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BIOLOGY





HUMAN ANATOMY




Date:
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Signature: _____________________



Topic 6: Skeletal system (3 hours)



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1. The two minerals that make up most of the mass of
bone are _________ and ______________.

2. Bone cells of skeletal system is called ___________.

3. Cartilage is replaced by bone during

the process of
bone formation called ____________.

4. _____________ is the site of blood cell production in
bones.

5. Hand bones are the _________ bones.


6. Vertebral column contains _____ vertebrae.


7. Human Skeletal System contains _____ bones.


8. Ar
m and leg bones are the _______ bones.

1. Arm is composed of ____________,
______________, ____________ bones.


9. Shoulders have _________ joints.


10. ________ bones protect the heart and lungs.


11._____________ is a strong and the longest bone that
con
nects the knee and the hip.


12. Connecting points of two or more bones are
called____________.


1
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.
.



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Osteocyte:


Endoskeleton:


Periosteum:


Spongy bone:


Tendon:


Ligament:


Joint:

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14
.
Which of the following c
overs the bone structure?

A) Osteocytes

B) Bone marrow

C) Haversian canals

D) Periosteum

E) Exoskeleton


15. What is the name of bone cells?

A) Haversian


B) Volkmann

C) Osteocytes


D) Marrow

E) Axial



16.
Which of the following is N
OT a function of
bones in the human skeletal system?

A) to store minerals

B) to regulate body temperature

C) to move body parts

D) to protect internal organs

E) to produce blood cells


17. Which of the following is a long bone?

A) Vertebrae


B) Hand bones

C) Arm bones


D) Foot bones

E) Pelvis bone


18. What kind of bone is found in hand?

A) Big bone


B) Long bone

C) Short bone


D) Flat bone

E) Global bone


19.
The picture given aside belongs to a
child that has rickets disease.

The lack
of which of the following causes this
disease?

A) Glucose

B) Proteins

C) Fats

D) Vitamin D

E) Fe


20. Which one of the following is not directly related
to bone development?

A) Hemoglobin



B) Calcium


C) Vitamin D


D) Growth hormone


E) Sun rays


21. Which of the following bones is found in Axial
Skeleton?

A) Vertebra


B) Tibia

C) Fibula


D) Humerus


22.
Which of the following is NOT a part of the axial
skeleton?

A) Skull

B) Vertebrae

C) pelvis

D) Rib cage

E) Sternum


23.
How many bones are found in an adult human
skeleton?

A) 150 B) 206 C) 200 D) 212


24. The spinal cord is protected by __________.

A) Ribs

B) Skull

C) Vertebrae

D) Femur

E) Phalange


25.

Which one is an example of immovable joints?

A) Knee joint

B) Vertebral joint

C) Shoulder joint

D) Wrist joint

E) Cranial joint


26. The bones are attached to each other by ______.

BIOLOGY





HUMAN ANATOMY




Date:
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Signature: _____________________



A) Ligaments

B) Tendons


C) Muscle


D) Epithelial
cells

E) Cordons


27. How many bones are found in given
body part aside?

A) 15

B) 20

C) 33 D) 67

E) 99


28. Which of the following bones
protects brain from damages?

A) Vertebrae

B) Skull



C) Sternum

D) Maxilla


E)

Rib bones


29. Which kind of joint is found in
shoulder?

A) Ball and Socket

B) Hinge

C) Cylindrical


D) Immovable

E) Slightly movable


30. How many phalanges are found in one hand?

A) 5

B) 8

C) 14

D) 15

E) 20


31
. How many rib bones are found in human?

A)

10

B) 12

C) 20

D) 24

E) 33


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32.
What are the five functions of the human
skeleton?

1.

_____________________________

2.

_____________________________

3.

_____________________________

4.

_____________________________


33.
Name the parts of bone.



34.

Give 3 examples to each type of bones;

Long bone:


Flat bone:


Short bone:




35.

Name the parts of Human Skull
.



36. Name the bones of Human Skeletal System.






BIOLOGY





HUMAN ANATOMY




Date:
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Signature: _____________________



Topic 7
:

Muscular system (3 hours)



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1. Muscle tissues are divided
into 3 groups. These are
___________, ________________, ____________.


2. Smooth muscle cells consist of a membrane known as
______________.


3. Smooth muscles are found in ________________.


4. ___________ muscles provide movement in
cooperation with skel
etal system.


5. Striated muscles are controlled by _________ system.

6. ______________ is the point of attachment between
motor neuron and muscle.

7. Muscles contracts by using _______ and ________
fibers.


8. The tip of striated muscles is coated by stro
ng
connective tissues termed ___________.

9. Muscular contraction occurs in three phases:
__________, ____________, ____________.

10. Muscles contract by sliding ________ and
__________ fibers over each other.

12. A muscle has repeating units

called ___________
which extend between two Z lines.

13. A continuous contraction of muscles is called _____.

14. ______________ is the stored energy in muscles that
supplies 20 times more ATP energy.



15. ____________ is the contraction of all muscles a
fter
death.

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Tendon:

Synergic:

Antagonistic:

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17. Which muscle type is found in heart?

A) Striated muscle

B) Skull muscle

C) Smooth muscle

D) Cardiac muscle

E) Skeletal muscle


18. Whi
ch of the following is not a property of
smooth muscles?

A) Their functions are irregular

B) They are located in the internal organs

C) They work slowly.

D) They work voluntarily.

E) They are controlled by Autonomic Nervous System


19. Which of the following is not a property of
striated muscles?

A) Striated muscles are long.

B) Known as skeletal muscle.

C) They are located in the internal organs.

D) They work voluntarily.

E) They are controlled by Brain.


20. Which of th
e following uses the striated muscles
in its action?

A) Stomach

B) Heart


C) Small intestine

D) Mouth

E) Kidney

21. Which of following muscles is used when we bend
our arm?

A) Triceps

B) Biceps

C) Synergic

D) Smooth

E) Cardiac


22. The structure which atta
ches the muscle to bones
is called ___________.

A) Ligament


B) Joint


C)
Tendon

D) Actin


E) Fiber


23. All muscles have a tension at rest called _____.

A) Contraction


B) Extensor

C) Tendon


D) Fiber

E) Tonus


24. In which of the following sports

activities does
human body use generally
fast
-

twitch

muscles?

A) Running

B) Walking

C) Swimming

D) Weigh lifting

E) Biking


25. Which of the following ions is needed for the
muscular contraction?

A) Ca
+2


B) Na
+

C) H
+

D) O
-
2

E) K
+




26. Which of the following is the reason of hardening
of body after death (rigor mortis)?

A) The loss of Mg from muscle cell.

B) Reabsorption of Ca++ from bones into muscle.

C) The loss of Ca++ from sarcoplasmic reticulum

D) Relaxation of body muscle

E) The finishing of ATP energy in muscle cell.


27. The region between the ends of the A bands of
two sarcomeres is called __________.

A) The Z band

B) The H zone

C) The T tubule


D) The I band

E) The M band







BIOLOGY





HUMAN ANATOMY




Date:
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Signature: _____________________



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28. Name the musc
le cells of body.


29. Write the phases of muscular contraction.












30.

.
What is the tetanus?




31
.

Compare striated and cardiac muscles.









32. Give an example to each of synergic and
antagonistic muscles.










33. Explain flexor and extens
or muscles in arm.








34. What is the neuromuscular junction?










Topic 8: Circulatory system (
7

hours)


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1. Circulatory system is composed of the __________,
____________ and _______________.

2. Body fluids are circulated in ___
____________.

3. Flaps that prevent blood from flowing backward in
the heart are called ____________.


4. The heart is divided into right and left hemispheres by
______________.

5. The veins transport oxygenated blood from
_____________ to heart.

6. The h
uman circulatory system consists of arteries,
___________ and ____________ vessels.


7. All arteries, with the exception of pulmonary arteries,
carry _______________ blood.


8. ___________ is the rhythmic contraction and
relaxation of arteries.

9. ______
______ circulation of the blood occurs
between the heart and the lungs.

10. The circulation between heart and body is called
_____________ circulation.

11. The lymphatic system is composed of lymph
capillaries, lymph _________and lymph ___________.

12. Nor
mal Systolic Pressure in human body is
___mm/hg

13. Human body contains about ____ liters of blood.


14. Liquid part of blood that
makes up 55 percent of
human blood is called

___________.


15. _______ protein regulates osmotic pressure of blood.


16. Whi
te blood cells that engulf and digest foreign
substances are called ________________.


17. Erythrocytes carry ______ from lung to tissues.


18. Erythrocytes are produced by ____________ in the
adults.


19
.
_____________ cells play an important role in bloo
d
clotting.


2
0
. Blood clotting is made possible by globular proteins
known as _____________ and thrombogen.


21
.
In the ABO blood group system there are _____
blood types.


22
.
In Rh blood group system, antigen ___ is used the
typing of blood group.



BIOLOGY





HUMAN ANATOMY




Date:
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/ 2013


Signature: _____________________



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Circulation:



Valve:



Chamber:


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24
. The b
lood returning from the body organs enters
the heart through the ________.

A) Vena cava


B) Aorta

C) Pulmonary artery

D) Pulmonary veins

E) Coro
nary vein


25
. Which parts of the human’s heart have
oxygenated blood?


A) Right atrium


Right ventricle


B) Left atrium


Left ventricle


C) Right and left ventricle


D) Right and left atrium


E) Right atrium
-
left ventricle


26
. Which

of the following structures separates the
heart into two hemispheres?

A) Left ventricle

B) Bicuspid C) tricuspid
valve

D) Septum


E) Aorta


27. Which of the following vessels is used to exchange
of materials between blood and tissues?

A) Aorta



B) Capillaries

C) Pulmonary Artery

D) Veins

E) Vena cava


28. Which of the following is not a characteristic of
veins?

A) They contain valves

B) Transport of oxygenated blood

C) Thinner walls than arteries

D) Less elasticity than arteries

E) Transport o
f deoxygenated blood


29. E
nlargement of the valves of veins causes an
illness, known as _______.

A) Capillaries


B) Blood clotting

C) Varix



D) Pulse

E) Lymph


30. Which blood vessel carries blood from heart to
other parts of the body?

A) Artery

B) Vein


C) Pulmonary

D) Capillaries

E) Superior



31. Blood returning from the body organs enters the
heart through the ________.

A) vena cava

B) aorta

C) pulmonary artery

D) pulmonary veins

E) coronary vein


32. The rhythmic contract
ion and relaxation of
arteries during systole and diastole is called
____________.

A) arteries

B) veins

C) capillaries

D) pulse


E) contraction


33. In which region of the circulatory system the
concentration of CO
2

in blood begins to
increase?

A) arteries

B) the inferior vena cava

C
) the capillaries at the tissues

D) alveoli in the lungs

E) the right atrium





34. Which of the following is not a function of the
blood?

A) Nutrient transport

B) ho
rmone transport

C) Immune response

D) Blood clotting

E) Food digestion


35. What is the liquid part of blood?

A) Plasma

B) Albumin

C) Fibrinogen

D) Erythrocyte

E) Blood cells


36. Which of the following proteins is used for blood
clotting?

A) Albumin


B)

Globulins

C) Fibrinogen


D) Erythrocytes

E) Immunoglobulin


37.
Which blood cells protect the body against to

infections?

A) Platelets


B) Red blood cells

C) Nervous cells


D) White blood cells

E) Stomata


38.

Which molecule in the blood c
arries O
2

and CO
2
?

A) Albumin


B) Globulins

C) Fibrinogen


D) Hemoglobin

E) Immunoglobulin


39. Which of the following cells can carry oxygen?

A) Red blood cells (Erythrocytes)

B) White blood cells (Leucocytes)

C) platelets (Thrombocytes)

D) Macrophages

E) Lymphocytes


40. All of the following about White Blood Cells are
true EXCEPT ____.

A) They work for immunity system

B) They are formed in the marrow

C) They move like amoeba

D) They are phagocytotic

E) They are used for blood clotti
ng


41. How many days does a red blood cell live?

A) 10

B) 30

C) 60

D) 120

E) 200


42.

BIOLOGY





HUMAN ANATOMY




Date:
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/ 2013


Signature: _____________________




What is the type of cell seen in the figure?

A) Erythrocyte


B) Leukocyte


C) Trombocyte


D) Epithelial cell



E) Neuron


43. Over production of leucocytes causes ___
______
disease.

A) Diabetes

B) Anemia

C) Varix

D) Leukemia

E) Hemophilia






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44. Label the parts of Human heart.



45.

Write the main layers of heart and state their
location.














46. Write the functions of following proteins.

Fibr
inogen:


Albumin:


Globulins:


47. Write the blood tissue components.






48. What is the function of erythrocytes?






49. Write the types of leucocytes (white blood cells).






50. Why would a low level of hemoglobin cause a
person to tire easily?










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5
1
-
(.......)

Arteries carry oxygenated blood toward the
heart

5
2
-
(.......)

Blood flow in the capillaries is slower.

5
3
-
(.......)

Veins contain valves that prevent backflow of
the blood.

5
4
-
(.......) The smallest of the blood vessels are
the
capillaries.

5
5
-
(.......)

Pulmonary circulation occurs between tissues
and heart.

5
6
-
(.......)

Systemic circulation occurs in only heart.

5
7
-
(.......)

The systolic pressure is 120 mm Hg.

5
8
-
(.......) The lymph capillaries resemble open
-
ended
tubes.

5
9
-
(.......)

Plasma constitutes 55% of the blood.

6
0
-
(.......)

There are approximately 25 litters of fluid in
an adult human body.

6
1
-
(.......)

Fibrinogen is involved in blood clotting

6
2
-
(.......) Most white blood cells live for an average of
120 days

6
3
-

(
.......) Mature red blood cells have two nuclei


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