кр № 4


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА 4
вариант 1
(JOB / ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS)
READING
Задание 1. Прочтите текст и переведите письменно отрывок, выделенный курсивом.
Labour in Britain
Businesses in Britain are often owned by people, not by the government. This is called free enterprise. Most Britons respect the idea of competition in business and many of them believe that the free-enterprise system encourages equal opportunities.
The British government provides welfare through subsidies, grants and services for the population. This is called social wage; it amounts to 1316 pounds per year for each adult of the working population. Some years ago Governmental arrangements were made in order to shorten unemployment. A nationwide organization helping people to find jobs was set up. It is the Manpower Services Commission. The Commission runs two agencies: the Employment Services Agency and the Training Services Agency. The first offers a suitable job to an unemployed person, the second trains him/her in new skills if necessary.
Robert Smith is 46 years old. He and his wife have to work in order to afford the house and a college education for their two children. Robert has worked at a factory for 30 years. One day he had been replaced by technology. What can he do to find a new job?
He can go to a job center, an employment office or to a private agency. Robert can also read advertisements in special journals and find information in any possible way.
At the Local Job Center Robert is registered as an unemployed and then he is given an unemployment benefit which is sent to him by mail every week. If his benefit is not enough to live on, Robert can get some extra help from the Social Security Office. One day the Job Center informs Robert about a possible vacancy. First he has to go for an interview with his prospective employer. If terms are acceptable for the both the labour contract is signed.
Working people are protected by Britain Trade Unions that concern for work conditions and correct wages. Employers have the Chamber of Commerce that protects their business interests.
There are about 9 million full-time industrial workers in the United Kingdom, but their amount declines steadily. More and more Britons decide to work for themselves as businessmen, independent craftsmen and farmers.
Задание 2. Выпишите из текста перевод выражений.
свободное предпринимательство
прожиточный минимум,
подходящая работа
пособие по безработице,
дополнительная помощь
вероятный работодатель
британские профсоюзы
условия труда
торговая палата
независимые ремесленники
Задание 3. Если утверждение соответствует содержанию текста, поставьте T (true), если не соответствует, поставьте F(false).
1. Since World War II British Government has not made any arrangements to support unemployed people.
2. There are a lot of ways of getting information about prospective jobs.
3. An unemployment benefit is sent to a person once a month.
4. A labour contract is to be signed only by an employee.
5. An unemployment benefit is sent to an unemployed once a month.
6. Before getting a job a person has to go for an interview with his prospective employer.
7. The Manpower Services Commission was set up to support peoples’ right to work.
8. An unemployed person can get extra money from the Employment Services Agency.
Задание 4. Переведите письменно названия профессий и занятий; используйте их для ответов на вопросы задания 6.
1. Engineer. 2. Farmer. 3. Manager. 4. Teacher. 5. Journalist. 6. Architect. 7. Bank clerk. 8. Driver. 9. Police officer. 10. Enginee. 11. Accountant. 12. Salesman/woman. 13.Postman. 14.Builder. 15.Businessman. 16.Unemployed. 17.Doctor. 18.Nurse.
Задание 5. Переведите письменно названия предприятий и организаций, используйте их для ответов на вопросы задания 6.
1. Factor. 2. Plant. 3. Works. 4. Mill. 5. Enterprise. 6. Educational institution. 7. Private enterprise. 8. Department store. 9. Design bureau. 10. Bank. 11. Police office. 12. Tour agency. 13. Shop. 14. Farm. 15. Construction works. 16. Newspaper. 17. Hospital. 18. Post office.

Задание 6. Ответьте письменно на вопросы о работе.
What are you?
What is your friend? What does he work for?
What is your job?
What does your mother/father do for a living?
Задание 7. Этими прилагательными можно охарактеризовать работу. Прочтите и переведите письменно.
1. Boring. 2. Interesting. 3. Dangerous. 4. Stressful. 5. Exhausting. 6. Exciting. 7. Important. 8. Well-paid. 9. Poor-paid. 10. Romantic. 11. Tiring. 12. Fun. 13.Responsible.
Задание 8. Составьте и запишите по 2 предложения по каждому образцу, используя слова из заданий 5 , 6 и 7.
Образец 1. My father is an engineer. His job is important.
Образец 2. My friend works for Yurga Machine Constructing Factory. He is a turner. His job is well-paid.
Образец 3. I work as a salesperson. My job is not difficult but poor-paid..Задание 9. Составьте и запишите 6 предложений по образцам, используя названия профессий и соответствующие им качества личности.
Профессии Качества
Businessman, police officer, design engineer, driver, mechanic, guardian, body guard, professional sportsman, film producer, top manager, university professor frank imaginative reserved honest serious reliable direct sociable
kind ambitious cool good-humored easy-going
Образец 1: I need to be imaginative and hard-working to become a painter.
Образец 2: She is a nurse so she needs to be kind and experienced.
Образец 3:
To be a manager you
should
have to be rather intelligent and always look nice.

Задание 10.
A) В таблицах 1, 2, 3 найдите соответствия и запишите парами.Таблица 1
I am a/the Sales Manager,
Chief Executive Manager, secretary,
electronics expert,
office worker,
shop superintendent,
foreman,
Technical Director,
engineer,
Managing Director,
President,
Marketing Manager,
accountant,
salesperson,
examiner президент компании,
директор-распорядитель, руководитель отдела маркетинга, бухгалтер,
секретарь,
технический директор (главный инженер),
продавец,
специалист по компьютерному обеспечению,
инженер,
генеральный директор,
контролер,
коммерческий директор, служащий,
начальник цеха,
мастер
Таблица 2
I’m responsible for…
(Я отвечаю за…, я ответственный за…) research and development
marketing and sales
production
personnel training
financial services
quality of the product
advertising campaigns
maintenance of machines
reception of visitors
recruiting new employees
decision-making
computer programming прием новых работников
финансовое обслуживание
установка программ
принятие решений
исследования и развитие
производство
обучение персонала
маркетинг и продажи
рекламные кампании
прием посетителей
уход за оборудованием
качество продукции
Таблица 3
I’m responsible to
(я отвечаю перед)
I report directly to
(я подчиняюсь/
докладываю непосредственно) the President
the Chief Accountant
the division manager
the Sales Manager
the Marketing Manager
the Technical Director
the Chief Executive Manager главный инженер,
начальник отдела маркетинга,
генеральный директор
президент компании
главный бухгалтер
начальник отдела
коммерческий директор
B) Составьте 9 предложений (на три должности), логически связанные между собой.
Образец:
I am an electronics expert.
I am responsible for computer programming.
I am responsible to the shop superintendent.
GRAMMAR
Задание 11. Составьте из простых предложений сложноподчиненные. Выделите сказуемое, подвергнутое согласованию.
Образец: The children are playing in the yard. (She thought)
She thought (that) the children were playing in the yard.
1. He is painting a new picture. (We heard)
2. His new picture will be a masterpiece. (We were sure)
3. You will fall and break your leg. (I was afraid)
4. My friend had never been to Washington. (I knew)
4. She never drinks beer. (I was told)
6. He is a very talented singer. (We were told)
7. The lived a happy life. (We knew)
8. He does not know German at all. (I found out)
Задание 12. Измените прямую речь на косвенную.
Используйте глаголы: to say – говорить/сказать, to explain - объяснять, to confess - признаваться, to confirm – утверждать/убеждать, to exclaim – восклицать, to claim – заявлять,
1. Helena’s mother: “Beauty is very important”. 2. Helena: “Father wants me to be a doctor”. 3. Helena: “I have paid back my loan”. 4. Helena’s friend: “You are crazy because English women don’t use beauty products”. 5. Edward : “You aren’t a very good wife or mother”. 6. People: “To open a cosmetics shop in New York City is foolish”. 7. Edward: “Nothing will ever change you, Helena”. 8. Helena: “I like to be a Princess”.
Задание 13. Измените повелительные предложения на косвенную речь.
1. The doctor asked Nick: “Open your mouth and show me your throat.” 2. The manager shouted to the assistant: “Bring me the register book, now!” 3. “Explain me how to solve this task,” said Nick to his friend. 4. “Get some extra help from Social Security Office,” said a wife to her husband. 5. “Don’t forget me, darling,” a young lady asked her boy-friend. 6. “Bring me a red file with reports, please.” a division manager said to her assistant.
Задание 14. Измените вопросы на косвенную речь.
1. Mother said to Mike: “What mark did you get for the exam?” 2. Tom said: “Ann, where are your new friends?” 3. Mother said to us : “What is this dog doing here?” 4. The professor said to students: “How can you explain this phenomenon?” 5. Sally asked Peter: “What is your job?” 6. Helen said to her mother: “Do you like this new lipstick?” 7. John asked Nick: “Where have you got information about this perfect job?” 8. The employer asked the employee: “Do you have any experience as a driver?”
Задание 15. Запишите диалог между работником центра занятости (Job Center officer) и посетителем (Applicant) в косвенной речи.
Applicant: I’m unemployed and I’m looking for a job.
JC officer: What do you like doing?
A: I like driving most.
O: What about working a bus-driver? It’s interesting and not very stressful.
A: That’s fine, but I don’t want to work at night.
Задание 16.
A) Заполните пропуски словами, подходящими по смыслу.
a) disappeared b) earn c) were created d) more e) nurserie f) look after
B) Выполните письменный перевод текста.
Part-Time Work
In 1994, for the first time in British history, 1)___ women than men had jobs. Over 200,000 part-time jobs 2)___ in 1993 and most of them went to women. At the same time, 100,000 full-time jobs 3) ___ in Britain and it was mostly men who lost their jobs.
Many women with children take part-time jobs. Some of these women may want to work full-time, but cannot do so because it is difficult for them to find someone to 4) ___ their children. In Britain there are very few 5) ___ for young children. Partners often have to look after the children while women work part-time in the early morning or in the evening. It is more difficult for single mothers to take on even part-time work because they must 6) ___ enough to pay someone to look after their children.
READING
Задание 17. A) Вставьте подходящее слово, выделите его в тексте.
B) Выполните письменный перевод отрывка, выделенного курсивом.
Environmental Protection
People have always _____ (pollution, pollute) their surroundings. But until now _____ (pollute, pollution) was not such a serious problem. With the _____ (develop, development) of crowded industrial cities the problem has become more important. The most serious _____ (environment, environmental) problems are pollution in its many forms (water pollution, air pollution, nuclear pollution), noise from cars, buses, planes, destruction of wildlife and others.
Air pollution is a very serious problem. One of the most alarming forms of air pollution is acid rain. Acid rain is _____ (killer, killing,) forests in Canada, the USA and central and northern Europe. In the USA 1 in 5 lakes suffers from this type of pollution.
One of the most important problems is ____ (depletion, deplete) of the ozone layer. The ozone layer protects the earth from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. The ozone layer is being damaged by chlorofluorocarbons. They are ___ (release, released) by the daily use of industrial and household products, such as refrigerators, air conditioners and so on. Depletion of the ozone layer increases the risk of skin cancer, weakens the immune system of people.
The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison: industrial and nuclear waste, chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The Mediterranean is already nearly _________ (died, die), the North Sea is following. The Aral Sea is on the brink of extinction.
Another problem is destruction of the tropical forest. It has a major impact on the world climate. The tropical rain forest is a natural ____ (protect, protector) for our planet. It recycles carbon, nitrogen and oxygen, helps determine temperature, rainfall and other climatic conditions.
An even greater environmental threat is nuclear power stations. After the Chernobyl accident Belarus has become the zone of the ecological disaster. The Chernobyl catastrophe has affected the destinies of millions of people.
If people want to survive they must solve these problems quickly. Some progress has been already made: 159 countries-members of the UN have set up environmental protection agencies. There are numerous public organizations such as Greenpeace. They are doing much to preserve environment.
Задание 18. Соответствуют ли следующие утверждения содержанию текста? Поставьте T (true), если соответствуют, и F (false) , если не соответствуют (ставьте знак после предложения).
The pollution problem has become more serious with the developing of big industrial cities.
The most urgent environmental problem is water pollution.
One of the most alarming forms of air pollution is acid rain.
Chlorofluorocarbons help to create the ozone layer.
Depletion of the ozone layer does not influence our health.
Industrial and nuclear waste and chemical fertilizers pollute the seas.
The tropical rain forest plays a great role in protection of our planet.
Nuclear power stations are safe for people and nature.
People do nothing to protect nature from pollution.
Greenpeace is doing much to preserve environment.
Задание 19. Соедините предложения с помощью: as a result, therefore, consequently, as a consequence.
Trees are being cut down. Many species will become extinct.
People in cities breathe exhaust fumes every day. Many of them develop breathing problems.
Industrial waste is dumped into the sea. Fish die.
People drop litter in the streets. People get diseases.
Most factories do not use filters. The air gets dirty.
READING
Задание 20. A) Поставьте абзацы (A-F) в правильном порядке.
B) Найдите в тексте и выпишите ответы на вопросы.
What is the profit from fur trade?
Where was a campaign against cruelty to animals?
Against Fur
A. But for Americans, fur is still a part of the way of life. The fur trade is one of the oldest businesses in North America. Europeans started buying furs from the Indians over 350 years ago. Today it is a $2 billion industry.
B. For some people, fur is a symbol of luxury, wealth and success. For others, it’s a cruel and stupid business.
In many European countries, there have been long campaigns against the fur trade. Often these have been very successful – in Britain fur sales have fallen by 75%.
C. The second way is getting fur from farmers. Farmers keep animals in special fur farms and then kill them when they want their fur.
D. The industry gets fur in two ways. The first way is getting fur from trappers who set traps to catch and kill wild animals.
E. Now some Americans want to stop the fur trade. Their strongest argument is that there are many natural alternatives to fur. It is easy to produce wool and cotton without cruelty to animals or damage to the environment. But still there are others who strongly support the idea of increasing fur farms and animal hunting. What do you think?
F. Last year in North America, people killed nearly 13 million animals because of their fur.
*fur – мех; trapper – охотник, ловец пушного зверя
Задание 21.
А) Прочтите и переведите объявление о вакансии. Найдите и выпишите эквиваленты выражений:
ищет (приглашает); освещать в СМИ деловые новости; требования; степень магистра; как минимум; свободно владеть французским и немецким; навыки общения; опыт зарубежных путешествий; краткая биография; заявление о приеме на работу.Business Journalist
The international business magazine is seeking a Journalist to cover business news in Europe.
Requirements:
a master's degree in journalism
at least two years' experience in business journalism
fluent in French and German.
excellent communication skills
international travel experience is a plus
Please send CV and letter of application to:
David Benton, Worldwatch Europe IPA - Merritts Avenue, Overland Park, Reading RG2 6HD
В) Напишите объявление о вакансии инженера. Используйте в качестве образца объявление из задания 22-А.
GRAMMAR
Задание 22. Раскрывая скобки, напишите каждое предложение три раза, образуя условные предложения I, II и III типов.
Образец: If you (to be) free, I (to come) to see you.
If you are free, I shall come to see you.
If you were free, I should come to sec you.
If you had been free, I should have come to see you.
1. If you (to be) busy, I (to leave) you alone. 2. If I (to live) in Moscow, I (to visit) the Tretyakov Gallery every year. 3. If I (to get) a ticket, I (to go) to the Philharmonic. 4. If I (to live) near a wood, I (to gather) a lot of mushrooms. 5. If my father (to return) early, we (to watch) TV together. 6. If she (to know) English, she (to try) to enter the university. 7. If my friend (to come) to see me, I (to be) very glad. 8. If mother (to buy) a cake, we (to have) a very nice tea party, 9. If we (to receive) a telegram from him, we (not to worry). 10. If you (not to work) systematically, you (to fail) at the examination.
Задание 23. Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующуюся форму сослагательного наклонения после “wish".
1. I wish I (to know) Spanish. 2. I wish I (not to drink) so much coffee in the evening: I could not sleep half the night. 3. I wish you (to read) more in future. 4. I wish I never (to suggest) this idea. 5. I wish I (to be) at yesterday's party: it must have been very merry. 6. I wish we (to meet) again next summer. 7. Don't you wish you (to see) that performance before? 8. They wished they (not to see) this horrible scene again. 9. The unfortunate pupil wished he (not to forget) to learn the rule. 10. I wish I (to have) a season ticket to the Philharmonic next winter.
КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА 4
вариант 2
(JOB/ ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS)
READING
Задание 1. Прочтите текст. Выделенную курсивом часть переведите письменно.
The Firm
Avery: You will be expected to be in the office by nine each morning. The secretaries are to be there at eight-thirty. Nine to five, but no one works so.
Mitch: And want about you?
Avery: Personally I am in the office by eight, and seldom leave before six. I can bill twelve hours each day, regardless of how much hours I actually work. I work at three hundred an hour, for fifty weeks. Nine hundred thousand dollars in billable time! That is my goal.
The firm doesn’t care if you come in at 6 a.m. or 9 a.m. as long as the work is done.
Mitch: What time are the doors unlocked?
Avery: Everyone has a key, so you can come and go as you please. Security is tight, but the guards are accustomed to workaholics.
Mitch: I was told some stories about the work habits in the firm that seemed to me legendary.
Avery: Not a bit! They are real. Victor Milligan, in his younger days, worked sixteen hours a day, seven days a week, until he made partner. Then he quit working on Sundays. He had a heart attack and gave up Saturdays. His doctor put him on ten-hour day, five days a week, and he hasn’t been happy since.
Marty Kozinski is a man who wants to nave breakfast with the kids. He comes in at nine and leaves at midnight.
Nathan Locke claims he can’t work well after the secretaries arrive, so he comes in at six. It will be a disgrace to start later.
Here is a man sixty one years old, worth ten million, and works from six in the morning till eight at night five days a week and then a half day on Saturday. If he retired, he’d die.
Nobody punches a clock. Come and go as you please. Just get the work done.
Задание 2. Выпишите из текста эквиваленты слов и выражений.
1.тебя будут ожидать;
2.ни один так не работает;
3.я редко ухожу раньше шести;
4.отмечать в табеле восемь часов каждый день;
5.за три сотни в час;
6.вот моя цель;
7.во сколько открывают двери?;
8.приходи и уходи как тебе удобно;
9.привыкать;
10.трудовые привычки;
11.стать партнером;
12.перестать работать по воскресеньям;
13.он стоит пять миллионов;
14.я ушел на отдых;
15.никто не отмечается по часам;
16.просто сделай работу.
Задание 3. Соответствуют ли данные утверждения содержанию текста? Если соответствуют, поставьте T (true), если не соответствуют, поставьте F (false) (ставьте знак после предложения).
1. Mitch is expected to be at work at 8 a.m. exactly.
2. Mitch’s working day will last 8 hours.
3. Avery actually works twelve hours.
4. Avery’s goal is to have breakfast with kids.
5. Everyone in the firm has a key because they have no guards at all.
6. Workaholics are rather unusual in the firm.
7. Never be late and leave your workplace in time.
Задание 4. Переведите письменно названия профессий и занятий; используйте их для ответов на вопросы, данные в задании 6.
1. Plumber. 2. Operator. 3. Top manager. 4. Engineer. 5. Designer. 6. Farmer. 7. Manager. 8. Journalist. 9. Pilot. 10. Bank clerk. 11. Driver. 12. Police officer. 13. Accountant. 14. Salesman/woman. 15. Postman. 16. Builder. 17. Politician.
Задание 5. Переведите письменно названия предприятий и организаций, используйте их для ответов на вопросы.
1. Tour agency. 2. Shop. 3. Farm. 4. Construction works. 5. Factory. 6. Educational institution. 7. Plant. 8. Works. 9. Mill. 10. Private enterprise. 11. Department store. 12. Design bureau. 13. Bank. 14. Police office. 15. Newspaper. 16. Hospital. 17. Post office.
Задание 6. Ответьте письменно на вопросы о работе.
What are you?
What is your friend?
What is your job?
What’s your occupation?
What does he work for?
Where do you work?
Задание 7. Этими словами можно охарактеризовать работу.
Прочтите и переведите письменно.
1. Romantic. 2. Tiring. 3. Well-paid. 4. Fun. 5. Responsible. 6. Boring. 7. Interesting. 8. Dangerous. 9. Stressful. 10. Exhausting. 11. Exciting. 12. Important. 13. Poor-paid.Задание 8. Составьте по 2 предложения на каждый образец, используя слова из заданий 4, 5 и 7.
Образец 1. My father is an engineer. His job is interesting and responsible.
Образец 2. My friend works for Yurga Machine Constructing Factory. He is an electronics expert.
Образец 3. I work as a salesperson in a bookshop. My job is nice but poor paid.
Задание 9. Составьте и запишите 6 предложений по образцам, используя названия профессий и соответствующие им качества личности.
Professions and positions Qualities
Businessman, police officer, design engineer, driver, mechanic, guardian, body guard, professional sportsman, film producer, top manager, university professor. adaptable; energetic; well-organized; assertive; forceful;
efficient; tolerant; sensible; physically fit; intelligent; experienced
Образец 1: I need to be well organized and hard-working to become a partner
Образец 2: She is a nurse so she needs to be kind and experienced.
Образец 3:
To be a driver you
should
have to be rather experienced and cool.
READING
Задание 10.
К предложениям A, B, C найдите в тексте предложения со сходным смыслом и выпишите их.
If you are at the bottom of the company, you will probably stay at the bottom.
To be successful women have to be pretty.
Women with children don’t work hard.
Women and career
Why women face problems at work?
BECAUSE women have babies.
a woman is still judged on her looks.
“woman’s brains are smaller”.
women often start out as secretaries and good secretaries rarely get promoted.
not enough women have the courage to speak out about inequality.
men fear and distrust powerful women.
no one ever thinks of calling the father when a child is ill.
a lot of men think of themselves as superior to women.
some men just don’t listen to what women are saying.
women think men won’t love them if they’re successful.
women are either too tough or not tough enough.
Задание 11.
A) В таблицах 1, 2, 3 найдите соответствия и выпишите их парами.Таблица 1
I am a/the Sales Manager,
Chief Executive Manager, secretary,
electronics expert,
office worker,
shop superintendent,
foreman,
Technical Director,
engineer,
Managing Director,
President,
Marketing Manager,
accountant,
salesperson,
examiner президент компании,
директор-распорядитель, руководитель отдела маркетинга, бухгалтер,
секретарь,
технический директор (главный инженер),
продавец,
специалист по компьютерному обеспечению,
инженер,
генеральный директор,
контролер,
коммерческий директор, служащий,
начальник цеха,
мастер
Таблица 2
I’m responsible for…
(Я отвечаю за…, я ответственный за…) research and development
marketing and sales
production
personnel training
financial services
quality of the product
advertising campaigns
maintenance of machines
reception of visitors
recruiting new employees
decision-making
computer programming прием новых работников
финансовое обслуживание
установка программ
принятие решений
исследования и развитие
производство
обучение персонала
маркетинг и продажи
рекламные кампании
прием посетителей
уход за оборудованием
качество продукции
Таблица 3
I’m responsible to
(я отвечаю перед)
I report directly to
(я подчиняюсь/
докладываю непосредственно) the President
the Chief Accountant
the division manager
the Sales Manager
the Marketing Manager
the Technical Director
the Chief Executive Manager главный инженер,
начальник отдела маркетинга,
генеральный директор
президент компании
главный бухгалтер
начальник отдела
коммерческий директор
B) Составьте по три предложения на три должности (всего девять), логически связанные между собой.
Образец выполнения:
I am an electronics expert.
I am responsible for computer programming.
I am responsible to the shop superintendent.
Задание 12. Вставьте предложенные слова и словосочетания и переведите предложения письменно.
11430072390Experience, to earn, a vacancy, particular, per hour, prospective, an advertisement, acceptable.
00Experience, to earn, a vacancy, particular, per hour, prospective, an advertisement, acceptable.

1. Mary applies for the job of manager. Unfortunately she has no any_____.
2. Where have you found information about this job? – I’ve read _____ in a newspaper.
3. The Bank Manager is my _____employer.
4. She was offered _____for a dish-washer, but she refused.
5. Peter is a very talented person so he needs a _____job.
6. Isn’t it difficult to find any ____job if you have no professional training?
7. Average salary in America is about 7 dollars _____.
8. John became a father so he has _____more money.
GRAMMAR
Задание 13. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требующемся времени.
1. Не said he (to leave) tomorrow morning. 2. She says she already (to find) the book. 3. He stopped and listened: the clock (to strike) five. 4. She said she (can) not tell me the right time, her watch (to be) wrong. 5. I asked my neighbour if he ever (to travel) by air before. 6. The policeman asked George where he (to run) so early. 7. The delegates were told that the guide just (to go) out and (to be) back in ten minutes. 8. I knew they (to wait) for me at the metro station and I decided to hurry. 9. I didn't know that you already (to wind) up the clock. 10. I was afraid that the little girl (not to be) able to unlock the front door and (to go) upstairs to help her.
Задание 14. Измените повелительные предложения на косвенную речь.
1. “Get some extra help from Social Security Office,” said a wife to her husband. 2. “Don’t forget me, darling,” a young lady asked her boy-friend. 3. The doctor asked Nick: “Open your mouth and show me your throat.” 4. The manager shouted to the assistant: “Bring me the register book, now!” 5. “Bring me a red file with reports, please.” a division manager said to her assistant. 6. “Explain me how to solve this task,” said Nick to his friend.
Задание 15. Передайте вопросы в косвенной речи.
1. Helen said to her mother: “Do you like this new lipstick?” 2. John asked Nick: “Where have you got information about this perfect job?” 3. The employer asked the employee: “Do you have any experience as a driver?” 4. Mother said to Mike: “What mark did you get for the exam?” 5. Tom said: “Ann, where are your new friends?” 6. Mother said to us : “What is this dog doing here?” 7. The professor said to students: “How can you explain this phenomenon?” 8. Sally asked Peter: “What is your job?”
Задание 16. Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление времен в русском и английском языках.
1. I knew that you were ill. 2. I knew that you had been ill. 3. We found that she left home at eight o'clock every morning. 4. We found that she had left home at eight o'clock that morning. 5. When he learnt that his son always received excellent marks in all the subjects at school, ho was very pleased. 6. When he learnt that his son had received an excellent mark at school, he was very pleased. 7. We did not know where our friends went every evening. 8. We did not know where our friends had gone. 9. She said that her best friend was a doctor. 10. She said that her best friend had been a doctor.

READING
Задание 17. Прочтите текст и заполните пробелы словами по смыслу:
a) rising, b) areas, c) global, d) drought and famine, e) temperature
The Greenhouse Effect
The greenhouse effect is very important; if it didn't exist at all, the 1___of our planet would be 40 degrees lower and the oceans would freeze. But an increase in the greenhouse effect may equally lead to 2___warming with disastrous consequences.
The higher average temperatures produced by global warming could cause dramatic changes in weather patterns. Less rain might fall over large land masses; Central Africa, South Asia and some parts of the United States could risk severe 3___. More rain might fall in coastal 4___and over the oceans, and there might be more storms and hurricanes in the Pacific. A rise in the earth's average temperature of only one or two degrees would probably melt the polar ice caps and raise sea levels. Sea levels throughout the world are already 5___by about two millimeters a year. If the polar ice caps do melt, sea levels could rise by more than a meter over a few decades.
Задание 18. Если утверждение соответствует содержанию текста, поставьте T (true), если не соответствует, поставьте знак F (false).
The greenhouse effect only leads to disastrous consequences.
Without the greenhouse effect the climate on the earth would be much colder.
Because of global warming there is now an increased risk of drought and famine in parts of Africa and Asia.
If there is a rise in temperature of one or two degrees, the sea level will rise by about two millimeter a year.
READING
Задание 19. Прочтите текст.
Water, Water Everywhere
1. Imagine а world with no drinking water, and no water to wash or cook with. It’s hard to imagine this, because we use water every day without even thinking about it. Yet there are terrible water shortages all over the world. In parts of Africa or China, for example, many people don’t even have clean water to drink. In fact, over half of the people in the world have to live with water shortages every day. We all need water – not just for our homes and factories, but to survive. Fortunately there are things that we can all do to save water.
2. The solution begins at home. We can save the water from our baths and use it for the garden, instead of wasting hundreds of liters of clean water on our lawns and plants. This would help to save many liters of water everyday, especially in the summer.
3. Governments can help by passing laws to stop factories from wasting and polluting water. If factories recycled water and stopped pouring chemicals into our lakes and rivers, there would be a lot more clean water around.
4. Government could also stop water companies from wasting millions of liters of water because of leaking pipes. Many cities have successfully saved water by repairing pipes.
5. All in all, there are many things we can do to save our planet’s disappearing water supplies. The time has come to start understanding the value of water, before a world without clean water becomes a terrible reality.
Задание 20. Выберите правильный вариант окончания для предложений 1 - 4 и запишите предложения.
1 The writer says that in many parts of the world people…
a) don’t have water at all.
b) don’t have any clean water.
c) have too much water.
2 The writer suggests that we should…
а) use more water at home.
b) stop using water at home.
c) stop using so much water at home. 3 There would be more clean water around if factories…
a) produced more water.
b) use the same water several times.
c) only used water from rivers and lakes.
4 Water companies can help…
a) by fixing pipes.
b) by giving us more water.
c) by making people pay a lot more.
Задание 21.
А) Прочтите и переведите объявление о вакансии.
Business Journalist
The international business magazine is seeking a Journalist to cover business news in Europe.
Requirements:
a master's degree in journalism
at least two years' experience in business journalism
fluent in French and German.
excellent communication skills
international travel experience is a plus
Please send CV and letter of application to:
David Benton, Worldwatch Europe IPA - Merritts Avenue, Overland Park, Reading RG2 6HD
B) Найдите и выпишите эквиваленты выражений:
ищет (приглашает); освещать в СМИ деловые новости; требования; степень магистра; как минимум; свободно владеть французским и немецким; навыки общения; опыт зарубежных путешествий; краткая биография; заявление о приеме на работу.C) Напишите объявление о вакансии бухгалтера. Используйте в качестве образца объявление из задания 21-А.
Задание 22. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требующейся форме.
1. If it (to snow), the children will play snowballs. 2. If I (not to know) English, I should not be able to enjoy Byron's poetry. 3. I (not to do) it if you did not ask me. 4. If men (to have) no weapons, would wars be possible? 5. You will never finish your work if you (to waste) your time like that. 6. If I (to have) his telephone number, I should easily settle this matter with him. 7. If I (to have) this rare book, I should gladly lend it to you. 8. The dish would have been more tasty if she (to be) a better cook.
Задание 23. Раскройте скобки, употребляя голы в требующейся форме.
1. I should be delighted if I (to have) such a beautiful fur-coat. 2. If it (to rain), we shall have to stay, at home. 3. If he (to work) hard, he would have achieved great progress. 4, If it is not too cold, I (not to put) on my coat. 5. I (to write) the composition long ago if you had not disturbed me. 6. If he (not to read) so much, he would not be so clever. 7. If my friend (to be) at home, he will tell us what to do. 8. If he were not such an outstanding actor, he (not to have) so many admirers. 9. If you (to give) me your address, I shall write you a letter 10. If she (not to be) so absent-minded, she would be a much better student. 11. If my sister does not go to the South, we (to spend) the summer in St Petersburg together. 12. If they (not to go) to Moscow last year, they would not have heard that famous musician.
КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА 4
вариант 3
(JOB/ ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS)
READING
Задание 1. Прочтите текст и переведите письменно отрывок, выделенный курсивом.
Success Story
I met Richard about ten years ago when I came to South America to work for Pan American Company. Richard Worked for the same company. He was a pleasant man of twenty two who easily made friends with people, and I liked him.
Soon after I’d been employed, Pan American Co signed a contract for the construction of a plant. I was making most of calculations and Richard only helped me because he was less experienced.
In January a few representatives of the customer together with Mr. Prosset, the President of PAC, arrived from the USA. The next day our manager invited them to observe the construction site. They decided to arrive there by train. The manager asked me and Richard to pick up Mr. Prosset at the hotel and bring him to the station.
On the way Mr.Prosset was asking me a lot of questions and I often answered: “I’m afraid, sir, I don’t know. We haven’t made any calculations on that...”
Although I was more experienced I was very much surprised when Rich began to speak: “I did all calculations last night,”- he said, -“just for my pleasure.”
“Oh”- said Mr.Prosset -“That’s very interesting. Well, probably, you could tell me about...”
And Richard could! He seemed to know everything. He answered all the questions Mr.Prosset asked him. When we got to the station Mr.Prosset said good-bye to Richard but not to me. On our way back to the office I told him what I thought of his impudence.
“Your information wasn’t true!” – I said.
“You see, John, if the President of a big company wants to know something why can’t I tell him everything he needs?
“But what will happen if he checks the information?”
“Do you believe he’ll remember what I was telling about? He’s going to remember that PAC has a bright young man, Richard by name, who could give him all necessary information and the other man, John, who couldn’t answer his questions.”
Some time later I read in a newspaper that Richard was a Vice President of a big company. As for me, I’m still doing my ordinary everyday job for Pan American Co.
Задание 2. Найдите в тексте соответствия словам и выражениям и выпишите их.
1. Представители заказчика. 2. Подписали контракт на строительство.
3. Осмотреть стройплощадку. 4. Менее опытный. 5. Проверять информацию. 6. Способный юноша. 7. Вице-президент. 8. Обычная работа.
Задание 3. Отметьте предложения, соответствующие содержанию текста T(true), а не соответствующие знаком F (false).
The hero of this story worked for the Bank of America in South Africa.
2. They went to the station be car.
3. Mr. Prosset liked Richard’s sociability and assertiveness.
4. Mr. Prosset checked information and fired Richard.
5. Richard got a new position in Canadian office.
6. The hero became a Vice President of PAC.
Задание 4. Ответьте письменно на вопросы о работе.
What are you?
What is your friend?
What is your job?
What’s your occupation?
What does he work for?
Where do you work?
Задание 5. Переведите письменно названия профессий и занятий; используйте их для ответов на вопросы, данные в задании 4.
1. Turner. 2. Tailor. 3. Waiter/waitress. 4. Accountant. 5. Salesman/woman. 6. Farmer. 7. Manager. 8. Architect. 9. Bank clerk. 10. Driver. 11. Police officer. 12. Engineer. 13. Postman. 14. Builder. 15. Businessman. 16. Doctor. 17. Nurse.
Задание 6. Переведите письменно названия предприятий и организаций, используйте их для ответов на вопросы.
1. Educational institution. 2. Police office. 3. Private enterprise. 4. Factory. 5. Mill. 6. Enterprise. 7. Department store. 8. Newspaper. 9. Hospital. 10. Design bureau. 11. Plant. 12. Shop. 13. Farm. 14. Works. 15. Construction works. 16. Post office.
Задание 7. Этими словами можно охарактеризовать работу. Прочтите и переведите.
1. Romantic. 2. Tiring. 3. Well-paid. 4. Fun. 5. Responsible. 6. Boring. 7. Interesting. 8. Dangerous. 9. Stressful. 10. Exhausting. 11. Exciting. 12. Important. 13. Poor-paid.Задание 8. Составьте по 2 предложения по образцам, используя слова из заданий 5, 6 и 7.
Образец 1. My father is a musician. His job is interesting but tiring .
Образец 2. My friend works for a trade corporation. He is a sales manager . His job is well-paid but stressful.
Образец 3. I work as a policeman. My work is stressful but responsible.
Задание 9. Составьте 6 предложений по образцам, используя слова из таблицы и названия профессий.
Professions and positions Qualities
dentist, body guard, professional sportsman, businessman, police officer, design engineer, mechanic, film producer, top manager, university professor. Sensitive, hard-working, cool, good-humored, easy-going, flexible, helpful,
communicative, diligent, tough
Образец 1: I need to be well organized and hard-working to become a partner.
Образец 2: She is a nurse so she needs to be kind and experienced.
Образец 3:
To be a driver you
should
have to be rather experienced and cool
Задание 10. A) В таблицах 1, 2, 3 найдите соответствия и запишите парами.Таблица 1
I am a/the Sales Manager,
Chief Executive Manager,
secretary,
electronics expert,
office worker,
shop superintendent,
foreman,
Technical Director,
engineer,
Managing Director,
President,
Marketing Manager,
accountant,
salesperson,
examiner президент компании,
директор-распорядитель, руководитель отдела маркетинга, бухгалтер,
секретарь,
технический директор (главный инженер),
продавец,
специалист по компьютерному обеспечению,
инженер,
генеральный директор,
контролер,
коммерческий директор, служащий,
начальник цеха,
мастер
Таблица 2
I’m responsible for…
(Я отвечаю за…, я ответственный за…) research and development
marketing and sales
production
personnel training
financial services
quality of the product
advertising campaigns
maintenance of machines
reception of visitors
recruiting new employees
decision-making
computer programming прием новых работников
финансовое обслуживание
установка программ
принятие решений
исследования и развитие
производство
обучение персонала
маркетинг и продажи
рекламные кампании
прием посетителей
уход за оборудованием
качество продукции
Таблица 3
I’m responsible to
(я отвечаю перед)
I report directly to
(я подчиняюсь/
докладываю непосредственно) the President
the Chief Accountant
the division manager
the Sales Manager
the Marketing Manager
the Technical Director
the Chief Executive Manager главный инженер,
начальник отдела маркетинга,
генеральный директор
президент компании
главный бухгалтер
начальник отдела
коммерческий директор
B) Составьте 9 предложений (на три должности), логически связанные между собой.
Образец выполнения:
I am an electronics expert.
I am responsible for computer programming.
I am responsible to the shop superintendent.
READING
Задание 11. Поставьте абзацы текста в логическом порядке.
«Who Wants To Be a Millionaire? - I Don’t», Says Charles Grey
1- (A) But this change is not a tragedy. Charles was happy to give up a lifestyle of the rich. He was tired of being a person who had everything in a world where many people had nothing. So he made a chance to give all his money away and this decision, he says, has brought him happiness.
2- (B) Charles believes that most people want to be rich since they expect money give them power and happiness. However, a number of these people never make much money. Charles Grey tried both wealth and poverty and has realized that having only a little money makes you free and independent. Are there any things he is missing? “No, I’m much happier now. I wouldn’t come back to being rich, no way.”
3- (C) More then fifteen years ago, Charles Grey was a college professor with a huge six-bedroom house and a fortune of $2 million. Today he lives in a small caravan where there is second-hand furniture. There are certainly no signs that Charles Grey was a rich man.
4- (D) “A few years ago’, says Mr. Grey, ‘I made a great success and became a millionaire, but I knew there were hungry people in the world.” So Charles Gray gave away his money to charities. Two thousand dollars left in small bank notes he gave away in the streets of poor areas. Did he feel like Father Christmas? “It was a lot of fun”, says Charles.
Задание 12. Восстановите и запишите пропущенные реплики в диалоге между журналистом и Чарльзом Греем.
Journalist: Where did you live when you were rich?
Charles Grey:....................Journ. : How do you live at present?
Ch.G.:......................
Journ.: Why did you give up the lifestyle of a rich man?
Ch.G.:.............................Journ.: Who did you give away you money to?
Ch.G.:..........................Journ.: What did you feel while giving away your money in the streets?
Ch.G.:.........................Journ.: Why do most people want to earn a lot of money?
Ch.G.:............................Journ.: Are there any things you are missing?
Ch.G.:.........................
GRAMMAR
Задание 13. Измените прямую речь (см. задание 12) на косвенную и запишите предложения. Задание 14. Передайте повелительные предложения в косвенной речи.
1. “Get some extra help from Social Security Office,” said a wife to her husband. 2. “Don’t forget me, darling,” a young lady asked her boy-friend. 3. The doctor asked Nick: “Open your mouth and show me your throat.” 4. The manager shouted to the assistant: “Bring me the register book, now!” . 5. “Bring me a red file with reports, please.” a division manager said to her assistant. 6. “Explain me how to solve this task,” said Nick to his friend.
Задание 15. Передайте следующие повествовательные предложения в косвенной речи.
1. Masha said: "I usually spend my holidays in the south." 2. She said: "I spent my holidays in the Crimea last year." 3. Boris said: "I go to the south every year." 4. He said: "I am going to a rest-home tomorrow." 5. Ann said to us: "They haven't yet come." 6. She said to us: "They arrived in St. Petersburg yesterday." 7. I said: "I was in London last year. My friends in London sometimes invite me to spend my holidays with them." 8. Nick said: "I have never been to London. I think I shall go there next year." 9. He said: "I shall not stay with my friends too long." 10. He said to me: "They are staying at the 'Europe' hotel. 11. He said: "They are leaving next Monday." 12. The clerk said to them: "You can leave the key with the maid upstairs."
Задание 16. Раскройте скобки, выбирая требующееся время глагола.
1. Не said he (is staying, was staying) at the "Ritz" Hotel. 2. They realized that they (lost, had lost) their way in the dark. 3. He asked me where I (study, studied). 4. I thought that I (shall finish, should finish) my work at that time. 5 He says he (works, worked) at school two years ago. 6. Victor said he (is, was) very busy. 8. My friend asked me who (is playing, was playing) the piano in the sitting-room. 9. He said he (will come, would come) to the station to see me off. 10. I was sure he (posted, had posted) the letter.
Задание 17. Перепишите следующие предложения в прошедшем времени. Обратите внимание на зависимость времени придаточного дополнительного предложения от времени главного.
1. Nick says he is going to the hotel to see his friends, who have just arrived in St. Petersburg from the United States of America. 2. He says they have not been here for a long time. 3. He says they were friends at school. 4. He says he will take them to the theatre on Sunday. 5. They say they will write me a letter when they return home. 6. Mike says he is sure Ann and Kate will be excellent guides. 7. He says they have made good progress in English. 8. Oleg says that in a day or two several English students will come to pay a visit to their school and he will probably have to act as interpreter. 9. Ann says she has just met Boris in the street. 10. She says Boris told her a lot of interesting things about his travels in the south.
Задание 18. Вставьте слова по смыслу и переведите текст письменно. manager, parking space, job, vacant, appointment, took
An embarrassing experience
For a long time I had been looking for a ___ as a bank clerk. At last I’d maid an ____ with my prospective employer. I’d never met him before and I was a little nervous. I was lucky enough to find a ____outside the bank. I just started parking into the ___ place when a car drove into it. I was furious! I opened my window and shouted at the other driver. He ignored me and walked away. It ___ me twenty minutes to find another space. I was ten minutes late for my appointment. I went to the Manager’s office, knocked and walked in. The ___ was sitting behind hid desk. He was the man who had taken my parking space!
READING
Задание 19. Прочтите текст, переведите письменно отрывок, выделенный курсивом.
Are Cars Driving Us Crazy?
A. Many people have cars and many dream of the day when they learn to drive and have their own car. There are plenty of reasons why. They will be able to go out where they like and to give their friends a lift. Cars are also a big status symbol. If somebody has a big, fast car, he or she must be successful.
B. Of course, it is convenient to have a car, but what price do we all pay for it? Can’t it be so that the mass-produced car, which was born at the beginning of the current century, will strangle us in the next?
C. Just consider the awful impact that the car has had on modern life. Many big cities face lots of problems caused by cars. The most pressing ones are traffic jams and air pollution. On hot, sunny days air pollution in cities in many Western countries gets very bad. Many people suffer from asthma and other breathing problems more often than before. In Britain, about 10,000 people die every year because of car fumes.
D. Thousands of people the world over are killed or horribly injured each year, and we are quietly sitting back letting it happen. It has been rightly said that when a man is sitting behind a steering wheel, his car becomes the extension of his personality. There is no doubt that the motor-car often brings out a man’s worst qualities. People who are normally quiet and pleasant may become unrecognizable when they are behind a wheel. They can be ill-mannered, aggressive and selfish.
E. The surprising thing is that society smiles on the motorist and seems to encourage his behaviour. Traffic in big cities is too heavy, towns are made, ugly by huge car parks and countryside is spoiled by road networks.
F. Environmental experts all agree that the only way to stop this is to reduce the number of cars on the roads. How can we do that? First of all, we should change our mentality and not to think of a car as a status symbol. Next, we should change our lifestyle and walk or use bicycles for shorter journeys. If we don't change our attitude to a car, it can turn into a monster which will destroy everything.
Задание 20 Выпишите из текста предложения, подтверждающие эти утверждения.
1. The car has had an awful impact on modern life.
3. Car fumes are bad for health.
4. A car is an extension of man's personality.
5. Man is losing a battle against car.
Задание 21.
А) Прочтите и переведите объявление о вакансии:
Business Journalist
The international business magazine is seeking a Journalist to cover business news in Europe.
Requirements:
a master's degree in journalism
at least two years' experience in business journalism
fluent in French and German.
excellent communication skills
international travel experience is a plus
Please send CV and letter of application to:
David Benton, Worldwatch Europe IPA - Merritts Avenue, Overland Park, Reading RG2 6HD
В) Найдите и выпишите эквиваленты выражений:
ищет (приглашает); освещать в СМИ деловые новости; требования; степень магистра; как минимум двухлетний стаж; свободно владеть французским и немецким; навыки общения; опыт зарубежных путешествий; краткая биография; заявление о приеме на работу.С) Напишите объявление о вакансии финансового директора. Используйте в качестве образца объявление из задания 23 А.
Задание 22. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требующейся форме:
1. If she (to ask) me yesterday, I should certainly have told her all about it. 2. If you (to do) your morning exercises every day, your health would be much better. 3. If he is not very busy, he (to agree) to go to the museum with us. 4. If I (not to be) present at the lesson, I should not have understood this difficult rule. 5. If he reads fifty pages every day, his vocabulary (to increase) greatly. 6. If they (to know) it before, they would have taken measures. 7- If you really loved music, you (to go) to the Philharmonic much more often. 8. If you had not wasted so much time, you (not to miss) the train. 9. If you (not to miss) the train, you would have arrived in time. 10. You (not to miss) the teacher's explanation if you had arrived in time.
Задание 23. Раскрывая скобки, напишите каждое предложение три раза, образуя условные предложения I, II и III типов.
Образец: If you (to be) free, I (to come) to see you.
If you are free, I shall come to see you. If you were free, I should come to see you. If you had been free, I should have come, to see you.
1. If you (to be) busy, I (to leave) you alone. 2. If I (to live) in Moscow, I (to visit) the Tretyakov Gallery every year. 3. If I (to get) a ticket, I (to go) to the Philharmonic. 4. If I (to live) near a wood, I (to gather) a lot of mushrooms. 5. If my father (to return) early, we (to watch) TV together. 6. If she (to know) English, she (to try) to enter the university. 7. If my friend (to come) to see me, I (to be) very glad. 8. If mother (to buy) a cake, we (to have) a very nice tea party, 9. If we (to receive) a telegram from him, we (not to worry). 10. If you (not to work) systematically, you (to fail) at the examination.

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