Маслова, кратко страноведение(5,6,9)

Many stages of American Historical Development
American History can be divided into numerous eras. This section focuses on the major eras and events in America's past.
Age of Exploration
The Age of Exploration lasted from the 15th through 17th centuries when the Europeans were searching the globe for trading routes and natural resources. It resulted in the founding of numerous colonies in North America by the French, British, and Spanish.
Colonial Era
The Colonial Era is a fascinating era in American History. The Colonial Era covers the time from when the European countries had created colonies in North America to the time of independence, especially focusing on the history of the thirteen British colonies.
Federalist Period
The era when both George Washington and John Adams were president was called the Federalist Period. Both Washington and Adams were of the Federalist party. However, Washington did include members of both the Federalist and Anti-Federalist parties.
Age of Jackson
The time between 1815 and 1840 was known as the Age of Jackson. This was an era during which the involvement of the American people in elections and the powers of the presidency greatly increased
Westward Expansion
From the first settling of America the colonists had a desire to find new, undeveloped land to the west. Over time, they felt they had a right to settle from "sea to sea" under a manifest destiny.
At the end of the Civil War, the US Congress adopted a reconstruction effort to help reorganize and reassimilate the Southern states. It lasted from 1866 to 1877 and was an extremely turbulent period for the nation.
Prohibition Era
Read about the fascinating Prohibition Era, a time when America decided to "legally" give up drinking alcohol. Unfortunately, the experiment ended in failure with growing crime rates and lawlessness.
Cold War
The Cold War was a stand-off between the two major superpowers left at the end of World War II: the United States and the Soviet Union. They both tried to further their own ends by influencing nations around the world. The period was marked by conflict and increasing tension that only resolved with the fall of the Berlin Wall and the break up of the Soviet Union in 1991.
The Declaration of IndependenceThe Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies , then at war with Great Britain , regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire. There are numerous connections with Christianity in the place of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. The principles of the Declaration have not only increased equality among races and sexes in society; they have also increased this equality in the church. The writing of the Declaration of Independence culminated a ten-year period where relations between Great Britain and her thirteen American colonies became increasingly strained
American war for independence
The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), the American War of Independence , or simply the Revolutionary War in America, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the new United States of America. The main result was an American victory, with mixed results for the other powers. The American colonists formed a unifying Continental Congress and a shadow government in each colony, though at first remaining loyal to the king. The American boycott of taxed British tea led to the Boston Tea Party in 1773, when shiploads of tea were destroyed. In 1783, the Treaty of Paris ended the war and recognized the sovereignty of the United States over the territory.
Historical background
The history of the United States begins with either 1492 and Columbus (Cristoforo Colombo), or—especially in recent years—with the prehistory of the Native peoples . By the 1770s the Thirteen Colonies contained two and half million people. They were prosperous, and had developed their own political and legal systems. US territory expanded westward across the continent, brushing aside Native Americans and Mexico, and overcoming modernizers who wanted to deepen the economy rather than expand the geography. Slavery of Africans was abolished in the North, but heavy world demand for cotton let it flourish in the Southern states. The 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln , who called for no more expansion of slavery, triggered a crisis as eleven slave states seceded to found the Confederate States of America in 1861. Thanks to an outburst of entrepreneurship in the North and the arrival of millions of immigrant workers from Europe, the US became the leading industrialized power by 1900.
Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was a period from 1750 to 1850 where changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the social, economic and cultural conditions of the times. The First Industrial Revolution, which began in the 18th century, merged into the Second Industrial Revolution around 1850, when technological and economic progress gained momentum with the development of steam-powered ships, railways, and later in the 19th century with the internal combustion engine and electrical power generation . Economic historians are in agreement that the onset of the Industrial Revolution is the most important event in the history of humanity since the domestication of animals and plants

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