Тест 200 вопросов


Lexicology is the part of linguistics which studies:
The vocabulary of a language
The grammatical system of a language
The phonemic shape of words
The history of a language
The relations between the language and social life
Lexicology is closely connected with:
Phonetics
Grammar
Stylistics
The history of the language
All the above mentioned branches of linguistics
Semasiology is the branch of Lexicology that deals with:
The study of word meaning
The phonemic shape of words
The grammatical function of words
A positional mobility of words within a sentence
Pharasal verbsPhraseology studies:
Free word combinations and phraseological units
Graphical abbreviations
Synonyms and antonyms
Lexical homonyms
Phrasal verbs
Etymology investigates:
Peculiarities of the English vocabulary
Different types of compounds
General problems of the theory of of the word
Different kinds of dictionaries
The origin and history of a word and its true meaning
Lexicography deals with:
The word-making process in English
Classification of loan words
Variants of the English language
The theory and practice of compiling dictionaries
The etymological background of English word stock
A morpheme is:
The smallest indivisible two-facet language unit
The basic unit of a language
A cliché
A collocation
An abbreviation
Semantically morphemes are classified as:
Root and affixational morphemes
Free morphemes
Semi-free morphemes
Bound morphemes
Semi-bound morphemes
Structurally morphemes fall into:
Root morphemes
Stem morphemes
Prefixational morphemes
Suffixational morphemes
Free, semi-free, bound, semi-bound morphemes
The root of the word is:
The basic part of a word to which affixes are added
The basic unit of a language
A derivational affix
A grammatical paradigm
A derived stem
A stem is:
A functional affix
A derivational affix
A prefix
A suffix
An unchanged part
A prefix is:
A derivational morpheme preceding the root
A derivational morpheme following the stem
A common element of words within a word-family
An affix placed within the word
A combining form
A suffix is:
A derivational morpheme
A derivational morpheme following the stem
A common element of words within a word-family
An affix placed within the word
A combining form
An infix is:
Derivational morpheme
A derivational morpheme following the stem
A common element of words within a word-family
An affix placed within the word
A combining form
Functional affixes:
Convey grammatical meaning
Form different words
Provide the structural completeness of a word-group
Convey emotional components of meaning
Form blendings Derivational affixes serve:
To form a different words
To convey grammatical meaning
To build different forms of one and the same word
To form only neologisms
To connect parts of blendings A paradigm is
The system of the grammatical forms of a word
The system of the lexical meaning of a word
The system of the morphological changes of a word
The system of the semantic changes of a word
The system of the lexico-grammatical changes of a word
Word-formation is the process of creating
Root morphemes
Affixation morphemes
Grammatical forms of a word
New words
Bound stem
Affixation is the formation of words
By adding derivational affixes to stems
By joining two or more stems
By combining parts of two words
By reducing a word to one of its parts
By shortening a written word or phrase
Conversion is a word-building process in which words are built:
By means of changing the paradigm
By joining two or more stems together
By adding word-building affixes to stems
By combining parts of two words
By shortening a written word or phrase
Word composition is a word-building process in which words are built:
By joining two or more stems
By adding derivational affixes to stems
By means of changing the paradigm
By combining parts of two words
By clipping the beginning or the end of the word
What is clipping?
The result of reduction of a word to one of its parts
The result of adding affixes to free stems
The result of merging parts of words into one new word
The result of subtracting a real or supposed suffix from existing words
The result of shortening and compounding
Which word-building ways are similar to compounding?
Affixation
Sound imitation
Conversion
Back formation
Blending and reduplication
What is blending?
Telescoping, reduplication
Sound and stress interchange
Back-formation
Sound imitation
Affixation
Which word-building type is similar to conversion?
Adjectivization, adverbialization, substantivizationBlending, telescoping, reduplication
Sound and stress imitation
Initial and final clipping
Lexical and graphical abbreviations
The basic aim of the derivational analysis of the word structure is:
To point out the number of morphemes
To state the derivational pattern of the given word
To define the degree of derivation of the primary stem
To state the meaning of the word
To find out the connection between the structural pattern of the word and its meaning
Affixation, word-composition and conversion are:
Principal and productive ways of forming new words
Non-productive ways of word –formation
Minor types of word-building
Morphosyntactically conditioned combinability of words
Word-building patterns
Sound imitation, reduplication, clipping, abbreviation are:
Productive ways of word-building
Minor types of word making
Principal ways of world-building
Ways of making up phraseological units
Ways of changing syntactic pattern and paradigm of words
Shortening is:
A common element of words
A derived word
The smallest meaningful unit
A significant substraction of a word
Blending
An allomorph is:
An affix placed within a word
A positional variant of a morpheme
An ultimate constituent of a word
An association of a given meaning with a given sound
A common element of words
Hybrids are:
Idiomatic compounds
Removal of all functional and derivational elements
Words which are made after existing patterns
Words made up of affixes from two or more different languages
The smallest meaningful units
Compound words are:
Words consisting of at least two stems which occur in the language as free forms
Class of lexical elements possessing the same lexico-grammatical meaning
Nouns denoting some feelings and state
Derivational morphemes standing before the root
The smallest meaningful unit
Derivational compound are:
Words which provide the structural completeness of a word-group
Derivational morphemes standing before the root
Elements of set expressions which are structurally necessary
Compound words that have affixes
Words made up of elements derived from two or more different languages
Which of the following words are derived compounds?
Boyfriend, back-formation, wallflower
Well-formed, dishwasher, three-cornered
Overestimate, subdivided, pseudo-compounds
Refrigerators, appendicitis, violation
Forget-me-not, information, disagreement
According to the structure the words: fridge, pub, tech, USA, exam are:
Simple
Shortened
Compound
Derived
Blendings Which of these have the opposite meaning?
Be-, co-, extra-
Ultra-, sub-, pre-
Anti-, counter-, non-
Re-, co-, pre-
De-, un-, over-
Which of the following pairs of words has the verb derived from the noun?
A monkey-to monkey
A peel-to peel
A help-to help
A tramp-to tramp
A jump-to jump
What is the meaning of the underlined parts of words: monolingual, monosyllable, monologue
One
Many
All
Every
Each
Check for the type of word-formation in the following words: UNO, NATO, laser, radar
Lexicalization
Blending
Back formation
Shortening
Sound imitation
Which of the following words are Blending?
Beggar, to burgle, to edit
Hanky, nighty, radar
M.P., USA, BBS
Ping-pong, topsy-turvy, walkie-talkie
Smoke, brunch, clap
Which of these nouns are derived from verb?
A pain, a tramp, a button
A pen, a weekend, a drink
A break, a catch, a jump
A cook, a button, a monkey
A fall, a windlass, an act
Which of these following words contain diminutive suffixes?
Heroine, actress
Booklet, hanky
Poetic, picturesque
Cloudy, girlish
Funny, sunny
Which of the following compounds are non-transparent?
Bookcase, weekend, bottle-opener
wall-eye, fiddlesticks, bull’s-eye
stone-cold, care-free, knowledge-greedy
Center-forward, woman-doctor, eye-specialist
steamship, round-faced, sword-fish
44. The words pacifist, innocence, cordial have:
a free stem
a bound stem
a semi bound stem
a semi-free stem
a compound stem
45. Check for the line with asyntactic compounds:
bluebell, slow-coach, mad-doctor
know-nothing, kill-joy, tell-tale
door-handle, day-time, time-table
a green -house, a dancing-girl, missing-lists
oil-rich, red-hot, home-grown
46. –er, -dom, -ness, -ation are:
adjective-forming suffixes
adverb-forming suffixes
noun-forming suffixes
verb-forming suffixes
numeral-forming suffixes
47. What is the motivation?
The connection between the structural pattern of the word and its meaning
The connection between the structural pattern of the word and its sound-form
The connection between the structural pattern of the word and the referent
The connection between the structural pattern of the word and its graphical form
The connection between the meaning of the word and referent
48. What is the lexical meaning?
The meaning proper to sets of word-forms common to all words of a certain class
The component of meaning which makes communication possible
The meaning proper to the given linguistic unit in all its forms and distributions
The component of meaning that distinguishes one word from all others containing identical morphemes
The component of meaning recurrent in identical sets of individual forms of different words
49. What is the denotational meaning?
The component of meaning that considers emotive charge and stylistic reference of words
The component of meaning that distinguishes one word from all others containing identical morphemes
The component of meaning recurrent in identical sets of individual forms of different words
The component of the lexical meaning which makes communication possible
The connotational meaning
50. What is the connotational meaning?
The component of meaning that distinguishes one word from all others containing identical morphemes
The component of meaning that considers emotive charge and stylistic reference of words
The component of meaning recurrent in identical sets of individual forms of different words
The component of meaning recurrent in identical sets of individual forms of different words
The denotational meaning
51. What is the context?
The structural patterns of phrases
The derivational patterns of words
The minimal stretch of speech determining each individual meaning of the word
A set of words united by the identity of the root
A group of non-motivated words
52. What is polysemy?
The ability of words to coincide in their sound forms
The existence of contrastive meanings within a word
The existence within one word of several connected meanings
The existence of only one meaning within words
Words with opposite meanings
53. What are homonyms?
Words with identical sound and graphic forms
Words differing in their morphemic structure but coinciding in their sound-form
Words identical in their sound-form or in graphic form or in both, but different in meaning
Words coinciding in some shades of meaning
Words with opposite meanings
54. What are synonyms?
Words with identical sound and graphic forms
Words differing in their morphemic structure but coinciding in their sound-form
Words identical in their sound-form or in graphic form or in both, but different in meaning
Words with contrastive meanings
Words different in their sound-form, but identical or similar in some of their meanings
55. What are antonyms?
Words different in sound and graphic form and characterized by semantic polarity of denotational meaning
Words different in their sound-form, but identical or similar in some of their meanings
Words identical in their sound-form or in graphic form or in both, but different in meaning
Words differing in their morphemic structure but coinciding in their sound-form
Words with identical sound and different in their graphic forms
56. Stylistic synonyms are:
Two words having the same denotational meaning but differing in stylistic connotation
Words which differ in shades of meaning
Words which differ in connotations
Words identical in their sound-form or in graphic form or in both, but different in meaning
Words which differ in their morphemic structure but coinciding in their sound-form
57. Ideographic synonyms are:
Words conveying the same notion but differing in shades of meaning
Words which differ in connotations
Words which differ in all kinds of emotional, expressive and evaluative overtones
Words which differ in their morphemic structure but coinciding in their sound-form
Words identical in their sound-form or in graphic form or in both, but different in meaning
58. Absolute (or complete) synonyms are:
Words coinciding in all their shades of meaning and in all their stylistic characteristic
Words conveying the same notion but differing in shades of meaning
Words which differ in connotations
Words conveying the same notion but differing in shades of meaning
Words identical in their sound-form or in graphic form or in both, but different in meaning
59. Sources of synonyms are:
Native and borrowed words
Shortening
Conversion
Euphemisms
All the above mentioned cases
60.
J
J
J
J
J
61.
J
J
J
J
J
62.
J
J
J
J
J
63.
J
J
J
J
J
64.
J
J
J
J
J
65.
J
J
J
J
J
66.
J
J
J
J
J
67.
J
J
J
J
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68. A Don Juan, the foot of the bed, bookworm, the head of the school are cases of:
A metaphor
A metonymy
A euphemism
An irony
Litotes
69. The words deer (O.E. ‘wild beast’), meat (O.E. ‘food’) are cases of:
Widening of the meaning
Pejoration of the meaning
Amelioration of the meaning
Specialization of meaning
Generalization of the meaning
70. Check for the line with synonyms to the word to look:
To peep, to stroll, to sob
To watch, to strive, to race
To gaze, to glance, to peep, to stare
To starve, to search, to wait
To see, to gaze, to blame
71. Which of the following words are homonyms proper?
Sea (n)-see (v)
Wind (n)- wind (v)
Tear (n)-tear (v)
Bank (n)-bank (n)
Knight (n)-night (n)
72. Head of a cabbage is:
A metaphor
A metonymy
A saying
A euphemism
A proverb
73. Metonymy is based on:
Harrowing of meaning
Contiguity of meaning
Pejoration of meaning
Amelioration of meaning
Extention of meaning
74. Metaphor is a transfer of name based on:
The association of similarity
Contiguity of meaning
Pejoration of meaning
Amelioration of meaning
Extention of meaning
75. The word combinations a long distance, a long speech, a short path, a short time are cases of metaphor based upon:
The analogy between duration of time and space
Similarity of shape
Similarity of behavior
Similarity of function
Similarity of position
76. Lexical valency is the aptness of a word:
To appear in various word combinations
To lose its meanings
To appear in various grammatical structures
To acquire new meanings
To generalize its meaning
77. Grammatical valency is the aptness of a word:
To appear in various word combinations
To lose its meanings
To appear in various grammatical structures
To acquire new meanings
To generalize its meaning
78. Which of the following set expressions function like interjections?
As mad as a hatteBy heart
Cat’s paw
By hook or by crook
Oh Boy! My God!
79. Free word- groups are:
Words put together to form lexical units
Stereotyped or unchangeable set expressions
Phraseological fusions
Phraseological collocations
Phraseological unities
80. What is a phraseological unit?
Words joined together to make up single self-contained lexical units
Any prepositional or postpositional phrases
The smallest two –faced language unit
Functionally and semantically inseparable word-groups
The basic unit of a language
81. Phraseological units differ from free word-groups in:
Their reproducibility in speech, idiomaticity and structural stability
Their reproducibility in speech and structural variability
Their structural stability and usability in the direct sense
Their ability to function as independent units of communication
Their ability to function as word-equivalents
82. Vinogradov’s classification of phraseological units is based on:
The criterion of function
The criterion of motivation
The criterion of idiomaticityThe criterion of fixed context
The theory of word equivalence
83. A proverb is:
A short familiar saying expressing some well-known truth
A familiar quotation
A free word-group
A verb- adverb combination
Traditional phrases
84. Which of the following statements is the distinctive feature of proverbs?
Proverbs function as independent units of communication
Proverbs are neither parts of statement, nor do they stand for the whole statement
Proverbs are completely non-motivated
Proverbs function as word-equivalents
Proverbs function as word-groups
85. The last straw breaks the camel’s back is:
Euphemism
Taboo
c) Free word-group
d) A group of words.
e) A cliche.
f) A proverb.
86. An idiom is:
A) An expression or phrase the meaning of which is different from the literal meanings of its components.
B) A free word-group.
C) A proverb.
D) A cliche.
E) A saying.
87. According to the semantic classification word-groups fall into:
A) Motivated and non-motivated.
B) Movable.
C) Immovable.
D) Communicative.
E) Non-communicative.
88. Classification of phraseological units cannot be based on:
A) The degree of idiomaticityB) Contextual approach.
C) Functional approach.
D) On a combination of the functional, semantic and structural features.
E) Only on the structural principle.
89. Complete the following idiom of comparison as busy as…:
A) As busy as a bee.
B) As busy as a mouse.
C) As busy as a frog.
D) As busy as a dove.
E) As busy as an ant.
90. Which of the following phraseological units are synonymous?
A) Through thin and thin; by hook or by crook; for love or money.
B) In the soup; in the pink; under a cloud.
C) To show one’s cards; to look through one’s fingers; to show the white feather.
D) To take the bull by the horns; to wear one’s heart on one’s sleeve; to kill the goose that laid the golden eggs.
E) To wash one’s dirty linen in public; mad as a hatter; Jack of all trades.
91. The underlined words in the following sentences. “ How often do you milk the cows?”, “ Restaurants in all large cities have ups and downs.” “ He began to nose about like an old bloodhound.” are cases of:
A) Ausion.
B) Conversion.
C) Cliche.
D) Metaphor.
E) Euphemism.
92. The stem of root or morpheme words contains:
A) One free morpheme.
B) Not less than two morphemes of which at least one is bound.
C) Not less than two free morphemes.
D) Not less than two free morphemes and one bound morpheme.
93. Derivatives contain:
A) One free morpheme
B) Not less than two morphemes of which at least one is bound.
C) Not less than two free morphemes.
D) Not less than two free morphemes and one bound morpheme.
E) A group of words.
94. Compound words contain:
A) One free morpheme.
B) Not less than two morphemes of which at least one is bound.
C) Not less than two morphemes.
D) Not less than two free morphemes and one bound morpheme.
E) A group of words.
95. Compound derivatives contain:
A) One free morpheme
B) Not less than two morphemes of which at least one is bound.
C) Not less than two free morphemes.
D) Not less than two free morphemes and one bound morpheme.
E) A group of words.
96. Form or functional words comprise:
A) Auxiliary verbs.
B) Prepositions.
C) Conjunctions.
D) Relative adverbs.
E) All this group.
97. Which of the following line contains only form words?
A) Dog-like, through, to help.
B) Lonesome, handful, are.
C) Terror, a computer, out of.
D) From, oh!, am.
E) Went, come on, and.
98. A term is:
A) A peculiar type of word or word combination expressing a definite conception.
B) A preposition.
C) A proverb.
D) A conjunction.
E) Slang.
99. Which of the following line has words belonging to terminology?
A) Lovely, beautiful, colorful, handsome.
B) A book, a shop, a suit, a street.
C) Telegraph, antibiotic, radar, metaphor.
D) To go to bed, to get up, to have breakfast, to clean.
E) Three, above, are, far, straight.
100. Which of these proverbs expresses best the idea of the following situation? “Very soon after his father’s death Mike’s mother died and he became an orphan.”
A) Never say die.
B) It never rains but it pours.
C) Tastes differ.
D) All is not good that glitters.
E) Nothing venture, nothing have.
101. Meaning is:
A) The relation between the object or notion named, and the name itself.
B) Stylistic coloring of the word.
C) An expression in speech of relationship between words based on contrastive features of arrangements in which they occur.
D) The syntactic valency.
E) The sound form.
102. Which of the following synonymic groups belong to total (complete or absolute) synonymy?
A) Pretty, handsome, beautiful.
B) Functional affix, inflection, flexion.
C) To eat, to partake, to peck
D) Capable, skillful, qualified.
E) Companion, friend, associate.
103. Long-legged, left-handed, sky-colored are:
A) Derivatives.
B) Compounds.
C) Compound derivatives.
D) Simple words.
E) Synonyms.
104. Which of the following sentences has an idiom?
A) There are two possible explanations about the origin of this famous phrase.
B) “Why can’t the mayor just cut all the red tape and let us have a parade without a permit?”
C) Some idioms originated as colloquialisms or slang.
D) Some idioms were well-known proverbs and short sayings that express practical, basic truth.
E) It’s time to go to bed.
105. Which of the following antonyms are derivational?
A) Careful – careless.
B) Slow- fast.
C) correct - incorrect- wrong.
D) Temporary – permanent.
E) Enemy – friend
106. Which of the following antonyms are mixed antonyms?
A) Final – first.
B) Safety – danger.
C) Active – passive – inactive.
D) Temporary – permanent.
E) Slow – quick107. Jargonisms are:
A) Words used within a particular social group and bearing a secret and cryptic character.
B) Common colloquial words.
C) Professionalisms.
D) Vulgarisms.
E) Barbarisms.
108. The following words hell, damn, shut up are:
A) Terms.
B) Dialectical words.
C) Slang.
D) Vulgarisms.
E) Synonyms.
109. Connotational component is:
A) The grammatical meaning of the word.
B) Denotational meaning of the word.
C) The emotive charge and the stylistic value of the word.
D) The lexical meaning of the word.
E) The sound form of the word.
110. What common element do the words cities, tables, relations have?
A) The lexical meaning.
B) The grammatical meaning of plurality.
C) The stylistic coloring.
D) The denotational meaning.
E) The connotational meaning.
111. (To be) like a bull in a china shop means:
A) To be a cause of anger
B) To be an insensitive, crude person.
C) To feel very proud and happy about something.
D) To feel uncomfortable, ill at ease in one’s surroundings, situation.
E) To be a careless, clumsy person who may cause damage through lack of skill or care.
112. Dictionaries of abbreviations, antonyms, borrowings, new words are:
A) General dictionaries.
B) Special dictionaries.
C) Glossaries.
D) Rhyming and thesaurus type of dictionaries.
E) Etymological dictionaries.
113. Glossaries are:
A) Unilingual books that give definitions of terms.
B) Thing- books that give information about extra-linguistic factors.
C) Word-books containing vocabulary items in one language and their equivalents in another language.
D) Dictionaries explaining origin of words.
E) Dictionaries giving information about all branches of knowledge.
114. Dictionaries of American English are:
A) Explanatory dictionaries.
B) Etymological dictionaries.
C) General dictionaries.
D) Dictionaries of synonyms.
E) Specialized dictionaries.
115. The main problems in lexicography are connected with:
A) Selection of lexical units and arrangement and setting of the entries.
B) Selection and arrangement of meaning and definition of the last.
C) Illustrative examples and choice of adequate equivalents.
D) Selection and arrangement of word- derivations within a word family.
E) All the problems mentioned above.
116. The main types of dictionaries are:
A) General and etymological.
B) General and special.
C) Special and multilingual.
D) Usage and slang dictionaries.
E) General and ideographic.
117. Dictionaries of American English, dialect and slang dictionaries are:
A) Bilingual
B) Unilingual.
C) Multilingual.
D) Encyclopedic.
E) Glossaries.
118. A list of words in which the entry words are arranged in alphabetical order starting with their final letters are:
A) Pronouncing dictionaries.
B) Usage dictionaries.
C) Dictionaries of word frequency.
D) Dictionaries of slang.
E) Reverse dictionaries.
119. Dictionaries of toponyms are:
A) General dictionaries.
B) Dictionaries of the most difficult words.
C) Special dictionaries.
D) Dictionaries of frequency.
E) Explanatory dictionaries.
120. The selection of lexical units, arrangement and setting of the entries is one of the main problems in:
A) Lexicology.
B) Phonetics.
C) Phraseology.
D) Lexicography.
E) Grammar.
121. The following definition “coal,n.a black, hard substance that burns and gives off heat” is an entry from:
A) A descriptive dictionary. (An explanatory dictionary)
B) A pronunciation dictionary.
C) A bilingual dictionary.
D) A dictionary of pronunciation.
E) An etymological dictionary.
122. Explanatory dictionaries provide information about:
A) The semantic features of lexical units.
B) The grammatical features of lexical units.
C) The stylistic features of lexical units.
D) The etymological features of lexical units.
E) All the above mentioned features of lexical units.
123. The encyclopedic dictionaries are:
A) Thin-books that give information about the extra-linguistic world.
B) Unilingual books that give definitions of terms.
C) Dictionaries explaining the origin of words.
D) Word-books containing vocabulary items in one language and their equivalents in another language.
E) Multilingual dictionaries.
124. American English, Canadian English, Australian English, New Zealand English are:
A) Dialects.
B) Separate languages.
C) Variants of English, its regional or territorial variety having neither grammar nor vocabulary of its own.
D) Artificial languages.
E) Variants of English, its regional or territorial variety having its own grammar and vocabulary.
125. What is Cockney?:A) The British Standard English.
B) One of the best known southern dialects (the regional dialect of London).
C) The Scottish variant of English.
D) An artificial language.
E) The Irish dialect.
126. The words TV is a case of:
A) Clipping
B) Blending
C) Back-formation
D) Abbreviation
E) Sound interchange
127. Varieties of the English language peculiar to some districts and having no normalized literary form are:
A) Local dialects
B) Variants of English
C) Separate languages
D) DialectismsE) Artificial language
128. Which of the following words are international?
A) Coffee, mango, sputnik, radio
B) farm, video, friend, man
C) Bungalow, blitz, masterpiece, money
D) Radio, wonder-child, country, pen
E) Escalator, car, park, television
129. The difference between the British and American English is notice able in the field of:
A) Phonetics
B) Grammar
C) Vocabulary
D) Rhythm and intonation of speech
E) In all fields of the language system
130. Northern, Midland, Eastern, Western and Southern as dialects exist in:
A) New Zealand
B) Australia
C) The USA
D) Great Britain
E) Canada
131. The words pyjamas, khaki, mango, bungalow which became international come from.
A) India
B) New Zealand
C) Australia
D) Canada
E) The USA
132. Words borrowed from one language into several other languages are called:
A) Borrowings
B) Euphemisms
C) Synonyms
D) International
E) Toponyms133. The words glamour, kilt, raid came into English from:
A) The Scottish dialect
B) Cockney
C) The Irish dialect
D) Australian English
E) Canadian English
134. The specific feature of Cockney is:
A) The Scottish dialect (Southern dialect) (Rhyming Slang)
B) Cockney
C) The Irish dialect
D) Australian English
E) Canadian English
135. Check for the line where all the words have American spelling:
A) Travelling, centre, colour, offence
B) Jewellery, woolen, favour, metreC) Armour, although, fibre, monologue
D) Humor, theater, program, thru
E) Telegramme, center, picturesque, favour136. The toponyms Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Utah are:
A) Indian words (of Indian tribes)
B) Spanish words
C) German words
D) French words
E) Italian words
137. The following words dormitory, fall, elevator, apartment are typical for:
A) Standard English
B) American English
C) Cockney
D) Canadian English
E) Slang
138. A word that appears or is specially coined to name a new object or express a new concept is a:
A) Euphemism
B) Homonym
C) Hybrid
D) Loan word
E) Neologism
139. The system of the grammatical forms of a word is:
A) A stem
B) A root
C) Grammatical
D) A paradigm
E) A syntax140. A stereotyped expression mechanically reproduced in speech is a:
A) ClicheB) Proverb
C) Set-expression
D) Phraseological unit
E) Idiom
141. The type of word-building used in the following words ping-pong, riff-raff, chit-chat is:
A) Shortening
B) Conversion
C) Blending
D) Reduplication
E) Back-formation
142. Which of the following words are native English?
A) Devoid, interrogate, stomach
B) Vacuum, question, abdomen
C) Empty, ask, belly
D) Finish, complete, ascendE) Compare, cry, commence
143. What does lexical assimilation of borrowings comprise?
A) Change in sound form and stress
B) Various changes in the semantic structure of the word and formation of derivatives from borrowed word-stems
C) Different changes in sound-form and grammatical paradigms
D) Changes in sound form
E) Structural changes
144. Which of the following suffixes are of Greek origin?
A) –dom, -hood, -lyB) –able, -ible, -ant, -ousC) –age, -ful, -enceD) –ist, -ism, -iteE) –anti, -dom, -fill
145. Red tape, mare’s nest are:
A) Phraseological fusions
B) Phraseological unites
C) Phraseological combinations
D) Proverbs
E) Familiar quotations
146. Which of the following statements is the distinctive feature of coordinative compounds?
A) ICs are semantically and structurally equally important
B) ICs are structurally equally important
C) ICs are semantically equally important
D) ICs are neither structurally nor semantically equal in importance
E) They are made up only with the help of a linking element
147. Which of the following words are syntactic compounds?
A) Shoeblack, bluebottle, red-hot, whitehotB) Seashore, hardball, whitehead, black shirt
C) Blue pencil, babysitting, slow coach
D) Heartbreaking, shipbuilding, whitehotE) Whitehead, heartburning, shilly-shally148. Which of the following words are case of back formation?
A) To burgle, to envy, to escape
B) To trust, to finger, to learn
C) To show, to lift, to chat
D) Chortle, brunch, smog
E) To baby-sit, to beg, to cobble
149. Complete the idiom “like as..” using one of the following words:
A) Peas
B) Bears
C) Twins
D) Nuts
E) Cucumbers
150. What is the difference between the derivational and functional suffix?
A) A derivational suffix precedes and a functional suffix follows the root
B) Both of them precede the root
C) Both type of suffixes follow the root, a derivational suffix forms nouns, a functional suffix forms other parts of speech
D) A derivational suffix forms various new words while a functional suffix forms various grammatical forms of the same word
E) They are synonymous terms
151. Omission of a word or words considered for grammatical completeness but not for the conveyance of the intended lexical meaning is called:
A) Ellipsis
B) Blend
C) Portmanteau
D) Shortening
E) Acronym
152. Which of the following dictionaries are general ones?
A) Dictionaries of derivations, antonyms, borrowings
B) Etymological, frequency, phonetical, rhyming dictionaries
C) Dictionaries of slang
D) Dictionaries of American English dialect
E) Dictionaries of toponymy153. Which of the following words contain diminutive suffixes?
A) Mini-car, mini-skirt, mini-crisis
B) Auntie, nightie, manikinC) Drunkard, gangster, underlingD)Poetic, picturesque
E) Lowly, sunny, wonderful
154. What is the similarity between a set-expression and a word?
A) Both words and set-expressions possess figurative meanings
B) Both words and set-expressions possess semantic unity
C) They have no similarity at all
D) They both are grammatically variable
E) They are completely similar
155. Proof in the word fireproof is:
A) An infix
B) A semi-affix
C) An allomorph
D) A suffix
E) An inflection
156. Which of the following words have derived stems?
A) Story-teller, match-box, friendly
B) Beautiful, girlish, activate
C) Distance, experiment, sequence, police
D) Take, cup, look
E) Chortle, goody-goosy, UNO
157. An exaggerated statement not meant to be understood literally but expressing an intensely emotional attitude of the speaker to what he is speaking about is called:
A) Hyperbole
B) Exaggeration
C) Irony
D) Metaphor
E) Litotes
158. Synonyms for the word to hope is:
A) To expect, to look forward, to anticipate
B) To look forward, to sway, to puff
C) To wait, to plague, to anticipate
D) To appeal, to sway, to look forward
E) To controvert, to contradict, to glaze
159. Ideographic dictionaries are designed for:
A) English speaking writers, orators, seeking to express their ideas
B) Those who look for improving pronunciation
C) Those who are interested in phraseological units
D) Children
E) Language learners
160. Check for the case of a hyperbole in the following:
A) The White House.
B) Thousand pardons.
C) Mother tongue.
D) The leg of the table.
E) Grass green
161. Complete the following idiom as sly as... :A) A cat.
B) A fox.
C) A rock.
D) An owl.
E) A rose.
162. Seeds of evil is:
A) Metonymy.
B) Simile.
C) Litotes.
D) Metaphor.
E) Epithet.
163. An occasional word is:
A) A word that appears or is specially coined to name a new object.
B) A word which cannot be considered a permanent element of the word stock.
C) A word of etymologically different origins.
D) A word borrowed from another language.
E) A word formed by combining stems.
164. What does the native element of the English vocabulary consist of?:A) Latin and Celtic elements.
B) Celtic, Germanic and Scandinavian elements.
C) Indo-European and Germanic elements.
D) Indo-European and Celtic elements.
E) Celtic and Scandinavian elements.
165. Which of the following words are homophones?
A) Night (n) - knight (n).
B) Tear (n) - tear (v).
C) Lead (n) - lead (v).
D) Wind (n) - wind (v).
E) New (adj) - old (adj).
166. Which parts of speech are especially affected by conversion?
A) Adjectives.
B) Adverbs.
C) Pronouns.
D) Verbs and nouns.
E) Numerals.
167. Grammatical meaning is the component of meaning proper to:
A) Words.
B) Parts of sentence.
C) Parts of speech.
D) Sets of word-forms.
E) Affixes.
168. Which of the following phraseological units is a phraseological fusion?
A) Take a fancy.
B) Wash one's dirty linen in public.
C) Show one's teeth.
D) Red tape.
E) To come into fashion.
169. How many semantic structures does a compound word possess?
A) A single semantic structure.
B) Two semantic structures.
C) Three semantic structures.
D) Four semantic structures.
E) Five semantic structures.
170. Concept is:
A) A thought.
B) An object.
C) a sound-form.
D) A meaning.
E) A referent.
171. Which of the following words are homonyms proper?
A) Ball (n) - ball (n).
B) Wind (n) - wind (v).
C) Check (n) - cheque (n).
D) Been (v) - bean (n).
E) Bear (n) - bear (v).
172. The word exam is a case of:
A) Clipping.
B) Blending.
C) Back-formation.
D) Sound - interchange.
E) Onomatopoeia.
173. Which of the following phraseological units is a phraseological collocation?
A) To come into fashion.
B) To kick the bucket.
C) To show one's teeth.
D) Red tape.
E) To bear malice.
174. Has been in the following sentence " She had to be satisfied with the role of a has been" is the result of:
A) Word-composition.
B) Word derivation.
C) Conversion.
D) Polysemy.
E) Affixation.
175. Morphemes occur as:
A) Constituents of sentences.
B) Constituents of words.
C) Constituents of sounds.
D) Constituents of phrases.
E) Free forms.
176. The words lab and laboratory are different in:
A) Structure.
B) Stylistics.
C) Meaning.
D) Affixation.
E) Derivation.
177. Which of the following homonyms are partial?
A) Found (v) - found (v).
B) Bank (n) - bank (n).
C) Match (n) - match (n).
D) Ball (n) -ball (n).
E) Jam (n) - jam (n).
178. Which of the following phraseological units is not motivated?
A) Bear a grudge.
B) Bear malice.
C) Hot dog.
D) Take a liking.
E) To show one's teeth.
179. Check for the homographs in the following sets of words:
A) New - knew.
B) Brake - break.
C) By - buy.
D) Piece - peace.
E) Bow - bow.
180. The words TV, T.B. are cases of:
A) Clipping.
B) Blending.
C) Back - formation.
D) Abbreviation.
E) Sound interchange.
181. Sound imitation is:
A) The derivation of new words by subtraction of a real or supposed affix from existing words.
B) The naming of an action or thing by a more or less exact reproduction of a sound association with it.
C) Opposition of words or word-forms.
D) Lexical abbreviation.
E) Reduction of a word to one of its parts.
182. A phraseological fusion is:
A) A partially motivated word-group.
B) A completely non-motivated word-group.
C) A partially non-motivated word-group.
D)A motivated word-group.
E) A free word-group.
183. Which of the following is a minor way of word-formation?
A) Word-composition.
B) Conversion.
C) Affixation.
D) Word-derivation.
E) Back-formation.
184. Which of the following words is the case of an initial clipping?
A) T-shirt, H-bomb, V-day.
B) Story, phone, cello.
C) Flu, fridge, tech.
D) Babble, chatter, giggle.
E) Beg, housekeep, butler.
185. Which of the following sound-imitative words are interjections?
A) Purr, mew, cock-a-doodle-do.
B) Quack, moo, buzz.
C) Hiss, gibber, bray.
D) Bang!, hush!, pooh!.
E) Clash, crash, whip.
186. "Thesaurus" means:
A) A collection of words put in groups together according to likeness in their meaning.
B) A dictionary of abbreviations.
C) An etymological dictionary.
D) A list of explanations of words, especially unusual ones at the end of a book.
E) An alphabetical list of words used in a book or collection of books by one writer.
187. Which of the following suffixes are of Greek origin?
A) -dom, -hood, -ly.
B) -able, -ible, -ant, -ous.
C) -age, -ful, -ence.
D) -ist, -ism, -ite.
E) -anti, -dom, -ful.
188. Barbarisms are:
A) Completely assimilated words.
B) Semantically assimilated words.
C) Partially assimilated words.
D) Words which are not assimilated.
E) Grammatically assimilated words.
189. Which of the following words are of French origin?
A) Empty, ask, belly.
B) Afternoon, and, ask.
C) Beau, commence, chauffeur.
D) Hyena, home, husband.
E) Hippopotamus, guerilla, caftan.
190. The words chase, chieftain, chortles are borrowings from:
A) Latin.
B) Indian.
C) Spanish.
D) Parisian French.
E) Scandinavian.
191. Which of the following words are native English?
A) Vacuum, exist, act.
B) Machine, parachute, valley.
C) Xylophone, epoch, chemist.
D) Confetti, macaroni, tobacco.
E) Summer, hope, life.
192. The loan words husband, fellow, table, chair, figure are:
A) Partially assimilated words.
B) Completely assimilated words.
C) Barbarisms.
D) Unassimilated words.
E) Neologisms.
193. Which of this given words stand for the American variant of the word flat?
A) Mansion.
B) Hut.
C) Room.
D) Apartment.
E) Cabin.
194. Which of the following words is the British variant of the American fall?
A) Spring.
B) Autumn.
C) Winter.
D) Summer.
E) Season.
195. According to which word-formation way the Americanisms electronic, automaniac, Gerrymander were created?
A) Shortening.
B) Reduplication.
C) Blending or telescoping.
D) Compounding.
E) Back-formation.
196. What is the meaning of -scribe in the words transcribe, subscribe, describe, inscribe?
A) Read.
B) Spell.
C) Say.
D) Write.
E) Print.
197. The morphemic analysis applies the method of:
A) IC's.
B) UC's.
C) Statistical analysis.
D) Structural analysis.
E) Etymological analysis.
198. Which of the following words is the case of a metaphor?
A) The Pentagon.
B) The bonnet of the car.
C) To kick the bucket
D) At all
E) Tick-tack
199. Semantic motivation is:
a) The relationship between the morpheme structure and meaning of the word
b) A direct connection between the phonetic structure of the word and its meaning
c) A direct connection between the central and marginal meanings of the word
d) A connection between the root and affixation morphemes
e) A connection between the components of the word
200. “I’ll poet him!”, “I’ll orange your face!”, “to girl the boat”. Are the underlined verbs the cases of:a) Traditional conversion
b) occasional conversion
c) metaphord) metonymye) Humor

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