sure it will prepare them to face the future better.
b) Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
1. A computer school in Paris was first founded in 1942. F2. 42 is a magically powerful number for technology science fiction lovers in Paris. T
3. It’s difficult to pass the entrance tests to the 42 school. T
4. The applicants are offered a project to make. NS
5. The course is expensive. F
6. Today it’s difficult for IT specialists in France to find jobs. F
7. Self-learning is one of the main pedagogical approaches in the new school. T
8. International students are also invited to 42. NS
2. Read the text and choose the right option.
How Electronic Communications are Changing our Lives
Millions of people already have experience with electronic communications. Every time they make an airline reservation or use an automatic teller machine or have their credit card checked, they are participating in an electronic communication session. It is not only possible for us to communicate immediately with people and places via computer using electronic mail (e-mail), it can also be inexpensive and simple to do. E-mail is only one of many “tools” that are appearing along the “electronic superhighway”. This highway is now the quickest way to get to the people we want to “talk to” and the information we want to find. In short, while e-mail is the simplest and most immediate function of the Internet for many people, there are many other fascinating aspects of electronic communication.
The industrial age has developed into information age, in which the means to access, manipulate, and use information has become crucial (решающий, ключевой) to our lives and success as citizens of the global village. The electronic superhighway provides a free entree to libraries, research institutions, databases, art galleries and countless other sources of data. But for those of us who are interested in intercultural communication, the best part about it all is that Cyberspace is a universal community, with instant access not just to information everywhere, but also to friends old and new around the globe.
Booking an air ticket online ... .
is impossible for millions of people
can be done without a credit card
is an act of electronic communication
you should be ready to communicate with an automatic teller machine
E-mail is ... .
available only for professionals to use
cheap and easy
not very popular as a means of modern communication
the only tool to communicate immediately with people
If we want to find some information quickly we should … .
use the computer technology
go to the library
ask a teacher
write e-mails
The information age … .
is previous to industrial age
gave birth to a new attitude to the information in books
is about how much information you get at your age
made information means and resources the key factor in people’s life
Thanks to electronic communications … .
a) we get more free time
b) we can get access to people’s private mail
c) we can borrow books from a local library
d) virtual excursions to museums became available
For people who are interested in intercultural communication … .
there is a lot of information on the problem in the Internet
the Internet is a source of international friends
the Internet is just a waste of time
it’s difficult to find the people in other countries to contact directly
Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
IBM Says Computers Will See, Taste and Smell, Touch and Hear Things Better in the Future
Every year, IBM Corporation chooses five new technologies it believes will change the world within the next five years. The IBM list is called “Five in Five. ”When identifying the technologies the company considers its own research and the new directions of society and business.
This year, the list describes some future devices that will work with our five senses. Imagine looking for clothes online and touching your computer or smartphone to feel the cloth. IBM predicts that such a technology can be available in the next five years.
Touch is just one of the senses that computers will help to exploit. IBM says smart machines will soon be able to listen to the environment and give us information about the sounds they hear. For example, a speech recognition system will tell new parents why their baby is crying. From the sound the baby is creating you know the difference between a child for example who is sick as opposed to a child who is just lonely. That kind of understanding would be great for parents.
Smart machines will also help to identify medical conditions. If you sneeze on your computer or smart phone, the machine will study thousands of molecules in your breath. Then it can tell you whether you need to see a doctor.
In the near future, built-in cameras in our personal computers will be able to examine and name colours and recognize images. IBM scientists are also developing a computer system that can examine and combine food molecules to create the most popular flavours and smells.
Some leading computer science professors hope the progress that IBM is predicting will lead more talented students to create future inventions.
They believe that advances in computer technology will make what now seems like science fiction a part of our everyday lives.
IBM list called “Five in Five” includes five recent inventions most famous in five biggest countries of the world. F
There is a special project to develop devices that could use our five senses. NS
A new technology will give you a chance to feel the material of the clothes you choose from the distance. T
When a child feels lonely he/she immediately gets ill. F
PC will be able to diagnose serious diseases. F/NS
Computers will be useful for inventing new dishes and different diets. T
University students are active participants of the new computer science inventions. NS
What you find in science fiction today can become real in future. T
Read the text. Match the titles 1-6 to the paragraphs A-F. One title is extra.
Computer Addiction
1. Easy Ways to Analyze One’s Computer Habits D
2. Younger Users at Risk C
3. What Computer Addiction is A
4. What’s the remedy? E
5. Threats of Growing Computer Addiction F
6. Computer Addiction among other Addictions B
7. Stages of Computer Addiction History -
A
Computer addiction is a relatively new term used to describe a dependency on one's computer. Computer addiction is not limited to personal computers (PCs). It covers video games and the Internet and has already been given a label by psychologists, namely Internet addiction disorder (IAD).
B
People can get addicted to a variety of things, and there is usually various ways of help to treat them. Alcohol and drugs have been known for long years. But other forms of addictive behavior, such as exercise, watching television or spending too much time on a computer, have only recently been recognized.
C
The computer addiction has also affected children. Spending hours chatting online, surfing the web or playing computer games can make a person, especially a child indifferent to realistic relationships and other parts of his/her life. A recent research study showed that some children suffer from computer rage (раж, страсть) when they are forbidden to play computer games. The results are sudden uncontrolled periods of anger.
D
So how exactly is computer addiction defined? When does a hobby become an addiction? As with most other dependencies, specific questions can be asked to see whether or not someone may suffer from computer addition. These questions are first of all about how much time is spent on the PC or playing video games, sometimes comparing to how much time is spent interacting with real people.
E
As with any addiction, steps can be taken to treat computer addiction. Limiting the amount of time spent on the computer or playing video games is a simple step. If your computer is on all the time, switch it off. Guidelines for children suggest allowing no more than one hour per night on the PC or playing video games.
H
Computer addiction is said to be increasing. More and more people are spending time in cyberspace in a virtual world of their own making. If not treated, this condition can lead to reduced social skills and degradation in the addict's quality of life.
Grammar and Vocabulary
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
The Internet
Modern Technology has had a great effect on the lives of people and their
entertainment habits. Today, the Internet has undergone a ENTERTAIN
phenomenal global (2) growth. It has become a very important GROW
data-gathering and (3) communication source. The Net COMMUNICATE
(4) encircles the globe. CIRCLE
Young people spend a lot of time on their computers because it’s
(5) exciting and they have found in the Net new ways of meeting EXCITE
a (6) basic human need: the desire to communicate with other people. BASE
People can (7) exchange electronic messages. The Internet becomes CHANGE
post office, (8) printing press and (9) meeting-place all in one. PRINT/MEET
Most companies have their own websites; others exist only on the Internet.
They are (10) usually called “dot com” companies. Some of the most USUAL
(11) successful Net businessmen are teenagers who are still at school. SUCCESS
For example, Tom Hadfield, 16, started a football results website called
soccer-net and it became a great (12) business. BUSY
6.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
Searching the Internet
Here (1) are basic instructions on how to search the Internet. BE
1.The desktop is the (2) first screen that you will see on a computer ONE
that (3) has just been started up. At the left side of the desktop, there START
will be several “icons”. You may use the mouse to double-click on an icon
(4) to open the program which the icon (5) represents. OPEN/REPRESENT
2. (6) To access the Internet, double-click on an Internet browser ACCESS
icon. In most cases, this icon will be called “Mozilla Firefox” or “Internet
Explorer”. There are many (7) others, however. OTHER
3.After step #2, a new screen should appear on your computer
monitor. This screen (8) is called your Internet “homepage”. This is CALL
the first screen that will appear every time you (9) access the Internet. ACCESS
4. At the top of your homepage, there is a long rectangular space
with the word “address” to the left. Clear this space by (9) moving your MOVE
mouse over the text and triple-clicking. Now, you are ready (10) to enter ENTER
a new Internet address in the empty space.
(to be continued)
7. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
Searching the Internet (continued)
5.(1) To do an Internet search, you must first (2) enter the address DO/ENTER
of an Internet search “engine”. The address of the (3) most popular POPULAR
Internet search engine is www.google.com. Enter this address in the
rectangular space. (4) Press the “enter” key on the keyboard (5) to go PRESS/GO
to this new address.
6.A new page (6) will appear on the screen. It will have the title APPEAR
of the search engine “Google” at the top. Below the title, there will be an empty
rectangular space. (7) Move the mouse over this space and single-click. MOVE
7.Now, you are ready to enter the subject which you(8)are searching for. SEARCH
For example, (9) imagine that you (10) want to know who IMAGINE/WANT
(11) won the World Cup of Soccer in 1994. Type “World Cup winner, WIN
soccer, 1994” into the empty rectangular space. Press the enter key on the keyboard.
8.On the new page there is a list of blue (12) websites that all have WEBSITE
information about the World Cup of Soccer in 1994. (13) To access one ACCESS
of these websites, left click on the one that looks (14)most useful to you. USEFUL
9.A new page will appear. On this page there is a full version of the blue
website you (15) have selected. You may use the wheel on the mouse SELECT
(16) to move the page up and down to read the information MOVE
(17) more easily. EASILY
8.Read the text and choose the right option.
Even Macaques Need Computer Time To Relax!
Non-human primates seem (1) to like touchscreen computers (2) as much as humans. The orangutans and gorillas of the Milwaukee Zoo (USA) (3) have been 'enriching their lives' with iPads since 2011. A new study showed that exposing the animals to these (4) devices not only makes their lives more interesting, but also, helps them to relax and become (5) friendlier.
The discovery (6) was made by the scientists during psychological (7) research on a group of macaques. The non-human primates are nearly as (8) successful as humans in studying the subject. The reasons are that they are almost as intelligent and thanks to the (9) skillfulness of their hands, can use many of the same devices.
The scientists set up touchscreens with some matching tasks for the monkeys (10) to complete. Each time they answered a question (11) correctly, the animals were rewarded (12) with a healthy treat. The primates (13) were allowed to go play with the computers when they wanted and leave, when they had enough.
The monkeys that had a chance to interact with the computers seemed to be much (14) happier.
a. liked b. like c. to like d. likely
a. not so … as b. both … and c. as … as d. either … or
a. have been 'enriching b. enrich c. enriched d. are enriching
a. e-readers b. equipment c. machines d. devices
a. friendlier b. most friendly c. friendship d. unfriendly
a. has made b. made c. is made d. was made
a. experience b. research c. science d. lesson
a. successful b. hopeless c. useful d. progressive
a. skills b. skillfulness c. skillful d. skilled
a. complete b. completing c. completed d. to complete
a. correct b. incorrectly c. incorrect d. correctly
a. by b. to c. with d. for
a. allowed b. were allowed c. have been allowed d. will be allowed
a. happier b. happiness c. happy d. more happy
9.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
E-Readers
If you like reading, your bookcase (1) probably contains a good PROBABLE
(2) collection of books you are interested in. If you are looking COLLECT
forward to the (3) development of your (4)reading skills today DEVELOP/READ
you are (5) highly recommended to buy an e-reader. An e-reader is HIGH
a device that allows you to read e-books. An e-book is a (6) book-length LONG
(7) publication in digital form, consisting of the text and images, PUBLISH
and is produced on, published through and (8) readable on computers READ
or other (9) electronic devices. The Oxford Dictionary of English ELECTRON
gives the (11) definition of the e-book as “an electronic version of DEFINE
a printed book”. PRINT
(to be continued)
10.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
E-Readers (continued)
There is a strong opinion nowadays that e-readers are superior to printed
books. (1) Firstly, they save space. The average e-reader can be FIRST
a (2) storage to thousands of digital books, providing a real library at your STORE fingertips. What is more, being the size and (3) weight of a thin hardback, WEIGH
the e-reader itself is (4) relatively small. It is easy to hold and can fit RELATIVE
in a pocketbook or briefcase (5) easily. EASY
In (6) addition, e-readers are superior to books because they are ADD
(7) environmentally (8) friendly. It takes nearly one ENVIRONMENT/FRIEND
whole tree to make 1000 novels of 300 pages. Since e-readers use no
trees, they are of great (9) importance in the environment (10) preservation. IMPORTANT/PRESERVE
(11) Finally, e-readers provide (12) helpful reading tips and tools FINAL/HELP
that printed books do not. The (13) typical e-reader allows its (14) user TYPE/USE
to choose letter size, font (шрифт), and line spacing. Perhaps
the most (14) helpful of all is the (15) ability to get dictionary HELP/ABLE
(16) definitions at the touch of a finger. DEFINE

11.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
The ZX Spectrum
In April 1982 a British company, (1) headed by Sir Clive Sinclair, HEAD
launched the ZX Spectrum computer on the market and sparked
an IT revolution. The tiny black computer with (2) its rubber keys started IT
the computer age both in the UK and elsewhere, which (3) led to LEAD
a boom in computer manufacturing and (4) developed software DEVELOP
(5) programmers whose talent is still evident today. PROGRAMMER
The ZX Spectrum was the brainchild of Clive Sinclair, who
(6) had previously developed one of the first cheap and slim pocket DEVELOP
calculators. The Spectrum was Sinclair's (7) fourth computer, but by far FOUR
the (8) most successful. SUCCESSFUL
For many people, the ZX Spectrum was their first experience of (9) using USE
a computer. In fact, Clive Sinclair and his ZX Spectrum can fairly
(10) be recognized as the beginning of the IT industry in the UK. Even today, RECOGNIZE
programmes (11) are being written for the Spectrum, though WRITE
it (12) has not been made for years. The computer was so successful MAKE
that there are many nostalgic users all over the world, who (13) look back LOOK
on this machine with great affection.
Writing
12. You have received a letter from your English–speaking pen friend about his/her use of the Internet for studies and in free time. Write him/her a letter and answer him/her three questions. Write 80-100 words.
Do you often use the Internet in your studies? How much time do you spend on writing e-mail messages? Do you use English when searching the Net?
13. You have received a letter from your English speaking pen-friend David.
...I got a new smartphone as a birthday present from my parents. Now it’s my favourite among all my gadgets! What gadgets have you got? What is the most useful of them? What is your favourite? Why?
Write him a letter and answer his questions. Write 100-120 words.
MODULE 5
ReadingRead the texts. Match the titles to the descriptions of unusual talents. One title is extra.
1. An Amazing Design E 2. The Mysterious Artist D 3. Sculpture Balanced On A Single Feather 0 4. The Unusual Tool A 5. An Edible Painting C 6. A Wall as a Canvas B
For most of us a typewriter is a relic of the past. But for Keira Rathborne, it is a means to create really cool art. The 25-year old graduate spends up to 90 hours creating each masterpiece, working at various letters and punctuation marks thousands and thousands of times to get the right image. Keira's drawings range from beautiful landscapes to famous celebrities. Her favorite key for buildings and views is dashes and apostrophes, while for portraits she prefers brackets. Now she can type-draw almost anything by just tapping with one finger - quite amazing!
. For most part, elementary school student Solveig, is just like any other 10-year old. She loves to play with Barbies, ride her bike, and paint. However, unlike other kids her age, she doesn't paint on a piece of paper or even a canvas - she paints on street walls! Solveig started her graffiti paintings two years ago, when she saw some other people doing it and thought it looked fun. Now she is known as the Picasso of Street Painting. In last two years, she has created 20 colorful, larger-than-life paintings. She has been recently invited by one of London's leading newspapers The Sun, to create something special for them.
It took 10,000 pieces of pasta, countless hours of  gluing and a huge backache - but the result looked good enough to eat and almost as good as the original Mona Lisa. Prudence Emma Statie, who created it, spent two weeks searching for different kinds of pasta which she arranged to capture every line of Mona Lisa's smiling face. The brown, yellow and green shades of pasta almost match the colors of the real painting by Leonard da Vinci. Ms. Staite, a food artist, said that this was the hardest food creation she had ever made, because she had to glue each piece of dry pasta to a wooden board.
For the past few months, residents of the town of Stourbridge in the United Kingdom have been waking up to a pleasant surprise. One day they found empty milk bottles with beautiful farm animals cut into the glass on their doorsteps.  However, just like Santa, nobody had seen or knew who this amazing artist was until now. Charlotte Hughes-Martin, a 30-year old artist, finally confessed to being the secret 'Santa'. Charlotte, who carves her creations in a studio at a former glass factory, said she was motivated by the desire to show people how even ordinary everyday items can be turned into beautiful pieces of art.
There are numerous amazing architectural designs but none is as creative, and unusual as Bulgaria's Snail House! The house designed by local architect Simeon Simeonov looks as though the mollusk is crawling on the street's sidewalk except for the fact, that it is a little larger and more colourful than the real one. At first glance it may look just like a decorative structure, but a closer examination reveals some amazing features. The bee on top of the house is a chimney, and the snail horns act as night lights. The mouth-shaped door with red lips will bring a smile on the visitor's face.
Read the texts and match the titles to them. One title is extra.
1. Newspaper Announcement D 2. Orchestra Feedback A
3. Producer’s Address E 4. Kids’ Reaction 0 5. Musical Journal Review C 6. Audience Feedback B
A. You can't imagine how great it is to work with people who are so good at what they do - and to never have to worry about a thing. Honestly, you are so well organized and all so professional, it is a complete pleasure to work with you. So thanks for everything! Having received many awards and honors, Classical Kids is considered a leader in its field. Classical Kids is proud to say, “We’re making a difference!”
B. These Classical Kids Live! series are Amazing! The stories are engaging, the music is beautiful, and they are so educational! The series are designed to bring to life the extraordinary lives and the musical masterpieces of the great classical composers. Thank you, thank you for giving me the chance to bring my kids to such a wonderful performance... one that brought me to tears!
C. The Classical Kids are far and away THE BEST for introducing children to classical music! Theatrical Symphony Concert Series has cooperated with hundreds of distinguished orchestras presenting over a thousand performances to bring to life Susan Hammond’s audio stories for student and family audiences. Over two million children and adults throughout North America and abroad have enjoyed these magically staged concerts.
D. The Classical Kids are creating a brand new theatrical symphony concert production based on the life and music of George Gershwin, and it’s scheduled to premiere next season with the National Symphony Orchestra at the Kennedy Center in Washington, DC! George Gershwin’s music will touch the hearts of today’s young people and ensuring that his musical legacy lives on!
E. Things are really moving quickly here at Classical Kids LIVE! And we need your help now more than ever! I am thrilled to announce that the National Endowment for the Arts has given us a grant for the Gershwin production. However, it will only cover a small portion of our production creation costs. The rest must come from generous donations by donors like you. We know our new Gershwin production will be extremely popular with orchestras around the world!
Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
The Sweet Whistling Language That Transforms Humans into Nightingales
If you ever visit La Gomera, one of the small islands that make up the Canaries, you are guaranteed to hear some sweet nightingale. Wonderful whistling sounds! While some may come from the golden-voiced bird itself, chances are most that you are hearing them coming from the residents, who believe it or not, are pronouncing actual words to each other in a language they call Silbo Gomera (Spanish for 'Gomeran Whistle').
Nobody knows for sure how this whistling language originated, since it was invented even before the original residents of the island came to settle there. It is believed that before the last of them left the island in the 16th century, they passed it on to the Spanish settlers who not only adopted it, but also, translated it to Spanish.
Like most ancient languages, it was used until about the 19th century and then began to die down. By the late 20th century, hardly anyone could 'speak' this unique whistling language. Alarmed at the loss of what was regarded as a cultural heritage, the local government decided to step in and make the language compulsory for all students.
Today, all the residents of this tiny island are good at Silbo Gomera and take great pride in chirping (щебетать) away at each other. Also, while there are a few other whistling languages around the world, this is the only one that is fully developed - one where every vowel and consonant of the local spoken language, Castilian Spanish can be mimicked by distinct whistles, making for some real sweet sounds!
The whistling language is one of the variants of Spanish. T
Tourists who come to the island learn the whistling language. NS
The inhabitants never speak, they either sing or whistle. NS
The language was used only in pre-historic times. F
The inhabitants of the island are proud of their native language. T
Silbo Gomera is an artificial language created in the 19th century. F
The local authorities open special schools to teach everybody the unique language. NS
There are a lot of whistling languages in the world like Silbo Gomera. F
Read the text and choose the right option.
Anna Netrebko
Anna Netrebko is a Russian operatic soprano. One of the most in demand operatic singers, she has been nicknamed "La Bellissima – the Beauty" by fans. Netrebko was born in Krasnodar. While a student at the Saint Petersburg conservatoire, Netrebko worked as a caretaker washing the floors of Saint Petersburg's Mariinsky Theatre. Later, she took part in the casting performing for the Mariinsky Theatre, where the famous conductor Valery Gergiev recognized her from her prior work in the theater. He subsequently became her vocal adviser. Under Gergiev's guidance, Netrebko made her operatic stage debut at the Mariinsky at the age 22, as Susanna in Figaro’s Marriage. She went on to sing many prominent roles with the Kirov Opera. In 1995, at the age of 24, Netrebko made her American debut as Lyudmila in Glinka’s Ruslan and Lyudmila at the San Francisco Opera. Following this successful performance, she became a frequent guest singer in San Francisco. She is known as an acclaimed interpreter of other Russian operatic roles, such as Natasha in Prokofiev’s War and Peace and Marfa in The Tsar’s Bride. In 2002, Netrebko made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera. In the same year, she sang her first Donna Anna at the Salzburg Festival's production of Don Giovanni. She also performed at the Russian Children's Welfare Society's major fund raiser, the "Petroushka Ball". She returned to the Ball in 2003 and 2006 and is an honorary director of the charity. She was triumphant wherever she performed.
In 2008 her son Tiago Netrebko was born. In her first performance after her maternity leave, Netrebko sang Lucia in Lucia di Lammermoor when it opened at the Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg on 14 January 2009. She then sang the same role in January and February 2009 at the Metropolitan Opera. In September 2011, it was announced that Netrebko will be performing at either or both of the opening and closing ceremonies for the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi near her native Krasnodar. Due to her full voice and bright timber, she is usually casted as a young, innocent girl, and other such sympathetic characters. She is an excellent actress and displays deep emotion and passion in her singing. Her beautiful and soothing sound tends to fascinate the audiences.
There is a great variety of characters to choose from ranging from leading roles to minor characters for any lyric soprano. It means that a lyric soprano will always have a place in an opera. The most sought after lyric soprano at this time is the Russian singer Anna Netrebko, who’s again the leading lady in house at the Metropolitan Opera
Anna Netrebko is from … .
a. Austria b. Italy c. Russian Federation d. the USAWhen Anna Netrebko studied at the conservatoire she worked as … .
a. a teacher b. a singer c. a cleaner d. a conductor
Valery Gergiev was Anna Netrebko’s … .
a. partner b. instructor c. director d. manager
Anna Netrebko made her debut in … .
a. Vienna b. Moscow c. Saint Petersburg d. ItalyAmericans appreciate Anna Netrebko for her role … .
a. as Susanna in Figaro’s Marriage b. as Donna Anna c. in Russian operas d. as Lucia in Lucia di Lammermoor
Anna Netrebko takes part in the work of .. .
a. boarding schools b. charity organizations c. festivals d. children’s concerts
Anna Netrebko is going to … at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.
a. be a guest b. carry the fire c. be one of the jury d. sing
Anna Netrebko is the leading lady in many theatres because of her… .
a. beauty b. temperament c. talent d. soprano voice
a) Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs. One title is extra.
1. The Famous Trademark E 2. Russian Cinema Treasure House C 3. Update Modernization D 4. The Place for Festivals 0 5. The Emblem of the Studio B 6. The Biggest & Oldest Film City A
Mosfilm, the Russian Hollywood, marks its 90th anniversary
Mosflim needs no special introduction because it has been Europe's largest movie studio for many decades. It was founded on January 24, 1924. This year will see its 90th anniversary. Mosfilm is an entire movie town in the southwest of today’s Moscow. It is the studio where the best pictures of Sergei Eisenstein, Vsevolod Pudovkin, Alexander Dovzhenko, Sergei Bondarchuk, and Andrei Tarkovsky were made, the studio that houses the history of Russian and Soviet cinema.
When the first full-length film "Up on the Wings" (director Boris Mikhin) was released onto screens of the country in January 1924, it became a creative collective team. Since then this state enterprise has been producing films constantly and got its present name in 1935. The famous image – the sculpture "Worker and Peasant Woman" by V. Mukhina in front of the Spasskaya tower – appeared for the first time in 1947 in the film "Spring" by Grigoriy Alexandrov.
Over the years, Mosfilm studios has produced more than 2500 films and several generations of viewers, both at home and abroad, were brought up with these films. Many of them are included in the world treasury of cinematography and have won prizes at many festivals in our country and abroad. Now the studio remains faithful to its creative traditions and continues to be the largest production studio in Europe.
Over the last nine years Mosfilm has been actively upgrading its production facilities and technical resources. Mosfilm put a colossal amount of effort into modernizing its pavilions and studios, equipping them with the latest hardware and filming equipment according to the most demanding modern standards. The Sound Studio and mixing studio were outfitted with the latest digital equipment, making them the world’s first studios to receive certificates from Dolby Laboratories in 2006.
Today Mosfilm is synonymous with advanced technologies, continuous film production, creative professionals, and unique collections of historical costumes, props and retro cars. Mosfilm is proud to have its brand on most of Russian motion pictures, television and video products. With a production capacity of over 100 films a year, Mosfilm creates, releases and sells motion pictures, television series, and videos. It handles everything from the script to final film copies.
b) Read the text again and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
Many world famous directors used Mosfilm as a movie studio. T
Some best European films were also made there. NS
The famous sculpture by Mukhina won the competition to become the studio symbol. NS
The famous film studio is a private organization. NS
Many of Mosfilm films are outstanding and world famous. T
Technically the studio doesn’t suit modern standards. F
Some years ago the studio was modernized by some European companies. NS
Nowadays Mosfilm concentrates on producing TV serials. F
Grammar and Vocabulary
Read the text and choose the right option
Thelma Levett Is No Ordinary Balloon Lady!
Thelma Levett can twist a balloon into a masterpiece. Over the years, she 1.has made life-sized tricycles, Barbie dolls and even a pink Cadillac that she 'drove' around town much 2.to the disappointment of the local authorities. Now, she has 3.come up with something even more incredible - a real-life wedding dress complete with lace sleeves. The wedding gown was inspired by the one Kate Middleton 4. had worn at her wedding. As you can 5.imagine, it was not an easy task. She had 6. to complete the dress in a record four days - during which time she blew and twisted the 5,000 balloons.
Vicky, her 21-year old daughter for whom the dress was made, says that wearing it is a bit challenging. She is always afraid of popping a balloon or two. However, the dress is extremely 7.comfortable once she has it 8.on. Ms. Levett, who works as a party entertainer, began playing around with balloons about 15 years ago and 9.has never looked back since. Her 10.biggest desire is to create an ensemble for American pop star, Lady Gaga!
a. made b. makes c. has made d. is making
a. for b. to c. of d. with
a. appeared b. come in c. come on d. come up
a. dressed b. put c. worn d. showed
a. brainstorm b. fantasize c. feature d. imagine
a. completed b. to complete c. completing d. complete
a. convenient b. convenience c. comfort d. comfortable
a. on b. off c. for d. around
a. looked b. looks c. has looked d. had looked
a. hugest b. gigantic c. most d. biggest
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
An 1.Impressive 2. Sculpture IMPRESS/SCULPT
Toothpick sculptures are not 3.unusual. Many 4.artists have created USUAL/ART
some 5.amazing masterpieces. However, Scott Weaver from San Francisco AMAZE
has taken it to a new level. It has 6.moving parts. Scott has created MOVE
pathways through which ping-pong balls navigate to 7.different DIFFER
8. neighborhoods of the city, providing the viewer with a virtual tour NEIGHBOUR
of its most important landmarks. In 9.addition to that he has added some ADD
highlights of his 10.personal life to the 11.sculpture. Among them are a saloon PERSON/SCULPT
12.owned by his great-grandfather. 13.Surprisingly this delicate OWN/ SURPRISE
14.creation has survived an earthquake and four house moves. CREATE
Scott Weaver has used about 100,000 toothpicks and spent 3,000 hours
on his masterpiece.
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
Copenhagen's Unusual Solution for Graffiti-Covered Building
Copenhagen, Denmark's capital and l.largest city is not only famous LARGE/FAME
for its amazing quality of life, but also, for being one of the 2.world's most WORLD
environmentally friendly 3.cities. However, as in any urban area, the city CITY
has its vandals - graffiti artists. One particular eyesore, was the 4.children's CHILD
playground pavilion in the Central park. Danish architectural firm MLRP
5.came up with the idea of 6.turning it into a fun interactive structure. And it COME/TURN
7.has become the pride and joy of the neighborhood! The 8.best part is, BECOME/GOOD
the architects and the Municipality of Copenhagen are not done yet. They
9.are going to work on a footbridge across the lake that 10.will have GO/HAVE
many fun things.
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Graffiti Art
Some love graffiti art and see it as an 1.expression of 2.creativity, while EXPRESSS/CREATE
others think it is awful. However, even the most 3.furious critics of FURY
this art form cannot find fault with this graffiti board that uses just LED
lights and water! The brilliant 4.invention is the brainchild of the French 5.artist INVENT/ART
Antonin Fourneau who worked with a team of 6.talented 7.designers to create TALENT/DESIGN
a giant wall. It took the team several weeks to prepare the unique wall and
on July 22nd the 8.lucky residents were given the opportunity to go wild LUCK
with their 9.imagination. The project was a huge hit. Both young and old, IMAGINE
amateurs and experts came to show off their 10.artistic skills on it. The only ART
regret was that it was a temporary exhibit that was removed after two days.
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Halloween Pumpkin Sculptures
Last weekend, 1.visitors to the New York 2.Botanical Garden had a real VISIT/BOTANY
treat. That's because in 3.addition to admiring the 4.beautiful exhibits, ADD/BEAUTY
they got a chance to see the Michelangelo of pumpkin 5.carvers, Ray CARVE
Villafane. The team of pumpkin 6.carvers began the weekend with a CARVE
7. demonstration at the city's Grand Central Station, where thousands of DEMONSTRATE
8.commuters got a chance to see them sculpt a grotesquely large pumpkin COMMUTE
into an amazingly detailed Halloween zombie. They then moved their
efforts to the garden, where they continued their 9.scary creations. The SCARE
10.carvings are part of the garden's annual Haunted Pumpkin Garden CARVE
11.Festival. While the pumpkin maestro is now 12.famous for his extraordinary FESTIVE/FAME
carving talents, Ray's path to this 13.unusual hobby was quite 14.accidental. USUAL/ ACCIDENT
After graduating he decided to pursue a career as an art 15.teacher. Then he TEACH
decided to try his hand at 16.professional sculpting - not 17.boring wax PROFESSION/ BORE
figures, but fun Marvel characters. He was so good that he left his 18.teaching TEACH
job and joined DC comics as a full-time 19.sculptor of wax prototypes of SCULPT
toys and 20.action figures. Though pumpkin carving remained his 21.favourite ACT/ FAVOUR
hobby, only the locals knew how good he was until 2007, when he was invited to Food 22.competition which he won. Today, Ray's Halloween pumpkins COMPETE
are world-known.
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
A Mysterious Tree Sculptor
For the last two months, the residents of a small historic town in the UK 1.have been watching the radical transformation of ordinary trees into WATCH
extraordinary works of art. The artist who 2.created/had created the magic tree CREATE
carvings did not want 3.to be discovered. But, the locals and the media DISCOVER
4.were not going to give up that easily. Reporters from the BBC decided to GO
approach the owner of the wooded area to see if he 5.knew anything about KNOW
them. It was he who 6.had asked award-winning British tree sculptor Tommy ASK
Craggs to create these mystical works of art. Craggs only 7.carves trees that CARVE
8. are already on the ground or those that need to be felled. The town folk 9.are not BE
complaining. These sculptures 10.have just added a new tourist attraction to COMPLAIN-NOT/ADD
the area that is already popular for its annual art festivals.
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
1.Icy Cool Music ICE
People make all kinds of things out of ice from 2.frozen aquariums to FREEZE
ice hotels. But, 3.Norwegian-born 4.composer Terje Isungset, has NORWAY/COMPOSE
found a truly unique way to use ice carving it into 5.musical MUSIC
instruments that can actually be played. Terje grew up in a family
of 6.musicians, so it was not 7.surprising that he followed their footsteps. MUSIC/SURPRISE
However, he turned out to be a very 8.creative person who didn’t like CRATE
9.normal instruments. Instead, he made his own, using 10.natural things NORM/NATURE
like arctic birch, granite and slate. His 11.favourite choice has become ice – FAVOUR
one frozen from pure glacier water, so that he can create transparent
instruments. Both the audience and the 12.artist enjoyed the simple music ART
that came from these instruments. Today, his 13.unusual instruments have USUAL
become so 14.famous that he has been invited to perform all over the world. FAME
Writing
Your English pen-friend is interested in your tastes for cinematography. Write her/him an e-mail about your favourite film, your comments on the actors and their acting, what you think about the plot, why you would like to recommend it to your friends. Write 70-80 words.
You’ve got a letter from your friend.
I’m trying to learn a bit of Russian but so far I’d like to read books by Russian authors in translation. Chekhov is very popular in my country but honestly I don’t quite understand his plays. Shakespeare seems easier to me. Who is your favourite Russian writer? What about English authors? Do you try to read in the original? What is your opinion of Shakespeare? Have you read books by Lewis Carroll?
Write her/him a letter and answer her/his questions. Write 100-120 words.
MODULE 6
Readinga) Read the text. Match the titles to the paragraphs A-E. One title is extra.
Adventurous Dining
A Sensory Culinary Experience E
An Exotic Dinner A
Dining on the Ice -
4. A Theatre Experience C
5. An Unusual Setting D
6. A Restaurant with a View B
Tired of eating at the same boring restaurants? Looking for a change? Here are some restaurants that offer original menus, original locations, and original service for an... yes, you guessed it, original restaurant experience. See for yourself which ones you fancy.
A
Looking for something adventurous? The Archipelago in London is just the thing for you. At £10.50, the most popular meal in this restaurant is crocodile. Yes, you read it correctly, crocodile. It is served with a yellow plum dip. If that is not daring enough for you, there are plenty of other dishes on the menu. If you are feeling brave, try the “Love Bug Salad” or a delicious plate of locusts and crickets (саранча и сверчки) for just £7.50. Good luck.
B
Want to enjoy the sights while you're eating? Try The Top of the World restaurant. At 800 feet (244 m) above Las Vegas, diners can enjoy a spectacular view of Las Vegas in this revolving restaurant. However, the real adventure starts at the end of the meal. That's when the customers are taken from their seats at the ground level to the observation rooms in elevators that travel at a remarkable speed. Hold on to your stomach!
C
Longing for dinner with some drama? Dine with mimes at Mim in Barcelona. The service is unique. Your waiter will take your order in mime and keep you entertained with performances in between courses. The location is also special. Customers eat in theatrical surroundings. Now the question is how do you mime “I’ll have the lobster, please”?
D
Don’t care about presentation? You’ll be fine at The Toilet Bowl in Taiwan. The theme of this restaurant is the toilet, and you would be surprised how many people queue up for the experience of eating on toilet seats. Don’t be put off by the bowls which are shaped like western-style toilets – it’s all part of the scenery!
E
Welcome to Dans Le Noir restaurant, London! You are about to live an unbelievable experience: eating and drinking in the complete darkness. With the help of our blind guides you are going to re-evaluate the notions of taste and smell through our gastronomic and pedagogical process. Our food, mostly organic, is based on first quality ingredients, making this experience as interesting and tasty as possible.
b) Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
1. Original restaurants all have original names. NS
2. The observation rooms in The Top of the World restaurant are located in the elevators of the building. F
3. You should know the special language of mimicry to go to the Mim restaurant. F
4. Waiters in the Mim are supposed to be talented actors. T
5. The Mim restaurant is situated in the theatre lounge. F
6. The Toilet Bowl is a very popular restaurant in Taiwan. T
7. Dans Le Noir restaurant works only at night. F
8. Blind guides take the customers to their tables. NS
2. a) Read the text. Match the titles to the paragraphs A-F. One title is extra.
Voluntary Work in the USA
Help the Young and the Old C
Prepare Yourself to Medical Career D
Keep Your Neighbourhood Tidy and Human E
4. A Phone as a Tool of Help B
5. Join us at the Shelter! -
6. A Wide Choice A
7. Assist and Get Assisted F
A There are many different types of youth volunteer opportunities for teens who are looking for early career experience and ways to serve the community. Volunteer jobs can be found in almost every non-profit organization, at health care centers, community recreation organizations, and public service agencies. Young people who volunteer can work in an office, work with children, help in hospitals, or perform any number of other jobs, depending on their skills and goals.
B Youth volunteer opportunities as office and fundraising assistants typically are available at not-for-profit groups. Often, these groups need people to work with telephone calls. To fill these jobs, they typically look for young people who want to earn some job experience and help the community at the same time. These jobs can involve routine office tasks like filing and using the telephone.
C There are also a lot of youth volunteer opportunities for teens who want to work with kids and people with special needs. Volunteer work can be found at nursing homes, day care centers, and social service organizations. Teens will often have the opportunity to work directly with clients and their families, offering general support to the regular staff. Volunteer jobs include reading to clients, playing games and sports with kids, helping to prepare meals, and going along as a chaperone (сопровождающий) on public outings.
D For young people who want to get involved in health care, many youth volunteer opportunities are available in hospitals, doctor's offices, and dental offices. These volunteer positions may include helping office staff, helping health care professionals, transporting patients, and giving out reading materials.
E Young people looking for youth volunteer opportunities to serve their general community often find unpaid community service jobs. These can include cleaning up parks and roadside trash, working in community recreation centers, and volunteering with social service agencies. Teens can also volunteer their time with religious and civic organizations.
F In some areas, teen volunteer work programmes are referred to as a youth corps. These groups provide both volunteer work experience and room and board for young people. Often, young men and women who have gone through some life challenges and don’t have a clear career path may participate in youth programmes like this.
b) Read the text again and choose the right option.
Teens volunteer jobs ... .
can be chosen from a big variety
can’t supply any early career experience
can be found only in big cities
all require special skills
Volunteer work with children … .
can be done by adults only
can often involve organizing sport activities
doesn’t include contacting their parents
is available only for those who can cook children’s meals
Teens who volunteer in hospitals … .
get paid
have a chance to watch and help medical professionals
can be offered positions among junior staff
should take a special course of instruction
Unpaid community service jobs ... .
all deal with environmental protection
are not popular with teens looking for volunteer jobs
are typical family hobbies
can often include tidying up the neighbourhood
In a youth corps young people … .
get professional education
can get challenging life experiences
can stay and do volunteer work
have to pay for accommodation and meals
3. Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
A Violinist in the Metro A man sitting at a metro station in Washington DC started to play the violin; it was a cold January morning. He played six Bach pieces for about 45 minutes. During that time, since it was rush hour, thousand people went through the station, most of them on their way to work. Three minutes went by and a middle-aged man noticed there was a musician playing. He slowed his pace and stopped for a few seconds and then hurried up to meet his schedule. A minute later, the violinist received his first dollar tip: a woman threw the money in the till and without stopping continued to walk. A few minutes later, a man leaned against the wall to listen to him, but then the man looked at his watch and started to walk again. Clearly he was late for work. The one who paid the most attention was a 3-year-old boy. His mother tagged him along, she hurried but the kid stopped to look at the violinist. Finally the mother pushed hard and the child continued to walk turning his head all the time. This action was repeated by several other children. All the parents, without exception, forced them to move on. In the 45 minutes the musician played, only 6 people stopped and stayed for a while. About 20 gave him money but continued to walk their normal pace. He collected $32. When he finished playing and silence took over, no one noticed it. No one applauded, there was no recognition. No one knew this but the violinist was Joshua Bell, one of the best musicians in the world. He played one of the most complicated pieces ever written with a violin worth 3.5 million dollars. Two days before his playing in the subway, Joshua Bell had performed at a theater in Boston. The house was full and the seats were $100 at average. This is a real story. Joshua Bell’s playing incognito at the metro station was organized by the Washington Post as part of a social experiment about perception, taste and priorities of people. The outlines were: in a commonplace environment at an unusual hour: Do we perceive beauty? Do we stop to appreciate it? Do we recognize the talent in an unexpected context? One of the possible conclusions from this experience could be: If we do not have a moment to stop and listen to one of the best musicians in the world playing the best music ever written, how many other things are we missing?
There was a classical music concert officially organized at the metro station. F
The violinist performed several pieces of jazz music. F
A lot of passengers stopped to listen as they recognized the famous musician. F
The children were more interested in music than the adults. T
After the musician stopped playing the audience burst into applause. F
It was the first and only time that the world famous musician Joshua Bell played at the metro station. NS
The theatre was full when Joshua Bell played there. T
It’s difficult for common people to recognize the talent in an unexpected context. T
Read the text. Match the wall characteristics given below to the paragraphs A-D.
A Guide to Great Walls
A
Erected in 1961 to prevent East German citizens moving to the West, the Berlin Wall initially consisted mainly of barbed wire (колючая проволока) and armed guards. Within months a concrete wall began to appear. On the east side of the wall, tank traps and ditches were built as protection against attack.
Although over 170 people lost their lives in Berlin trying to escape to the West, human will and ingenuity (изобретательность) often won, with a number of successful escape attempts via tunnels and, on one occasion, in a home-made hot air balloon. The 107-kilometre-long structure lost its importance in 1989, when Hungary allowed East Germans to pass through their country on their way to Austria and West Germany, and after travel restrictions were lifted, people began to destroy whole sections of the wall. Now very little of it remains and the land has been used for housing and other property development.
B
Stretching for several thousand kilometres from the east coast of the country to the Gobi Desert, the Great Wall of China is said to be the only man-made structure visible from outer space. The oldest section was begun in 221 BC, using soldiers and local people, as well as intellectuals who were sentenced to forced labour under repressive Qin dynasty. Not surprisingly, the layers of compacted earth used to construct the wall soon began to crumble, and it was left to the later Han dynasty to restore and add to it.
By now the wall has turned from a mere defense system for keeping out marauding tribes (племена мародеров) into a safe place where trade could flourish, and bustling market towns sprang up at the busy gates. The ornate and imposing structure appeared in the fourteenth century with the use of advanced brick-building technology. Then the three separate walls were joined to create this truly impressive construction.
C
Situated in the north of England at one of the narrowest parts of the country, Hadrian’s Wall is one of the most important monuments built by the Romans in Britain. The construction of the wall began in 120 AD on the orders of Emperor Hadrian, who wanted to mark the northern boundary of his Empire. The 117-kilometre wall was inhabited by thousands of troops, who lived in a series of forts situated at strategic locations.
In the later centuries its stones were used by local people to build houses, walls and even churches. Nevertheless, spectacular stretches of the wall remain and a number of forts and museums along its length can be visited, providing a fascinating glimpse into the lives of the Roman soldiers who patrolled it. Although built of stone, the wall itself is vulnerable to erosion and visitors are not recommended to walk on it. Designated a Unesco World Heritage Site in 1987, Hadrian’s Wall is one of the most famous architectural treasures in the world.
D
Originally known as Eboracum, York served as a military base for the Romans, who were the first to build a set of defenses on the site. However, most of the 3.5 kilometres of wall – the longest town wall in England – date from the Middle Ages. Throughout their length one can still see a number of medieval gateways, or ‘bars’, which acted as control points. Non-residents and those who were not members of a guild were charged a toll (пошлина) on items brought into the city.
As York’s status as England’s second city fell off in the nineteenth century, York Corporation began disassembling sections of the walls, because it was too expensive to keep them in good condition. They also argued that the walls were of no historical value and that they caused disease by preventing the free circulation of the air. Local people protested and the York Footpath Association set about restoring parts of the wall, sure that their work would help to attract tourists. The city and its walls now receive a million visitors every year.
According to the information given in texts, which wall…
1) can be seen from a great distance?__B____
2) can be easily damaged?__C____
3) had additional fortifications running alongside it?_C_____
4) was considered a threat to health?_D_____
5) is no longer very much in evidence?_A_____
6) is a series of different walls which were connected?__B____
7) required certain people to pay money when passing through?__D____
8) was built with the help of prisoners?_B_____
9) is compared favourably with other ancient monuments?___C___
10) became unnecessary as a result of events elsewhere?__A____
11) was partly ruined by the authorities?__D____
12) proved to be an ideal site for commercial activity?__D____
13) did not always achieve its purpose?___A___
14) offers visitors an insight into the lives of the original guards?__C____
Grammar and Vocabulary
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
The Dream PalaceOnce upon a time, Krishnadeva Rai, who ruled over the Vijayanagar (1)kingdom, KING
dreamt about a (2) beautiful palace. It was made of glittering stones BEAUTY
and floated in the air. The palace could be lit up with a thousand lights or
made to (3) disappear into the (4) darkness by merely wishing so. APPEAR/DARK
The king couldn’t stop thinking about that (5)unforgettable dream palace. FORGET
So, one day, he called all his courtiers (придворные) and told them
about it. Then the king made a public (6) announcement: "If someone ANNOUNCE
can make such a palace for me, I will give him hundred thousand
gold coins!" The courtier's mouths fell open. "Is the king mad? Who ever
heard of a palace floating in air," they thought. But they were
not (7) courageous enough to say so. Many of the king's well-wishers COURAGE
told him that such a palace can only have (8) existence in one's mind. But EXIST
he insisted that it could be built in (9) reality. He also threatened his REAL
courtiers with severe (10) punishment if they did not find someone PUNISH
who could make the dream come true.
(to be continued)
6.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
The Dream Palace (continued)
The courtiers (1) were worried. And they asked Tenali Rama to do WORRY
something. A few days (2) later, a very old man came into the (3)king's LATE/KING
court. He (4) was crying for justice. The king asked: "Old man, CRY
what's the problem? Tell me without fear and I shall see that justice
(5) is done." "I (6) 've been robbed, Your Majesty," cried the old man. DO/ROB
"All my savings (7) are gone." "Who (8) robbed you?" thundered the GO/ROB
king. "You name him and I (9) 'll have him hanged immediately!" "Your HAVE
Majesty! If you (10) don't take it as a personal offence, I will tell you. TAKE
But I must be sure that you (11) won't punish me," mumbled the old PUNISH
man. "Yes, yes, I promise," replied the king impatiently. "It's you sir,"
said the old man.
"Your Majesty! Last night I (12) dreamt that you (13) came with DREAM/COME
your escort of ministers and commanders and (14) robbed my entire life's ROB
savings - five thousand gold coins!" said the old man. "You are a fool!"
roared the king. "How can you pretend that your dream (15) is reality? BE
Dreams are not true!" "But they (16) are, Your Majesty! If your dream BE
of a palace (17) hanging in air can come true, why can't my dream come HANG
true?" And before the king (18) could fully understand what the old man CAN
was speaking about, the man (19) tore off his beard and hair and TEAR
stood before the king. It was none other than Tenali Rama!
(20) Bowing low in front of the amazed king, Tenali Rama said: BOW
"Your Majesty! This was the only way of (21) convincing you about CONVINCE
the absurdity of your wish." "You're right," agreed the king and
(22) burst into laughter. "Tenali! You are really very wise!" he added. BURST
7. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
The Supermarket Growing Food on its Roof
Food from the Sky (1) has planted a vegetable garden on a shop roof PLANT
in north London – and (2) its founder wants other shops around the country IT
(3) to do the same. The project, (4) called Food from the Sky, DO/CALL
(4) was initiated by former silversmith and art consultant Azul-Valerie INITIATE
Thome. It opened last May, when a crane (5) lifted 10 tonnes of compost LIFT
and 300 green (6) recycling boxes on to the roof. Now the garden RECYCLE
(7) is producing enough vegetables (8) to sell downstairs every PRODUCE/SELL
Friday, and (9) has just won a community prize at the Co-operative's annual WIN
People and Environment Achievement Awards.
There (10) is an impressive variety of vegetables – from peas and BE
potatoes to cabbages and purple broccoli – alongside flowers, tiny strawberry and raspberry plants, and a composting area. Here, fruit and vegetables (11) left LEAVE
unsold each day (12) are mulched (измельчать), along with woody MULCH
branches and soil, by the 20 people who (13) volunteer in the garden. VOLUNTEER
The conditions are perfect for the plants: the warmth from the supermarket's
heating and lighting systems (14) comes up through the roof, sparing COME
the seeds the (15) worst of the frosts – and there are no snails, while pigeons BAD
(16) are scared away by CDs (17)hanging from the perimeter fence. SCARE/HANG
Thome's ultimate aim is "(18)to show that produce can (19)be grown SHOW/GROW
in cities, and (20) sold locally. SELL
8.Read the text and choose the right option.
Where Do I Sign Up?
After you (1) have decided what you (2) are interested in and how much time you can devote to volunteering, it's time to (3) find out where you can volunteer.
You have several (4) choices. You can (5) search the Internet or look in your local phone book under "volunteer." You can call an organization directly and ask (6) if they need volunteers in your area. You can ask friends or relatives (7) for ideas and contacts. It's worth (8) spending the time beforehand to identify a job that's a good fit for you.
When you (9) are calling an organization (10) to offer your time, it's best to ask (11) for a volunteer coordinator. Be ready to answer (12) some questions, like: (13) Why do you want to volunteer for our organization? What do you know about our organization? How many hours (14) a week will you be able to volunteer? What are your interests? Do you have (15) any special skills?
(to be continued)
a. have decided b. decided c. decide d. will decide
a. interested b. interest c. are interesting d. are interested
a. find about b. find c. find out d. find for
a. selections b. versions c. choices d. ways
a. look for b. search c. research d. see
a. that b. what c. how d. if
a. for b. about c. on d. -
a. spend b. to spend c. spending d. spent
a. are called b. calling c. are calling d. called
a. offering b. to offer c. offered d. offer
a. about b. from c. on d. for
a. some b. any c. no d. something
a. Why b. What c. How d. Which
a. in a week b. a week c. for a week d. week
a. some b. anything c. something d. any
9.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Where Do I Sign Up? (continued)
Most places will ask you to come for an interview, which is (1) usually USUAL
pretty casual. They want to talk to you (2) personally. Whether your PERSON
interview is on the phone or in person, don't forget to ask questions
of your own. For example: What are the (3) expectations of me if I EXPECT
volunteer here? What kind of (4) training will I receive? How many TRAIN
other volunteers are there? How many hours do you expect me to work
(5) weekly/(6) monthly? If it's a good fit — meaning WEEK/MONTH
you like the (7) organization, they like you, and you like the work ORGANIZE
— (8) volunteering can be an (9) unbelievable experience. VOLUNTEER/BELIEVE

10.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Experts Struggle to Try Save the Ancient City of Mohenjo Daro
With its (1) unbelievable architecture and (2) advanced water BELIEVE/ADVANCE
and sewage systems, the 5000-year-old city of Mohenjo Daro in
the Province of Sindh in Pakistan, the (3) amazing monument AMAZE
of our past, is in danger of complete (4) disappearance, unless DISAPPEAR
something is done soon. Discovered in 1922 by an (5) officer OFFICE
from the (6) Archeological Survey of India, Mohenjo Daro is ARCHEOLOGY
believed to have been one of the earliest and most advanced cities
in the world. According to experts it was inhabited by about
35,000 (7) residents of the great Indus Valley (8) Civilization RESIDE/CIVILIZE
between 2600 BC and 1900 BC. The (9) archeologists think ARCHEOLOGY
the city could be lost in less than 20 years because of neglect
and (10) destruction caused by the high salinity (соленость) DESTRUCT
of the groundwater which slowly leads to the (11) corrosion CORRODE
of its bricks. Some parts of the town walls have already collapsed
(12) completely. One of the main reasons for the neglect could COMPLETE
be the ancient city's fall from (13) popularity as a tourist destination. POPULAR
Though it is one of the 981 World Heritage Sites, the (14) political POLITICS
unrest in Pakistan has led to a sharp decline in international (15) visitors. VISIT
Not long ago the local (16) provincial authorities in Sindh met PROVINCE
with international experts to try come up with a plan to save the site.

Writing
12. You have received a letter from your English–speaking pen friend about an endangered world monument in his area. Write him/her a letter and answer him/her four questions. Write 80-100 words.
Are there any endangered world monuments in your town or your country? When was the most famous of them built? What is wrong with it now? What is being done to restore and keep it for future generations?
13. You have received a letter from your English speaking pen-friend Collin.
...Last week I started doing volunteer work in my community kindergarten. I really enjoy reading to the children, playing games and sports with them. How popular is volunteering with teens in Russia? Do you do any? What volunteer job would you like to try? Why?
Write him a letter and answer his questions. Write 100-120 words.
MODULE 7
ReadingRead the texts. Match the descriptions of the people’s behaviour 1-6 to the descriptions of phobias A-E. One behavior description is extra.
1. Maria won’t join us for an excursion as the weather forecast promises rain and even a storm. C
2. Ann refused a good job because her office was on the 20th floor and with huge windows. B
3. George will go to the country with us only if we return early. He hates to drive in the evening. D
4. Helen won’t go with you to the Black sea coast. She doesn’t like hot crowded places. E
5. Robert has found a wonderful job but he has to walk every day to the 15th floor as he never uses lifts. A
6. David refuses to speak at the meeting. He gets lost in front of a big audience. 0
A. Claustrophobia is the fear of having no escape and being closed in small spaces or rooms. It is typically classified as an anxiety disorder and often results in panic attack, and can be the result of many situations, including elevators crowded to capacity, windowless rooms, and even tight-necked clothing. One study indicates that 5–7% of the world population is affected by severe claustrophobia, but only a small percentage of these people receive some kind of treatment for the disorder.
B. Acrophobia is an extreme or irrational fear of heights. Most people experience a degree of natural fear when exposed to heights, especially if there is little or no protection. The lack of such fear is known as having a "head for heights".
Acrophobia sufferers can experience a panic attack in a high place and become too excited to get themselves down safely. Between 2 and 5 percent of the general population suffer from acrophobia, with twice as many women affected as men.
C. Astraphobia is an abnormal fear of thunder and lightning. A person with astraphobia often feels anxious during a thunderstorm even when they understand that the threat to them is minimal. Some symptoms are typical of other phobias like trembling, crying, panicked reactions. However, there are some reactions that are unique to astraphobia. For instance, many people may hide under a bed, under the covers, in a closet, in a basement, or in any other space where they feel safer.
D. Nyctophobia is a phobia characterized by a severe fear of the dark. It starts due to the brain’s disfigured perception of what would or could happen when in a dark environment. The fear of darkness is a psychologically-based feeling of being disposed from comfort to a fear-evoking state. The fear of darkness or night is a phobia generally related to children but many clinics with pediatric patients have a great chance of having adults as well.
E. Heliophobia is a strong fear of sunlight. Heliophobia forces its victims indoors whenever there is sunshine, it will make them more prone into becoming Vitamin D deficient. However, this can be corrected by taking Vitamin D foods. It should especially be noted that any form of heliophobia that is based on fears can result in agoraphobia, fear of public places. It means that people think that some environments are dangerous or uncomfortable because they are open or crowded.
a) Read the text and match the titles to the paragraphs. One title is extra.
1. Avoid Bad Habits D 2. Education Forms Habits C 3. Health Depends on Habits E 4. Habits Help to Bring up Children 0 5. Habits Vary Greatly A 6. Develop Good Habits B
A. “Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise”. Rising early is a good habit. A habit means repetition of the same action in similar circumstances. All people have habits. They are of different kinds. Drinking water, having breakfast, lunch and dinner and sleeping at night are habits based on instinct. A person has no control over thirst, hunger and sleep. They are therefore inborn habits. There are other habits acquired like brushing your teeth, taking a bath, wearing clothes, combing your hair etc., which help a man to look neat and healthy. A walk in the morning is a good habit for people.
B. The needs of society develop in people some good habits. A person is a social “animal” and he can not live in isolation. Respecting elders, wishing ‘Good morning’, ‘Good evening’ and ‘Good night’ are good habits. Serving the cause of the poor and needy, and respecting the social laws like observing a queue are good habits. Listening to music and reading a book are good habits, which help a person to spend a peaceful life. Going to a temple or offering daily prayers are habits, which serve the needs of the soul.
C. Education is based on the principle of habit formation. Repetition makes learning easy. Learning a language, i.e. speaking, reading and writing, is based on habit. Similarly education helps in the development of good habits like punctuality, attention, concentration, cooperation, discipline etc. Good habits lead to good manners. Good manners give us good friends; good friends mean good environment; good environment leads to a happy and peaceful life.
D. As there are good habits, there are bad habits too. We acquire them both from our friends and from the society in which we live. Smoking, drinking alcohol, drugging, telling lies, teasing the weak may all be considered as bad habits. Habits are easy to acquire but difficult to give up. So it is better not to acquire a bad habit than try to get rid of it later.
E. If you make time for healthy habits, you’ll find yourself with extra reserves of energy that will lower your stress and help you to get through life’s challenges. Here are a few things you can start doing right now to make healthy habits a relatively painless part of your routine. Drink water throughout the day. It’s great for your skin, your digestive system, and weight loss. Cut back on the amount of soda and coffee you drink. Sugar and caffeine dehydrate you and create energy rushes followed by crashes which are ultimately energy-depleting. Physical activities are the most important. Physical activities add joy and activeness to your day-to-day life.
b) Read the text again and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
Habits rule our life. T
What is a good habit for some people is bad for others. NS
If an action turns into a habit it’s a bad sign. F
The majority of people have bad habits. F/NS
Learning can never become a habit. F
All educated people have good manners and habits. NS
A healthy habit is a habit that other people admire. F
Healthy habits help to keep fit. T
Read the text and choose the right option.
Viy
“Viy" is a horror story by the famous Russian writer Nikolai Gogol. The title refers to the name of a demon central to the plot. The story concerns three students from the Bratsk Monastery at Kiev.
Three students from the seminary were hiking home for the summer. Unfortunately they lost their way in the dark. Being hungry and afraid of wolves, they asked for lodging at the first farmyard on their way. An old woman at first refused to take them in, saying that she was afraid of “such big fellows.” They swore that they would behave themselves. The old woman invited them in, saying “What fine young gentlemen the devil has brought us!” She gave them all separate places to sleep. Khoma was given a place in the sheep pen.
In the middle of the night, Khoma was awakened by the old woman. She reached out her arms toward him and he found himself strangely powerless to move away from her. She leapt onto his back with the swiftness of a cat and began to ride him, beating him on his side with a broom. To his amazement and horror, Khoma carried the old woman out into the wide plain. The sun replaced the moon, and he saw a beautiful water nymph. Realizing that he was in the power of a witch, Khoma began to recite all the prayers he knew against evil spirits. The old woman’s power seemed to fade, and he, as quick as lightning, stopped carrying her and jumped onto her back instead. As she started to carry him, he picked up a piece of wood from the roadside and began to beat her with it. The moon came back into its former place and she fell exhausted onto the ground. As Khoma looked at her he saw she had transformed into a lovely young woman. Khoma, shaken by his experience with the old woman, ran all the way back to Kiev, forgetting his companions. He thought no more about his extraordinary adventure.
Meanwhile, rumors were circulating that the daughter of one of the richest Cossack commanders had returned one day from a walk, severely injured, hardly able to crawl home to her father’s house, and was lying at the point of death, expressing the wish that one of the Kiev seminarists, the philosopher Khoma Brut, should read the prayers and the psalms over her for three nights after her death. He refused to go but several Cossacks brought him by force to the village where the girl lived. When he saw the corpse he understood it was the witch he had overcome earlier. Khoma didn’t wish to say prayers over her body at night. On the first night as he began to say prayers the witch sat up in her coffin. She began to walk around trying to approach Khoma, but he drew a circle of protection around himself that she could not cross. Then she went into her coffin and flew about the church in it, trying to frighten him out of the circle. Dawn arrived, and Khoma had survived the first night. The next night the same thing happened. In the morning Khoma was more dead than alive, he was pale and leaning against a wall. He tried to escape the next day but was captured and brought back to finish. On the third night, the witch’s corpse was even more terrifying, and she called the demons and monsters around her to bring Viy into the church. Khoma realized that he shouldn’t look at the creature but he did and saw a horrible iron face staring at him. Viy pointed in his direction, and the monsters leapt upon him. Khoma died of horror. However, the monsters missed the first crowing of the rooster and were unable to escape the church when a new day began. The story ends with Khoma’s other two friends commenting on his death, agreeing that he only came to his end because he showed fear of the demons.
Viy is a … .
a. fairy tale b. story about Gogol’s experience c. detective story d. film script
The old woman greeted the students on behalf of … .
a.god b. the fairy c. the demon d. her husband
At night the old woman turned Khoma into a … .
a. cat b. stick c. bird d. horse
Khoma carried the witch to the plain and there … .
a. he had to obey all her orders b. his friends helped him c. he fell down dead d. he took away her power
At the end of the ride the witch turned into … .
a. the devil b. an old man c. a beautiful girl d. a monster
Khoma came to the church to pray for the girl because … .
a. he wanted to b. he felt guilty c. her father asked d. he was made to
Khoma managed to stay alive during the first night because he .. .
a. read prayers b. was accompanied by his friends c. draw a magical circle d. recognized the girl
Khoma died because … .
a. the monsters were strong b. there were many creatures to fight
c. he was frightened d. he forgot the prayer
Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
How Fear Works
When we sense danger, the brain reacts instantly, sending signals that activate the nervous system. This causes physical responses, such as a faster heartbeat, rapid breathing, and an increase in blood pressure. Blood pumps to muscle groups to prepare the body for physical action (such as running or fighting). Skin sweats to keep the body cool. Some people might notice sensations in the stomach, head, chest, legs, or hands. These physical sensations of fear can be mild or strong.
This response is known as "fight or flight" because that is exactly what the body is preparing itself to do: fight off the danger or run fast to get away. The body stays in this state of “fight-flight” until the brain receives an "all clear" message and turns off the response.
Sometimes fear is provoked by something that is surprising or unexpected (like a loud noise), even if it's not actually dangerous. That's because the fear reaction is activated immediately — a few seconds faster than the thinking part of the brain can process (обработать) or evaluate what's happening. As soon as the brain gets enough information to realize there's no danger ("Oh, it's just a balloon bursting — whew!"), it turns off the fear reaction. All this can happen in seconds.
Fear is the word we use to describe our emotional reaction to something that seems dangerous. But the word "fear" is used in another way, too: to name something a person often feels afraid of. People fear things or situations that make them feel unsafe or unsure. For instance, someone who isn't a strong swimmer might have a fear of deep water. In this case, the fear is helpful because it cautions (warns) the person to stay safe. Someone could overcome this fear by learning how to swim safely.
Many people have a fear of public speaking. Whether it's giving a report in class, speaking at an assembly, or reciting lines in the school play, speaking in front of others is one of the most common fears people have. People try to avoid the situations or things they fear. But this doesn't help them to overcome fear —avoiding something frightening strengthens a fear and keeps it strong.
People can overcome unnecessary fears by giving themselves the chance to learn about and gradually get used to the thing or situation they're afraid of. For example, people who fly despite a fear of flying can become used to unfamiliar sensations like takeoff or turbulence. They learn what to expect and have a chance to watch what others do to relax and enjoy the flight. Gradually (and safely) facing fear helps someone to overcome it.
In a dangerous situation our nervous system reacts before our brain. F
A fearful experience is good for our nervous system. NS
Physical symptoms of fear prepare us for dangerous situations. T
Physical reactions to fear are harmful to the organism. NS
Fear is easily provoked. T
Only children feel fear when they are greatly surprised. NS
Fear protects us because it warns us of dangerous situations. T
People can easily overcome their fears with the help of medicines. F
Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
The Phantom of the Building
George used to work for a big company located in a very old building downtown. He usually finished work at 5:00 p.m. as almost all the employees, except the security guards, but that day he had to stay working late on the 13th floor. It was around 9:00 p.m. and everybody in the company had already gone home; everybody but him. However he hadn’t noticed it until unexpectedly he felt a strange silence. He couldn’t hear anything else than his breathing and the sound of his typing on the computer. He felt exhausted and sleepy so he decided to go to the kitchen for a cup of coffee. He was getting the coffee-pot ready when he saw a woman coming towards him.
“Good evening, Mr. Welsh. Let me help you”, the woman offered him help to make the coffee and he was very thankful. “I’m not alone at all”, he thought and went back to his office. Five minutes later the woman brought what seemed to be steaming and tasty coffee, put it on George’s desk and left the office. He stood up in order to drink his coffee but as soon as he swallowed the first sip he spat it on the floor as it was disgusting and as cold as ice. Immediately he felt a strange and frightening cold around him and the image of that woman came to his brain as a horrifying memory.
At that very moment he recognized the woman. He couldn’t believe his eyes. She had been murdered two years ago in one of the toilets of the company. Terrified, he left the office running. He could feel the woman’s footsteps behind him. He was about to faint when he met one of the watchmen of the building coming towards him with a lantern because he had heard some strange noise. George could hear no one following him anymore and in the end he realized he was safe.
The number 13 has a magical power. NS
A strange thing happened to George one day late in the evening. T
George wasn’t alone to stay late to finish the project. F
The secretary helped him with coffee so that he could finish his work. F
The coffee was hot and good and completely woke him up. F
The woman that served George came to him in a dream. NS
The feeling of fear made George forget about his work and rush home. T
Suddenly he realized that it was not a ghost but a watchman who was following him. F
Grammar and Vocabulary
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
The Most Dangerous Animal
Polar bears may appear to be all soft and cuddly, but they are the
1. largest of their species and extremely dangerous. But LARGE
2. don't mention that to Canadian animal trainer Mark Dumas, NOT MENTION
whose 3.best friend happens to be, a big cuddly snow white polar GOOD
bear! Their unusual friendship 4.began when the bear was just six BEGIN
weeks old. The wild animal trainer adopted her from a zoo and raised
her. While Agee 5. does not live at home anymore, the bond between NOT/LIVE
her and Mark 6. has never weakened. Even as the cute baby 7.has grown WEAKEN/GROW
into a 16-year old 800 pound adult, the two 8.have continued to be CONTINUE
9.best pals. They 10.are seen playing, swimming and even GOD/SEE
wrestling together - something Mark 11. realizes could be fatal REALIZE
if Agee 12. turns aggressive. However, the trainer who TURN
13. has been working with bears for over 40 years says he is WORK
able 14. to read their body language and knows when to back off. READ
Read the text and choose the right option.
The Polar Bear
Agee is the world's first trained polar bear 1.celebrity, with films like Alaska (done as a cub) and a number of television 2.advertisements under her belt. And, she is not the only unusual animal this talented man and his wife Dawn 3.have trained. In the wild, polar bears can largely 4.be found along the shores and on sea ice in the 5.freezing Arctic region. The large 6.mammals that can weigh between 500-1,500 pounds, are the most carnivorous land animals, feeding largely off ringed and bearded seals. While they do not go 7. out of their way to attack humans, they can be very aggressive and even fatal, if they feel threatened.
Unfortunately, the melting ice caused by global warming is seriously 8.affecting the population of these cuddly bears. That's because during the summer months when they are most active, they rely on sea ice as their 9. habitat for hunting and dens. As the ice continues to melt the mammals have 10. to walk longer distances to find suitable homes and a meal.
a. celebrity b. popularity c. fame d. glory
a. message b. note c. announcement d. advertisement
a. trained b. have trained c. has trained d. had trained
a. find b. found c. be found d. be finding
a. freeze b. freezing c. froze d. frozen
a. reptiles b. mammals c. amphibians d. insects
a. from b. to c. on d. out of
a. frightening b. affecting c. stimulating d. encouraging
a. habitat b. home c. place d. space
a. walk b. walking c. to walk d. walked
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
What Is Fear?
Fear is one of the most 1. basic human emotions. It is programmed BASE
into the 2. nervous system and works like an instinct. From the time NERVE
we're infants, we are equipped with the 3. survival instincts necessary SURVIVE
to respond with fear when we sense a 4. dangerous situation or feel DANGER
5. unsafe. Fear helps to protect us. It makes us alert to danger and SAFE
prepares us to deal with it. Feeling 6. frightened is very 7. natural FRIGHTEN/NATURE
and 8. helpful in some situations. Fear can be like a 9. warning, a signal HELP/WARN
that cautions us to be 10. careful. CARE
Some fears are 11.normal during childhood. That's because fear can be NORM
a 12.natural 13.reaction to feeling unsure because much of what children NATURE/REACT
experience is new and 14.unfamiliar. Young kids often have fears of FAMILIAR
the dark, being alone,15. strangers, and monsters or other 16.scary STRANGE/SCARE
17.imaginary creatures. School-aged kids might be afraid when it's IMAGINE
18.stormy. Some kids are more 19.sensitive to fears and may have STORM/SENSE
a tough time overcoming them. As they grow and learn, with the
support of adults, most kids 20.slowly outgrow these fears. SLOW
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
A List of Tips for Adults on Staying Safe
1.Don’t walk or jog early in the morning or late at night when NOT WALK
the streets 2.are deserted. DESERT
When out at night, try 3.to have a friend walking with you. HAVE
Carry only the money you 4.will need on a particular day. NEED
If you think someone 5.is following you, switch directions FOLLOW
or cross the street. 6.Don’t be afraid to shout for help. NOT BE
Always lock your car, even if it 7.is in your own driveway; BE
never leave your motor 8.running. RUN
If you 9. are robbed, report the crime to the police. Your actions ROB
can help to prevent someone else from10. becoming a victim. BECOME
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Taking Charge of Your 1.Safety SAFE
"It is a 2.reality," Jordan says of crime. "People are being targeted REAL
to be victims each and every day." You need to take charge of your
own 3.safety. Turning your thoughts and actions toward crime SAFE
4.prevention and self-defense can help to lower chances of becoming PREVENT
a casualty. We all have a 5.responsibility to be safe. Try to avoid RESPONSIBLE
6.dangerous situations and defend yourself once you're in them. DANGER
If you 7.regularly practise the 8.recommended ways of thinking REGULAR/RECOMMEND
and acting, there is hope that you will not become a victim, but rather,
an active 9.defender of your life and property. Preventing crime from DEFEND
10.happening requires an active mind and body. It means paying HAPPEN
attention to your instincts, to other people, and to your 11.surroundings. SURROUND
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Your Lifestyle
Do you have a 1.healthy lifestyle? Is 2.cleanliness important? HEALTH/CLEAN
And what’s the effect of them in the human health? Eating 3.unhealthy HEALTH
at 4.unusual times can be a severe danger 5.physically and USUAL/PHYSICAL
6.mentally: people may die younger due to 7.fatty foods, which MENTAL/FAT
lead to blocked arteries and heart attacks. While eating 8.healthy food HEALTH
helps to stay fit and improves the body. Physical 9.activities are most ACT
important. They include morning walks, 10.jogging, and JOG
11.flexibility, 12.lifting weights or the usual sports. For example FLEXIBLE/LIFT
an old person with 13.daily habits of exercises maybe more DAY
14.active than a young person without such habits.  ACT
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
Doing Exercise
Exercise and proper nutrition 1. are the key to 2.having a healthy body. BE/HAVE
Without both of these factors, we 3.are feeling/feel or 4.looking/look FEEL/LOOK
very good. It’s good 5.to teach children to develop healthy habits and TEACH
see why it's cool to be fit! Exercise 6.makes your heart happy and your MAKE
heart is one hardworking part, 7.pumping blood every day of your life. PUMP
The heart is a muscle, and it's the 8.strongest muscle in your body STRONG
but it's always looking to become even 9.stronger! When you do aerobic STRONG
exercise and bring in that oxygen, your heart becomes 10.stronger and STRONG
even a bit 11.bigger. The number of blood cells in your blood BIG
12.increases, so the blood can carry even 13.more oxygen. The blood INCREASE/MUCH
in your body even moves 14.more easily through the blood vessels than EASILY
before the exercise. Exercise makes your muscles 15.do a fine job when DO
16. later you use them for taking long bike rides or climbing a tree. LATE
Exercise makes you flexible. As people get 17.older they tend to get OLD
18.less flexible, so that's why it's important to exercise when you're FLEXIBLE
a kid. When you're flexible, you can be 19.more active without having ACTIVE
to worry about getting sprains. Exercise can make you feel 20. better GOOD
about yourself, too.
(to be continued)
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Doing Exercise (continued)
Your heart is a 1.hardworking organ, the strongest muscle in your WORK HARD
body. Since it can't lift 2. weights to get stronger, it relies on you WEIGH
to do aerobic exercise. Aerobic exercise is any kind of 3. activity ACT
that makes your muscles use oxygen. Aerobic exercise is 4. repetitive: REPEAT
you do it over and over to keep bringing fresh oxygen to all of your
muscles. Your body works more 5. efficiently to keep you EFFICIENT
6. healthy and you can do lots of exercise without getting worn out. HEALTH
As your muscles get stronger they protect you from 7. injuries INJURE
when you exercise. Exercise makes you flexible. 8. Luckily, it's LUCK
easy to find things to do for good 9. flexibility: yoga, dancing, FLEXIBLE
karate, tae kwon do. When you exercise, your body can release
chemicals that create a happy 10. feeling in your brain. FEEL
Writing
Your American pen-friend is interested in wild animals. He/she often goes to Yellow Stone Park and has a chance to observe them in the wild. Write her/him an e-mail about your attitude to them and what you think of keeping them in a zoo or in a circus. Write 80-90 words.
You’ve got a letter from your friend.
My parents try to limit my time at the computer. They think that I’m still small and play computer games. I understand their worries as some games are really harmful and teenagers get addicted to them but they should know me better. So it is our usual argument. Do you often use your computer? With what purpose? What kind of projects do you make? What is your attitude to computer games?
Write her/him a letter and answer her/his questions. Write 100-120 words.
MODULE 8
Readinga) Read the text. Match the titles to the paragraphs A-E. One title is extra.
Top 5 Adrenalin Holidays
Shark Diving E
Swimming with Crocodiles B
Bungee Jumping D
Team Skydiving -
Ferrari World A
Running with Bulls C
For most people, the prospect of having a holiday usually means a chance to relax by the pool with a cocktail or wander around town. For many thrill-seekers however, the real escape only happens when a high adrenalin buzz is involved. Let’s look at the top five adrenalin holidays around the world.
A This largest attraction of its kind is the paradise for fans of the Italian sports car giant. As well as featuring the world’s fastest rollercoaster, the Formula Rossa, speed junkies can also get a sample - a 62mph G-force experience, a state-of-the-art racing simulator and test their skills at a special driving school.
B A diving experience with a difference, Crocosaurus Cove allows those who are brave enough the chance to swim with one of the world’s most dangerous animals. Visitors can enter the “Cage of Death”, a 15 foot deep cage which is placed in the water and surrounded by huge reptiles, many of whom grow to 15 feet long. See you later, alligator!
C Part of a celebration that goes back to the 14th century is now a popular draw for visitors around the world. A group of angry animals are let loose on the streets, where thousands of people run alongside, hoping to get close enough to see the whites of the animals’ eyes while avoiding their deadly horns. Many have died during the race, but it still remains a popular practice for adrenalin junkies.
D Often referred to as the Las Vegas of Asia, the casinos are a real draw for gamblers, but for the ultimate adrenalin rush why not try this world’s highest special jump from the top of the 233m tall tower. For around $150 brave jumpers fly towards earth at an incredible 220km per hour during a five second free-fall!
E The prospect of coming face to face with nature’s most feared predator is probably something most people would like to avoid. However, danger junkies looking to get some adrenalin might enjoy a trip to this attraction on Dyer Island, where they can dive into a purpose-built five-man galvanised steel cage where the dangerous companions will be waiting only feet away.
b) Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
1. Most people prefer quiet relaxing holidays. T
2. High-adrenalin attractions can be found mostly in America. F
3. You should be 18 or older to go to the world’s fastest rollercoaster, the Formula Rossa. NS
4. There are 15 crocodiles in the Cage of Death. NS
5. Running with Bulls is an old national tradition. T
6. Las Vegas casinos can be found in Asia. F
7. A free-fall lasts about a minute during the bungee jump. F
8. They check one’s diving and swimming skills to let them use the Shark Diving attraction. NS
2. Read the text and choose the right option.
Boys Help to Save Infant's Life With CPR Lessons Learned From A Poster
CPR - cardiopulmonary resuscitation (сердечно-легочная реанимация, искусственное дыхание)
The next time you see a CPR poster at school or are asked to examine the safety instructions while in an airplane, be sure to be attentive. Besides being vitally useful to you personally, knowing what to do may save someone else's life.
Nine-year old Rocky Hurt and ten-year old Ethan Wilson, were playing football in their front yard in Marietta, Georgia, USA when a neighbour they had never met, suddenly rushed out of her house shouting at them to call 911. That hysterical woman was Susanna Rohm whose 12-week old baby had suddenly stopped breathing. In her panic, she had been unable to locate her cell phone and had decided to seek help.
After getting their parents to make the call, the two boys followed the unhappy mother to see if they could do anything to help. And they did help! As Susanna was trying to perform CPR on her baby, young Rocky stepped in and told her she was doing it all wrong. Instead he asked her to “use two fingers, push on the chest 5-10 times, bend back the baby's head, plug the nose and then perform a mouth-to mouth resuscitation by breathing into the baby's mouth”.
Luckily for him and the baby, Susanna did not doubt his advice for even a second and was soon rewarded with a loud scream from the infant! It turned out that her baby who later spent two days at the hospital under observation, suffered from a sleep disorder that causes abnormal breathing patterns.
The most amazing part of this heartwarming tale is that the boys have never attended a CPR class. Instead, they learned it all by carefully reading the posters on the walls of their elementary school cafeteria. And, while they are now being hailed as heroes and even interviewed on national television, they don’t really care. They are just glad to have saved the baby's life!
Knowing the safety instructions can save ... .
your and someone else's life
your personal belongings
efforts to help people in the accident
time to wait for the doctor
Susanna Rohm, the boys’ neighbour ... .
was their families’ friend
was the one they had often met before
was a new person for them to meet
sometimes shouted at them
Susanna Rohm was in panic because … .
she couldn’t find her mobile
911 didn’t answer
she wanted to help the boys
her baby seemed to be breathless
The boys helped Susanna by… .
performing CPR on her baby
calling 911
telling her how to do CPR in the correct way
giving her the CPR poster to read
The baby felt well … .
a) immediately after the CPR
b) after several days at the hospital
c) after a loud scream
d) after the boys came in
The boys got the CPR knowledge … .
from CPR lessons
from the school wall posters
from their parents
from their earlier experience
3.Read the text and mark the statements True (T), False (F), Not Stated (NS).
It’s Never too Late to Fulfill one’s dream
It took five attempts, but on September 2nd, 2013, U.S. swimmer Diana Nyad accomplished the dream she had been working for since 1978. She became the first person to swim from Cuba to the Florida Keys without a protective 'shark' cage.
The 103-mile epic journey began on the morning of Saturday, September 1st, when Diana dived into the warm waters off Havana, Cuba. Surrounded by a team of 35 members that included support assistants, a doctor, a shark hunter, a navigator and even a jellyfish expert, the athlete swam almost continuously for the entire 52 hours 54 minutes stopping only for short food breaks.
Despite the exhausting swim, the athlete still had the energy to acknowledge the thousands of fans that had gathered to greet her and inspire them with this brief speech :
"I have three messages. One is, we should never, ever give up. Two is, you never are too old to follow your dreams. And three is, it looks like a solitary sport but it's a team."
And while Diana made it look easy, the epic swim was not easy at all. Besides the dreadful currents and blazing sun, she also had to deal with jellyfish. To avoid their deadly stings, Diana wore a full body suit, gloves, booties and a mask at night when the jellyfish rise to the surface. This not only slowed her down but the constant biting on the silicone mask resulted in bruises inside her mouth, making it difficult for her to speak.
But despite all these problems, the 64-year-old who says she kept herself mentally occupied by playing tricks like counting her strokes (взмах) in different languages and singing from a repertoire of 85 songs, did not give up on her dream.
This is not the first time Diana is making headlines. Regarded as one of the greatest long-distance swimmers in the world in the 1970's, she broke several world records. Her first attempt at this particular route was when she was just 28 years old. Soon after that she gave up the sport to pursue her other interests which include broadcasting, motivational speaking and writing books about her experiences.
Then to everyone's surprise, at the age of 60 she announced not only a return to the sport, but also, the desire to realize her dream of completing the 103-mile trek - this time, without the shark cage. She said that she wanted to prove to other women her age, that it is never too late to fulfill their dreams!
Diana Nyad started to prepare for her record many years ago. T
She swam over 100 miles from Florida to Cuba. F
There were some of her relatives in the support team. NS
Jellyfish is especially dangerous in the daytime. F
She believes that age can’t prevent one from fulfilling his dream. T
Diana’s full body suit together with special boots weighed over 5 kg. NS
On her long way she kept singing and counting to herself. T
Swimming has always been Diana’s only job and hobby. F
4. Read the text. Match the titles 1- 8 to the paragraphs A-F. One title is extra.
George Dennehy, the Armless Musician That Is Inspiring The World
1. Professional Performer F
2. A Sad Story at the Start B
3. The Internet Brings Fame E
4. Hardships and Problems –
5. The New Family’s Principles C
6. A Great Talent Discovered D
7. The Model and Inspirer for the Disabled G
8. The Motto of the Life A
A They say that when life gives you lemons, make lemonade. That certainly seems to be the philosophy 19-year-old George Dennehy has been adopting all his life. Despite being armless, the musician plays not one, but multiple instruments, all with his feet.
B The young boy's start to life was not very encouraging. Born without arms, he was handed over to a Romanian orphanage by his parents. But he was lucky - Michael and Sharon Dennehy from Ashland, Virginia were looking for a child to adopt and immediately fell in love with George!
C The best part was they never allowed him to use his disability as an excuse. So, just as they had done for their other three kids, when George turned eight, he was signed up for cello (виолончель) lessons. The instrument, which is difficult even for people that have the use of both their hands was even more challenging for George, who had to learn to play it with his feet.
D But thanks to his persistent music teacher who learned to play the instrument with her feet so that she could teach the young boy, George not only mastered the cello, but also realized that he had a passion and talent for music. During middle school years when playing the cello was not considered 'cool', he mastered the piano and guitar, which has become his favorite instrument.
E As he grew older, George began uploading his 'performances' on YouTube. Last year his performance of 'Iris' by the Goo Goo Dolls caught the eye of viewers and his popularity went up. Within days, thanks to the video he got thousands of fans. It was featured on multiple news sites, skyrocketing Dennehy to national fame.
F The Internet sensation even caught the eye of the American rock band who invited him to perform together with them at Pennsylvania's Musikfest in August 2012. He was so popular that Musikfest organizers invited him to the 2013 event, as a solo performer.
G The success and positive response has inspired this once shy boy to pursue a career in music and also become a motivational speaker who encourages both able and disabled people to seek out their dreams, no matter how impossible they may sound. Dennehy, who has even told his tale in his home country of Romania, hopes to change the way disabilities are viewed all over the world so that everyone can get the same opportunities.
Grammar and Vocabulary
5. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
Language Learning Olympic Style
The Olympics show athletes with great skills (1) competing for the COMPETE
first place award in their sport. Years of training and practice
(2) have brought them to the Olympics. How do they (3) become BRING/BECOME
so great? Some appear (4) to be born with super talents in various areas. BE BORN
Others tell stories of their exhausting practice sessions. What (5) keeps KEEP
them focused on their sport to achieve greatness? These characteristics
commonly appear in Olympians and can help you too:
Goal driven
Athletes have a clear purpose to work toward. It motivates them to keep
(6) trying and drives them to action. TRY
Application: You can set learning goals to help you learn English.
plan how you (7) 'll reach your learning goals, and try it! Celebrate the REACH
small achievements and continue setting more goals as they (8) are met. MEET
Look at the Long Term
Olympians think about the future and how well they can train now to be
(9) better in the long range. They know success (10) doesn't appear GOOD/NOT APPEAR
overnight.
Application: Have a long term view for (11) learning English and stick LEARN
to it.
No excuses
Hard work is part of (12) being an Olympian. They find solutions to their BE
problems, not just excuses (13) to stop training. STOP
Cheating can disqualify them from (14) participating in the sport. PARTICIPATE
Application: Stop (15) finding excuses or tricks not to learn English. FIND
Your own hard work helps you to achieve (16) better English skills. GOOD
(to be continued)
6.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Language Learning Olympic Style (continued)
4) (1) Motivational Quotes MOTIVATION
Athletes post notes on their mirror or fridge that help to motivate them.
They repeat the (2) quotations to inspire themselves to keep working QUOTE
hard toward their goals.
Application: Identify a few (3) motivating quotes, song lyrics, or verses MOTIVATE
that inspire you to do your best. Repeat and read them to help you stay
(4) motivated to learn English. They will keep you MOTIVATE
(5) emotionally positive. EMOTIONAL
5) Coaching
A coach guides athletes through their sport, offers support, and helps to improve
their (6) performance. PERFORM
Application: Have a tutor who can check on your progress to keep you
(7) motivated. A friend, family member, or teacher can make sure you MOTIVATE
stay on the right track and (8) encourage you to study well if you're COURAGE
distracted by other (9) activities. ACT
6) Keep a journal
An exercise journal helps Olympians to monitor their exercise habits. It's a record of all their practice that reminds them of areas for (10) improvement. IMPROVE
Application: It's hard to make progress if you (11) mindlessly MIND
participate in an English lesson. Record new words, phrases or
(12) expressions you want to remember. Write down your language EXPRESS
questions and seek the answers. It only takes a few minutes to note the details.
7) Handle the hard times
Good athletes are prepared for (13) disappointments, and (14) losses. DISAPPOINT/LOSE
They know that an (15) injury or low score can slow their progress. INJURE
Olympians spend time identifying possible success barriers and find
the ways to (16) overcome them. COME
Application: Find the things that might hold you back from getting
English skills. Don't let a low test score (17) discourage you. Then COURAGE
make the changes needed to overcome these obstacles.
(to be continued)
7.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Language Learning Olympic Style (continued)
8) No pain, no gain
Hard work is part of being an Olympian. Athletes push themselves
intensely. Any (2) discomfort they feel is part of their INTENSE/COMFORT
(3) determination to excel and focus on winning! DETERMINE
Application: Set small, specific learning goals and push yourself
to achieve them. Time your reading (4) fluency or repeat tongue FLUENT
twisters in a timed test. Daily (5) improvements will help you to see IMPROVE
other successes!
9) Stay positive
Attitude is everything. Athletes have a high level of (6) self-confidence SELF-CONFIDENT
Application: When you're studying English keep a positive mind-set that will step-up your (7) performance. Believe in your great (8) achievements PERFORM/ ACHIEVE
in a test or learn verb tenses (9) accurately. ACCURATE
10) Take care
Olympians know how to keep their bodies in excellent shape. They choose a diet with extra nutrition to stay (10) healthy. HEALTH
Application: Keep to a (11) healthy (12) lifestyle. HEALTH/STYLE OF LIFE
Eat healthy foods
that give(13)strength to your body and mind. Schedule rest times to relax. STRONG
Make sure you get enough sleep at night. Exercise to enjoy physical
(14) fitness that will allow you to concentrate on your studies. FIT
Continue these tips and help yourself to be a (15) winner as you go for the WIN
gold medal in English skills!
8. Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
Neil Ansell: My life as a Hermit (отшельник)
For five years this man lived a lonely life. But then Neil Ansell discovered why we can't live alone. Here he tells why…
I first came to this cottage when I was 30 years old, and for five years it
was my only home. When I was in a desperate situation I BE
(2) was made an offer to rent a cottage without services MAKE
high in the mountains of mid-Wales, for just £100 a year. I think
I saw it as a challenge. I wanted to know just how little I (3) needed NEED
in order (4) to lead a fulfilling life. My book, Deep Country, is about LEAD
the five years I (5) spent in the hills, of how I lived and what SPEND
I lived for. Not just in terms of (6) growing or (7) gathering GROW/GATHER
almost all of my supply of food, but in terms of (8) relying on my own RELY
resources. I (9) was never bored; there was always too much BORE
(10) to be done. Chopping wood, fetching water, weeding, walking, DO
watching. This is a book about nature and landscape, but it is also about
what it (11) means to live a life so remote that you may MEAN
not see another soul for weeks at a time. No neighbours, no vehicles, no phone.
(to be continued)
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the proper grammatical form of the capitalized words.
Neil Ansell: My life as a hermit (continued)
Such long solitude (1) could lead to self-examination, to a growing CAN
self-awareness. But not for me. What happened to me was that I (2)began BEGIN
to forget myself. Alone, there (3) was no need for identity, for self-definition.BE
During my years in the hills I (4) kept a journal. For the first year it was KEEP
a usual diary; places I (5) had gone, things I (6) had done. By the second GO/DO
year it was little more than a nature journal; what birds I (7) had seen SEE
that day, perhaps some notes on the weather. By the third year it was no more
than an almanac, (8) marking the turn of the seasons by the comings and MARK
goings of migrant birds and their nesting dates.
I (9) have disappeared from my own story. DISAPPEAR
I could (10) have stayed forever; becoming steadily more eccentric. STAY
My life had long since stopped (11) feeling like any kind of a challenge; FEEL
I was just living the life I(13) had chosen. What (14)led me away CHOOSE/LEAD
in the end was a strong desire to have children.
(to be continued)
10.Read the text and choose the right option.
Neil Ansell: My life as a hermit (continued)
Two years later, after five years at the cottage, I (1) left the deep country and (2) started a family. I quickly found myself working with homeless people. There were disputes to resolve, fights to break up, medical emergencies, one crisis after (3) another. And always there were people that needed (4) to be talked to.
My lifestyle is very (5) different now. I live in a flat in town, a (6) five-minute walk (7) from the sea, with my two daughters. My children look forward (8) to our occasional visits to Wales. But I always try to arrange my life so that (9) from time to time I still get the opportunity to visit the cottage for a little alone time. When I get there I (10) bring the busyness of town with me, and I rush around looking for storm damage and checking my wood and water supply. But when (11) darkness falls and I light (12) a few candles for the evening and put my feet up by the fireside, time slips away. It's good to be back.
a. forgot b. stopped c. finished d. left
a. began b. started c. created d. found
a. other b. others c. another d. others’
a. to talk b. talking c. to be talked d. be talked
a. various b. different c. unusual d. new
a. five-minute b. five-minutes c. five-minute’s d. five-minutes’
a. out of b. from c. off d. with
a. in b. with c. for d. to
a. not long ago b. more or less c. from time to time d. never
a. take b. give c. fetch d. bring
a. dark b. darkness c. sunrise d. morning
a. few b. a little c. a few d. little
11.Read the text and fill in the gaps with the words derived from the capitalized words.
Self-confidence
What do you need to achieve everything you want? The point is that
everything would be (1) worthless if we had no self-confidence. WORTH
In a book (2) called “101 Ways to Get Self-confidence” there is a story CALL
which could teach us all an (3) impressive lesson. IMPRESS
It is about a businessman who started out with a (4) successful SUCCESS
company, but(5) unfortunately he went bankrupt soon. He said to FORTUNE
himself, “I don’t feel like I (6) really failed. I will manage to borrow REAL
some money to start a new business." But (7) creditors were closing CREDIT
in on him. So, one day he was sitting on the park bench, (8)depressed, DEPRESS
head in hands, wondering what to do.
(9) Suddenly an old man appeared before him. After listening to SUDDEN
the businessman’s (10) complaints, the old man said, “I believe I can COMPLAIN
help you.” He asked the man his name, wrote out a check, and pushed it into his hand saying, “Take this money. Meet me here (11) exactly one year EXACT
from today, and you can pay me back at that time.” Then he
turned and (12) disappeared as quickly as he had come. APPEARE
The businessman saw in his hand a check for $500,000, (13) signed SIGN
by John D. Rockefeller, then one of the richest men in the world!
He decided to put the un-cashed check in his safe. Just knowing it
was there gave him the (14) strength to work out a way to save his STRONG
business. With renewed (15) optimism, he won many projects. Within OPTIMIST
a few months, he was out of debt and making money once again.
A year later, he (16) returned to the park with the un-cashed check. TURN
At the (17) fixed time, the old man appeared. But just as the businessman FIX
was going to hand back the check and share his success story, a nurse came running up and grabbed the old man. “I hope he hasn’t been bothering you”, she said. “He’s always escaping from the old people’s house and telling people he’s
John D. Rockefeller. Sorry, he has Alzheimer’s disease.”
The businessman just stood there, (18) astonished and (19) struck. ASTONISH/STRIKE
All year long he had been buying and selling, (20)convinced he had CONVINCE
half a million dollars behind him. Suddenly, he realized that it wasn’t the money that had turned his life around. It was his newfound self-confidence that gave him the power to achieve success.
Writing
12. You have received a letter from your English–speaking pen friend about his/her elder brother doing sky-diving as a hobby. Write him/her a letter and answer him/her questions. Write 80-100 words.
Are you a risk-taker? Have you ever tried any extreme sport? What makes people take up extreme sport?
13. You have received a letter from your English speaking pen-friend Anna.
...We’re all discussing the news about a young tourist group lost and fortunately found after three days in the forest here in England. What would you do if you were lost deep in the forest? Do you know the rules how to survive when lost in the wild? What do you usually take with you for safety when you go hiking?
Write her a letter and answer her questions. Write 100-120 words.

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